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					CHEMICAL ENGINEERING




 Chemical Engineering Curriculum
 Development and International
 Recognition in Kazakhstan and Russia
 Professor Stefaan Simons
 Honorary Professor of KazNTU
 Department of Chemical Engineering, University College London

 Prof. Sergei Mikhalovsky, University of Brighton (UK)
 Prof. Gennady Kuvshinov, Novosibirsk State Technical University (Russia)
 Dr Gulzhakhan Yeligbayeva, Kazakh National Technical University (Kazakhstan)




             This project has been funded with support from the European Commission
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 Summary of Presentation

 •   About UCL
 •   Collaboration with KazNTU (Tempus 1)
 •   Why chemical engineering?
 •   Collaboration with Russian HEIs (Tempus 2)
 •   UCL Chemical Engineering Degree Programmes
 •   The current project (Tempus 3)
 •   Conclusions and call to industry
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 University College London

 • Founded in 1826
 • The first to admit
   students regardless of
   class or religion
 • The first to admit
   women students on
   equal terms with men
 • First teaching labs for
   physics & chemistry,
   pioneered engineering
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 A Top-Ranked University

• Long-standing academic reputation – 21 Nobel Prize
  winners
• Majority of units assessed under the UK’s Research
  Assessment Exercise judged as either “world leading” or
  “internationally excellent” in quality
• One of the highest research incomes of any UK university
• 21st in the Shanghai Jiao Tong University top 500 world
  universities rankings, 2009
• 4th in the Times Higher-QS world university rankings 2009
• 8,000 staff and 22,000 students, from 140 countries
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 Academic Range

 • 70 academic departments in 8 faculties
    •   Arts and Humanities
    •   Social and Historical Sciences
    •   The Built Environment (including Architecture)
    •   Law
    •   Engineering Sciences
    •   Mathematical and Physical Sciences
    •   Life Sciences
    •   Biomedical Sciences (including Medicine)
 • Programmes at foundation, Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral levels
 • An emphasis on small group teaching with one of the best staff-student
   ratios - approximately 1:9
 • £245m research income, £250m building projects (2007)
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 Kazakh National Technical University



 •   Founded in Almaty in 1934 as the
     Kazakh Mining and Smelting
     Institute.
 •   In 1960, became the Polytechnic
     Institute, followed in 1994 by
     KazNTU.
 •   Made up of 12 “institutes”, including
     oil & gas, information technology,
     mining and mechanical
     engineering.
 •   In Oil & Gas, covers chemical
     technology of organic and inorganic
     substances, in separate degree
     programmes.
 •   The leading technical institution in
     Kazakhstan.
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 Collaboration with KazNTU (Tempus 1)


 • Began with an EU Tempus Tacis project in 1994
   involving UCL and the University of L’Aquila, Italy
 • Objective was to start to develop a modern
   chemical engineering degree at KazNTU, building
   on existing courses and introducing new ones
 • Laboratory and computing equipment installed to
   enhance the teaching and learning process
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 Why Chemical Engineering?

 Chemical Engineering is crucial to the Human
 Development of Kazakhstan
 • Chemical engineering crucial to the extraction and
   conversion of mineral resources, including oil & gas, and,
   therefore, to the Kazakh economy
 • Chemical engineering also leads to better healthcare,
   improvements in agriculture, reduction in wastes and other
   pollutants, diversification in energy production, higher
   incomes
 • Identified as key area for investment in higher education,
   research and industrial practice by President Nursebayev
   and by the United Nations Development Programme
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 Chemical Engineering and Human
 Development
 • A key route to sustainable development is the effective
   management of energy resources and consumption – the
   level of energy use in Kazakhstan is currently 3 times
   higher than in leading industrialised countries, a heavy
   burden on the economy and the environment.
 • Modern technologies promote effective resource use and
   contribute to public participation in society.
 • New, modern degree programmes are required to train
   young Kazakhs to develop process plant and products of
   the highest quality and environmental standards. In this
   way Kazakhstan will be able to rely on its home-grown
   talent to develop new technologies to ensure its own
   sustainable development.
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 Outcomes of Tempus Project

 • The following existing courses at KazNTU were identified
   as being core to chemical engineering: general science,
   technology and mathematics and Processes and
   Apparatus of Chemical Technology, which includes topics
   such as heat transfer and applied thermodynamics
 • The following new courses were recommended to be
   taught in conjunction with the above courses in a chemical
   engineering degree stream, namely Transport Processes,
   Mass Transfer Operations, Laboratory Experimentation
   and Process Plant Design.
 • The laboratory experimentation course was facilitated by
   the purchase of several experimental rigs.
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 Further Work with KazNTU


 • Both myself and colleagues from L’Aquila have continued
   to collaborate with KazNTU after the end of the Tempus
   project in 1998, hosting KazNTU students and staff in
   research projects and training activities.

 • The course teaching the design of process plant at
   KazNTU was facilitated by the generous donation from the
   Fluor Foundation in 2005 of a computer design suite,
   consisting of 12 computers complete with plant design
   software (with instructions in the Russian language).
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 Chemical Engineering Education
 Development in Russia (Tempus 2)




   • A second Tempus project focussed on the development of
     a chemical engineering degree programme at the
     Novosibirsk State Technical University.
   • A 2-level degree structure has been designed, based on
     that at UCL.
   • Next step is to develop the course curricula.
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 UCL’s Chemical Engineering Degree
 Programmes

       Year of Study: 1       2         3       4
                                                CE
                                        CE
                       CE     CE                +SA
                                        CE
BEng (3 years)                                  +BE
 Chemical Engineering

MEng (4 years)
 Chemical Engineering [CE]
 Chemical Engineering with Study Abroad [+SA]
 Chemical with Biochemical Engineering [+BE]
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 Overarching Themes

 • The paramount importance of safety in all aspects of
   professional work, and particularly in the design, operation
   and control of process plant
 • Environmental issues and the knowledge, understanding
   and skills that are required for sustainable manufacturing
   processes
 • Entrepreneurship and the knowledge, understanding and
   skills required to identify business opportunities and exploit
   intellectual property.
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                                          SAFETY
    TRANSFERABLE SKILLS



                             SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
                                economics, society, environment



                                PROCESS PRINCIPLES


                            PROCESS & PRODUCT DESIGN


                          MANAGEMENT & ENTREPRENEURSHIP
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 BEng & MEng in Chemical Engineering
Year 1                       Year 2                       Year 3                        Year 4
Mathematics                  Mathematics                  Process Dynamics & Control Adv Process Engineering
Physical Chemistry for
                             Experimentation              Chem Reac Engng               Process Plant Design II
Chemical Engineers
Intro Chemical Engineering   Process Heat Transfer        Transport Proc III
                                                                                        Research Project
Transport Processes I        Mass Transfer Operations

Thermodynamics               Particulate Sys & Sep Proc   “Design Project”              Corporate Finance
Engineering
                             Comp-aided Proc Engng                                      Project Management
Experimentation
Intro Biochemical                                                              Option
                             Process Engineering                                        Option
Engineering                                               Adv Matl
Option                       Option                       Financial Aspects             Option




                               BEng only Common courses MEng only
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 Mathematics, Underlying Science and
 Associated Engineering Disciplines
 Year 1                      Year 2                        Year 3                    Year 4
Mathematics                  Mathematics                   Proc Dynamics & Control   Adv Process Engineering

Physical Chemistry for
                             Experimentation               Chem Reac Engng           Process Plant Design II
Chemical Engineers
Intro Chemical Engineering   Process Heat Transfer         Transport Proc III
                                                                                     Research Project
Transport Processes I        Mass Transfer Ops

Thermodynamics               Particulate Sys & Sep Proc    “Design Project”          Corporate Finance

Engng Experimentation        Comp-aided Proc Engineering                             Project Management

Intro Biochemical Engng      Process Engineering           Adv Mat Proc & Prod Eng   Mathematics
                                                                                     Law for Mangrs
 Physics for CE              Option                                                  New Ventures Business
                                                           Financial Aspects
 Biochemistry
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 Core Chemical Engineering
Year 1                    Year 2                       Year 3                    Year 4
                          Mathematics                  Proc Dynamics & Control   Adv Process Engng
Mathematics
Physical Chemistry for
                          Experimentation              Chem Reac Engng           Process Plant Design II
Chemical Engineers
Intro Chemical Engng      Process Heat Transfer        Transport Proc III
                                                                                 Research Project
Transport Processes I     Mass Transfer Ops

Thermodynamics            Particulate Sys & Sep Proc                             Corporate Finance
                                                       “Design Project”
Engng Experimentation     Comp-aided Proc Engng                                  Project Management

Intro Biochemical Engng   Process Engng                Adv Mat Proc & Prod Eng   Fluid-Part Sys
                                                                                 Bioc Reac Eng
Option                                                 Financial Aspects
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 Design
Year 1                      Year 2                       Year 3                    Year 4
MATHE001                    MATHE002                     CENGE825                  CENGE852
Mathematics                 Mathematics                  Proc Dynam & Control      Adv Process Engng
CHEMB1E1                    CENGE857                     CENGE836                  CENGE855
Basic Chemistry for Engrs   Chemistry II                 Chem Reac Engng           Process Plant Design II
CENGE866                    CENGE868                     CENGE856
Intro Chemical Engng        Process Heat Transfer        Transport Proc III        CENGE831
CENGE802                    CENGE849                                               Research Project
Transport Processes I       Mass Transfer Ops
CENGE808                    CENGE869                     CENGE867                  ELECE773
Thermodynamics              Particulate Sys & Sep Proc   “Design Project”          Corporate Finance
CENGE858                    CENGE862                                               MASTC001
Engng Experimentation       Comp-aided Proc Engng                                  Project Management
BENGE100                    CENGE853                     CENGE875                  CENGE864 Fluid-Part Sys
Intro Biochemical Engng     Process Engng                Adv Mat Proc & Prod Eng   CENGE876 Safety & Loss P
                            CENGE813                     CIVLE237
Option
                            Experimentation              Financial Aspects
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 Social, Environmental and Economic Context
Year 1                    Year 2                       Year 3                    Year 4
Mathematics               Mathematics                  Proc Dynamics & Control   Adv Process Engng
Physical Chemistry for
                          Experimentation              Chem Reac Engng           Process Plant Design II
Chemical Engrs
Intro Chemical Engng      Process Heat Transfer        Transport Proc III
                                                                                 Research Project
Transport Processes I     Mass Transfer Ops

Thermodynamics            Particulate Sys & Sep Proc   “Design Project”          Corporate Finance

Engng Experimentation     Comp-aided Proc Engng                                  Project Management

Intro Biochemical Engng   Process Engng                Adv Mat Proc & Prod Eng   Safety & Loss Prevention
                                                                                 Energy Systems
                          Option                                                 Law for Mgrs
Management Principles                                  Financial Aspects         New Ventures
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 Engineering Practice

Year 1                    Year 2                       Year 3                    Year 4
Mathematics               Mathematics                  Proc Dynamics & Control   Adv Process Engng
Physical Chemistry for
                          Experimentation              Chem Reac Engng           Process Plant Design II
Chemical Engrs
Intro Chemical Engng      Process Heat Transfer        Transport Proc III
                                                                                 Research Project
Transport Processes I     Mass Transfer Ops

Thermodynamics            Particulate Sys & Sep Proc   “Design Project”          Corporate Finance

Engng Experimentation     Comp-aided Proc Engng                                  Project Management

Intro Biochemical Engng   Process Engng                Adv Mat Proc & Prod Eng   Safety & Loss P
                                                                                 Energy Systems
Option                                                 Financial Aspects         Public Hlth Eng
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                       Engineering Experimentation

                       24 experiments over two courses
                       Group and individual projects
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 Experimentation

 • Momentum transfer
    • Pumping & flow, drag coefficients, dimensional analysis & scale-up
 • Heat transfer
    • Steady and unsteady-state, shell & tube and plate heat exchangers
 • Chemical reaction engineering
    • Kinetics of adiabatic reactions, CSTR and PFR
 • Process dynamics
    • Transient response of a stirred vessel
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                         CSTR




                       Flow
                       measurement




                Pipeline assembly

                                     Drag coefficients on spheres
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      Computing used for design, process optimisation and control.
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 Transferable Skills

Year 1                    Year 2                       Year 3                    Year 4
Mathematics               Mathematics                  Proc Dynamics & Control   Adv Process Engng
Physical Chemistry for
                          Experimentation              Chem Reac Engng           Process Plant Design II
Chemical Engrs
Intro Chemical Engng      Process Heat Transfer        Transport Proc III
                                                                                 Research Project
Transport Processes I     Mass Transfer Ops

Thermodynamics            Particulate Sys & Sep Proc   “Design Project”          Corporate Finance

Engng Experimentation     Comp-aided Proc Engng                                  Project Management

Intro Biochemical Engng   Process Engng                Adv Mat Proc & Prod Eng   Safety & Loss P
                                                                                 Energy Systems
Option                                                 Financial Aspects         Public Hlth Eng
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                               Effective teamworking, using
                               non-chemical engineering
                               tasks to develop teamwork
                               skills that can be used in
                               chemical engineering-type
                               projects, but that can also be
                               transferred to other situations.




 Improves student motivation
 and project outcomes.
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 Other MEng fourth years
Chemical with           Chemical Engineering with Study Abroad
Biochemical Engineering North America Australia France      Europe
Integrated Downstream Processing       Graduate Level
                                                          Level 4 Chemical
                                       Chemical
                                                          Engineering
Design & Control Biochem Reactors      Engineering
                                                          courses
                                       courses
Bioproc Validation & Quality Control   Senior Level       Level 3 Science    Final year of
                                       Science or         or                 Chemical
Integrated Biochem Engng Design        Engineering        Engineering        Engineering
                                       courses            courses            studies at a    Research Project
                                                                             Grande École
Bioprocess Design & Implementation
                                       Research Project   Research Project
Molecular Biology
Structure of Biological Polymers
                                       Free Electives     Free Electives
Metabolic Pathways & Regulation
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 PhD Programme


 • Currently 3 – 4 years, research only
 • Augmented by skills development, for which the
   candidates get points, 20 per year, equivalent to 2
   weeks/yr, as required by the UK funding councils
 • Moving to a 4 year model with 1 MRes year of
   academic courses relevant to the project, followed
   by 3 years of research
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 The Current Project (Tempus 3)
 • Funding has just been awarded under the EU Tempus IV
   programme for a project to further develop chemical
   engineering education in Kazakhstan and Russia,
   involving KazNTU, Eurasian National University (Astana),
   Kazakh National University (Al-Farabi), Novosibirsk State
   Technical University, Moscow State University, Russian
   trade associations, L’Aquila, Brighton, TU Berlin, ICT
   Prague and led by UCL.
 • A particular focus will be on the development of a 3-level
   degree system (Bachelors, Masters, PhD) and the
   attainment of international recognition through
   accreditation (the Institution of Chemical Engineering is
   also a partner).
 • Has support of Ministries of Education in both Kazakhstan
   and Russia.
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 The Benefits of Modern Degree Structures

• Mixture of methods of assessment (project work, individual
  assignments)
• Importance of learning outcomes, linked to accreditation
   • Emphasis is on what they learn, not the number of learning hours
• Important to encourage critical thinking, creativity and
  teamwork
• Enhancing the teaching and learning experience benefits
  both staff and students and substantially reduces teaching
  hours
   • Get out of the classroom!
   • Project and teamwork encouraged
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 Conclusions and a Call to Industry



 • Kazakhstan is rich in resources and is of great geo-political
   importance
 • Russia also has key oil and gas reserves
 • Chemical engineering holds the key to human and
   economic development in the former Soviet Union states
   and Russia
 • What is lacking is industry pull from national companies to
   achieve modernisation of chemical engineering education
   and practice
 • Western companies can help to raise awareness

				
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