drug abuse

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					Read the following facts and statistics. Choose one that interests you and write a
paragraph explaining why you choice.

   1. In United States of America, the root cause for 25% of the total deaths can be
       attributed to drug abuse.
   2. 65% of drug addicts get access to the drink via their close family and friends.
   3. The most commonly used drug among American youth is alcohol.
   4. Chronic alcohol consumption kills youth 6.5 times beyond normalcy.
   5. Alcoholism is the most prominent cause of birth abnormalities.
   6. Drug withdrawal is not just as easy as anyone thinks. The process can bring
       in hallucinations, paranoia and seizures. Drug withdrawal in rare cases can
       even prove to be fatal.
   7. Medication cost of a drug addict is almost 2 times the medication cost for a
       clean individual.
   8. Drug addicts tend to take up 527,000 emergency rooms for treatment in one
   9. Almost a death toll of 10000 can be attributed to chronic alcohol abuse
       within a timeframe of one year,
   10. Drug abuse is the most common problem among food service and
       construction workers.
   11. 75% of domestic violence is caused by drug addicts.
   12. Children who come from a family which practically experiences the drug
       addiction problem is more likely to suffer from asthma, ear infections and are
       very vulnerable to poor performance in schools due to the tarnished home
   13. 50% of Americans have a beloved one who is suffering from drug abuse
       problem at any given time
   14. The age group that is worst affected by drug addiction is 18-29
   15. 1in 4 teens have a frequent discussion with their parents on drug addiction,
       its ill effects and aftermath. The teens that do that have proven to be less
       prone to get into this habit than the ones who don’t.
   16. 28% of school teens are aware of at least one of their friends who is a chronic
       drug abuser. 17% of them know more than one.
   17. The drug consumption generally begins at adolescent years. Statistics reveal
       that the average age is 12.5 years
   18. Alcohol usage is most prominent among Hispanics. Whites and African
       Americans follow suit
   19. Hispanics are the ethnic group that is very popular in the arena of illicit drug
   20. Heroin and cocaine contribute to 70% of illicit drug addiction problems
       across America
   21. Among school children who come out of the eighth grade, 52% have tasted
       alcohol, 41% have smoked cigarettes at least once and 20% have given weed
       consumption a try
Read the following article and identify the speaker, occasion, audience, purpose,
subject and tone.

Once you have identified these, please summarize the following article in one
paragraph. In a second paragraph, please discuss how this subject relates to you own
life. In other words, state your beliefs and opinions that you hold on the subject of
gang violence.

Adolescent Substance Abuse

Being a teenager and raising a teenager are individually, and collectively,
enormous challenges. For many teens, illicit substance use and abuse become
part of the landscape of their teenage years. Although most adolescents who use
drugs do not progress to become drug abusers, or drug addicts in adulthood,
drug use in adolescence is a very risky proposition. Even small degrees of
substance abuse (for example, alcohol, marijuana, and inhalants) can have
negative consequences. Typically, school and relationships, notably family
relationships, are among the life areas that are most influenced by drug use and

One of the most telling signs of a teen's increasing involvement with drugs is
when drug use becomes part of the teen's daily life. Preoccupation with drugs
can crowd out previously important activities, and the manner in which the teen
views him or her self may change in unrealistic and inaccurate directions.
Friendship groups may change, sometimes dramatically, and relationships with
family members can become more distant or conflictual. Further bad signs
include more frequent use or use of greater amounts of a certain drug, or use of
more dangerous drugs, such as cocaine, amphetamines, or heroin. Persistent
patterns of drug use in adolescence are a sign that problems in that teen's
environment exist and need to be addressed immediately.
What causes adolescent substance abuse?

There is no single cause of adolescent drug problems. Drug abuse develops over
time; it does not start as full-blown abuse or addiction. There are different
pathways or routes to the development of a teen's drug problems. Some of the
factors that may place teens at risk for developing drug problems include:

   1. insufficient parental supervision and monitoring
   2. lack of communication and interaction between parents and kids
   3. poorly defined and poorly communicated rules and expectations against
      drug use
   4. inconsistent and excessively severe discipline
   5. family conflict
   6. favorable parental attitudes toward adolescent alcohol and drug use, and
      parental alcoholism or drug use

It is important to also pay attention to individual risk factors. These include:

   1.   high sensation seeking
   2.   impulsiveness
   3.   psychological distress
   4.   difficulty maintaining emotional stability
   5.   perceptions of extensive use by peers
   6.   perceived low harmfulness to use

How do you know when to seek help?

The earlier one seeks help for their teen's behavioral or drug problems, the
better. How is a parent to know if their teen is experimenting with or moving more
deeply into the drug culture? Above all, a parent must be a good and careful
observer, particularly of the little details that make up a teen's life. Overall signs
of dramatic change in appearance, friends, or physical health may be signs of
trouble. If a parent believes his or her child may be drinking or using drugs, here
are some things to watch for:

   1.  Physical evidence of drugs and drug paraphernalia
   2.  Behavior problems and poor grades in school
   3.  Emotional distancing, isolation, depression, or fatigue
   4.  Change in friendships or extreme influence by peers
   5.  Hostility, irritability, or change in level of cooperation around the house
   6.  Lying or increased evasiveness about after school or weekend
   7. Decrease in interest in personal appearance
   8. Physical changes such as bloodshot eyes, runny nose, frequent sore
       throats, rapid weight loss
   9. Changes in mood, eating, or sleeping patterns
   10. Dizziness and memory problems

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