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					 Indoor Air Quality Report




    Shawnee City Hall
222 N. Broadway, Shawnee,
     Oklahoma 74801
INDOOR AIR QUALITY SAMPLING
          REPORT
            Project Locations:
            Shawnee City Hall
222 N. Broadway, Shawnee, Oklahoma 74801

               Prepared For:
City of Shawnee/Human Resources Department
             Ms. Kelly Howard
              16 W. 9th. Street
          Shawnee, Oklahoma 74801


               Prepared By:

  Wesley Anderson, CHMM, CIES, CMRS
  Environmental Solutions Specialists, Inc.
          1401 Cornell Parkway
        Oklahoma City, OK 73108
             405-949-5558

             Sampling Date:
           February 5&13, 2009

              Report Date:
              March 10, 2009
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0         EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.............................................................................................................................1
    1.1      SCOPE OF WORK .........................................................................................................................................1
    1.2      SITE BACKGROUND .....................................................................................................................................1
    1.3      FINDINGS .....................................................................................................................................................2
       1.3.1    Viable Fungi Results..............................................................................................................................2
       1.3.2    Mycotoxin Sample Results ....................................................................................................................4
2.0         CONCLUSIONS.............................................................................................................................................4

APPENDIX A – Referances..........................................................................................................................................5

APPENDIX B – SITE MAP..........................................................................................................................................5

APPENDIX C – Biological Contaminants ....................................................................................................................5

APPENDIX D – Laboratory Analytical Report...........................................................................................................10

APPENDIX E - Disclaimer .........................................................................................................................................11

APPENDIX F - Certifications .....................................................................................................................................13
1.0    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1    Scope of Work

Environmental Solutions Specialists, Inc. was retained by Ms. Kelly Howard , City of
Shawnee/Human Resources Department, to conduct an Indoor Air Quality Investigation at
Shawnee City Hall, 222 N. Broadway, Shawnee, Oklahoma. Environmental Solutions
Specialists, Inc. (ESS) was contacted to determine if there is an air quality problem in the
building due to mold, which can cause allergic reactions.

On February 5 and 13, 2009, Wes Anderson, with ESS, collected ten indoor air samples to
determine the air quality of the building as it relates to mold. All samples collected were
submitted to EMSL Laboratories. Five samples that were collected utilizing an air pump with a
PCR cassette were submitted for Trichothecene Mycotoxin analysis and five samples were
collected utilizing an Anderson Sampler with an MEA Agar (Fungi) plate to determine if a
viable (living) Stachybotrys fungus (mold) was present that is known to produce the Mycotoxin
Trichothecene.

1.2    Site Background

The Shawnee City Hall is a one story concrete block building with a basement located at 222 N.
Broadway in Shawnee, Oklahoma. The building age is unknown, for this report. The Shawnee
City Hall is occupied by the Town Clerk, administrative personnel, public works, and police
department. The City Hall Basement is mainly utilized by the Shawnee Police Department.
There was an historical pipe leak that occurred and impacted the Criminal Investigation Division
(CID) Office and an area outside the hallway within the basement near the building elevators.

The reason for the inspection involves an employee who has filed a workers compensation claim
alleging exposure to Trichothecene Mycotoxin produced by a Stachybotrys fungi (mold). Several
additional Indoor Air Quality Investigations were conducted by others to determine the same.

The investigation conducted by ESS was in five areas, chosen by the client and based on
previous investigations. These areas were the CID Office, Uniform Division Supervisor Office,
Police Records and Information Hallway, Hallway Outside Room 116A, and First Floor Foyer
(See Attached Building Layout).
1.3     Findings

On February 5 and 13, 2009 site walks were conducted of the areas of concern. Those present
during sampling were Ron Baze, Attorney representing Kent Borcherding, Matt Love, Attorney
representing The City of Shawnee, and Wesley Anderson, with Environmental Solutions
Specialists, Inc.

On February 5, 2009 Wesley Anderson, with ESS, conducted one air sampling utilizing an air
pump to draw a volume of air through a PCR cassette in each area. Approximately 50 liters of air
volume was run across the sample media of the PCR cassette in order to collect particulate
matter that may contain the Mycotoxin Trichothecene. In conjunction an Anderson Sampler was
utilized with an MEA Agar (Fungi) plate to determine if any other viable (living) fungi (mold)
was present that has the potential to produce other Mycotoxins, one air sample per area was
conducted. Samples were submitted to EMSL Laboratories to the attention of Dr. Zeljko for
analysis and identification. Dr. Zeljko reported that 50 liters of air was not enough air volume to
collect a sufficient sample of debris (particulate) in the PCR cassette. Dr. Zeljko requested that a
minimum of 1,000 liters of air would be needed in order to collect a large enough sampling of
particulate in the PCR cassette.

On February 13, 2009, Wes Anderson, with ESS, resampled the five areas utilizing an air pump
and PCR Cassette to submit for Mycotoxin Analysis. Per Dr. Zeljko’s recommendation 1,000
liters of air volume was ran through the PCR Cassette. No additional samples were collected for
viable mold based on findings. All samples collected were submitted to EMSL Laboratories.

Sampling was conducted during normal business hours for all air sampling, approximately 9:30
am to 12:30 pm.

All samples collected were submitted to EMSL Laboratories to the attention of Dr. Zeljko for
analysis and identification. Below are the results and in Appendix B, Laboratory Analysis.


1.3.1   Viable Fungi Results

On February 5, 2009 Wesley Anderson, with ESS, conducted air sampling utilizing an Anderson
Sampler with an MEA Agar (Fungi) plate to determine if any other viable (living) fungi (mold)
was present that has the potential to produce other Mycotoxins, one air sample per area was
conducted. Anderson Sampling device was set at 28.3 liters per minute for 5 minutes per
location. Below are the results and in Appendix B, Laboratory Analysis.
Results of testing did not indicate the presences of Stachybotrys fungi at the time of testing.
Aspergillus and Penicillium genera of fungi can produce Mycotoxins.

* Mycotoxins are fungal metabolites that have been identified as toxic agents.
1.3.2   Mycotoxin Sample Results

On February 13, 2009 Wesley Anderson, with ESS, conducted air sampling utilizing a calibrated
air pump and a PCR Cassette to be submitted for Mycotoxin Analyisis Total Trichothecenes by
ELISA. one air sample per area was conducted. The two Sampling devices utilized were set at 29
liters per minute and 25.5 liters per minute, run time approximately 35 minutes and 39 minutes.
The total volume of air recorded per sample 1,000 liters. Below are the results and in Appendix
B, Laboratory Analysis.




Results of testing indicated Non Detect for Total Trichothecenes.
* Mycotoxins are fungal metabolites that have been identified as toxic agents.

2.0     Conclusions

At the time of sampling results of laboratory analysis of indoor air did not indicate the presence
of Stachybotrys fungi or the presences of the Mycotoxin Trichothecene on the particulate matter
collected in the areas of concern. Fungal identification did reveal the presence of Aspergillus and
Penicillium genera of fungi which can produce Mycotoxins. But, these fungi are not associated
with producing the Mycotoxin Trichothecene. Fungi colony counts for viable mold were higher
in the Uniform Division Supervisor Office. It is possible this is due to at the time of sampling
mold growth was observed on vegetable matter disposed of in trash can in the proximity of
sampler.
APPENDIX A
REFERANCES
“Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings”, Indoor Environments Division
(IED) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

“Bioaerosols: Assessment and Control”, 1999 American Conference of
Governmental Industrial Hygienists, 1999

“Guidelines for the Assessment of Bioaerosols in the Indoor Environment”, American Industrial
Hygiene Association (AIHA)

“IICRC S520 Standard and Reference Guide for Professional Mold Remediation”, The Institute
of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC), 2006
APPENDIX B

 SITE MAP
                              1
                           CID OFFICE




   HALL/OUTSIDE
   RM 116A             4




         POLICE
         RECORDS
         HALL          3




UNIFORM DIV./
SUPERVISOR
OFFICE

                   2
FIRST
FLOOR/
FOYER    5
      APPENDIX C

BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS
BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS

Biological contaminants include bacteria, molds, mildew, viruses, animal dander, house dust
mites, cockroaches, and pollen. There are many sources of these pollutants. Some biological
contaminants trigger allergic reactions, including hypersensitivity pneumonitis, allergic rhinitis,
and some types of asthma. Molds and mildews release disease-causing toxins. Symptoms of
health problems caused by biological pollutants include sneezing, watery eyes, coughing,
shortness of breath, dizziness, lethargy, fever, and digestive problems.

Allergic reactions occur only after repeated exposure to a specific biological allergen. However,
that reaction may occur immediately upon re-exposure or after multiple exposures over time. As
a result, people who have noticed only mild reactions or no reactions at all may suddenly find
themselves very sensitive to particular allergens. Children, elderly people, and people with
breathing problem, allergies, and lung diseases are particularly susceptible to disease-causing
biological agents in the indoor air.

TEN THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT MOLD

1. Potential health effects and symptoms associated with mold exposures include allergic
    reactions, asthma, and other respiratory complaints.
2. There is no practical way to eliminate all fungi and mold spores in indoor environment; the
    way to control indoor mold growth is to control moisture.
3. If mold is a problem in your building, you must clean up the mold and eliminate sources of
    moisture.
4. Fix the source of the water problem or leak to prevent mold growth.
5. Reduce indoor humidity (to 30-60%) to decrease mold growth by: venting bathrooms, dryers,
    and other moisture-generating sources to the outside; using air conditioners and de-
    humidifiers; increasing ventilation; and using exhaust fans whenever cooking, dishwashing,
    and cleaning.
6. Clean and dry any damp or wet building materials and furnishings within 24-48 hours to
    prevent mold growth.
7. Clean mold off hard surfaces with water and detergent, and dry completely. Absorbent
    materials such as ceiling tiles, those are moldy, need to be replaced.
8. Prevent condensation: Reduce the potential for condensation on cold surfaces (i.e., window,
    piping, exterior walls, roof, or floors) by adding insulation.
9. In areas where there is a perpetual moisture problem, do not install carpeting.
10. Molds can be found almost anywhere; they can grow on virtually any substance, providing
    moisture is present. There are molds that can grow on wood, paper, carpet, and foods.
         APPENDIX D
LABORATORY ANALYTICAL REPORT
                           EMSL Analytical, Inc.
                           107 Haddon Avenue, Westmont, NJ 08108
                           Phone: (856) 858-4800               Fax: (856) 858-0648          Email: westmontmicro@emsl.com



 Attn:      Wesley Anderson                                                                                           Customer ID:          ENSS78
                                                                                                                     Customer PO:           ESS 09-101
            Environmental Solutions Specialists, Inc
                                                                                                                       EMSL Order:          370901138
            1401 Cornell Parkway
                                                                                                                         EMSL Proj:
            Suite 100                                                                                                      Received:        02/06/2009 9:25 AM
            Oklahoma City, OK 73108                                                                                  Analysis Date:         02/11/2009
 Project:        City of Shawnee                                                                                        Report Date:        02/11/2009
 Fax:            (405) 858-0185                          Phone:       (405) 949-5558



                                         Viable Fungi Identification and Enumeration
                              (Genus Level ID from Plate and Strip Impactors (EMSL Method M005))
       Sample                                                  Volume                          Incubation Sensitivity                                                                              Colony
      Description                      Location                  (L)            Media           Temp (C) (CFU/m³)                           Fungal Identification                                  Count CFU/m³
01                                      CID Office                141.5           MEA                 25                   7           Bipolaris sp.                                                     1         7
370901138-0001                                                                                                                         Sterile(dark) sp.                                                 1         7
                                                                                                                                       Total                                                             2        14
02                                Uniform Div/Super               141.5           MEA                 25                   7           Acremonium sp.                                                     2       14
                                         Ofc.
                                                                                                                                       Alternaria sp.                                                     1        7
370901138-0002
                                                                                                                                       Bipolaris sp.                                                      9       63
                                                                                                                                       Cladosporium sp.                                                   2       14
                                                                                                                                       Penicillium sp.                                                    1        7
                                                                                                                                       Sterile(dark) sp.                                                  3       21
                                                                                                                                       Yeast sp.                                                          1        7
                                                                                                                                       Total                                                             19      133
03                                Police Records/Hall             141.5           MEA                 25                   7           Aspergillus sp.                                                    1        7
370901138-0003                                                                                                                         Cladosporium sp.                                                   3       21
                                                                                                                                       Curvularia sp.                                                     1        7
                                                                                                                                       Sterile(dark) sp.                                                  2       14
                                                                                                                                       Total                                                              7       49
04                                 Hall/Outside Rm                141.5           MEA                 25                   7                       None Detected
                                         116A
370901138-0004


05                                    First Fl/Foyer              141.5           MEA                 25                   7           Cladosporium sp.                                                  2        14
370901138-0005                                                                                                                         Curvularia sp.                                                    1         7
                                                                                                                                       Sterile(white) sp.                                                1         7
                                                                                                                                       Total                                                             4        28

No discernable blank was submitted with this group of samples.




                                                                                                                                                   Dennis Kinney, Ph.D. Laboratory Manager
                                                                                                                                                          or other approved signatory

     Positive hole correction factors have not been applied to the reported data. EMSL maintains liability limited to cost of analysis. This report relates only to the samples reported above
     and may not be reproduced, except in full, without written approval by EMSL. Interpretation of the data contained in this report is the responsibility of the client. EMSL bears no
     responsibility for sample collection activities or analytical method limitations. Interpretation and use of test results are the responsibility of the client. Samples received in good condition
     unless otherwise noted. The detection limit is equal to 1 colony forming unit (CFU) per agar plate.
     ACCREDITATIONS: AIHA EMLAP #100194.




                 ViableFungi                                   THIS IS THE LAST PAGE OF THE REPORT.                                                                                                           Page 1
APPENDIX E
DISCLAIMER
LIMITATIONS

This report was prepared in accordance with generally accepted standards of environmental
practice(s) at time of this writing. This investigation was conducted solely for purposes of
evaluating mold contamination at the subject property. Evaluations of conditions at this site
were made from a limited number of observation points and conditions cannot be warranted at
non-observation points.

The Environmental Inspector has personally inspected the property, both inside and out and has
made visual inspection of the property, to the extent possible by readily available access. The
inspection does not include the moving of furniture or fixtures, or any type of inspection that
would require extraordinary effort to access.

Interpretations and conclusions made in this report that pertain to the mold are based solely on
results of independent laboratory analyses of the samples taken at the property. Environmental
Solutions Specialists, Inc. has no control over such testing and analyses and, therefore, disclaims
any responsibility for errors or omissions arising therefrom.

At present there are no strict numerical guidelines that are appropriate for assessing whether the
contamination in an area is acceptable or not. Interpretations and conclusions derived from this
report are based on a study from the University of Minnesota – Mycological Aspects of Indoor
Air Quality, Air and Waste Management Association Guidelines as well as information from the
National Safety Council Environmental Health Center.

Findings of this report are valid as of the date of the investigation. However, changes at this
property, whether due to natural or man-made processes, may alter conditions. In addition,
changes to applicable or appropriate standards may occur, whether resulting from legislation,
new information, or other reasons. Accordingly, the findings of this report may be invalidated
wholly or partially by changes outside Environmental Solutions Specialist’s control.

It is the intent of Environmental Solutions Specialists, Inc. to investigate contamination at
this site according to the current data available for the purpose of protecting the property
value of this site as well as the health and well being of individuals occupying the building.


Environmental Solutions Specialists, Inc.
 APPENDIX F

CERTIFICATIONS

				
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