"The Life Of Herbert Hoover"
The Life Of Herbert Hoover The Life of Herbert Hoover book was written by George H. Nash. It is a book that was published by W. W Norton in 1996. The book analyses the Life of Herbert Hoover who became a great Mining Engineer. He also became the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933. According to George Nash, Herbert Hoover was born on August 10, 1874 in Iowa’s West Branch. His parents were both Quakers. His father, Jesse Hoover was of German origin with German-Swiss (Huber, Burkhart) decent. Hoover’s mother, Hulda (Minthorn) was a Canadian of English and Irish decent (Nash 3). Herbert was left a total orphan at the age of nine when his father and mother died in 1980 and 1984 respectively. In the late 1885, he went to live with his uncle John Minthorn in Newberg, Oregon. The report will explore the Life of Herbert Hoover from birth to death. It will further analyze the writings of George Nash and give opinions. In 1891, Herbert joined Stanford University as a first year. At Stanford University, Herbert became the student manager of both baseball and football teams. After playing one of the games in 1894, since Herbert was the baseball team manager, he found out that the receipts were short. He therefore went looking for the person who had not paid the twenty-five cents and this was former President Benjamin Harrison. Later on, in his life as a politician, he called this encounter with the former president as "his first time with greatness". In 1895 Herbert graduated with a degree in geology. In 1897, Herbert went to Australia to work with a London based mining company called Bewick, Moreing & Co. He served in the company as a geologist and mining engineer. At the same time, he was searching to invest at the Western Australian goldfields. He was appointed as mine manager at the age of 23. He brought about a major expansion program for Gwalia gold mine sons at Gwalia, Western Australia. He also brought many Italian immigrants to counter the union militancy and cut costs of the Australian miners. In 1899, Herbert married Lou Henry, his Stanford University sweetheart who was the only geology major female student at Stanford. The Hoovers had two sons. Herbert Clark Jr. (1903–1969) was the first born and Allan Henry (1907–1993) the second born (Nash 29). Herbert went to China with his wife where he worked as a leading engineer for a private corporation. They both learned Mandarin Chinese and Herbert used the language during his White House tenure when they desired to foil eavesdroppers. The Hoovers were trapped by the Boxer Rebellion in Tianjin in June 1900. During the battle, Herbert guided U.S Marines around Tianjin using his wide knowledge of the Tianjin terrain. In 1901, Herbert was made a partner in Bewick, Moreing & Co. and he assumed the responsibility for various operations in Australia. According to George Nash, Herbert Hoover joined a political world when he went back to his U. S home in 1919. Leaders of Democratic Party looked on him as a potential Presidential candidate. President Wilson who was the then sitting President, privately preferred Herbert as his successor. Herbert considered being a Democrat, but he still believed that 1920 would be a year of the Republican Party. He also confessed publicly that he could not run for Democratic Party because its only member in his boyhood home was referred to as the town drunk. Herbert rejected Democratic Party overtures in 1920. He declared himself a Republican, and later a Presidential candidate. His name was placed on the ballot in the California state primary, but he came close to beating popular Senator Hiram Johnson. Having lost in his home state, Herbert was not considered a very serious contender at the convention. Warren G. Harding became President and appointed Hoover the Secretary of Commerce. In 1927, The Great Mississippi Flood occurred breaking the banks and levees of the lower Mississippi River. This resulted in flooding millions of acres and leaving more than one million people displaced from their homes. Although this disaster did not fall under Herbert’s duties as Secretary of Commerce, the six governors along the Mississippi specifically asked for Herbert in the emergency. The then President, Calvin Coolidge sent Herbert to mobilize militia, state and local authorities, army engineers, the American Red Cross, and the Coast Guard. With an aid from the Rockefeller Foundation, Herbert set up Health units which worked in the area for one year. Diseases like malaria, typhoid fever, and pellagra were stamped out (Nash 59). This work during the flood made Herbert gain new accolades as humanitarian because it was brought to the front pages of newspapers almost everywhere. In the same year, 1927, Herbert Hoover became the leading Republican candidate for the election of 1928. He received favorable press coverage in months that were leading up to the convention. Herbert’s experience, reputation, and popularity enabled him to be given the nomination on the first ballot. Senator Charles Curtis was named as his running mate. For efficiency and prosperity, Herbert campaigned against Democratic candidate Alfred Smith. Herbert Hoover took office as the 31st President of the United States in 1929. He displayed optimism and promised a "New Day" to the U.S. President Herbert declined to use a government spokesman. He instead asked reporters to quote him directly. He gave them handouts with statements he had made ahead of time. In his first 120 days as president, he held more regular press conferences than any other President before. While Herbert was President, he mentioned civil rights many times. He believed that the African-Americans and other races in the United States would improve themselves with education. He therefore wanted the races to be assimilated into white culture. Herbert's stance on the economy was largely based on voluntarism. He believed that public-private cooperation was the only way to achieve long-term growth. Herbert considered individuality and self reliance which he considered important in the American values. He therefore had a fear that, intervention or coercion by the government would destroy these values. The arrival of the Great Depression which spread across the globe in 1932 put his ideals and the economy at test. Herbert agreed to roll back taxes that had been cut by his Administration on upper incomes. As a result, this could pay for government programs and make up for revenue lost due to the Depression. Though Hoover contested for presidency in 1932, he lost to Roosevelt. Though his years had advanced, he continued to work full time both on his writing as well as managing the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. Among his literary works was The Ordeal of Woodrow Wilson which was a bestseller. In 1960, he attended a final Republican National Convention (Nash 189). Although Hoover lived to see the 1964 Convention, He did not attend because of his illness. He later died at the age of 90 in New York City on October 20, 1964. The death occurred 31 years and seven months after leaving office. He was buried at the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum in West Branch, Iowa. Herbert Hoover can be taken as an example of vitality and importance in the political history of America. The Author reminds us that the actions, beliefs and personalities of leaders have great effect in the society. Herbert Hoover joined a political world when he went back to his U. S home in 1919. Leaders of Democratic Party looked on him as a potential Presidential candidate. President Wilson who was the then sitting President, privately preferred Herbert as his successor. Herbert considered being a Democrat, but he still believed that 1920 would be a year of the Republican Party. He also confessed publicly that he could not run for Democratic Party because its only member in his boyhood home was referred to as the town drunk. Herbert rejected Democratic Party overtures in 1920. He declared himself a Republican, and later a Presidential candidate. Instead, Warren G. Harding became President and appointed Hoover the Secretary of Commerce. Although the book gives an elaborate Biography, the consistency in the Washington office by Hoover could otherwise be seen as devolving into rigidity and dogma. The tragedy that befell Hoover was not that he was wrong, but he also refused to see it. Hoover left Washington in March 1933 with bitterness and disappointment that he had been unappreciated by voters for his best efforts. The Hoovers went to New York City, where they stayed shortly and later returned to California to live at their home. In 1936, Herbert Hoover entertained hopes of being the Republican presidential nominee again, thus facing Roosevelt in a rematch. Roosevelt won again in another landslide. Herbert Hoover would have satisfied anyone who believed a great businessman would make an ideal President in the United States. In his outstanding addition to the American President series, George Nash explains that Herbert Hoover was a real promoter and financier. This is in addition to what other authors have written describing Hoover as a mining Engineer. He also traveled the world and made a great fortune. Hoover vaulted to fame after he brilliantly organized relief for the Belgian famine during World War I. When Hoover was appointed secretary of commerce in 1920, he operated in a dictatorial manner that infuriated many colleagues. Despite his dictatorship, his dynamism and popularity made him triumph for the Republican nomination in 1928. His political position offended Congress and discouraged his supporters even before the economic crash in 1929 when he was President. Many supporters were still annoyed even after he backed imaginative programs to stimulate the fallen economy. He also insisted that reliefs were socialistic and that local governments were progressing when they were not. This made Herbert a widely hated figure.