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Welcome to the second edition of our ‘Focus on Statistics’ bulletin produced by the Policy Unit. The purpose of this document is to highlight some of the latest releases from (amongst others) the Welsh Assembly Government, Office for National Statistics and Data Unit Wales, which include useful statistics in relation to Caerphilly county borough. We will also be providing regular updates on key statistical datasets, as appropriate. 2011 Census Update The Census is a decennial survey that has been undertaken of the whole population in the United Kingdom every ten years since 1801, the only exception being in 1941 due to the Second World War. The main purpose of the Census is to provide a count of all people and households in the country, by gathering headline information on population, health, housing, employment, education, transport and ethnicity. In essence, it provides a ‘snapshot’ of detailed information for the entire population. In England and Wales, the Census is planned, developed and undertaken by the Office of National Statistics (ONS) with the last one being carried out on the 29th April 2001. The results from that Census are still widely used, due to its nature as the only survey where details of the whole population are captured. The next Census is planned for 27th March 2011. The Census is important to the Council and its partners as it provides evidence for policy and service delivery development, implementation and review. It is also the main provider of robust and detailed information for community and area profiling and provides a guide for the estimation and projection of populations, and models such as the Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation, all of which are vital components in ensuring effective planning and distribution of resources, at a national, regional and local level. Planning for the 2011 Census is already well underway. A Census rehearsal is planned for 2009, with the Isle of Anglesey being one of the local authorities taking part along with Newham and Lancaster. A number of Census Regional Champions have been appointed to coordinate and ‘champion’ the Census, with Bryn ParryJones of Pembrokeshire being appointed for Wales. Each local authority has been asked to identify a Census Liaison Manager (CLM) and Assistant Census Liaison Manager (ACLM) – for Caerphilly CBC the CLM will by Colin Jones (Head of Performance & Policy) and the ACLM will be Vicki Doyle (Policy Officer). An internal working group is being established, with representation from key individuals and service areas across the authority, to undertake effective planning and preparation for the Census.

ONS has highlighted a number of key roles requiring local authority involvement to achieve a high quality Census: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Contribute to the address register development Support the recruitment of field staff Local publicity Provision of local accommodation and logistical support Provision of information on hard to count groups Facilitation of access to local community groups Provision of local information to support quality assurance

The Working Group will help to ensure that these issues are planned for and managed effectively in advance of the Census, on Census day and in the weeks following when the follow-up operation takes place. Further updates on the planning taking place for the 2011 Census will be provided in future bulletins. For further information, or for results from the 2001 Census, please get in touch – see contact details at the end of this bulletin. Unemployment Statistics As anyone who picks up a newspaper or watches the news will know, the UK and indeed the world, is in the grip of a serious economic downturn. One of the obvious consequences of this is job losses, but how is Caerphilly county borough faring when compared with Wales and the UK as a whole?


Number unemployed

5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 Aug-08 Sep-08 Oct-08 Nov-08 Dec-08 Jan-09

Source: NOMIS

As the chart above demonstrates, in August 2008 the number of unemployed within the county borough was 3,494 (a rate of 3.3% of the estimated resident working age population). By January 2009, this figure had increased to 5,274, representing a rate of 5.0%. The number of people unemployed within the county borough increased by 50.9% between August 2008 and January 2009. The most dramatic increase can be seen between October 2008 and January 2009, where unemployment is increasing steadily.

In contrast, the unemployment rate for Wales has increased from 2.6% to 3.8%, with the numbers of employed increasing by 48.3% between August 2008 and January 2009. For the UK as a whole, the unemployment rate has increased from 2.4% to 3.4%, with the numbers of unemployed increasing by 38.8%. These results would seem to suggest that the county borough is in fact faring worse in terms of job losses in the recession than either the Wales average or the UK as a whole. A further dimension can be provided by looking at unemployment by occupation type. The chart below shows number of unemployed by occupational group for the county borough in January 2008 and January 2009.

2,000 1,600


1,200 800 400 0
nk no Se w n ni As or so O ci ff i at ci e al Pr s Pr of of es es si si on Ad on al al m & in Te is tra ch tiv ni ca e & l S ec re ta ria Sk l il le d Tr Pe ad Sa rs es Pr on le oc s al es & S s, C er us vi Pl ce to an m t& er M S ac er vi hi ce ne O pe ra ti v es El em en ta ry

January 2008 January 2009

U M an ag

er s


Occupational group

Source: NOMIS

This chart evidences that the greatest number of job losses have been experienced in Skilled Trades, Process Plant & Machine Operatives and Elementary Occupations. Within the Skilled Trades category, unemployment has increased by 112.5% over the time period within the county borough, by 89.1% in Wales and 85.8% in the UK as a whole. Within the Process, Plant & Machine Operatives category, unemployment has increased by 97.7% over the time period within the county borough, by 79.9% in Wales and by 76.9% in the UK as a whole. Within the Elementary Occupations category, unemployment has increased by 56.9% over the time period within the county borough, by 51.5% in Wales and by 38.4% in the UK as a whole. It is also worth noting that within the county borough, unemployment has increased in every occupational category between January 2008 and January 2009. Further updates on unemployment will be provided in future versions of this bulletin.

Analysing Change Over Time for Small Areas: A 5 Stage Strategy The Office for National Statistics have recently published a guide which provides a strategy for approaching the problem of analysis change over time in small areas, and advice on how the main issues can be tackled. To download the document please click on the link Alternatively, please get in touch with us to discuss any requirements you may have. Gwent Police Crime Mapping Gwent Police have recently launched a crime mapping facility on their website The information includes numbers and percentages for total crime, robbery, vehicle crime, violent crime and anti-social behaviour at a station level for the whole of the county borough, as well as for all the other areas covered by Gwent Police. Trend data is also provided. Latest Statistical Releases Data for the areas identified in the Wales Spatial Plan, 2008 update WAG have published a statistical bulletin containing a statistical profile for each of the six distinct areas in Wales, identified under the Wales Spatial Plan. Caerphilly county borough falls in the South East Wales area, and the profile for this area starts on page 23 of the document. Household Statistics from the Annual Population Survey, 2004-07 The Labour Force Survey (LFS) is a household survey that collects information on the labour market. The primary use of the survey is to provide person-level statistics. However by collecting information about each member of participating households, the LFS also provides family and household level statistics that describe the economic status of household members. Since 2001 the LFS has been boosted in Wales to provide a sample of about 20,000 households annually and this is called the Annual Population Survey (APS). Data are now available at a household level from this survey for the years 2004 to 2007, and due to the larger sample from this, data can now be obtained at a local authority level. The statistical bulletin provides local authority level information for working age households that are workless, children living in working age workless households, lone parent families and housing tenure. VAT Registrations, De-registrations and Survival Rates for Businesses This statistical bulletin summarises information on the number of enterprises registering and deregistering for VAT in Wales. These figures act as a guide to the pattern of business start-ups and closures. The statistics are available at a county borough level and information on the county borough starts on page 10 of the document.

Prevalence of Disability in Wales, 2004-07 This statistical bulletin provides a comprehensive overview of the statistics available on disability in people of working age from the Annual Population Survey (APS) for 2004 to 2007. The aim of the bulletin is to ensure that more data on levels of disability is available in the public domain and to provide an indication of how APS disability data can be analysed. Information at the county borough level is available from page 7 of the document. Housing Private Sector Renewal Activity 2007-08 This Statistical Release presents information collected about Private Sector Renewal Activity funded by local authorities for the year 2007-08. For many years, local authorities have provided help to private owners and tenants for home improvement and repair. From July 2003 the Regulatory Reform (Housing Assistance) (England and Wales) Order 2002 introduced new arrangements that gave local authorities much more flexibility in deciding on how to deal with problems of local stock condition. This release gives details about activity by authorities during 2007-08 under the 2002 Order as well as residual activity under the 1996 Act. Due to changes in the definition of the data collected from local authorities direct comparisons with 2006-07 are not possible for both overall expenditure and for expenditure in Renewal areas. For further information please see the Quality Information section. Figures for the county borough are provided throughout the document. Council Tax Dwellings in Wales: 2009-10 This release provides details of the number of dwellings liable for council tax in Welsh local authorities for the financial year 2009-10. Absenteeism from Primary Schools 2007-08 This Statistical First Release reports on absenteeism by 5 to 10 year olds in primary, special and independent schools in Wales. Pupil level absence data was collected from maintained primary schools for the first time in 2008. Information relates to the academic years 2002/03 to 2007/08. Statistics relating to the county borough can be found on page 5 of the document. This document has been produced by: Vicki Doyle Policy Officer (Statistics & Funding) Policy Unit Caerphilly County Borough Council Tel: 01443 864403 E-mail:

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