2007 CONGRATULATIONS! 1907 I Commencement 2007 As we mark the 100th anniversary of the first Ph.D.’s being conferred at MIT, Graduate Group it is particularly pleasing to note that n 1907, the first three MIT Akana, Jennifer Sadighi the first three recipients were chemistry Bailey, Ghislaine Swager Ph.D.’s were awarded to graduates. Professor Arthur Amos Noyes, Bajaj, Vikram Griffin students of the Research Barder, Timothy Buchwald through the establishment of the Research Choi, Seungjib Imperiali Laboratory of Physical Chemistry in Laboratory of Physical Chemistry. Chung, Hoi Sung Tokmakoff 1903, instigated a graduate program for Hamilton, Charles Sadighi physical chemists and paved the way for Hock, Adam Schrock future Ph.D. candidates in other areas of Raymond Haskell, 1907; thesis title: Hodgkiss, Justin Nocera The Effect of Concentration and Ioniza- Hu, Kan-Nian Griffin chemistry. Jarosz, Daniel Walker tion on the Rates of Diffusion of Salts in Lee, Elaine Fu Commencement 2007 will honor Aqueous Solutions Lin, Chi-Wang Ting 37 Ph.D.’s in Chemistry. How the Lohman, Gregory Stubbe Loparo, Joseph Tokmakoff Department has grown in one hundred Malia, Thomas Wagner years! We are, needless to say, extremely Morris A. Steward, 1907; thesis title: Maloney, Kevin Danheiser proud of the wonderful education our The Ionization Relations of Sulphuric Martinelli, Joseph Buchwald graduate students in chemistry receive Acid Moslin, Ryan Jamison at MIT. The spectrum of research Ndubaku, Chudi Jamison Oertel, David Bawendi activity, combined with a variety of Pilyugina, Tatiana Schrock challenging graduate subjects and an Porter, Venda Bawendi extensive seminar program, provides our Robert B. Sosman, 1907; thesis title: Radhakrishnan, Mala Tidor candidates with the foundation needed The Hydrolysis of Ammonium Acetate Rosenthal, Joel Nocera for a meaningful professional career and and the Ionization of Water at 218 de- Satrijo, Andrew Swager grees and 306 degrees Sirokman, Gergely Sadighi a lifetime of independent learning. It is this combination which makes the MIT S Smythe, Nathan Schrock Stokes, Kristoffer Hammond graduate in chemistry capable of adapting Tonzetich, Zachary Schrock both to the changing demands of his or her Trenkle, James Jamison profession and to the career opportunities ince 1907 a total of 2,642 Vogel, Elizabeth Imperiali encountered. Ph.D.’s in Chemistry have Wong, Bryan Field Xia, Xiang Silbey been awarded. Yang, Jenny Nocera I wish our 2007 graduates every success Yen, Brian Bawendi as they embark on their future careers. Zimmer, John Bawendi THE MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY Arthur Amos Noyes, 1866-1936 A rthur Amos Noyes, S.B., Chemistry, MIT, 1886; S.M., Chemistry, MIT, 1887; Ph.D., University of Leipzig, 1890, was acting president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1907 to 1909. Noyes went to the University of Leipzig in Germany to earn his Ph.D. under the guidance of Friedrich Wilhelm Ostwald, a German chemist who won the Nobel Prize in 1909 for his work on catalysis, chemical equilibria and reaction velocities. Pursuing a Ph.D. overseas convinced Noyes that there should be graduate education at MIT leading to a Ph. D. He returned to Massachusetts after his graduation to begin at MIT as an instructor of chemistry. He quickly moved up the ranks to full Professor of Chemistry at MIT by 1895. His initial proposal in 1901 to the MIT administration for the establishment of a Research Laboratory of Physical Chemistry was turned down as too expensive, so he returned in 1903 with an offer that they could not refuse: he would provide funds of his own to pay half of the costs of the Laboratory (a sum of $3000 to $5000 a year). In 1903 he founded the Research Laboratory of Physical Chemistry at MIT, which he directed for 17 years. His first three Ph.D. candidates graduated in 1907, one of whom, Robert B. Sosman, stayed on at the Laboratory after graduating. Noyes left the Institute in 1920 to direct the Gates Chemical Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology. Arthur Amos Noyes was devoted to the idea that students should learn the principles of science by solving problems. His research interests focused on the nature of the solutions of electrolytes. Emeritus Professor John S. Waugh was appointed to the chair in the mid 1970’s. At that time endowed chairs at MIT (or other universities) were a relative rarity. The endowment came from a physician whose land on outer Cape Cod had been appropriated by the National Seashore project. No name had been chosen for the chair, and Professor Waugh was asked for a suggestion. Since he knew Noyes’connection with physical chemistry at MIT, and because he was his scientific grandfather, he was Professor Waugh’s choice. Professor Stephen J. Lippard is the current holder of the Arthur Amos Noyes chair.
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