Corruption in Indonesia is like a fungus that more and more there are, the more at investigation involved, corruption is not an institutional or cultural, but corruption can be eliminated through education from early childhood to higher education, thus providing a permanent awareness of the budding nation that corruption is not an option.
Combating corruption through education ABSTRACT Corruption in Indonesia is like a fungus that more and more there are, the more at investigation involved, corruption is not an institutional or cultural, but corruption can be eliminated through education from early childhood to higher education, thus providing a permanent awareness of the budding nation that corruption is not an option. Keywords: corruption, education 1. A. INTRODUCTION I'll start typing this with a statement of Lord Acton (John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton stating that "power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely", that "power tends to corrupt and absolute power tends to corrupt absolutely." Lord Acton's statement is letter to Bishop Mandell Creighton almost two centuries ago. statement is proven true when we reflect on the New Order regime, where the power of the central government under the command of Suharto's so absolute that will facilitate the absolute corruption too. Why power is very influential on corruption? Because the powers that the authorities can misused the power for personal, family or cronies. then the question then is "if corruption had been institutionalized and approached a culture that is very difficult to be eliminated? answer is not too late, if we jointly campaigning anti corruption in education. Well, when I put the word "education" will arise in our minds "why go through education?, it is not enough to severe sanctions and penalties? '. Before answering this question, I will borrow concepts and opinions prof. DR. Romli Atmasasmita SH., LL.M. about corruption eradication strategy, including are thinking about the concept of anti-corruption strategy in Indonesia: 1. Legal approach, plays a very strategic role in the eradication of corruption. Conventional legal approaches are inadequate in dealing with the modus operandi of corruption that is systematic and widespread and is an extra ordinary crimes. The success of the legal approach can not be measured by the product of legislation but must be accompanied by preventive measures moralistic and repressive proactive. 2. Moralistic approach and belief, a limiting signs to straighten the course of the enforcement action and strengthen the integrity of public officials to always hold firm and uphold justice by Belief in God Almighty in performing law enforcement duties against corruption. 3. Educational approaches, both approaches are complementary and serve to move over and increase the power of reason so as to comprehensively understand the background and causes of corruption and measures to prevent it. 4. Socio-cultural approach, serves to build community culture that condemns corruption by public campaigns and evenly spread throughout the corners of the country. Empowerment aims to foster public participation in anti-corruption culture in the society starting from the kindergarten level up to the tertiary level. The fourth approach is the key to success in fighting corruption. 1. B. ANTI CORRUPTION Approach to anti-corruption law in Indonesia has shown excellent progress. This legal approach should be supported by three other approaches, if the approach could be through product law law legislation, so different from the other three approaches. Moralistic approach, educational approaches, and socio-cultural approach can be achieved through education, the education can provide assurance that corruption is a sin, the reason public education can open to prevent corruption, and education to build a culture of anti-corruption community. With education can also make people aware, so that corruption is not the culture of Indonesia. Important in fighting corruption is to make people aware that it is a distortion of corruption and crime, this can be done through education. This is caused by corruption in Indonesia has become three stages elitist, endemic and systemic. At this stage of elitist, corruption remains a distinctive social pathologies within the elite / officials. At this stage of endemic, endemic corruption reaching wider society. Then the systemic phase, each individual in a similar system disease. It may be the disease of corruption in Indonesia has become a systemic phase. I am reminded of a statement Mr chairman of the House us, to forgive criminals. Judging from this statement as worse corruption in our country? Is this a sign that systemic corruption has reached the stage? Surely there is a wiser solution to eradicate corruption is through education. With any severe educational dangers facing the country, must be overcome, even when the country is almost break out but it could still be saved by education. Remember the story after the defeat of Japan in World War II with the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (6 and August 9, 1945)? When Japan's crippled state in all aspects of life, even the emperor of Japan when it was claimed that they had not had anything else except for land and water. However, the emperor immediately summoned top leaders and ask: How many teachers are still alive? A simple question but implies education is the beginning of everything. Corruption has become a systemic phase to destroy all aspects of the country, and if left unchecked it will destroy the country. Corruption is not more powerful than the atomic bomb?. To destroy this system we do not have to break the system, then create a new system, but the best part is how the existing system is a good value entered through education. C. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Education is meant here not only provides science education, teaching the formula, enter a value and then getting results. Education here is more than just teach plot search results. Education is education that is value. The true value of education is the nature and purpose of education itself. In the realm of science mentioned that knowledge should contain three dimensions, namely philosophical ontology, epistemology and. Ontology deals with the nature of knowledge being offensive epistemology axiology is a source of knowledge and assessment of the benefits of knowledge for life. The latter is the value of education studies. Researching, analyzing and finding the usefulness of the rules of science to mankind. The initial concept values education is a component that touches the educational philosophy that humanize humans, build and form the perfect man or a perfect man human. Children's awareness of the value of humanity first emerged not through theory or concept, but through concrete experiences that directly felt in school. The experience includes a fun attitude and behavior as well as a healthy environment with emphasis on positive attitude as respect for differences. Experiences such as these contribute to form well-developed children's emotions. With the value of education can lead to a form of moral consciousness of citizens who have a sense of justice, the ability to discern what is good and what is bad, hold in esteem human rights, tolerance, and a sense of solidarity and loyalty to others. A good education is the education that finds a common thread between cognitive and affective dimensions, meaning that education is not only to develop the intelligence to think but coupled with the development of behavioral and moral consciousness. During this study there in our midst is a cognitive level, so that what is generated, from elementary, junior high, high school and then going on to university after college then we are rushing to find a job. If this is defined, then education is merely a tool to locate the material. Then what happens? Corruption becomes a solution. Educational value of the concrete experience that is felt in the school is the tremendous power that can create whole human beings, cognitive intelligence makes intellect, intelligent, while making intelligent affective emotions, thus becoming fully human. No matter how much power there is in his hand, intelligence as human beings will play a role, so corruption is not an option for him. REFERENCES Atmasasmita, Romli; Neighborhood Corruption Issues: Aspects of National and International Aspects. Mandar Forward, Jakarta, 2004
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