A group of words that does not contain a subject and a
A phrase by itself is a fragment and must be turned into a
Example of a phrase: To find information.
A phrase in a sentence:
We went to the library to find information.
Types of Phrases
These types of phrases are often mistaken for sentences
1. Prepositional phrases
2. Appositive phrases
3. Verbal phrases
A group of words that contains a preposition, a noun, or a
pronoun called the object of preposition and any
modifiers of the object.
A prepositional phrase will always begin with a
preposition (see page 426 in your Language book if you don’t
remember your prepositions!)
Examples of prepositional phrases in sentences:
Devils tower is a tower of volcanic rock.
During a newscast I heard Lee speak.
Consists of an appositive and any modifiers it has (an
appositive further identifies or describes another noun or pronoun [page
Examples of appositive phrases and the word they
The Vescuzos live on Milner Lane, a wide street lined
with beech trees.
Sam’s younger sister, Sue, speaks fluent Spanish.
Phrases that contain verbals
a verbal is a word that is formed from a verb but is used as another part of
common verbal endings are –ing, -d, and –ed or they have the word to in front of
see page 342 for more information on verbals
To locate the verbal phrase, first find the verb in the sentence and then look
for the verbal
Our class interested in deserts
Learning about the Gobi Desert
Verbal phrases in sentences:
Engineers were responsible for designing the Brooklyn Bridge.
The sudden shattering of glass broke the silence.
She wants to study marine biology.
Note: There are three types of verbal phrases: participal, gerund, and infinitive (see pages
472 – 482)