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January Newsletter_ 2013 _1_

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January Newsletter_ 2013 _1_ Powered By Docstoc
					Zefe0g&Dv ? 2013ckESpf
                                                             u&ifowif;pOf
                                                                    The Karen Monthly Newsletter
                                                                                                                                                                                                            vlŒtcGifhta&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                 wdkif;&if;om;tcGifhta&;


                                                                                                                                                                                Volume(17), Issue(1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                           'Drdkua&pDta&;


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Zefe0g&Dv 31&uf/ 2013ckESpf?
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                                                                                                                                Zefe0g&Dv 29&uf/ 2013ckESpf?
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                                                                                                                                                                                               pmrsufESm=7 odkŒááá

                                                                       ကရင္သတင္းဌာနမွ လစဥ္ထုတ္ေ၀ျဖန္႔ခ်ီသည္။
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                                                                                   Zefe0g&Dv 10&uf/ 2013ckESpf? 88 acgif;aqmifajymqdk
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=um;u ypfcwf&yfpJa&;udk cdkifrm           rsm;ESifh typftcwf&yfpJa&; udpP                                                                                                                       KNUacgif;aqmifrsm;u orRwOD;odef;pdef tpdk;&tzGJ@udk ,ae@awG@qHk&m
atmifwnfaqmuf oGm;zdk@&,f?                awGudk (70)&mcdkifE_ef; tm;&aus                                                                                                                       wGif wdkufwGef;ajymqdkcJhonf?
aemuf+yD; usaemfwdk@(KNU)u wif            eyfr_&dSa=umif;/ wyfrawmfrSvnf;                                                                                                                                  “ucsifwdkufyGJudk &yfEdkifzdk@u b,fvdkóud;pm;aqmif&GufoGm;rvJ
xm;wJh code of conductudk                 +idrf;csrf;a&;udk vdkvm;a=umif;                                                                                                                       qdkwmudk usaemfwdk@ orRwudk wdkufwGef;ajymqdkcJhw,f? 'guvnf; tm;
jyef+yD;awmh n‡dE_dif;aqG;aEG;zdk@ ajym   KNU wm0ef&dSolrsm;tm; ajym                                                                                                                            vHk;rSmwm0ef&dSwJhtwGuf usaemfwdk@ b,fvdktajz&Sm=urvJ? aemuf+yD;
qdkjzpf cJhw,f”[k autdkifpDodk@           =um;cJha=umif; WunPawng ucsif                                                                                                                         awmh wcsdefxJrSmyJ orRwbufuvnf; KNU taeeJ@ 'Dtay:rSm b,f
ajymqdk onf?                                                   f S
                                          owif;pmrsuEmwGif a&;om;xm;                                                                                                                            vdk0dkif;0ef;+yD;awmh yg0ifEdkifr,fqdkwmrsKd; jyefvnf wdkufwGef;ajymqdk=u
          qufvufI KNUESifh tpdk;          onf?                                                                                                                                                  w,f”[k y'dkref;ref;ref;u qufvufajymqdkonf?
&t=um; typftcwf&yfpJa&;udpP                          ,if;udpP&yfrsm;ESifh ywf                                                                                                                              orRw. zdwf=um;csuft& ,ae@ nae 4em&DrS 5em&Dausmftxd
                                                                                                                                                                                                aejynfawmf orRwtdrfawmf v,fawm&Sif;vif;aqmifY orRw OD;odef;
                                                                                              oufI y'dkref;ref;ref;u “wdkufyGJ                        vdkyga=umif; orRwOD;odef;pdef u           pdef/ orRw±Hk;0ef}uD; OD;pdk;odef;/ OD;atmifrif;/ vl0ifr_}uD;=uyfa&;0ef}uD;
                                                                                              awG &yfEdkifzdk@uvnf; t"duawmh                          ajym=um;cJhonf?                           OD;cif&Dwdk@ESifh KNUbufrS OuUX AdkvfcsKyf}uD;apmrlwl;ap;zdk;/ taxGaxG
                                                                                              tpdk;&ay:rSm wm0ef&Sdwmayghaemf?                                  tvm;wl tpdk;&ESifh KNU          twGif;a&;rª; y'dkapmuG,fxl;0if;/ wGJzuftwGif;a&;rª;(2) y'dkref;ref;/
                                                                                              'gayr,fh usaemfwdk@ wdkif;&if;om;                       wdk@onf +idrf;csrf;a&; azmfaqmifr_        y'dkref;+idrf;armifESifh y'dkapmvSxGef;wdk@ awG@qHkaqG;aEG;cJh=uonf?
                                                                                              vlrsKd;pkawG tm;vHk;uvnf; yl;                           aqG;aEG;yGJrsm; qufvufusif;ya&;/                     ,if;odk@ awG@qHk&mwGif ppfrSefaom typftcwf&yfpJa&;udk
                                                                                              aygif;aqmif&GufEdkifrS ajyvnfEdkif                      typftcwf&yfpJr_ ydkrdkcdkifrma&;/         vkyfaqmif&mY wdkif;&if;om;rsm;tm;vHk;udkvnf; twlwuG yl;aygif;yg0if
                                                                                              rSm jzpfygw,f? typfcwf&yfpJa&;                          qufqHa&;±Hk;rsm; qufvufzGifh              aqmif&Gufapcsifa=umif; EdkifiHawmforRwu wdkufwGef;cJhouJhodk@ KNU
                                                                                              wpHkw&m &+yD;rSomv#if EdkifiHa&;                        vSpfa&;ESifh a'ozGH@òzd;a&;udpP&yf        bufrSvnf; wdkif;&if;om;a'orsm;rS xGuf&Sdvmonhf vkyfief;tjrwft
                                                                                              tqifhudk quf+yD; wufvkd@&rSm                            rsm;udk aqG;aEG;cJh=uonf[kvnf;            pGef;rsm;udk jynfolrsm;yg cHpm;oifha=umif; aqG;aEG;cJhonf[k y'dkref;ref;u
                                                                                              jzpfawmh typftcwf&yfpJa&;udk                            EdkifiHawmforRw±Hk; 0ufbfqdk'fwGif        xyfrH ajymqdkonf?
                                                                                              &atmif taotcsmvkyfzdk@awmh                              azmfjyxm;onf?                                        “usaemfwdk@ pOf;pm;xm;wJh tcsufawGtwdkif;yJ autJef,leJ@
                                                                                              vdkw,f”[k ajymonf?                                                orRwOD;odef;pdef. zdwf          typftcwf &yfpJa&;udpPrSm cdkifrmwJh typfcwf&yfpJa&;udk wqifh+yD;wqifh
                                                                                                             xdk@tjyif ,refae@u azmf                  =um;csuft& (KNU). OuUX Adkvf              qufoGm;Edkifzdk@eJ@ wkdif;&if;om;a'orSm &dSaewJh o,HZmwawGudk tpGef;
                                                                                              jyonfh jynfaxmifpk orRwjrefrm                           csKyf}uD; apmrlwl;ap;zdk;rS OD;aqmif      tjrwf&vmwJhtay:rSm jynfolawG tygt0if jynfaxmifpktqifha&m/
                                                                                              Ed k i f i H a wmf - Ed k i f i H a wmf o rR w ±H k ;   I taxGaxG twGif;a&;rª; y'dk               jynfe,ftqifhawGyg r#wpGm b,fvdkcGJa0oifhovJ qdkwmav;udkvnf;
                                                                                              0ufbfqdk'fay:wGif rdrdwdk@taejzifh                      apmuG,fxl;0if;/ wGJzuftwGif;a&;           aqG;aEG;cJh=uw,f”[k olu autdkifpDodk@ ajymonf?
                                                                                              EdkifiHa&;wGif rwluGJjym;r_tcsKd@ &Sd                   rª;(2) y'dkref;ref;ref;/ y'dkref;+idrf;              odk@aomf ‚if;aqG;aEG;yGJwGif ESpfOD;ESpfbufrS oabmwlnDaom
                                                                                              rnfjzpfaomfvnf; wdkif;jynft                             armif/ y'dkapma&m*smcifESifh y'dk         qHk;jzwfcsufrsm; csrSwfonhf tajctaersKd; r[kwfbJ oabmxm;xif
                                                                                              wGuf tusKd;&Sdaprnfh wlnDonfh                           apmvSxGef;wkd@onf ,ckv Zefe0g             jrifcsuf taejzifhom aqG;aEG;cJh=u+yD; xdkaqG;aEG;r_ESifh ywfoufIvnf;
                                                                                              udpP&yfrsm;udk yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf                       &Dv 3&ufae@u aejynfawmfodk@               aejynfawmfwGif owif;pm &Sif;vif;yGJ usif;yðyvkyfcJhonf?
                                                                                              oGm;&ef/ zGJhpnf;yHktajccHOya'ESifh                     oGm;a&mufcJhonf?                                     tqkdyg KNU acgif;aqmifrsm;onf ,ckv 3&ufae@u xdkif;-
                                                                                              tnD wdkif;&if;om;tm;vHk; wef;wl                                                                   jrefrme,fpyfrSwqifh aejynfawmfodk@ a&muf&SdcJhjcif;jzpf+yD; e,fpyfjyefvnf
                                                                                              nDr#twlwuG yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf                                                                     a&muf&Sdygu owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJ xyfrH ðyvkyfoGm;OD;rnf[k od&onf?
Karen Information Center rS vpOf xkwfa0jzef@csDonf?                                                                                                                                                                                                     pmrsufESm- 5
 Zefe0g&Dv? 2013ckESpf? u&ifowif;pOf
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                                         (1)                                        a&; bdef;pkdufcGifhrsm;ay;+yD; t}uD;tus,f csrf;om apcJhonfhtjzpfrsKd;awG             0ef;&H axmufcHay;cJhaom owif;pmq&m}uD; OD;0if;wifyif a':atmif
               ucsifjynfe,ftwGif; &efolppftkyfpku =unf;wyf/ avwyf/                  &efolu vkyfcGifhay;vmjyefonf? a'owGif;rSm qnfajrmif;wmwrHrsm;/                       qef;pk=unf. c±kdeDrsufESm a&$csonfhudpPukd vufrcHEkdifacs? wkdif;jynfukd
tajrmufwyfwkd@jzifh ae@pOf&ufquf usL;ausmf xkd;ppfqifvsuf/ ucsif                    pufr_ZkHrsm;a=umifh a'ocHawG ajymif;a&$@& tcufawG@=u&onf? ouf                        "m;jywkduf/ tEk=urf;pD;/ tvGJokH;pm;vkyf/ tacsmifE_dufvmcJhonfh
jynfolrsm;tm; apmfum;owfjzwf vl@tcGifhta&; csKd;azmufaer_rsm; t                     arG;0rf;ausmif; b0&yfwnfaeonfh uGrf;oD;+cH/ a&mfbm+cH/ oD;pkH O,smOf+cH              olckd;ol0Suf t}uD;pm;awGukd jyefvnfazmfxkwf ta&;,l&rnfjzpfa=umif;
ay: autkdiftkd. ppfa&; EkdifiHa&; tompD;&&Sdvmr_ESifhtwl nD!$wfaom                  ajrrsm;ESifh tkd;tdrfwkd@ukd rjzpfpavmuf avsmfa=u;uav;rsm;jzifh vuf                  ESifh rD'D,mw&m;cGifrS vlxkw&m;cGif/ urBmhw&m;cGifta&muf ykd@aqmif
wkdif;&if;om;vlrsKd;rsm; zuf'&,faumifpD ,ltJeftufzfpD. tcef;u¾                      v$wfqkH;±_H;cH&aom a'ocHwkd@ rcsdwifuJ jzpf=u&onf? obm0ywf0ef;                       =u&rnfjzpfa=umif; ol@oabmxm;ukd xkwfazmf ajym=um;onf? ukef
onfvnf; xif&Sm;awmufajymifvmcsdef/ ,ltJeftufzfpDtzGJ@wGif txif                      usif xdckdufysufpD;,kd,Gif;r_rsm;twGuf uef@uGufv_yf&Sm;aeaom jrpf                    aps;E_ef;usqif;a&; qENjyaqmif&Gufaeaom ukdxifausmfuvnf; c±kdeD
u& tzGJ@0ifwpfzGJ@jzpfaom autJef,l. tcef;u¾rSmrl u&ifvlxkrsm;                       acsmif;apmifh =unfha&;tzGJ@ESifh urBmajrpdrf;vef;vkdolwkd@. rsufESmukd               awGukd vkH;0vufrcH? c±kdeDqkdwm }uD;}uD;ao;ao; trsm;jynfolaumif;
t=um;rSmyif a&yef;rpm;awmhbJ jzpfvmonf? wcsdefwnf;rSmyif ppfukd                     ajcESifh uefausmufvkdufovkdyif jzpfavonf?                                            usKd;ukd b,fawmhrS r=unfhwwfbl;[k qkd.? a':atmifqef;pk=unft
ta,mifjy &yfqkdif;ckdif;aeonfh t&yf0wfta&òcH vlxkqENrygaom rJ                                    ppftkyfpkESifhaygif;I ðyjyifajymif;vJr_rsm;ukd wpwpvkyf,l&ef            aejzifh ,kdifeJ@aeaom oabmxm;tawG;tac:rsm;ukd tcsdefraESmif;rD ðy
vdrfrJckd; orRwESifh vlxkqENukd rsufuG,fðyum ppftkyfpk vufu okH;                    }uH&if; olrukd,fwkdif ppftkyfpk. tokH;cscHb0okd@ a&mufoGm;cJhaom a':                 jyif xdef;ausmif;oifh+yD jzpf.?
awmifa0S;tjzpf rdrdukd,frdrd xkd;tyfcJhaom a':atmifqef;pk=unfwkd@.                  atmifqef;pk=unfxHrS vlxk. a0zefwifjy ajymqkdvmr_rsm;ukd xDrxif                                                            (4)
*k%fowif;rSmvnf; ysuf,Gif;arS; rSdefvmcJh+yD jzpfavonf?                             apmfum;onfh tajymtqkd tðytrlrsm;ukd awG@vm&onf? vlxk ,kH                                            ucsifu ,ltJeftufzfpD. rltwkdif; &yfwnf.? typftcwf
               e,fajrtwGif; usL;ausmfvmonfh wkdufav,mOfrsm;/ puf                    =unfav;pm; cspfcifolwOD;u vlxkta&;ukd tav;rxm;/ vlxkoabm                             awG&yf+yD; EkdifiHa&;t& aqG;aEG;awmhrnf[k ppftkyfpkbufu urf;vSrf;
aoewfrsm;/ pGrf;tm;jyif; tajrmuf}uD;rsm;/ rD;avmifAkH; tygt0if "mwk                 xm;ukd rsufuG,fðyvmonfhtjzpfrSm Armjynfukd ppfu|efb0xJ epf+yD;                       vmonfukd wzGJ@csif;taejzifh EkdifiHa&; raqG;aEG;yJ EkdifiHa&; jy\emukd
AkH;vufeuf}uJcsjcif;rsm;ukd ckdifrmjywfom;onfh &yfwnfcsufjzifh rqkwfr               &if;epfaeapawmhonf?                                                                  ,ltJeftufzfpDtaejzifhom aqG;aEG;rnf[k ajymqkdvkdufonfrSm wyf
epf wGef;vSefvsuf&Sdaom autkdiftkdukd urBmu tm±kHpkdufvm=u+yD jzpf                               ppftkyfpku ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm wkdufI rEkdif Ekdif/ tjrpfrðywfEkdifonfh   aygif;pk tzGJ@tpnf;w&yftaejzifh av;pm;zG,faumif;aom &yfwnfcsuf
onf? urBmhukvor*~uaum tar&duefuyg rcHr&yfEkdif jzpfvm=u+yD;                         awmfvSefa&; tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;ukd Auy. yefqef;/ autJef,l. rme,f                          jzpfavonf?
+Adwdefuvnf; pD;yGm;a&;ydwfqkd@r_rsm; &yfqkdif;cJhonfhudpPtay: jyefvnf              yavmwkd@ukd oyfv#KdòzdcGJcJhovkdrsKd;/ rjzpfpavmuf tav#mhay;vkdufavsmr_                        ucsifbufu &yfwnfcsuf rSefuefaomfvnf; ppftpkd;& axmuf
pOf;pm;okH;oyfrnf[k qkdvm+yD jzpfonf?                                                                                                                                    cHaom autJef,lacgif;aqmifopfrsm;ukdrl ,ltJeftufzfpDtaejzifh r,kH
          jynfwGif;jynfyrS qENjy awmif;qkdr_rsm;ESifh wGef;tm; zdtm;trsLd;                                                                                               r&J &SdvmykH&onf? +yD;cJhonfh &ufrsm;twGif; autJef,l acgif;aqmifopf
rsKd; t&Sdefjrifhvmonfh tcsdefrSmyif a':atmifqef;pk=unfxHrS v_yfonfqkd                                                                                                   rsm;ukd oGm;a&mufawG@qkHum ,ltJeftufzfpDrSm qufvuf aqmif&Gufzkd@/
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                                                                                          “tzGJŒrsm;tm;vkH;yif ukd,fh&nf&G,fcsufeSifhukd,f                               ,ltJeftufzfpDESifh ruif;uGmzkd@/ wyfaygif;pk. rl0g'a&;&m ykdif;t&
av;pm;em;vnfr_ r&SdI TuJhokd@ ppfyGJrsm; jzpfay:ae&a=umif; [laom                       ukd,fholaygif; olŒukd,faygif; vkyfukdif-u&if; &efig                               EkdifiHa&; aqG;aEG;yGJrsm;Y ,ltJeftufzfpDESifh waygif;wpnf;wnf; &Sdzkd@/
pum;ukd wzefjyefI tyfa=umif; xyfvmonf? b,folu b,fol@ukd r                                                                                                                aqG;aEG; ajymqkdcJha=umif; od&onf?
av;pm;wmvJ/ b,folu vkdufemapmifhxdef;&rnfh pnf;rsOf;Oya'awGukd
                                                                                        ruGJjym;awmhonfh tajctaerskd; jzpfvmcJhonf?                                                     (15)}udrfajrmuf uGefu&uft+yD; ta&òcHorRwodef;pdef.
pwifcsKd;azmufwmvJ/ b,folu usL;ausmfapmfum;wmvJ qkdonfukd                                       awmfvSefaom tzGJŒtpnf;rsm;/ EkdifiHa&;                                   zdwfac:r_jzifh aejynfawmfokdh oGm;a&mufawG@qkHcJh&aom autJef,l
awmh wdwdyy ajcajcjrpfjrpf xkwfazmfrajym? xkdudpPukd ajz&Sif;&eftwGuf                                                                                                    acgif;aqmifopfrsm;tzkd@/ ppftkyfpkESifhawG@qkHajymqkdcJhonfh aqG;aEG;csuf
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                                                                                      tzGJŒtpnf;rsm;xJrSm &efolaysmufonfh tajctae                                        rsm; rlrsm;ESifh ,ltJeftufzfpD. wyfaygif;pkrlrsm;t=um; oabmxm; uGJ
oifhovJ/ wu,fwrf; jzpfoifhjzpfxkduf vkyfoifhvkyf xkdufwmawGu                               &Sdvmaomfvnf; vlxkuawmh &efolraysmuf?                                         vGJr_ r&Sdap&eftwGuf ,ltJeftufzfpDu autJef,lukd oD;jcm;awG@qkH&
b,fykHb,fenf; qkdonfukdvnf; vrf;!$efray;?                                                                                                                                jcif; jzpf.? autJef,lurl typftcwf&yfa&; ckdifrmatmif qufvufvkyf
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                                                                                      vlxkonf rdrdwkdŒ qefŒusifwkdufzsuf&rnfh &efolukd                                   aqmif&eftwGuf wzGJ@csif;taejzifh awG@qkHoGm;rnfjzpfaomfvnf; EkdifiH
aqmif&GufonfhtzGJ@u =um;0ifay;&ef arwœm&yfcH awmif;qkdcJhonfhtjyif                                    b,faomtcgr# rsufjcnfrjywf?”                                        a&;ukdawmh ,ltJeftufzfpDESifh aqG;aEG;onfh rlukdom qufvufukdifpGJoGm;
rD'D,mrsm;uyg 0kdif;0ef;wkdufwGef;=uonfukd ta&;rxm;ovkd aecJh+yD;                                                                                                        rnf jzpfa=umif;/ +yD;cJhonfh ,ltJeftufzfpD t*Fvdyfbmomjzifh xkwfjyef
“EkdifiHawmftpkd;&u wm0efay;&if vkyfr,f” qkdonfhpum;wcGef;om                                                                                                             csufwGif yg&Sdonfhtwkdif; tpkd;&ESifh +idrf;csrf;a&; awG@qkHaqG;aEG; a&;ESifh
ajymvsuf rsufESmv$JaecJhonfh a':atmifqef;pk=unfrSm ta&òcH tpkd;&                    rsm; ðyvkyfum enf;rsKd;pkHjzifh t,kHoGif; uyfaygif;+yD; tkyfpD;csKyfukdif acs        EkdifiHa&;awG@qkHaqG;aEG;a&;ukd ,ltJeftufzfpD wzGJ@wnf;u OD;aqmifoGm;
u ucsifta&;ESifh ywfoufI bmwm0efr# ray;yJ ,ckvkd ajymvm&onf                         r_ef;ypf&ef óud;yrf;vmonf?                                                           rnf qkdonfhtcsufrSmrl rdrdwkd@. ay:vpDESifh ukdufnDr_ r&Sda=umif; ajym
rSm +Adwdef. jyefvnfpOf;pm;rnfqkdonfh rufqdwf*sfa=umifh ppftkyfpk.                               EkdifiH&yfjcm;rSm a&mufaeaom 'Drkdua&pDa&; tzGJ@tcsKd@rSm rdrd          onf?
jrm;OD; olrbufokd@ vSnfhrvmcif óudwif xGufayguf&Smvkdufjcif;rsKd;om                 wkd@ vkyfxm;aom bvufvpftwGif; ppftkyfpk0ifrsm;ukd azmfxkwf rSwf                                     wu,fawmh typftcwf&yfpJa&;ESifh +idrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;r_
jzpfavonf? tpu igrajymvm; qkdonfh oabmrsKd; olr ajym.?                              wrf;wifxm;&rnfhtpm;/ ppftkyfpk vkyfxm;aom bvufvpfpm&if;u                             onf rwlacs? +idrf;csrf;a&;rSm typftcwf&yfpJa&;wGif yg0ifrnfjzpfaom
                                         (2)                                        y,fzsufcHcJh&onfhtay: aus;Zl;wifrqkH; jzpfae=u+yD; jynfwGif;jyef0if                  code of conducts rsm;xuf ykdItqifhjrifhonfh aqG;aEG;n‡dE_dif;r_ jzpf
               ,ckjzpfaeonfh tajctaeu tawmfyif ±_yfaxG;vmonfh                       vm&ef zdwf=um;cH&onfukdvnf; 0rf;ajrmuf*k%f,lae=uonf?                                 onf? xm0pOfwnfwHhckdif+rJrnfh +idrf;csrf;a&; azmfaqmif&efrSm EkdifiHa&;
tajctaejzpfonf? ,cifESpfrsm;uxufykdI eufeJodrfarG@vmonfh                                     tzGJ@rsm;tm;vkH;yif ukd,fh&nf&G,fcsufESifhukd,f ukd,fholaygif; ol@          aqG;aEG;r_rsm;ESifhvnf; qufpyfaernf jzpfonf? typf&yfa&; ESpfbuf
tajctaersKd;/ &efESifhig yl;aygif;oGm;=uaoma=umifh b,f[mu&ef b,f                    ukd,faygif; vkyfukdif=u&if; &efig ruGJjym;awmhonfh tajctaersKd; jzpf                 vkdufem&rnfh pnf;rsOf; pnf;urf; oabmwlnDr_rsm;ukd wzGJ@csif;taejzifh
[muig [lI yDyDjyifjyif owfrSwfI r&Ekdifonfh tajctaersKd;/ &efig                     vmcJhonf? awmfvSefaom tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;/ EkdifiHa&; tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;xJrSm                 aqG;aEG;Ekdifrnf jzpfaomfvnf; +idrf;csrf;a&;twGuf n‡dE_dif;aqG;aEG;r_t
ruGJawmhyJ &efolaysmufvmonfh tajctaersKd;/ &efig cGJjcm; &Sif;vif;a&;               &efolaysmufonfh tajctae &Sdvmaomfvnf; vlxkuawmh &efolr                               qifhESifh EkdifiHa&;t& aqG;aEG;n‡dE_dif;r_ukdawmh ,ltJeftufzfpDu ukdifrnfqkd
vkyf&mwGif trSm;t,Gif; twdrf;tapmif; rcHEkdifonfh tajctaersKd;/                     aysmuf? vlxkonf rdrdwkd@ qef@usifwkdufzsuf&rnfh &efolukd b,faom                      onfrSm w&m;enf;vrf;usonfh rl0g' jzpfonf? xkd@tjyifvnf; ,ltJef
zdESdyfolESifh tzdESdyfcH awmfvSefolrsm; wbufESifh wbuf yl;aygif; oGm;rd            tcgr# rsufjcnfrjywf?                                                                 tufzfpD. OD;aqmifr_onf wzGJ@wnf;. OD;aqmifr_ r[kwfacs? ,ltJef
=u+yD; axG;a&m,Sufwif tm;òydifae=uonfh tajctaersKd; jzpfav                                                                 (3)                                           tufzfpDonf wyfaygif;pkjzpf.?
onf?                                                                                         “wwkdif;wjynfvkH; qif;&JiwfjywfaecsdefrSm ukd,fwa,muf                                 rdrd awmfvSefa&;tzGJ@tpnf;ukd rdrd jyefvnfa0zefaxmufjy&onfh
               umv=um&SnfpGm óud;yrf;awmif;qkdcJh=uaom okH;yGifhqkdifaqG;           wnf; csrf;omaew,fqkdwm tifrwefrS &Sufp&m aumif;w,f”[laom                             tvkyfrSm ukd,fhaygifukd,fvSefaxmif;ovkd jzpf.? rnfolr# xkdtvkyfrsKd;ukd
aEG;a&;rSm trsm;ar#mfvifhonfhtcsdefwGif ar#mfvifhovkd jzpfay:rvmbJ                  pum;rsKd; a':atmifqef;pk=unf wcsdefwkef;u ajymcJhzl;onf? okd@&mwGif                  vkyfvkd=urnfr[kwf? EkdifiHESifht0Srf; av;pm;cspfcif=uonfh EkdifiHh*k%f
trsm;rar#mfvifhonfhtcsdef/ óudwifrSef;qrxm;onfh taetxm;rsKd;jzifh                   ,ae@vufiif;umvwGifrl a':atmifqef;pk=unfonf c±kdeDwkd@. tefwD                         aqmif a':atmifqef;pk=unfukdvnf; ra0zefcsif? olrtay: a0zefykwf
ay:aygufvmcJh+yD jzpfavonf? 'Drkdua&pDa&; tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;/ ukd,fykdif                pk jzpfIaeav+yD? “c±kdeDawGukd oHo,tusKd; cHpm;cGifhay;+yD; tjypf r&Sd               cwfaeaom &efol@ rD'D,mrsm;ESifh wwef;wpm;wnf; owfrSwfcH &rnfh
jyXmef;cGifhtwGuf awmif;qkdwkdufyGJ0ifaeaom wkdif;&if;om; vufeufukdif               bl;vkd@ owfrSwf&r,f/ tjypfawGvkyfcJh&ifvnf; jyifqifcGifhay;&r,f”[k                   tjzpfrsKd;/ &efol0rf;omauseyfrnfh tjzpfrsKd;ukd rvkdvm;? rajymrjzpfvGef;
tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;ESifh ppftkyfpk[lonfh okH;OD;okH;pkpvkH;u rdrdwkd@. &efolrsm;         olr qkd.?                                                                            vkd@om ajym& a&;&jcif; jzpfonf?
ukd yl;Iowf&ef toD;oD;u qkH;jzwfvkduf=u+yD;aemuf ay:aygufvmcJhaom                            ywf0ef;usif ae&mxkdifcif; =uyfwnf;usOf;ajrmif;aom &yfuGuf                              “u&ifawG tokH;rusbl;? enf;enf;rSukd tokH;rusbl;? igvnf;
EkdifiHa&; t±_yftaxG; jzpfonf?                                                      twGif;rS ykHrusyef;rus okH;xyfwkdufi,f. wjcrf;ukd usyfodef;av;axmif                  u&ifygbJuGm? pdwfxJ raumif;vGef;vkd@ ajym&wmyg”[k qkdwwfaom
               ppftkyfpkESifh yl;aygif;+yD; vkyfukdif=u&ef jynfwGif;xJ jyef0ifaom   ausmf ig;axmifeD;yg; aygufaps;&Sdaecsdef/ c±kdeD ESpfOD;okH;OD;xHrS usyfodef;wpf     'l;yvm,mc±kdif OuUX}uD; zl;wmt,f. pum;vkdyif rajymvkdaompum;
tzGJ@awG &Sdvmonf? tcsKd@tzGJ@rsm;u &efolESpf òcduftm;&aprnfh tðyt                  axmifausmfcef@ ynma&;&HykHaiG avvHwifypPnf; a&mif;csaiGuav;rsm;                      awGukd ajymae a&;ae&jcif;rSm a&;aysmfvGef;I r[kwf? rcsdI oGm;+zJae
rl tajymtqkdrsm; v_yf&Sm;r_rsm;ukd vkyfvm=uonf?                                     &vkduf±kHjzifh c±kdeDawGESifh yl;aygif;vkyfaqmif&onfukd ESpfòcduf =unfEl;ae          onfukd &,fjyonfxifonfhtjzpfrsKd; rjzpfapvkdacs?
               ucsifbufrSm ppftkyfpkwyfrsm; tawmrowf usL;ausmfapmf                  aom a':atmifqef;pk=unftaejzifh c±kdeDawG odrf;,lxm;onfh v,fajr                                                            (5)
um;aer_ukd vspfvsL±_um a'owGif; zGH@òzd;wkd;wufa&; pD;yGm;a&; OD;armh               rsm;a=umifh 'kuQa&mufae=u&aom te,fe,f t&yf&yfrS v,form;rsm;/                                   t*Fvdyfbmomjzifh a&;om;xm;aom “Dictator watch” .
vmEkdifa&; ta,mifjy ppftkyfpk c±kdeDrsm;ESifh yl;aygif; ukd,fusKd;&Smvm=u           puf±kHtvkyf±kHrsm;rS tvkyform;rsm;/ ae@vkyfae@pm; atmufajctv$mrsm;                   aqmif;yg; 2apmifudpP? “Treachery in the Karen National Union”
aom vufeufukdif tzGJ@tcsKd@vnf; &Sdvmonf?                                           . ikd±_dufoHukd tenf;i,fr# em;pkduf=unfhoifhavonf?                                   autJef,ltwGif; opPmrJhjcif;ESifh “The Karen Purge and Coup”
               wcsdefu wkdif;&if;om;vufeufukdiftzGJ@tcsKd@ukd typf&yfEkdif                   ,cifu a':atmifqef;pk=unfvkyfor# ab;rSaeI xdef;uGyf                          u&iftm%modrf;yGJ? tGefvkdif;ay: tawmfuav;jyef@ESH@aeaom xkd
 pmrsufESm- 6                                                                                                                                                             Karen Information Center rS vpOf xkwfa0jzef@csDonf?
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ESifh uGefu&ufrS a&G;aumufvkdufaom acgif;aqmifopfrsm;tay: ouFm                 owif;ukd zwfvkduf&onf? xkdtqkdukd uef@uGufaqG;aEG;olawGawmh                    usD;a,mifaqmifwJh a'gif;
r&Sif; jzpf=u&onf? a&G;aumuf+yD; &ufykdif;twGif;rSmyif acgif;aqmifopf          r&Sd? wkdif;jynfxJ tvkyform;/ v,form; qENjy awmif;qkdyGJawG vlrsKd;
awGukd aejynfawmfu ac:,lawG@qkHvkdufonfh udpPESifh ywfoufIvnf;                                                             f JG             f
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                                                                               jynfwGif; jynfyc&D;pOfrsm; 2015 twGuf pnf;±kH;a[majymyGJrsm;jzifh                            aveD=urf;oifh ESpfa[mif;ESif;wpfpuf
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                                                                               v$wfawmfwGif;Y &Sdraeacs? t=urf;rzufonfhtwGuf[laom acgif;pOf                             awmfvSefolwdk@&J@ ESpfa[mif;jyuQ'defwpfcsyf
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                                                                               jzifh ra,mif&mqDvl; csD;jr‡ifhvkdufaom qkukd,l&ef tar&dum;okd@oGm;                               pkwfjywfum axmifheH&HrSmuyf
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                                                                               apmif;oHuav;ukd em;qifvkduf&ouJhokd@ &Sdavonf?                                   qefzGwfonfhtzdk;tdkeJ@ 0yfaewJh ,kefuav;udk igav &SmazGaerd?
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                                                                               ukd,fpm;vS,ftcsKd@u }uHhzGHhtkyfpk. oabmxm;tay: uef@uGufajymqkd                                     ar#mfvifhjcif; a&mifjcnf&J@ t±k%fOD;
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                                                                               =urnfukd ,kHrSm;oHo, jzpfp&mrvkdacs? okd@&mwGif tJeft,fvf'D. &yf                           Edk;w0uf tdyfrufoef;acgif,HrSmyif tzsm;±ª;cJh
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                                                                               aom tJeft,fvf'Dukd,fpm;vS,fawG v$wfawmfxJrSm &Sdae.? vlxk                                 ±dk;om;ajzmifhrwfr_udk tajcrwnfwJh 'Drdkua&pD
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                                                                                         tJeft,f'Du uef@uGufajymqkdonfhwkdif/ tqkH;tjzwftwGuf                       romwpfckudk t&if;ðy+yD; Al;oD;EkEkcl;csifolawGvnf;yg yg&J@
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                                                                               bufuom tEkdif&oGm;rnf jzpfonf? okd@&mwGif ESpf&ufokH;&uftwGif;                           vlawmhtaorcH ordkif;yJ taocHwJhvlwpfck
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                                                                               emrnfaumif;,lI a=unm=urnf jzpfavonf?                                                        a'gif;jzpfv#uf usD;a,mifaqmifwJh a'gif;
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r&SdEkdifa=umif;/ tkdifwDenf;ynmtrsKd;rsKd;ESifh [ufumrsm; acwfpm;ae           jyvkdufjcif;yif jzpfonf?                                                                            u&ifESpfopful;aeΠtrSwfw&
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opfrsm;yif jyefI&rnfqkdonfhwkdif autJef,l tzGJ@tpnf;taejzifhaum                                                                                              =um omoemhwm0ef ,lxm;ol q&mawmfwpfyg;jzpf+yD; vuf&SdtcsdefwGif
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u-uL>f(17) tbh.f (1)/ vg,ElRtg&HR/ 2013eH.f                                                                                 Volume( 17 ),Issue(1) January,2013
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Zefe0g&Dv? 2013ckESpf? u&ifowif;pOf
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Karen Information Center rS vpOf xkwfa0jzef@csDonf?                                                                                                                                                                        pmrsufESm- 13
                                                                                          Zefe0g&Dv? 2013ckESpf? u&ifowif;pOf
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 pmrsufESm- 14                                                                                                                                                      Karen Information Center rS vpOf xkwfa0jzef@csDonf?

				
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