SEARCHING ON THE WEB-Tools to Search Efficiently
If you know your Lexile score, you should try using one of the EBSCO
databases (Searchasaurus or Middle School Search). Here's how to get to
-Go to the CMS Homepage (http://www.cms.edu.do)
-Click on Secondary Library (left column)
-Click on Secondary Library Collections
-Click on Ebsco Access from Home (If you are at school it will open automatically. If you are at
home, login using s4364149 for user ID and password for the password.
You can use Searchasaurus for Lexiles 200-1030.
You can use Middle School Search for Lexiles 730 to 1210.
You can use High School Search for Lexiles 800-1300+
The information you get back using EBSCO and your Lexile will be in your reading range and it will be
much easier to understand.
They are alphabetical lists of topics
Useful Browsing: Starting with general topics and narrowing by subtopics
Maintained by humans
Generally provides fewer results.
Some of the most used directories are: URLs
Type specific keyword(s)
Useful to narrow search quickly when you know keywords to use.
Maintained by computerized spiders or robots.
Generally provides more results, some with low quality.
Some Search Engines are: URLs
Choosing Keywords when using Search Engines*
For best results, it's important to choose your keywords wisely. Keep these tips in mind:
Try the obvious first. If you're looking for information on Picasso, enter "Picasso" rather than "painters".
Use words likely to appear on a site with the information you want. "Luxury hotel Santiago" gets better results
than "really nice places to spend the night in Santiago".
Make keywords as specific as possible. "Antique tin soldiers" gets more relevant results than "old metal toys".
*Adapted from: (http://www.google.com/help/basics.html)
Narrowing your search to get better results:
Type more than one keyword.
Use math commands like + to join keywords. (flea + powder)
Use math commands like – to exclude certain keywords. Put the + or – in front of the word you want
to include or exclude (flea +powder –natural). (I don't want flea powder that is natural. This search
will help remove "natural" from the search results.)
Use quotations to search for a whole phrase or connected words
For example, to search for Star Wars, Episode One use "Star Wars Episode One"
Citations (Important for Bibliography)
Citations tell the reader where you got your information. They also make it obvious that the information is
not yours. If you get a picture, sound file or video online and you use it, you should state who the owner is
(if you know) and where the file came from (URL).
A good idea is to embed this information into the file by right clicking on the file, choosing Properties, and
in the Summary tab, filling out the information. This way, you can cite the information later.
When should you use a citation?
You should document anything that you used from an outside source; however, if the information is
considered common knowledge (for example, if at least four of your sources give the same information), you
do not need to use a citation.
What information is needed within a citation?
In most cases, the author's last name and specific information pertaining to the location of the source, such as
the page number(s), URLs, are enough.
World Wide Web (WWW) Sites
the author's last name and first name (if known)
the title of the selection in quotation marks
the title of the complete work (if applicable) in italics
the date (Day, Month, Year) you visited the web site
Cogdill, Sharon and Kilborn, Judith
“LEO: Literacy Education Online”
MLA Parenthetical Documentation
(24 Mar. 2003).