Chapter 10: The Scientific Revolution by poK5aD

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									Tuesday, September 28th 2010
   Objective: Students will
    explore how the
    Scientific Revolution
    changed humankind’s
    view of the universe.
   Chapter 10; Section 1:
    The Scientific Revolution
   Please complete the
    Reading Checks on
    page 297
Name the four great
mathematicians who had a
profound impact on astronomy.

   Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Newton
How did Vesalius and Harvey
disapprove many of Galen’s
theories?

   By dissecting humans rather than animals,
    Vesalius was able to present a careful and
    accurate view of the individual organs.
112. One of the 2 main causes of
the War of 1812 was that the
   A. British urged Native Americans to resist
    expansion of the US
   B. French attacking American ships
   C. Americans wanted Britain to leave the
    Louisiana Territory
   D. British were urging slaves to revolt
113. Andrew Jackson became a
national hero after his victory
   A. the in the election of 1816
   B. at the Battle of New Orleans
   C. at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend
   D. in the signing of e Treaty of Ghent
114. 1 of the major components of
Henry Clay’s American System was
   A. removal of Indians to the west
   B. lower tariffs on imported goods
   C. ending the charter for the national bank
   D. spending federal funds on internal
    improvements
115. Which of the following was
NOT included in the Land
Ordinance of 1785?

   A. NW territories had to be surveyed & divided
    into townships
   B. a governor would be appointed for each
    township
   C. townships were divided into sections
   D. 1 section in each township was set aside for
    education
116.Which helped bring about an
end to the “Era of Good Feelings?”
   A. over-speculation of American lands
   B. availability of easy credit
   C. renewed divisions within the political parties
   D. all of the above
                  Objective
   Course of Study (6): Revolution and the Age of
    Enlightenment
   Examples: Scientific Revolution-astronomical
    of Copernicus and Galileo, Newton’s law of
    gravity.
   Age of Enlightenment –philosophies of
    Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Rousseau
Chapter 10: The Scientific
Revolution

Vocabulary to know:
Galileo     Kepler
Elliptical Gravity
Heliocentric
Questions to Answer
   1.What is the Scientific Revolution
   2. Inductive reasoning involved…..
   3. What did Rene Descarte believe in?
   4. Rationalism is the belief that ….
   5. Francis Bacon, who developed the Scientific
    method, worked as a …..
Background to the Revolution
Medieval scientists were known as “natural
  philosophers”.
These scientist mainly relied on Aristotle for their
  knowledge.
New instruments such as the telescope and
  microscope, made new scientific discoveries
  possible. The printing press helped spread
  these new ideas quickly and easily.
A Revolution in Astronomy
   Discoveries in astronomy were an important
    part of the Scientific Revolution.
   During the Middle Ages, philosophers had
    created a model of the universe known as the
    Ptolemaic system.
   This system is called the geocentric because it
    places Earth at the center of the universe.
   Copernicus believed in a heliocentric or sun-
    centered model of the universe. The Sun, not
    Earth, was at the center.
Astronomy Continue
   Johannes Kepler, used detailed astronomical
    data to create laws of planetary motion. He
    discovered that the orbits of the planets around
    the Sun were not circular, as Copernicus had
    thought. Instead, the orbits were elliptical or
    egg-shaped.
   Johannes Kepler also developed planetary
    motion!!!
Galileo Galilei
   Was the first European to make regular
    observations of the heavens with a telescope.
   His observation suggested that planets had
    substance.
   Isaac Newton: is considered the greatest
    genius of the Scientific Revolution. He was
    able to define many laws of motions.
   The universal law of gravitation: law of
    attraction.
Medicine and Chemistry
   A revolution in medicine began in the 16c.
   Andreas Vesalius presented a careful and
    accurate examination of the human organs and
    the general structure of the human body.
Women and the Origins of Science
   Women as well as men were involved in the
    Scientific Revolution.
   Margaret Cavendish was one of the most
    prominent female scientists of the 17c.
   Maria Winklemann, a Germany astronomers
    who was very famous.
Descartes and Reason
   The Scientific Revolution strongly influenced
    the Western view of man.
   Rene Descarte believed in one absolute truth,
    his own existence.
   Descarte has been called the father of modern
    rationalism, the belief that reason is the chief
    source of knowledge.
The Scientific Method
   The scientific method is a systematic
    procedure for collecting and analyzing
    evidence. It had nothing to do with ancient
    authorities.
   Francis Bacon developed the scientific method,
    he was also a mathematician.
   Instead of ancient authorities, scientists should
    use inductive reasoning to learn about nature.
Assignment
Video: Write 10 facts about the Scientific
 Revolution. Anything over 10 facts may receive
 bonus points.
Homework:
   Please complete the Section Assessment 1 in
    Chapter 10. Complete 1-5.
   This is to be turn in promptly when you enter
    class tomorrow, February 3rd 2009.
   You may start on it now.
Wednesday, September 29th 2010
   Chapter 10:
    Revolution and
    Enlightenment
   Section 1: The
    Scientific Revolution
   Please complete the
    Reading Checks on
    page: 298 and 299
What did Margaret Cavendish and
Maria Winkelmann contribute to the
Scientific Revolution
   Cavendish wrote Observations Upon
    Experimental Philosophy. She was critical of
    the beliefs that humans were the master of
    nature; for her, humans were but a small part
    of the universe. Winkelmann discovered a
    comet.
What is the significance of
Descartes’s principle of the
separation of the mind and matter?
   It allowed scientists to view matter as dead or
    inert, something totally detached from
    themselves that could be investigated
    independently by reason
What are the characteristic of the
Scientific method?
   It is a systematic procedure for collecting and
    analyzing evidence. Scientists should proceed
    from the particular to the general. Systematic
    observations and carefully organized
    experiments to test hypotheses will lead to
    correct general principle.
117. The Northwest Ordinance of
1787
   A. added Louisiana Territory to the US
   B. established the process for Western
    territories to become states
   C. allowed Native Americans to live in Ohio
   D. all of the above
118. The Missouri Compromise
settled the question of whether
   A. Slavery should be allowed in future states
   B. slavery should be declared unconstitutional
   C. the territories should pay taxes
   D. the territories should be represented in
    Congress
119. The increase in the US
population during the period before
1830 was a result of
   A. immigration from Europe
   B. immigration from Asia
   C. an increase in the African slave trade
   D. an increase in the birth rate
120. Which author made major
contributions to American literature
& culture before the Civil War?
   A. Walt Whitman
   B. Upton Sinclair
   C. Tennessee Williams
   D. Truman Capote
121. Which is true of the Battle of
New Orleans in the War of 1812?
   A. It was fought after the war was over
   B. It was the turning point of the war
   C. It led to the US acquiring the port of New
    Orleans
   D. It was a major defeat for the US

								
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