Quiz on Chapter 2 & 3 by Uso43b

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									                Quiz on Chapter 2 & 3
Instructions: On a blank sheet of paper copy each word and then
provide a short definition or explanation of its meaning/importance
(1-2 sentence max).
  • Limited Government             • Three-Fifths
  • Magna Carta                      Compromise
  • Proprietary Colonies           • Federalist
  • Stamp Act                      • Popular Sovereignty
  • Articles of                    • Separation of Powers
    Confederation                  • Federalism
  • The Virginia Plan              • Amendment
  • The New Jersey Plan            • Executive Agreement
         - Turn it into the basket when you are done -
   Chapter 4: Federalism




              Section 2:
The National Government and 50 States
The Nation’s Obligations to the States
Republican Form of Government
• The Constitution does not define
  “Republican”. The term is understood to
  mean a representative.
• Only during Reconstruction was any state
  declared to not have a republican form of
  government.
 The Nation’s Obligation to the States
Invasion and Internal Discord
• 1780s. In giving up their war making rights
  each state agreed that any attack was an
  attack on the United States, prior to this it was
  unclear.
• It is assumed that all states will maintain
  peace within their boarders, but the
  Constitution provides for the use of Federal
  force to restore order.
 The Nation’s Obligation to the States
Respect for Territorial Integrity
• The National Government must recognize the
  legal existence and the physical boundaries of
  each State.
• No State can be denied its equal
  representation in the United States Senate
  without its consent.
          Admitting New States
• Only Congress has the power to admit new
  states.
• A new state cannot be created by taking territory
  from one, or more, existing states without
  consent.
  – Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Maine and West
    Virgina were made up of parts of existing states…
• Congress has admitted 37 states, so far…come on
  Puerto Rico!
• Generally, the statehood process has taken 15
  years to complete.
         Admitting New States
Admission Procedure
• The area desiring statehood asks Congress for
  admission.
• If Congress agrees, it passes an enabling act,
  directing the territory to frame a State
  constitution.
• Once completed and approved by the territory,
  it is sent to Congress for consideration.
• If Congress still agrees, it passes an act of
  admission, creating the state.
          Admitting New States
Conditions for Admission
• Utah (1896) – State constitution would outlaw
  polygamy.
• Alaska (1959) – Prohibited from claiming lands
  legally held by Native Americans.
• Oklahoma (1907) – Had to wait until 1913 to move
  its capital from Guthrie. Capitol move to OKC in
  1910. Supreme Court found in favor of OK, as
  condition interfered with internal affairs of the state.
• Arizona (1912) …no list is ever complete without us – In
  1911 President Taft vetoed Arizona’s admission
  because the State constitution allowed for judges to
  be recalled. Arizona removed the recall section and
  were admitted.
        Cooperative Federalism
Federal Grants-in-Aid
• Grants of federal money or other resources to
  states.
• 500+ Federal Grants-in-Aid programs exist
  today, totaling $275 billion (25% of combined
  state budgets).
Revenue Sharing
• Active from 1972 to 1987, now defunct.
             Types of Federal Grants
Categorical Grants
• Made for specific, closely defined, purpose.
• Made with conditions attached:
   –   Use federal money only for purpose.
   –   State makes monetary contribution.
   –   Provide administration of grant.
   –   Obey government guidelines tailored to the purpose.
Block Grants
• Use for more broad purposes.
   – e.g. Health Care, Welfare, Social Service.
• Have fewer strings attached.
Project Grants
• Made to states, localities and private agencies.
• Support research, job training, employment programs.
    Other Forms of Financial Aid
• National Government aids the States in
  several other important ways.
  – FBI assistance to local law enforcement.
  – US military training for State National Guard units.
  – Census Bureau’s statistics and data.
State Aid to the National Government
• States and local officials conduct national
  elections.
• Elections financed with State and local
  funding.
• Naturalization is managed by State courts.
• State and Local law enforcement assist the FBI
  by apprehending and holding wanted
  criminals.

								
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