Away from Neutrality
permits nations to buy American arms
in cash and carry goods home on their
1940-France/Britain fall under German
Japan, Germany, and Italy signed a
defense treaty, the Tripartite Pact-become
Created to keep U.S. out of the war. Each
would come to defense of other in case of
Roosevelt scrambles to provide Britain with
“all aid short of war”(500k rifles/80k machine
Congress increases spending for national
defense in 1940.(become weak since
Selective Training and Service Act-16 million
men(21-35) were registered.
1940-FDR is reelected as president, and
breaks the tradition of a two-term
After election, FDR announces that
there is no negotiating a peace with
Hitler: “No man can tame a tiger into a
kitten by stroking it.”
To prevent America from living at the
point of a gun, U.S. had to help defeat
the Axis threat by turning itself into “the
great arsenal of democracy.”
Lend-Lease Act-replaces cash/carry.
U.S. would lend/lease arms and other
supplies to “any country whose defense
was vital to the U.S.”
It was supported with $7 billion. In all, it eventually
spent $50 billion under the act.
June.22, 1941-Hitler invades Soviets with 3 million
troops! Prediction: six weeks!!
Soviets resisted fiercely using scorched-earth
policy(destroy everything the enemy can use).
Six weeks turned into six months(then winter set in)
U.S. supports Soviets with the Lend-Lease Act.
Hitler deploys hundreds of German
subs(U-boats) to destroy/sink any ships
helping with the war effort.
U.S. ordered the Navy to protect lend-
lease shipments and gave warships
permission to attack U-boats in self-
Japan Attacks the U.S.
The attack that brought the U.S. into
the war came from Japan, not Germany
Japan wants to create vast colonial
U.S. protests Japan’s aggression by
cutting off trade with Japan, including a
trade embargo involving oil.
Oct. 1941, Hideki Tojo became new
prime minister of Japan. Hirohito
becomes a figurehead.
The day a “peace” envoy flies to U.S.,
Tojo plans an attack on the U.S.
U.S. military broke secret codes and
knew of a strike; however, they didn’t
know when and where.
Peace talks went on for a
December 6, 1941-president received a
message that told the Japanese to
reject all American peace
proposals.”This means war”
Early, December 7, 1941, Japanese Dive
Bombers(180) launch from six aircraft carriers
on Pearl Harbor(Hawaii).(shallow water?)
The attack lasted an hour and a half: (quote,
Japan’s attack was a stunning victory:
crippled the entire Pacific Fleet in one blow,
while it only lost 29 planes; 18 ships
sunk/damaged; 190 planes destroyed; 2,400
people dead and another 1,178
wounded.(More than navy lost in all of WWI!)
Next Day: “Yesterday, December 7,
1941, a date which will live in infamy…”
FDR asks for a declaration of war
against Japan and Congress quickly
approves. 3 days later, Germany and
Italy declare war on the U.S.
Isolationism is dead!