Tanning Salon Training by Mtm8hZ5h


									       Tanning Salon Training
• How does this training session help me and my
• Increased knowledge means improved customer
  satisfaction and customer service
• Happy customers mean repeat business
• Improved business practices-record keeping and
  regulatory compliance
• Increased safety limits the risk to you and the
           Pretest Questions
• How do UV rays cause tans?
• How many “skin types” are there?
• Do customers always have to wear eye
• A teenager enters your business. What steps
  should be taken before allowing them to
• What is a photosensitizing agent?
                  The Skin
• The skin consists of three layers
• Uppermost is the Epidermis
  This is where Melanin is produced and tanning
• The second layer is the Dermis
  Hair follicles, sweat glands, blood vessels and
  nerves are found here.
• Subcutaneous layer is the bottom most. Fat
  deposits are here. Temperature regulation and
  protection are its jobs.
Cross Section of Human Skin
          The Six Skin Types
•   Type 1 lightest complexion
•   Type 2 burns easily/rarely tans
•   Type 3 moderate burns/gradual tan
•   Type 4 minimal burn/moderate brown tan
•   Type 5 rarely burns/deep brown tan
•   Type 6 never burns/tans deeply
                  Type 1

• Lightest skin
• Never tans and always burns
• Characterized by red hair and freckles
• Very high risk for burning even with short
Type 1
                   Type 2
•   Burns easily
•   Almost never tans
•   When tanned it is minimal
•   Fair hair and skin
•   Blonde hair
•   Blue, green and grey eyes
•   Northern European
Type 2
                    Type 3
•   Burns moderately easily
•   Tans gradually over time
•   Full tan is still only moderately brown
•   Average Caucasian
Type 3
                   Type 4
•   Burns minimally
•   Always tans well to moderately brown
•   Olive skin
•   Mediterranean
•   Latin American
Type 4
                  Type 5
•   Rarely burns
•   Tans profusely to dark brown
•   Middle East
•   Pacific Island
•   Light complexion African American
•   Native American
Type 5
                  Type 6
•   Never burns
•   Tans darkly
•   Deeply pigmented skin
•   Aborigine
•   Dark complexion African Americans
Type 6
The Sun and UV Rays
                 UV-A Rays
• Approximately 95% of natural sunlight is
  composed of UV-A rays.
• Tanning lamps primarily produce UV-A rays.
• Because of this, generally results in quick tans or
• These results are generally short lived.
• Development of base tan is minimal due to quick
  tan/burn characteristic.
               UV-B Rays
• Present in approximately only 5% of natural
• Causes slower tanning/burn, but results last
• UV-B rays do help develop base tan.
• UV-B base tan is equivalent to
  approximately 3-5 SPF.
               UV-C Rays
• UV-C rays are not present in tanning lamps.
• UV-C rays are filtered by the ozone layer so
  they are not present in natural sunlight
  reaching earth.
Health Risks of Tanning
         2 Types of Skin Cancer
• Basal/Squamous cell.          • Melanomas
• Routinely found on            • Generally found on
  regularly exposed skin-         areas not regularly
  nose, cheeks and ears.          exposed to sunlight-
• Result of cumulative, life-     purposeful exposure-
  long exposure.                  tanning
• Research pointing to early,   • 79% mortality rate,
  intense exposures.              much greater than
                                  basal and squamous
  Incidence of Basal/Squamous
       Cell vs. Melanomas
 50%                    Basal/Squamous
 40%                    Melanomas
          1st Qtr
       Mortality Rates of
Basal/Squamous vs. Melanomas
40%                   Basal/Squamous
         1st Qtr
Basal Cell
Squamous Cell
   Eye Injuries Associated with
• Cataracts
• A cloudlike film covering the eye resulting in
  vision loss.
• Caused by repeated exposure to UV rays
• Eyelids only block about 25% of UV rays so
  clients must wear appropriate eye protection
• Corneal Burns
• Temporary blindness and discomfort caused by
  intense UV exposure.
Vision with Cataracts
   Differences between Tanning
   Lamps and Natural Sunlight
• Low Pressure lamps are about 5 times
  stronger than natural sunlight.
• High Pressure lamps are approximately 20-
  100 times stronger than the sun.
• A newly installed bulb (first 50 hours of its
  life) requires at least a 20 % reduction in
  exposure schedule.
Operator/Training Requirements
               Safe Practices

• Use and closely follow bulb manufacturer’s FDA
  approved schedule for tanning times.
• Prominently display a current and up to date list of
  photosensitizing agents for all customers to see.
• Have an understanding of skin types and profiles.
• Think safety at all times. Make decisions based on
  your knowledge and training. Protect the customer
  from themselves.
Special Requirements for Minors
• Children less than 14 years old require the
  presence of a parent or legal guardian every time
  they tan.
• Children 14 to 17 require the signed informed
  consent of a parent or legal guardian before
  tanning for the first time.
• Informed consent means they have been made
  aware of the risks of tanning. This consent needs
  to be witnessed and signed by a third party,
  preferably the operator of the salon.
• Signed waivers are to be kept on file for three
Post Test
  1. A person enters your
establishment asking to tan. You
  assess them as having type 1
 skin. Should you allow them to
  tan? What is the rationale for
         your decision?
2. How many layers of skin does
        a person have?
3. During the tanning process the
 skin makes a product that gives
  the skin a darker appearance.
 What is this product known as?
4.A client who is about to begin a
 tanning session says they don’t
want to use eye protection due to
 concerns about “raccoon eyes”.
  Should you allow them to tan
 without protection? What facts
   do you now have that may
    convince them to use eye
     5. A teenager enters your
  establishment and asks to tan.
   What should be done prior to
allowing this individual to tan? If
 this individual is allowed to tan,
 what records need to be kept on
       file and for how long?

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