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					Subpart L Fire
 Protection
   Fire Tetrahedron


Oxygen           Heat
         Chain
          Rxn

         Fuel
           Fire Survival
 Fire Behavior
 Fire Escape
 Emergency Plans
 Stop, Drop, and Roll
 Building Fires
 Home Fires
       Fire Brigade
organized   group of
 employees
knowledgeable, trained,
 skilled in at least basic
 fire-fighting operations
   Incipient Stage Fire
       or beginning stage
initial
controlled by portable
 extinguishers or Class II
 standpipe systems
without need for PPE
 Interior Structural Fire
         Fighting
fire suppression and/or
 rescue
inside of buildings or
 enclosed structures
fire beyond incipient stage
   Standpipe System
     Classification
Class I: 2-1/2" hose for use
 by FDs and those trained in
 heavy fire streams
Class II: 1-1/2" hose for the
 control of incipient stage
 fires
Standpipe Classification
Class   III: Combined System
 –use of trained employees
 – more advanced stages of fire
 –interior of workplaces
 –outlets for 1-1/2" & 2-1/2"
  hose
Small   Hose System:
 –5/8" to 1-1/2" hose
 –incipient stage fires
    FIRE BRIGADES
      Application
Does  not Require
 –Applies If Established
Applies to:
 –fire brigades
 –industrial fire depts.
 –private fire departments
  Protective Clothing
Apply to Interior Structural
Fire Fighting
–do not apply to incipient
 stage fire fighting
   Protective Clothing
               (cont.)
           Clothing Components:
 Protective
 –foot and leg
 –body
 –hand
 –head, eye & face
    PORTABLE FIRE
   EXTINGUISHERS -
       1910.157
Scope & Application
Placement, Use,
 Maintenance, Testing
    Fire Protection
 Definitions - 1910.155
Class A Fire Class C Fire
 –ordinary     –energized
  combustibles electrical
Class B Fire   equipment
 –flammable/ Class D Fire
  combustible –combustible
  liquids/gases metals
Dry Chemical
 –extinguishing agent
  »sodium bicarbonate
  »potassium bicarbonate
  »monoammonium phosphate
Multipurpose   Dry Chem.
 –ABC dry chemical
Dry   Powder
 –used for Class D fires
Extinguisher   Rating
 –indicates potential based on
  UL tests
PORTABLE EXTINGUISHERS (cont)
DoesNot Require
Employees to Use If:
 –total evacuation policy
 –emergency action plan
 –fire prevention plan
 –extinguishers not available
  »unless a specific standard
   requires extinguishers
   Fire Extinguisher
 General Requirements:
 Mount, Locate & Identify
  – So Readily Accessible
 Approved Extinguishers
 Carbon Tet. Prohibited
 Halons
  –ozone depleting
 Alternatives to Halon Tested
    by FM Research Corp.
FM  200 by Green Lake
 Chemicals
CEA-410 by 3M
FE-241 by Dupont
Inergen by Ansul
Selection of Extinguishers

Based  on:
 –classes of anticipated fires
 –size and degree of
  anticipated hazard
Distribution of Extinguishers
Travel Distances:
 –Class A....75 feet
 –Class B....50 feet
 –Class C....Based on Class A
  or B hazards
 –Class D....75 feet
Inspection, Maintenance
       & Testing
Visually   Inspected
 Monthly
Maintained Annually
Hydrostatically Tested
 Periodically per Table L-1
Training and Education
Train  Only Employees
 Designated to Use
Cover Extinguishers &
 Associated Hazards
Initial Employment
Annually Thereafter
 Standpipe Equipment
Hose Reels & Cabinets
 –designed for prompt use
Hose Outlets &
 Connections
 –not obstructed
 –accessible
 Standpipe Equipment
              (cont.)

Hose
 –Each Required Outlet
  Equipped with Hose
  »connected and ready
 –Subject to Extreme Cold
  »kept in protected location if
  »readily available
 Nozzles for Standpipe
       Systems
Shut-Off Type Nozzles
 –straight stream
 –fog (variable stream,
  spray or combination)
Water Supply
 –100 Gpm for 30 Minutes
     AUTOMATIC
SPRINKLER SYSTEMS -
      1910.159
Scope  & Application
 –Installed per a Particular
  OSHA Standard
 –Solely for Property
  Protection Not Covered
 General Requirements
 for Sprinkler Systems
ProvideComplete
 Coverage
Only Approved
 Equipment and Devices
 Used
  FIRE DETECTION
 SYSTEMS - 1910.164
Scope   and Application
 –Applies to All Automatic
  Fire Detection Systems
  Installed to Meet a
  Particular Osha Standard

				
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posted:2/11/2013
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