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egress

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									Means of Egress

Subpart   E
Means of Egress

Subpart   E
Purpose - Ensuring:
Safe& Efficient Means to
 Leave a Building
Means Will Be There
Ease in Finding it
Ease in Using it
Purpose - Ensuring:
Safe& Efficient Means to
 Leave a Building
Means Will Be There
Ease in Finding it
Ease in Using it
       Scope
Emergency      –storms
egress, from:   – flash floods
–fires
–explosion      –nuclear
                     radiation
–earthquake     –terrorists
–smoke          – mentally ill
–toxic vapors        persons
–bomb threat    –other
      Application
Based  on NFPA 101-1970
 – Life Safety Code
Prepared, Maintained,
 and Published by NFPA
Basis for Most Local Fire
 Codes
      Application
Based  on NFPA 101-1970
 – Life Safety Code
Prepared, Maintained,
 and Published by NFPA
Basis for Most Local Fire
 Codes
      Application
General  Applicability
 –protection of employees
  » not buildings
 –does not deal with
  specific facilities or uses
  »future standards for
   specific occupancies
Egress Definitions

29 CFR 1910.35
Define: Means of Egress
Continuous,
Unobstructed Way of Exit
Travel
–from any point in a
 building to a public way
    Means of Egress
Three Distinct Parts
 –The Way of Exit Access
 –The Exit
 –Exit Discharge
Comprises the Vertical &
 Horizontal Ways of Travel
    Means of Egress
Three Distinct Parts
 –The Way of Exit Access
 –The Exit
 –Exit Discharge
Comprises the Vertical &
 Horizontal Ways of Travel
Means of Egress Includes:
intervening   room spaces
doorways
hallways
corridors
balconies
ramps
stairs
Means of Egress Includes:
passageways
enclosures
lobbies
escalators
horizontal exits
courts
yards
Means of Egress Includes:
passageways
enclosures
lobbies
escalators
horizontal exits
courts
yards
 Define: Exit Access

ThatPortion of a Means
of Egress Leading to Exit
        Define: Exit
That Portion of a Means
of Egress Separated from
Other Spaces to Provide a
Protected Way of Travel
to the Exit Discharge
           Exit
"EXIT" = Door?
 –can be a doorway
 –can also be interior
  stairwell or anteroom
 –can be an exterior "fire
  escape."
 Define: Exit Discharge

That Portion of a Means
of Egress Between an
Exit and a Public Way
   Means of Egress
   General - 1910.37

ExitWays Maintained
 Free of Obstructions or
 Impediments
 Protective Enclosure
       of Exits
Exitmust Survive &
 Provide Protection Long
 Enough to Be Used
 Protective Enclosure
       of Exits
Exitmust Survive &
 Provide Protection Long
 Enough to Be Used
Arrangement of Exits
When  Multiple Exits
Required for a Floor
–at least 2 separated
 »minimize chances of
  more than one being
  blocked
    Access to Exits
   Basic Requirements
Readily Accessible at All
 Times
Doors Shall Be of the
 Side-Hinged, Swinging
 Type
    Access to Exits
   Basic Requirements
Readily Accessible at All
 Times
Doors Shall Be of the
 Side-Hinged, Swinging
 Type
   Access to Exits
MustSwing with Exit
Travel
–when room occupied by
 50 or more people
–high hazard occupancy
   Access to Exits
Access  Not Through a
 Bathroom or Other Room
 Subject to Locking
Access Clearly
 Recognizable
    Access to Exits
Exit Doors Not Disguised,
 Covered, Concealed, or
 Decorated
 –confuse their purpose
 –no mirrors on or near
  exit doors
  Means of Egress -
     Headroom
Minimum   Ceiling Height
 of 7' 6"
Any Projection from
 Ceiling (Lights, Etc.)
 –at Least 6' 8" from floor
  Means of Egress -
     Headroom
Minimum   Ceiling Height
 of 7' 6"
Any Projection from
 Ceiling (Lights, Etc.)
 –at Least 6' 8" from floor
   Furnishings and
     Decorations
None Obscure or
 Obstruct Means of Egress
None Explosive or Highly
 Flammable
   Furnishings and
     Decorations
None Obscure or
 Obstruct Means of Egress
None Explosive or Highly
 Flammable
    Exit Markings
Readily Visible
 –other building
  appurtenances not to
  obscure
 –or detract from the
  attention value
       Exit Signs
Exit Sign "Exit"
Clearly Visible
Legible Letters,   6 Inches
 High
 –red on a white field
 –or size, color, & design
  readily visible
        Illumination
Exitsigns lighted
 –internal or external
  means
 –"reliable" light source
   NOT AN EXIT
Doors,passageways,
stairways which are not
means of egress
–marked if may be
 confused with access to
 exits
   NOT AN EXIT
Doors,passageways,
stairways which are not
means of egress
–marked if may be
 confused with access to
 exits
   NOT AN EXIT
Doors,passageways,
stairways which are not
means of egress
–marked if may be
 confused with access to
 exits
EMERGENCY PLANS
    AND FIRE
PREVENTION PLANS
     1910.38
       Application
All Emergency Action
 Plans
 –required by any OSHA
  standard
All Fire Prevention Plans
 –required by any osha
  standard
       Application
All Emergency Action
 Plans
 –required by any OSHA
  standard
All Fire Prevention Plans
 –required by any osha
  standard
  EAP Must Include:
Escape Procedures &
Escape Routes
–floor plan/maps: escape
 routes & safe areas
–actions to take in
 emergency situations
  EAP Must Include:
Escape Procedures &
Escape Routes
–floor plan/maps: escape
 routes & safe areas
–actions to take in
 emergency situations
   EAP Must Include:
Procedure  to Account for
 All Personnel
Rescue and Medical
 Duties Assigned
Means of Reporting Fires
 and Emergencies
   EAP Must Include:
              of
Identification
 Responsible Persons
PPE Required for Escape
Address All Potential
 Emergencies
 –what is expected in all
  possible emergencies
   EAP Must Include:
Perform   Hazard Audit
 –unsafe conditions
Review with Employees
 –initially
 –responsibilities changed
 –plan changed
   EAP Must Include:
Perform   Hazard Audit
 –unsafe conditions
Review with Employees
 –initially
 –responsibilities changed
 –plan changed
 EAP: Critical Operations
   Shutdown Procedures
procedures for those who
 remain behind - essential
 plant operations:
 –monitoring plant power
  supplies
 –water supplies
 –other essential services
      Evacuation
Types of Evacuation
All/Immediate Evacuation
Partial Evacuation
 –delayed evacuation to
  maintain operation
Area Evacuation
Employees' Roles in Plan
      Evacuation
Types of Evacuation
All/Immediate Evacuation
Partial Evacuation
 –delayed evacuation to
  maintain operation
Area Evacuation
Employees' Roles in Plan
      Evacuation
Refuge/Safe   Areas
 –within same building
  separated by fire walls
 –exterior include parking
  lots, open fields, streets
 –move away from
   »exit discharge/building
     Evacuation
AssureAdequate
Wardens Available at All
Times
–generally, 1 warden per
 20 employees
  Training Required
Review with Each
Employee:
–when implemented
–when employed
–responsibilities change
–plan is changed
  Training to Cover
Train for Each Potential
 Emergency
Train "Wardens" to Assist
 in Evacuation
Parts of Plan Which
 Employee must Know to
 Protect Themselves
  Training to Cover
PPE Required   for Escape
Wardens
 –trained in workplace
  layout & various
  alternate escape routes
 –made aware of
  handicapped employees
  Training to Cover
PPE Required   for Escape
Wardens
 –trained in workplace
  layout & various
  alternate escape routes
 –made aware of
  handicapped employees
 Training to Cover
–hazardous areas to be
 avoided
–check rooms and other
 enclosed spaces
–account for all
 employees
 Fire Prevention Plan
Must Include:
All Major Hazards
 –handling & storage
 –potential ignition
  sources
 –type of fire equipment or
  systems to control a fire
     FPP Includes
Persons  Responsible for
 Maintenance of Fire
 Prevention/Control Equip.
Persons Responsible to
 Control Fuel Source
 Hazards
     FPP Includes
Persons  Responsible for
 Maintenance of Fire
 Prevention/Control Equip.
Persons Responsible to
 Control Fuel Source
 Hazards
     FPP Includes
Housekeeping
 Procedures
 –flammable and
  combustible materials
Maintenance of Heat
 Producing Equipment
 –in order to prevent fire
      FPP Training
       Assignment
Initial
Change
Fire Hazards of the
 Materials and Processes
 to Which Exposed
      FPP Training
       Assignment
Initial
Change
Fire Hazards of the
 Materials and Processes
 to Which Exposed
     FPP Training
Parts of Plan Which
 Employees must Know to
 Protect Themselves
Available to Employees
Communicated Orally If <
 11 Employees

								
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