Testosterone Safety with Prostate Cancer

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      Medaus News             ABSTRACT | Introduction. For men with androgen deficiency on testosterone
                              replacement therapy (TRT), clinical concern relates to the development of prostate
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                              cancer (PCa).

                              Aim. An updated audit of prostate safety from the UK Androgen Study was carried
                              out to analyze the incidence of PCa during long-term TRT.

                              Main Outcome Measures. Diagnosis of PCa in men receiving TRT, by serum
                              prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing and digital rectal examination (DRE), and its
                              relation to different testosterone preparations.

                              Methods. One thousand three hundred sixty-five men aged 28–87 (mean 55) years
                              with symptomatic androgen deficiency and receiving TRT have been monitored for up
                              to 20 years. All patients were prescreened for PCa by DRE and PSA along with
                              endocrine, biochemical, hematological, and urinary profiles at baseline and every 6
                              months. Abnormal findings or rising PSA were investigated by transrectal ultrasound
                              and prostate biopsy. The data were compared for the four different testosterone
                              preparations used in TRT, including pellet implants, Restandol, mesterolone, and

                              Results. Fourteen new cases of PCa were diagnosed at one case per 212 years
                              treatment, after 2,966 man-years of treatment (one case per 212 years). Time to
                              diagnosis ranged from 1 to 12 years (mean 6.3 years). All tumors were clinically
                              localized and suitable for potentially curative treatment. Initiating testosterone
                              treatment had no statistically significant effect on total PSA, free PSA or free/total
                              PSA ratio, and any initial PSA change had no predictive relationship to subsequent
                              diagnosis of cancer.

                              Conclusions. The incidence of PCa during long-term TRT was equivalent to that
                              expected in the general population. This study adds to the considerable weight of
                              evidence that with proper clinical monitoring, testosterone treatment is safe for the
                              prostate and improves early detection of PCa. Testosterone treatment with regular
                              monitoring of the prostate may be safer for the individual than any alternative without
                              surveillance. Feneley MR and Carruthers M. Is testosterone treatment good for the
                              prostate? Study of safety during long-term treatment. J Sex Med 2012;9:2138–2149. 8/18/2012
Is Testosterone Treatment Good for the Prostate? Study of Safety during Long-Term Trea... Page 2 of 2

                                 The Journal of Sexual Medicine
                                 Volume 9, Issue 8, pages 2138–2149, August 2012

                                 Mark R. Feneley MD, FRCS(Urol)1, Malcolm Carruthers MD2,*
                                 Article first published online: 6 JUN 2012

                                 DOI: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02808.x

                                 © 2012 International Society for Sexual Medicine

                   * These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure

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                   HTML links to that data. The date when a clinical page was last modified will be clearly displayed. 8/18/2012

Description: Prostate cancer is the most common male cancer diagnosed in Western populations. Autopsy studies have shown that with increasing age, the majority of men will develop microscopic foci of cancer (often termed “latent” prostate cancer) and that this is true in populations that are at both high and low risk for the invasive form of the disease (1). However, only a small percentage of men will develop invasive prostate cancer. The prevalence of prostate cancer is, thus, very common; but to most men, prostate cancer will be only incidental to their health and death.