Jan. The French whalers, Argo, Salamandre, Gustave and Gange call at Akaroa near
the beginning of January.
2 Jan. Governor Fitzroy decides that Robinson should be recalled from Akaroa to
Wellington until the Otago settlers arrive, and that all but one member of the
Akaroa police force be discharged.
4 Jan. The Rhin leaves Tahiti. Meryon writes to his father: nothing on Akaroa. The
N.Z. Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian makes a detailed comparison of
French (15 ships, 454 guns, 4290 men) and British (11 ships, 258 guns, 2233
men) squadrons in the Pacific.
7 Jan. The American whaler Logan, Captain Coffin?, anchors in Akaroa Harbour.
8 Jan. The American whaler Ohio anchors in Akaroa Harbour. The liberty men of the
Logan return from shore sober.
9 Jan. The French whaler Espadon, Captain Désiré Ratau, arrives at Port Levy. The
Orion, Gustave and Duc d’Orléans will also call there during its stay [CC5
611]. Richmond writes to Robinson on the Governor’s direction to recall him
and all but one of his police force from Akaroa. Robinson is to proceed to
Wellington without delay to assist the Chief Police Magistrate until the New
Edinburgh settlement is established.
10 Jan. Grimstone writes to Hempelman saying that Watson cannot prevent trespassing
on land that is not officially Hempelman’s [NM 10/3].
11 Jan. The Saganse [Salamandre?] anchors in Akaroa Harbour. The N.Z. Spectator
and Cook’s Straits Guardian reports that C.B. Robinson is to move from
Akaroa to Wellington, and the Akaroa police establishment is to be given up.
13 Jan. Birth of Théodore Libeau at Akaroa. Two ships arrive at Akaroa.
16 Jan. The Logan leaves Akaroa in company with the Ohio.
19 Jan. The Black Warrior, Captain Anderson, arrives at Wellington from Port Cooper
with a cargo of sundries.
21 Jan. The China, Captain Potter, anchors off the Kaik at 7 p.m.
22 Jan. The China shifts anchorage to Frenchtown. The brigantine, Vanguard, Captain
Pelford, leaves Wellington for Ikolaki.
23 Jan. The French whaler Gustave, Captain Desclos, arrives at Akaroa [CC5 611]. The
brigantine, Rover’s Bride, Captain Joss, arrives at Wellington from Akaroa.
25 Jan. The American whalers, Columbia, Jefferson and Hibernia, and two French
whalers, Argo and Salamandre, leave Akaroa for the North Pacific. The N.Z.
Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian quotes a letter, written in Akaroa on 28
January 1844 and published in the Journal des débats.
26 Jan. The Gustave leaves Akaroa [CC5 611]. The Rhin arrives at the Bay of Islands.
27 Jan. The American whaler, Charleston, Captain Baldwin, anchors at Akaroa at 10
a.m. The American whaler, Chelsea, is in port. Bérard being ill, Pompallier
came on board the Rhin where Bérard admits him as a chevalier of the Legion
28 Jan. The Rhin leaves the Bay of Islands. The French whaler, Manche, arrives at
29 Jan. John Neyburg and Amos Green desert from the China.
30 Jan. John Wilder, Robert Devoll and Lewis Bolt desert from the China. A
blacksmith from Akaroa makes repairs on the Charleston.
31 Jan. Captains Baldwin and Chester buy potatoes from a French farmer living in a
hovel at the head of the bay. They see the bones of hundreds of Maori on
1 Feb. The deserters from the Charleston return on board.
4 Feb. The Charleston gets potatoes from two Frenchmen living like hermits at the
head of the bay. Nearby lives an Englishman with a woman he calls his wife.
Mr and Mrs Turner spend the evening on board the Charleston.
5 Feb. Three men and the only unmarried European woman in the bay visit the
Charleston in the evening. A schooner owned by Charles Brown arrives at
7 Feb. One Frenchman and two Englishmen join the crew of the China.
8 Feb. The China and the Charleston leave Akaroa, with fond farewells from Mr and
Mrs Turner, Mr Crawford and Mrs Elizabeth Pilchard. The Rhin arrives back at
Akaroa. A schooner is beating about outside the entrance to the harbour. The
Manche, Pallas and Cachalot are at Akaroa. The Espadon, Orion and Duc
d’Orléans are at Port Levy. Bérard restores order among whaling crews,
Robinson’s position as magistrate having been suppressed temporarily to save
money and all the constables dismissed. Crops and gardens were thriving,
wheat was harvested, there were some peaches and grapes.
10 Feb. A boat from the Rhin searches unsuccessfully for an anchor left near Chaloupe
Rock by the Cachalot.
12 Feb. The Eliza, Captain Brown, arrives at Wellington from Akaroa.
13 Feb. 4 men from the Pallas join the crew of the Rhin, and are replaced by Lacombe,
Servié, Hermann and Vedel from the Rhin. The Pallas leaves Akaroa.
15 Feb. Bérard learns that five men have deserted from the Duc d’Orléans (including
Dorigny, Morand, Auguste and Savary) and four from the Orion (Morisse,
Bellu, Mahé and Michel) at Port Levy, that they had been robbed by Maori and
left wandering around the peninsula. 2 boats from the Rhin, with an officer and
a doctor, go to Flea Bay and return in the evening. Michel died of tutu
poisoning and was buried at Flea Bay, where an English family looked after
them. The doctor from the Rhin saves two others. The French whaler Héva
arrives at Akaroa, and one of its men is put in irons on the Rhin.
16 Feb. The Duc d’Orléans moors at Maori Bay in the night and then moves on to
anchor near the Rhin. A man from the Héva is brought on board the Rhin for
17 Feb. Seven of the surviving deserters receive 12 lashes each. A man from the
Cachalot is brought on board the Rhin for punishment.
18 Feb. The Espadon leaves Port Levy for the NW coast of America [CC5 611]. The
Sisters arrives at Wellington from Pigeon Bay, with cheese from the Deans’
19 Feb. A man from the Duc d’Orléans, another from the Cachalot, and the colonist
Jules Véron are brought onto the Rhin for punishment. 12 Lashes are given to 2
men from the Héva and 1 from the Duc d’Orléans. Two men from the Héva
and one from the Manche are returned to their ships from the Rhin. The whaler
Elisabeth arrives at Akaroa.
20 Feb. 2 men from the Héva and Jean Guillaume David, the son of a colonist, join the
crew of the Rhin, the latter as cabin-boy. A man from the Manche is brought on
board the Rhin, and is replaced by Dorigny. The man from the Héva and the
harpooner from the Cachalot are returned to their ships after punishment on the
Rhin. Men from the Rhin work on their whale.
21 Feb. The Maori chief, Tehori, is given a blanket for having handed in the deserters’
belongings. The lieutenant and a harpooner from the Cachalot are put in irons
on the Rhin. The Eliza leaves Wellington for Akaroa.
22 Feb. The colonists Désiré Heaulmé and Jules Véron return ashore from the Rhin
after their punishment.
The Vanguard, Captain Pelford, arrives at Wellington from Akaroa. The N.Z.
Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian records shore whaling catches for the
1844 season as: 28 tons of oil and 1 ton of bone at Port Cooper (Ames); 110
and 5 tons at Ikolaki (Price); 85 and 4 tons at Goashore (Woods); 9 and 0.5 at
Richmond writes to Robinson, reversing the decision of 9 Jan. to recall
Robinson and discharge all but one constable. Grimstone writes to Greenwood
saying he cannot be granted the land he is squatting on as it is claimed by the
23 Feb. A man from the Héva is put in irons on the Rhin.
24 Feb. Men from the Rhin work on the church and the whale; others go fishing.
25 Feb. The Manche leaves Akaroa. The head of the Rhin’s whale is transported to the
26 Feb. An American whaler anchors at Maori Bay. The man from the Duc d’Orléans
returns to his ship after punishment on the Rhin. The Maori chief, Mopu, is
given a white woollen blanket. The Maori of Port Levy and Taumutu are given
23 kg. of biscuit.
The Sisters leaves Wellington for Akaroa.
27 Feb. The Duc d’Orléans leaves Akaroa.
28 Feb. Robinson leaves Akaroa for Pigeon Bay. Men from the Rhin go ashore to erect
a tent for the Maori. The deserter, Morand, is embarked on the Cachalot. The
Maori are given a barrel of flour (90.9 kg.).
1 March C. Crawford begins work as a carpenter for Robinson. An American whaler
arrives at Akaroa. A white blanket is given to Kikiwera. The Maori are given
20 kg. of biscuit. The mounting of the Rhin’s mountain gun is loaded into a
The Colonial Gazette publishes an account of a visit to Akaroa: a lot of work
has gone into a road, 40-50 acres are under cultivation by the 60 French and 20
Germans, who also have numerous cows and poultry and live in comfort,
bartering with visiting ships.
3 March A sailor from the Héva is taken aboard the Rhin for punishment.
4 March Mr Belligny pays the Port Levy Maori for the northern half of the peninsula,
including Port Cooper, Port Levy and Pigeon Bay. At Pigeon Bay, Robinson
receives a letter from the Governor telling him to reassume his powers as a
magistrate and to re-establish the police force at Akaroa. A sailor from the
Elisabeth is taken aboard the Rhin for punishment. The Maori are given 90.9
kg. of flour.
5 March The Nanto-Bordelaise Co. gives 5 acres to Isaac Leduc, and 5 acres to Jacques
Michel Cébert. Tukutuku is given 25 kg. of gunpowder, Taiaroa 147.5 kg. [or
7.5 kg.?] of flour. The schooner Sisters arrives at Akaroa.
6 March The Nanto-Bordelaise Co. sells 1.5 acres to Isaac Leduc on German Hill. The
Sisters moors at the Carenage. The prisoner from the Cachalot is sent back to
his ship from the Rhin.
7 March Carpenters from the Rhin work at German Bay. A blockhaus is transported by
boat from German Bay to the colony.
8 March An Englishman at Flea Bay is given 14 quarts of brandy, 5 kg. of sugar and 5
kg. of coffee by the Rhin in appreciation for his hospitality to the French
deserters from the Duc d’Orléans. Carpenters from the Rhin go to the colony to
erect the blockhaus.
9 March The Cachalot, the Héva and an American whaler leave Akaroa. The Rhin gives
6 ash oars and 110 metres of cloth to the Elisabeth which goes to moor near the
11 March The Elisabeth leaves Akaroa.
12 March The American whaler Statira, Captain J. S. Adams, anchors off the Maori
settlement in Akaroa Harbour.
Robinson’s report: The French settlers of Akaroa, supported by Belligny and
Bérard, do not intend to pay their rates, totalling £30, on the grounds that they
have not received Crown title.
13 March The Statira is towed to French Bay and is visited by boats from the shore. Men
from the Rhin paint the church.
Robinson’s report: About 400 Maori assembled in Akaroa to receive payment
for the land they have sold to the French. Those from Akaroa are holding out,
asking for cash, not goods. Some chiefs have asked William Green, owner of
the Victoria Inn, for payment for his land, and they intend asking everyone else.
The Port Levy Maori took the boat and possessions of 8 men from a French
whaler. One of the Frenchmen subsequently died from eating tutu berries.
Bérard has ordered three blockhouses to be built, one of which he offered to
Robinson as a prison. Bérard has arrested a French colonist, Rousselot, thereby
going against his promise not to interfere.
14 March Captain Adams of the Statira goes ashore. The cutter Levin arrives at Akaroa.
The Scotia anchors in Maori Bay.
15 March The Statira sends a boat ashore for fresh water.
16 March The Scotia leaves Akaroa.
18 March Some crew from the Statira go ashore to dig potatoes. They also buy onions
19 March A boat from the Rhin fetches sheep from the peninsula [Onawe?] to give to
Rhodes in exchange for an ox, and brings sheep and straw to the colony. The
Sisters arrives at Wellington from Akaroa with wool and sundries (or 22nd?).
20 March The Statira gets potatoes and recruits from on shore.
21 March The Statira gets wood from ashore. The Sisters leaves Wellington for Kaikoura
with a cargo of sundries.
22 March The Statira gets potatoes, wood and recruits from on shore. The French whaler
Pallas arrives at Akaroa. The Sisters arrives at Wellington from Akaroa, with
wool and sundries (or 19th?). Richmond writes to Robinson to give notice of
default to French colonists who do not pay their rates, but not to enforce
penalties until the Governor makes a decision on the matter. A Return laid
before the Legislative Council gives the population of Akaroa in 1844 as 166.
24 March Carpenters from the Rhin start working on the Pallas. The Statira gets more
wood from on shore.
25 March The Statira takes potatoes and recruits on board.
26 March The Statira’s cook, James Jackson, deserts.
27 March John Curtis and Lewis are shipped on the Statira. A boat from the Rhin takes
sheep from the [Onawe] peninsula to the colony. The Maori are given 90.9 kg.
of flour by the Rhin.
28 March The Statira leaves Akaroa. Men from the Rhin erect a tent for the Maori. A man
from the Pallas is taken on board the Rhin.
29 March The French whaler Courrier des Indes arrives at Akaroa.
30 March A sailor from the Courrier des Indes is taken on board the Rhin. Colonists
attend a theatrical performance on the Rhin.
31 March The sale of the southern half of Banks Peninsula is completed. Only Akaloa, Te
Ruaparae and Mautai refuse to sign the agreement. 13 kg. of gunpowder and 10
cartridges for a 24 gun are given to the Maori by the Rhin. A boat from the Rhin
goes to German Bay to get platforms (‘plateaux’) for the English blockhaus.
The sailor from the Courrier des Indes receives 12 lashes.
Robinson’s report: Belligny will leave for France and London in a French
whaler (the Pallas) in a few days. The Rhin will leave in 2 months to visit the
Navigator, Wallis and other islands. The Blockhouses are nearly completed.
A Legislative Council Return gives the European population of Akaroa as 221
(1843), 166 (1844); cf. Nelson 2942, 2915 [Nelson Examiner].
2 April Bérard gives Robinson a letter for the Governor detailing the payment for
Banks Peninsula negotiated with the Maori. The Nanto-Bordelaise Co. gives 5
acres to Joseph Libeau. Meryon writes a letter to his father: the Maori of Banks
Peninsula are now relatively happy and have returned home after gathering in
Akaroa and making something of a fuss about the purchase of their land.
Akaroa is growing slowly, thanks mainly to the British.
3 April A boat from the Rhin goes to German Bay to transport a mast and a yard for the
Pallas and a yard for the Rhin to the water’s edge. Jean François Langlois gives
power of attorney to Maillères.
A Legislative Council Return gives the Maori population of the South Island as
4700 [Nelson Examiner].
4 April The mast and yards are brought to the Rhin by boat.
Bérard’s dispatch: Belligny is returning to France on the Pallas to help in the
negotiations between the Nanto-Bordelaise Co. and the N.Z. Co. During March
he made the final payment for Banks Peninsula to the Maori, about 15,000
francs in goods for the northern half, and 23,000 francs for the southern half.
Belligny would be an excellent French consul in N.Z.
5 April The cutter Levin leaves Akaroa. 5 carpenters and a blacksmith from the Rhin
continue to work on the Pallas. Boats from the Rhin transport a mast and yard
to the Pallas, and its own new yard to the colony. A spar is brought round from
German Bay to the colony.
6 April The Nanto-Bordelaise Co. gives 5 acres to Jules Veron, Benjamin Guindon,
Pierre Bernard, Émeri Malmanche, Alfred Michel, Guillaume David, Pierre
Gendrot, Hippolyte Gendrot, Pierre Benoît, Georges Fleuret, Élie Bauriaud,
Peter Walter, François Rousselot and Nicolas Gourtner; 7.5 acres to Johannes
Breitmeyer and his son, Johannes; and 256 sq. metres to Adolphe François. It
also sells 1 acre in Children’s Bay to Jean-Baptiste Éteveneaux.
The Rhin supplies the Pallas with a barrel of wine. Colonists are invited to a
theatrical evening on the Rhin.
7 April The Nanto-Bordelaise Co. gives 7.5 acres to Jean-Pierre Éteveneaux and his
son Jean-Baptiste. A boat from the Rhin fetches potatoes from the Farm. The
Sisters arrives at Wellington from Pigeon Bay. Belligny writes to the Muséum
d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris, saying that he is sending a box of plants (Banks
Peninsula trees) on the Pallas. Bérard has sent a similar consignment on the
8 April A man from the Courrier des Indes is embarked on the Rhin. The officer from
the Pallas is embarked on the Courrier des Indes. The Rhin supplies the Pallas
with 100 litres of brandy.
9 April 3 cases of arms are brought onto the Rhin from on shore. The Courrier des
Indes tries unsuccessfully to set sail. The Levin, Captain Popplewell, arrives at
Wellington from Akaroa. The Rover’s Bride, Captain Joss, arrives at
Wellington with a cargo of greenstone from the Middle Island.
10 April The Nanto-Bordelaise Co. gives 5 acres to François Malmanche, sells 21,288
sq. metres to Jean Joseph Raymond and 13,487 sq. metres to François Lelièvre.
The Courrier des Indes leaves Akaroa. An American whaler arrives at Akaroa.
7 sacks are lent to the Maori.
Grimstone writes to Robinson: Ignore Belligny’s payments to the Maori. The
blockhouses should be placed in Robinson’s care. If a French settler claims
Robinson’s protection from Bérard, Robinson should give it. A flag, as
requested, accompanies the letter.
11 April Belligny informs Robinson that the prison blockhouse is complete. The Nanto-
Bordelaise Co. sells 150 acres in Pigeon Bay to Francis Sinclair, receiving the
schooner, Sisters, as part payment; 5394 sq. metres in Akaroa to George
Fleuret; 1200 sq. metres to Émery Malmanche, and the 10 acres of
Moutonniers’ Wood on German Hill to Étienne Vidal.
12 April The cook from the Cachalot and the harpooner from the Manche embark on the
Pallas. 2 men from the Pallas embark on the Rhin. The Pallas gives the Rhin a
whale-boat and oars. Robinson thanks Belligny for the blockhouse.
13 April The Levin leaves Wellington for Akaroa.
14 April Francis Sinclair writes to his brother William, expressing his gratitude for
French protection and company, and describing how his schooner was part of
the payment to the French Company for his land at Pigeon Bay. He also reports
that one of the French settlers, who arrived with nothing, has started a whaling
party that will cost some hundreds of pounds. Richmond writes to Robinson
about complaints from Maori that he threatened to imprison them if they did not
comply with Belligny’s terms.
15 April The Nanto-Bordelaise Co. sells 5 acres to Jean Joseph Raymond, master
gunner. A boat from the Rhin goes to German Bay to get building timber. The
Sisters, Captain Sinclair, leaves Wellington for Pigeon Bay, Port Cooper and
Bérard’s dispatch (via the Pallas): The Akaroa colonists find it difficult to sell
their crops. Two colonists have sold their properties to whaling captains, Cébert
to the captain of the Héva, Leduc to the captain of the Pallas. Two of the three
blockhouses are built under the direction of Lieutenant Reynaud, the Nanto-
Bordelaise Co. paying for the timber. Dr Arnoux is providing free medical
services to the French and English colonists and to visiting whalers. The Pallas
is expecting to leave on 16 April. Bérard has had no official dispatches from
France since his arrival.
16 April The Rhin gives Belligny 96 litres of wine that he advanced to colonists when
the Rhin was not at Akaroa.
18 April Belligny issues a receipt to Charles François Lemonnier for 3 acres of land in
German Bay, sells 1 acre to Joseph Dulac and 3 acres to Pierre Benoît. A boat
from the Rhin takes materials to the English settlement for covering the
blockhouse. Letters written by the crew of the Rhin are taken aboard the Pallas.
19 April The Pallas, Captain Munroe, leaves Akaroa to return to France [CC5 611].
20 April The sloop Levin arrives at Akaroa.
23 April Robinson’s report: Belligny’s motives in paying the Maori were to keep a
promise and to ensure the safety of the colonists during his absence. Payment
included a schooner [the Sisters], cattle, tools, etc., to the value of £1485, with a
further £100 per year payable for 2 years and £50 a year for 5 years. Akaloa,
Ruaparae and Mautai were the only Maori not to agree. Despite the news,
brought by the Levin, of problems in the Bay of Islands, Robinson sees no
prospect of violence from the Maori of Banks Peninsula.
24 April The American whaler Hannibal and the Levin leave Akaroa.
25 April Francis Sinclair’s schooner arrives at Akaroa.
29 April The Levin arrives at Wellington from Akaroa.
30 April Birth of Louis Philippe François at Akaroa. A boat from the Rhin brings spars
on board from the colony.
1 May The Rhin celebrates the Fête du Roi with a gun salute and a theatrical
Robinson’s report: William Green (Victoria Inn), James Bruce (Bruce’s Hotel)
and Adolphe François (French Hotel) require renewal of their publicans’
2 May A boat from the Rhin takes wood from German Bay to the colony.
3 May A boat from the Rhin fetches 1663 kg. of vegetables bought from the colonists.
5 May A boat from the Rhin brings potatoes from the Farm.
7 May Coal from the Farm is stowed in the hold of the Rhin. A boat from the Rhin
goes to German Bay to get wood and bricks.
8 May A boat from the Rhin takes provisions ashore for the men who will stay at
Akaroa while the Rhin is away, and brings back bundles of hay. Grimstone
writes to Robinson saying Richmond regrets he cannot come to Akaroa because
of the Hutt problem. Europeans and Maori must not be dispossessed of land
against their will.
10 May Robinson employs C. Crawford as a police boatman.
11 May The last of the three blockhouses (German Bay, French Town, English Town)
is finished and armed. The remaining guns are transported from the store to the
Rhin. The Rhin takes some animals on board.
12 May The Rhin leaves Akaroa for the Bay of Islands, leaving seven men, under
Second Master Lambert, to look after the farm, gardens and animals, and to
assist Robinson. An ox killed on board gives 280 kg. of meat. The Akaroa
Maori seemed peacefully disposed.
14 May Robinson’s report: Before his departure, Bérard handed the 3 blockhouses over
to Robinson and placed six men and a Petty Officer under Robinson’s orders.
Robinson tenders his resignation to the Governor on financial and health
17 May The schooner Black Warrior, Captain Anderson, arrives at Wellington from
“Port Cooper Island”.
19 May Robinson’s report: The constables and boatmen erected a totara fence round the
blockhouse used as a prison, with the help of boats and men from the Rhin.
Crawford and Turner were given notice for shoddy work, and Constable Webb
was dismissed for insolence.
20 May Robinson’s report: W.A. Cooper, late Sub Collector of Customs at Akaroa, has
left articles in Robinson’s care.
23 May The Rhin arrives at the Bay of Islands to offer assistance to Pompallier.
25 May The schooner, Black Warrior, Captain Anderson, leaves Wellington for Akaroa,
Port Cooper and Otago with Mr and Mrs Heaphy and four children, Mr Riley
and 2 lads as passengers, and a cargo of shooks and sundries.
29 May The Rhin leaves the Bay of Islands.
30 May Grimstone to Robinson: The Superintendent approves of Robinson’s actions in
regard to the French land purchases. A vessel of war will visit Akaroa at the
2 June Birth of Margaret Woods.
3 June Grimstone writes to Robinson refusing payment for the copy of Burn’s Justice
which Robinson gave to Hobson [NM 10/3].
6 June All hands of the Island Bay fishery are lost at sea (W. Hall, W. Watchorn, J.
Gray, F. Riley, J. Leman, H. Dorsland, C. Akean, L. Lewin). Birth of Henriette
8 June The Rhin arrives at Tonga to visit the Marist mission.
10 June Richmond to Sub-Treasurer, Wellington: Thomas Sweeny was overpaid £4 for
his passage to Akaroa on the Eliza in 1844. This should be taken from his pay,
as should £11-5-0 from Crawford for fencing he removed [NM 10/5].
12 June Richmond gives Robinson permission to grant publicans’ licenses (for £30)
without endorsement by another magistrate [NM 10/3].
14 June The Rhin leaves Tonga.
15 June A number of Akaroa Maori seek Robinson’s protection from what they take to
be a Ngati Toa war party in conjunction with Taiaroa and Patuki. Robinson
supplies the colonists with arms.
16 June Robinson tells everyone it is a false alarm and withdraws the arms he has
The brigantine Rover’s Bride, Captain Joss, leaves Wellington for Tahiti with 7
cabin and 18 steerage passengers.
Robinson’s report: The Maori are building pas, buying powder and cleaning
their arms. Te Rauparaha has announced an approaching visit to obtain
payment for Banks Peninsula which he claims by conquest.
18 June The Rhin arrives at Wallis to visit the Marist mission.
19 June Bérard gives the Marist mission in Wallis, among other things, timber and
seeds from Akaroa. James Bruce is among the passengers on the Mary Ann
which arrives at Wellington from Sydney.
21 June The N.Z. Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian reports [falsely] that the Rhin
has sailed for Tahiti and France and has not yet been replaced. The Wellington
Independent reports that the brig Bee is being repaired in Sydney prior to taking
in cattle for Akaroa.
24 June The French Ambassador in London writes to the British Foreign Office,
requesting the necessary titles for the Nanto-Bordelaise Co. to secure
possession of the land it has purchased.
28 June Superintendent to Robinson: The Governor says not to enforce the payment of
rates by the French.
30 June Robinson’s report: A war party of about 100 Maori from Port Levy came to
Akaroa to claim Robinson’s protection, but he reassured them and sent them
home. The Maori would like the Governor to purchase the north of the South
Island and place settlers there. They see this as a protection against Te
Rauparaha and are willing to sell cheaply.
Robinson writes to the Collector of Rates, Wellington: the inhabitants of
Akaroa have asked for a refund of the third quarter’s rates. Rates of £1 to £4
have been paid by Benoît, Bernard, Bauriaud, Breitmeyer, Courtner, David,
Éteveneaux, Fleuret, Guindon, P. Gendrot, Lelièvre, Libeau, MacKinnon, F.
and E. Malmanche, Michel, Rousselot, Veron, Waeckerle and Woods.
4 July American Independence Day is celebrated at Mrs Turner’s in Akaroa.
7 July Lord Stanley writes to Governor Grey that Maillères has established to the
satisfaction of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners an
expenditure of £11,685 on their Banks Peninsula colony. Grey is to send
someone to Akaroa to make final arrangements for the granting of up to 30,000
10 July The British Under-Secretary for the Colonies writes to Maillères, representing
the Nanto-Bordelaise Co., telling of the instructions he has given Governor
Grey to secure 30,000 acres of Banks Peninsula to the Nanto-Bordelaise Co.
and enclosing copies of his letter to Godfrey, Godfrey’s report and Stanley’s
despatch to Grey [BPP/NZ5].
11 July The brig Bee, Captain Unthank, leaves Wellington for Akaroa with sheep.
14 July Eugène Maillères writes to Hope, the British Under-Secretary for the Colonies,
thanking him for the good news in his letter of the 10 July and indicating that
Belligny, to whom he has communicated the British decision, represents the N-
B Co’s interests on Banks Peninsula [BPP/NZ5].
15 July The schooner Black Warrior, Captain Anderson, arrives at Wellington from
Akaroa with oil and bone, reporting that the China is at Akaroa, and the
Highlander, Cheviot and Favourite in Pigeon Bay. Maillères leaves London for
16 July The Bee arrives at Akaroa from Port Nicholson with sheep and provisions. The
Wellington Independent reports in detail the alarm amongst Akaroa settlers and
Maori at the arrival of armed Otago Maori (17-20 June) at Akaroa in the
absence of the Rhin.
20 July The 10-ton Wellington schooner, Henry, arrives at Akaroa from Port Nicholson
24 July Grimstone writes to Robinson, saying that there is no danger of Te Rauparaha
attacking Banks Peninsula Maori. Maori letters can be sent with official returns.
26 July The Bee leaves Akaroa for Port Nicholson with oil and bone.
30 July The Colonial Secretary writes to Frederick Marshall of Nelson, appointing him
Resident Magistrate at Akaroa.
1 Aug. The police establishment is reduced to 1 magistrate, 1 chief constable and 1
ordinary constable. One constable and two boats crew are no longer employed.
2 Aug. The N.Z. Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian publishes an advertisement for
a stout active boy to be an assistant shepherd on Banks Peninsula.
6 Aug. Robinson’s report: Taiaroa, Te Hikaoteraki, Pukenui, Etau, Pokaka, Korehe,
Paetai, Koperu and Kautuanui are about to visit Wellington in Karetai’s
schooner [the Perseverance] to ask Bishop Selwyn for a Protestant minister for
Banks Peninsula. Another Maori schooner with the principal Akaroa Maori
accompanies them. They are also concerned about the late Tuhawaiki’s
12 Aug. The Perseverance arrives at Wellington from Port Levy (where she spent 11
days) and Otakou with Taiaroa on board. Taiaroa reports that the Bee is at
13 Aug. Frederick Marshall of Nelson turns down the invitation to be Resident
Magistrate at Akaroa. Joseph Libeau is fined £3 for cattle trespass on the
complaint of Émeri de Malmanche.
15 Aug. The Henry leaves Akaroa for Pigeon Bay with flour. Charles Crawford
complains to Superintendent Richmond about Robinson. Stanley forwards to
Governor Grey Maillères’s letter of 14 July [BPP/NZ5].
16 Aug. Death of Thomas Knight at Akaroa after heavy drinking in an Akaroa coffee
18 Aug. Depositions are taken concerning the death of Thomas Knight.
19 Aug. The brig, Bee, Captain Unthank, arrives at Wellington from Akaroa with oil,
reporting that the Island Bay fishery was abandoned early in the season after all
the hands were lost at sea on 6 June, and that Price’s fishery at Ikolaki has 27
tuns, Woods’s at Hoiho 29, and Rhodes’s at Peraki 28.
21 Aug. Puki, a Maori woman, complains that William Myers is guilty of pig stealing.
The matter is settled out of court.
22 Aug. The Rhin undertakes a punitive expedition in the Mulgrave Islands. Birth of
Georges Anne Marie Fleuret at Akaroa.
25 Aug. The French Minister of the Navy writes to Bérard (via the Seine), telling him
that Captain Leconte will take over his post at Akaroa and that Bérard may
bring back to France any colonists who wish to return.
27 Aug. The Perseverance leaves Wellington for Port Levy and Otakou with Taiaroa
and his suite.
3 Sept. The schooner, Henry, Captain Daymond, arrives at Wellington from Akaroa.
6 Sept. The Perseverance arrives at Akaroa from Port Nicholson with provisions.
7 Sept. The French whaler Vaillant, Vannier, arrives at Akaroa from Rio Janeiro.
9 Sept. The Perseverance leaves Akaroa for Otago with provisions.
Grimstone to Robinson: Crawford’s complaint will be considered after the
receipt of Robinson’s report.
11 Sept. The Henry leaves Wellington for Akaroa with a cargo of sundries.
13 Sept. The N.Z. Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian reports that the Rhin has left
Tongataboo for Wallis Island, and will go on to New Caledonia and Sydney.
The paper defends the French Catholic missionaries against Fitzroy’s
accusations that they are emissaries of the French government.
15 Sept. The Henry arrives in Akaroa from Port Nicholson with provisions and bringing
Robinson a copy of Charles Crawford’s complaint against him.
17 Sept. Birth of Marie Cécile Breitmeyer at Akaroa.
20 Sept. Depositions are taken on the death of Jacques Aristide Le Marchant, a sailor
from the French whaler, Vaillant.
Robinson’s report: Crawford’s complaint is completely false. Crawford wished
to open a bawdy house in Akaroa. He is guilty of a number of thefts. After
quarrelling with his partner, he is no longer proprietor of the Commercial
26 Sept. Rev. Charles Creed arrives at Onuku from Otago on the schooner,
Perseverance (in ballast), belonging to the Maori. He visits Robinson. The
Henry leaves Akaroa for Port Nicholson with bone.
27 Sept. Creed preaches to the Maori and dines with Robinson: he sees the European
settlement as “not advancing very rapidly”. The Rhin arrives at Balade, New
28 Sept. Creed marries a European man to a Maori woman and baptises their three
29 Sept. Creed preaches to the Maori and marries a couple before leaving Akaroa for
Pigeon Bay and Port Levy.
1 Oct. Governor Fitzroy receives his recall to England.
6 Oct. Creed records that, at Port Levy, the Catholic cause “has nearly dwindled into
nothing”. The Rhin leaves New Caledonia.
13 Oct. Sarah Ann Black is arrested for drunkenness.
14 Oct. Henry Turpin is arrested for drunkenness.
15 Oct. The Henry arrives at Wellington from Akaroa with bone and wheat.
16 Oct. The Sisters, Captain Moore, arrives at Wellington from Port Cooper in ballast.
17 Oct. Between Timaru and the Waitaki River, Creed meets seven European whalers
travelling to Akaroa.
18 Oct. The N.Z. Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian quotes an estimate in the New
Zealander that there are 3000 Maori on Banks Peninsula, but sees this as too
high a figure.
20 Oct. Grimstone to Robinson: Crawford’s complaint is not accepted by the
25 Oct. The N.Z. Journal publishes Sinclair’s letter of 14 April 1845.
27 Oct. The Sisters, Captain To Ura, leaves Wellington for Akaroa with a cargo of
sundries. Governor Fitzroy orders the appointment of John Watson as Police
Magistrate at Akaroa.
29 Oct. The Rhin arrives in Sydney where it is careened.
8 Nov. The Gipsey arrives at Akaroa from Pigeon Bay in ballast.
13 Nov. The government brig, Victoria, arrives at Wellington from Auckland with John
Watson as passenger. The Sisters arrives at Akaroa from Port Nicholson with
17 Nov. Birth of Joseph Knight at Akaroa.
18 Nov. Grey assumes office as Governor of N.Z.
22 Nov. The Colonial Gazette publishes whaling statistics for 1844, including Port
Cooper, Ames, 4 boats, 30 men, 28 tons oil, 1 ton bone; Ekolaki, Price, 3 boats,
30 men, 110 tons oil, 5 tons bone; Goashore, Woods, 4 boats, 35 men, 85 tons
oil, 4 tons bone; Peraki, Hempleman, 1 boat, 8 men, 9 tons oil, 0.5 tons bone.
23 Nov. The Gipsey leaves Akaroa for Port Nicholson in ballast.
27 Nov. Grimstone to Robinson: The Governor says no steps can be taken at present in
Hempleman’s land claim.
2 Dec. The Perseverance arrives at Akaroa from Otago in ballast.
4 Dec. The Sisters leaves Akaroa for Port Nicholson in ballast.
5 Dec. The Perseverance leaves Akaroa for Port Levy in ballast.
6 Dec. The N.Z. Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian gives whaling figures for the
season ended on 31 October 1845: 30 tuns of black and 1 tun of bone at Ikolaki
(Price, 3 boats, 33 men); 28 and 1 tun at Peraki (Wetherall, 2 boats, 14 men)
and at Goashore (Woods, 3 boats, 30 men); 18 and 1 at Port Cooper (Ames, 2
boats, 14 men).
9 Dec. John Watson arrives in Akaroa on the Mana (general cargo) from Port
Nicholson. The American whaler, Brandt, arrives at Akaroa from Port Philip
with oil and bone.
12 Dec. The Brandt leaves Akaroa to go whaling and the Mana leaves with general
cargo for Moeraki.
13 Dec. Father Comte baptises Théodore Libeau, Georges Anne Marie Fleuret, Joseph
Knight and Marie Cécile Breitmeyer at Akaroa.
14 Dec. Father Comte baptises Louis Philippe François and Agnes Turner at Akaroa.
15 Dec. The American whaler Brandt, Captain Samson, arrives in Wellington from the
south seas and Akaroa.
16 Dec. The schooner Sisters, with a Maori master, arrives at Wellington from Port
17 Dec. The Wellington Independent reports that the Seine has left France with 200
troops for Tahiti, from where it will come on to N.Z.
20 Dec. The Wellington Independent publishes a report from the Sydney Morning
Herald about the extensive repairs made to the Rhin at Moore’s Wharf, Port
23 Dec. Father Comte baptises Margaret Woods at Ikolaki.
25 Dec. Father Comte baptises John Malcolm, William Wright, Henrietta and Ann
Hampson at Akaroa.
26 Dec. The Sisters leaves Wellington for Akaroa.
28 Dec. Father Comte baptises Hoani Tukutuku, Ruta Tapu, Philip Ryan and Catherine
Green at Port Levy.
31 Dec. Robinson’s report: depositions on the deaths of Thomas Knight and Jacques
Aristide Le Marchant; returns for shipping, police cases, receipts and expenses.
1845 population: 139 male, 62 female whites; 239 male, 214 female coloured;
66 aliens. 233 employed in agriculture, 6 in commerce. 24 births, 4 marriages,
52 deaths. Akaroa parish population: 654. Akaroa Catholic chapel holds 200
persons, visited by a Wellington priest. 197 acres in crops; 156,000 acres
uncultivated. Wheat 8/-, potatoes £3, 2589 stock units. Wages: domestic with
board and lodging £20; predial? 3/6 per diem; trades 6/-. Fisheries: 2 ships, 25
boats, 38 whales, £4468 (New Munster except Cook Strait). Robinson, police
magistrate, sub-treasurer, postmaster and harbourmaster.