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					                                                                                   ‫زمن المضارع التام‬
Present Perfect Tense

Have
                 + p.p (      ‫التصريف الثالث للفعل‬        )
Has

                                                                                                    ‫مثال‬
1- I have finished my work.
2- he has received a letter.
                                                                                  :‫نفي المضارع التام‬
1- I have not finished my work.
2- He has not received a letter.

            .‫- يستخدم المضارع التام في التعبير عن شيء حدث وانتهى في الماضي ولكن له أثر في الحاضر‬

                                                                       -: ‫الكلمات الدالة عليه‬   -
1- ‫--- بالفعل‬Already
2- ‫ ----- توا / حاال‬Just
                                                        ‫ مباشرا مثل‬have ‫ أو‬has ‫يأتيان بعد‬
a- I have already got my salary.
b- He has just arrived.

3- yet---- ‫بعد‬
                                                     ‫تأتي في نهاية جملة منفية أو استفهامية ؟ مثل‬
a- He hasn't arrived yet.
b- Hasn't she cooked yet?

4- Now that -------- ‫اآلن وقد‬
                  ‫تستخدم في ربط جملتين الثانية ال تحدث إال بحدوث األولى وتكون بداية الجملة مثل‬
Now that I have finished my work, I can go home.

5- Since ----     ‫منذ‬
                                                                                     :‫االستخدام األول‬
                      Present perfect ----- since ------ simple past
                                           ‫مثل‬
                  I have worked in Jeddah since I came from Egypt.
                                            ‫أو‬
                  Since I came from Egypt, I have worked in Jeddah.

                                                                                     :‫االستخدام الثاني‬
                   Present perfect ----- since ------ the noun of a verb
                                            ‫مثل‬
                           He has lived us since his arrival.
                                             ‫أو‬
                        Since his arrival, He has lived with us

                                                                                     :‫االستخدام الثالث‬
                        Present perfect ---- since ----- a time point
                                             ‫مثل‬
                          I have worked here since 1990.

6- for --- ‫لمدة‬

                                                                     ‫ال تأتي إال في المنتصف‬
                     Present perfect ---- for ---- a time period
                                         ‫مثل‬
                         I have worked have for 10 years.

                                                    :‫أشكال السؤال في المضارع التام‬   -
1- I ( have slept – slept – sleep ) for 3 hours.
2- He has stayed with us ( for – since – ago ) 3 o'clock.
3- We lived have 3 years ( since – for – ago ).
4- He ( read ) news papers for 3 hours.
   He has read news papers for 3 hours.

				
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