Sunday, April 2, 2000 Laredo Morning Times PAGE 5A
(Continued from Page 1A) indeed safe, despite the two watts per kilogram for short (Continued from Page 1A) Café (she loves Harley
potentially significant public studies that Carlo calls “red periods. consistently brought added Davidson motorcycles, though
health problem, should the use flags.” The American Health value to the Times readers, she does not ride).
of these devices even slightly “These are just pieces of a Foundation used a different kind especially the Spanish lan- On Ellis Island she walked up
increase the risk of adverse much larger picture, and the of scientific tool known as case guage market. 364 steps to the top of the
health effects,” the FDA says. larger picture continues to reaf- control studies. In still-unpub- He and his team of Spanish Statute of Liberty, only to find
In the last year, the number of firm the fact that there are no lished preliminary findings, the language writers have, over the that rain and clouds obscured
cell phone users in the United adverse health effects from researchers compared the cell past five years, spearheaded her view from the observation
States jumped by 10 million. using cellular phones,” said Jo- phone exposure of a group of growth of Spanish language windows located in the statue’s
U.S. cell phone sales soared Anne Basile, CTIA’s vice presi- people with a particular health coverage. crown. After taking the hike up,
over $37 billion in 1999, up $8 dent for external and industry problem with another group of In 1995 Hernandez and his she hiked back down the same
billion over the previous year relations. people who did not have the staff developed El Tiempo (The 364 steps, a feat, both up and
and $12 billion over 1997. Cell phones use microwave condition. Times) into both a daily and down, she did not find to be too
The Carlo studies showing a signals to transmit human voice One study compared the cell Sunday supplement. much fun.
possible link between the or data. Microwaves — a specif- phone habits of 465 patients In 1998, Nuestro Tiempo (Our Garza saw the Broadway
phones and illness have caught ic category of radio waves — newly diagnosed with brain can- Times), a separately distributed musical “Fosse,” and said she
the attention of Peter Angelos, a also have other applications, cer against a group of 422 non- monthly tabloid paper, was enjoyed Central Park, the sub-
prominent Baltimore attorney the most common of which is to cell phone users who did not founded and is delivered free of way, cabs, food and people.
who has successfully litigated cook food. The major difference have the disease. They found charge throughout Webb Hernandez will make his trip in
against the tobacco industry between cell phones and no association between overall
and asbestos manufacturers. County’s colonias and rural April. He is planning to see the
microwave ovens is the amount brain cancer risk and cell phone areas. This publication contains Broadway show, “Kiss Me
Angelos is investigating possi- of power that propels the signal. usage.
ble legal action against the cel- information and news items in Kate.”
Cell phones use low power, But when the researchers
lular phone industry but cau- both English and Spanish of As a preface to the recogni-
while ovens use high power. looked at a specific type of brain
tions that more scientific High levels of microwave radi- cancer — known as neuronal special interest to residents of tion, Hearst Newspapers wrote,
research is needed. ation are known to be danger- tumors, which grow from the those areas. “We appreciate the importance
The question of cell phone ous. A microwave oven, for periphery of the brain inward — An important part of the award of providing sales effectiveness
safety recently led Metrocall of example, shoots a powerful they found that 14 out of 34 is a three-day all expense paid to our advertisers as well as
Alexandria, Va., the nation’s microwave signal, propelled by patients with that kind of cancer trip to Hearst headquarters in bringing journalism of distinc-
third largest pager company 100 watts of power, at a piece of were cell phone users. New York City (Manhattan) for tion to our readers.
and a major seller of AT&T cel- food and cooks it by heating its Compared with the control themselves and a guest, where “In a competitive and ever
lular phones, to warn its sales water molecules. group, cell phone users had they receive recognition by changing marketplace, the
staff that parents buying for a The key question is whether more than double the risk of George B. Irish, president of major difference between sur-
child or young adult should con- the low level of microwave radi- developing the tumor. Hearst Newspapers. viving and thriving is the imagi-
sider a pager instead of a cell ation used by a cell phone — a However, in a somewhat para- Garza, who made her trip in nation, dedication and determi-
phone “due to potential health cell phone’s microwave signal is doxical finding, the researchers March, said her most memo- nation of loyal colleagues.”
risks.” propelled by about 0.6 watts of found that the risk did not rable moment, aside from (Staff writer Chuck Owen can
The reason, said company power — also can cause harm. increase with the duration of cell meeting with Hearst people and be reached at 728-2564 or by
officials, is concern that younger Past research has shown no phone use, which they would receiving that recognition, was e-mail at
people, whose bodies are still firm link between microwaves expect to occur with a carcino- going to the Harley Davidson firstname.lastname@example.org)
developing, may be more sus- and cancer, according to the gen.
ceptible to damage from American Cancer Society. Joshua Muscat, the lead
“If an adult comes in with a
“While some epidemiological
studies suggest associations
researcher on the study, called
the findings “not a red flag, but a
Investigators say engineer saw bus
teenager and says, ‘I want to with cancer, others do not, and pale red flag.” He said that the
buy my kid a cell phone,’ we say CHATTANOOGA, Tenn. (AP) sped toward the railroad cross-
experimental studies have not link between phones and the
this is something that we want — Two crew members on a ing, said Ken Suydam, investi-
yet yielded reproducible evi- rare brain tumor requires a larg-
to make you aware of,” said freight train say they watched in gator in charge for the National
dence of carcinogenic mecha- er study of larger populations of
Michael Scanlon, a senior vice nisms,” ACS said. people. helpless horror as a school bus Transportation Safety Board.
president at Metrocall. The cell phone’s radiation field Muscat also cautioned that the sped toward a crossing in the “Both saw the bus approaching
Carlo’s cell phone research is concentrated at about three long-term health effects of cell seconds before it was struck by at a rapid rate of speed and
project —which involved to four inches around the anten- phone radiation are unknown, the train’s locomotive, investi- expressed concern to each other
dozens of scientists at universi- na, near the user’s head. adding that there is often a gators said Saturday. as to whether the bus would stop,”
ties, hospitals and private labo- And this is where the potential decades-long latency period The accident Tuesday morn- he said at a news conference.
ratories across the nation over a problems lie. among certain types of cancers. ing just north of the Georgia However, investigators do not
five-year period — produced Current FDA rules on cell “To be prudent, surveillance is state line killed three children. yet know how fast the bus was
more than 40 studies. phone safety rely on a radiation needed,” he said. Five others including the bus traveling or if driver Rhonda
While most of the research measurement called the “specif- Scientists from both research driver were injured, and two Cloer tried to stop, Suydam
showed cell phone use had ic absorption rate” or SAR. projects later briefed the FDA children remained in critical said. The manufacturer exam-
no effect on the human body, Cell phones are allowed to about their findings. The agency condition Saturday. ined the bus’ anti-lock braking
Dr. Russell Owen, chief of the emit a maximum SAR of 1.6 then ordered the new round of The engineer and conductor system and reported it was
radiation-biology branch of watts per kilogram as measured safety investigation. on the CSX train said they working properly, Suydam said.
the FDA’s Center for Devices over one gram of body tissue. watched helplessly as the bus
and Radiological Health, said However, the FDA now ques-
the two studies “raise some tions whether that safety limit
interesting scientific ques- fully protects consumers. The
tions but are no cause for limit is focused entirely on pro-
alarm.” tecting a user from phones that
Much of the new safety actually destroy cells by heating
research will be coordinated by them, the “thermal” effect.
the FDA and the cell phone This limit may not protect
industry represented by the against “any non-thermal
Cellular Telecommunications effects of chronic exposure,” the
Industry Association (CTIA). agency said. DNA disintegration
The first study will follow-up the is an example of a non-thermal
North Carolina research on effect.
DNA breakdown linked to cell The 1.6 watt SAR was set in
phone radiation. 1996 from the previous limit of 8
That is “a priority goal,” said watts, following a recommenda-
Owen, because — if the find- tion from the Institute of
ings are accurate — such Electrical and Electronics
genetic damage could lead to Engineers — a professional
cancer or other disorders. association.
The details of the new The 8-watt ceiling had been
research program won’t be considered safe. But the group
released until later this year. It is proposed reducing the ceiling,
unclear how long it will take to which was first established in
complete. Meanwhile, the 1982 to govern two-way radios,
National Cancer Institute and by a factor of five to ensure that
the World Health Organization there would be no health effects
are conducting separate studies caused by cell phone use.
on cell phone safety. Against this background, the
Questions about cell phone North Carolina researchers at
safety were first raised in 1993 Integrated Laboratory Systems
when a Florida man, David were surprised to find cell dam-
Reynard, filed suit against NEC age when tissue was exposed
Corp., a cell phone manufactur- to radiation of 5 and 10-watts
er, claiming his wife Suzy’s fatal per kilogram over a period of 24
brain cancer was caused by her hours.
cell phone. Researchers found no prob-
His suit and 12 other suits lems when blood cells were
against cell phone manufactur- exposed to radiation of 1 watt
ers have been dismissed for per kilogram over a period of 24
lack of scientific proof, accord- hours. They also found no dam-
ing to Angelos. age when blood cells were
Public anxieties were further exposed for three hours at 1,
heightened by the brain cancer 2.5, 5 and 10-watts per kilogram
deaths of two prominent busi- of radiation.
ness executives in 1994 and In other words, problems
1993, Michael Walsh, the chief appeared when blood was
executive officer of Tenneco, exposed to higher levels of radi-
and Reginald Lewis the CEO of ation over longer periods of
TLC Beatrice. Both were cell time.
phone users. At the time, their What had previously been
illnesses sparked a sell off on considered safe now appeared
Wall Street of wireless industry to pose some risk. This led to
stocks. the conclusion that no one knew
As a result of public concern, exactly what is a safe level of
the CTIA decided to fund the radiation for human exposure.
$27 million research project One of the authors of the
aimed at assuring consumers study, Dr. Graham Hook, said
that cell phones are safe. the results don’t necessarily
The industry association mean the phones are harmful if
argues that cell phones are they operate below 5- and 10-
(Continued from Page 1A)
cations had reported no weather-
related calls at press time.
Brong says this type of weather is
not uncommon for this type of year.
“There’s plenty of moisture in the
lower part of the atmosphere as
well as some instability,” Brong
(Staff writer Jonathan Black can
be reached at 728-2585 or by e-
mail at email@example.com)