Monitor-Vol-2-No-41 by ThitHtooLwin

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                                       Vol : (2 ) No . ( 41)                                                                                                          3 . 2 . 2013 (Sunday)

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
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        ajz/       / BGF vkyfr,frvkyfbl;qdkwmudkawmh uRefawmfrajymEdkifbl;/ 'gayrJh DKBA eJY uRefawmf                        ar;/ / wyfrawmfom;wpfa,muftaeeJY &ifxJrSmb,fvdkcHpm;&ygovJ/
  wdkY cH,lcsufjcif;wlwmuawmh a'ozGHYNzdK;wdk;wufatmifaqmif&GufMuzdkYqdkwm uRefawmfajymEdkifw,f/                             ajz/ / DKBA b0wkef;uvnf; uRefawmfwdkYwyfrawmfeJYtwl vufwGJcJhMuygw,f/ tck BGF
  olwdkYrSmvnf; udk,fha'ozGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrIeJY jynfolUtusdL;jyKvkyfief;awGaqmif&GufzdkY&nf&G,fcsufawG&Sd Mu               taeeJY wm0efxrf;aqmif&awmh ydkNyD;awmhtm;&Sdwmaygh/ EdkifiHawmfuvnf; w&m;0iftodtrSwfjyKxm;NyD;
  ygw,f/                                                                                                                  tpp t&m&maxmufyHhay;xm;wJhtwGuf wyfrawmf&JUpnf;urf; wyfrawmf&JUrl0g'twdkif;a&SUqufNyD;
        ar; / / xm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&;BuD;&oGm;cJh&if BGF &,f ? DKBA &,f v d k Y &S d O D ; rS m vm;/                         wm0efxrf;aqmifoGm;r,fvdkY oE´dXmefcsxm;ygw,f/
        ajz/ / xm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&;BuD;&oGm;NyDqdk&ifawmh uRefawmfwdkYe,fjcm;apmihfwyftaeeJY wyfrawmfeJY                                                                                                 oufOD;Edkif(jr0wD)

3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3
                                                                                                       V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 41)

           tar&d u m;ud k a&muf c sd e f u pNyD ;                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Avmpmtkyf owif;pma[mif;awG
ckcsdefxd uRefrpdwft0ifpm;qkH;t&m awG                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0,fw,f
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xJrm pGeypfypön;jyefvnf vnfywfonfh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 bufx&Dtdk;tcef;tysufawG 0,f
qd k i f u av;rsm;onf yxrqk H ; ae&mrS                                                                                                                                                                                                                 w,f } }
yg0if c J h o nf / omref t m;jzif h q k d v Qif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 bufx&Dt;udk toHqufNyD;bufxD
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Recycle qdiuav;rsm;onf tjcm;pD;yGm;                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tdk;[ktoHxGufum tqkH;owf avoH
              f              d f
a&; vkyief;qkicef;rsm;vkd oD;oD;oefoefY                      Y                                                                                                                                                                                         ]]0,fw,f}} qdkaomae&mrSm aX;BudKifu
                       hf l
olU ae&mESior[kwbJ ukepqiBf uD;rsm;  f      f Hk kd                                                                                                                                                                                                    rmefygygXmefygyg ]]0,f . . .',f}} [k
taemufbufrSm qdkifcef;zGifhNyD; jzpfap?                                                                                                                                                                                                                toH a etoH x m;ES i f h qG J N yD ; atmf w wf
7/11 vk d p wd k ; qd k i f r sm;&S d a om Square                                                                                                                                                                                                      onf/
ac:qdkifcef;pkaygif;0ef;usifxJwGif cyf                                                                                                                                                                                                                           aX;BudKifonf q,fwef;udk bDESifh
usOf;usOf;wpfae&mjzpfap vl0ifvlxGuf                                                                                                                                                                                                                    atmifonfxd ynmoifMum;zl; oljzpf
rsm;aomae&mrsm;wGif ,SONf yD;zGixm;avh&dS          hf                                                                                                                                                                                                  ojzihf t*FvdyfpmwwfNyD; A[kokw&Sdol
onf/ xdkqdkifcef;av;rsm;onf omref                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vnf;jzpfonf/ olUwGe; vSn;av;xJwif f    f               G
tjrifjzifh MunfhvQifoyfoyf&yf&yf vnf;                                                                                                                                                                                                                  *g;'D;,if;owif;pmwpfcsdKUESifhr*Fvmarmif
r&Sd? zefykvif;rsm;wpfckESifhwpfck xdcwf                                                                                                                                                                                                               r,f? ylwlwl;av;pmtkyfrsm; oyfoyfz,f
rdoH? tvlrDeD,rfoHbl;rsm;udk qifhum                                                                                                                                                                                                                    xm;wmawGUojzifh ar;Munfh&m ]]uRef
qifhumypfcsojzifh ]]uvkH? uvkH}}rnf                                                                                                                                                                                                                    awmf eJY uRefawmfhorD;av;zwfzdkYAsm}}
aomtoH? qdkifydkif&SifESifh tvkyform;                                                                                                                                                                                                                  [kqdkonf/ uRefrwdkYtdrfrS oludk aps;
trsm;pkrSm rufqDuef vlrsdK;rsm;jzpfMu&m                                                                                                                                                                                                                ac:a&mif ; vQif tNrJ v d k v d k a &awmif ;
Recycle ypönf;vma&mif;olrsm;ESifhjzpfap?                                                                                                                                                                                                               aomufwwfonf/ aomufa&udk tm;&
olwdkYtcsif;csif;jzpfap atmf[pfajymqkd                                                                                                                                                                                                                 yg;&aomuf u m ol U acgif ; ay:aqmif ;
Muaom rufqDuefpum;oHrsm;? tvkyf                                         u&SdaecJhonf/ tcsdK&nfykvif;awGay:                   ,SufNyD;cyfumtm; &yg;&aomufwwf                        b,ftav;wkH;udk b,fvkdEIwfNyD; b,f                                   xm;aom ppfpdrf;a&mif OD;xkwfudkcRwfNyD;
cGiwizixm;aomuufqufqrS rufqD
     f G f G hf                                       D                 vmawmh a&cJpdrfykvif;rsm;udk tdrfrSm                 onf/ tJ'Da&xJrSm bmowåK"mwfawG?                       tav;wk;udk b,fvypfxnf&rnfqwm
                                                                                                                                                                                                   H                      dk         h          kd     ,yfwjzwfjzwfcyf&if; olUvufokH;pum;
uefoDcsif;oHrsm;jzihfpnf;r us0g;rus                                     ,laomufvQifjzpfap? aps;qdkifxJu qdkif                bma&m*gydk;rTm;awG ygaeovJqdkwm ol                    udkawmhuRrf;uRrf;usifusif wwfajrmuf                                 ]]acwfBuD;rsm;aumif;vdkYuawmh aX;BudKif
qlnHaewwfonf/                                                           cef;awGrSmrSm aomufvQifjzpfap ]]ykvif;               wdkYrpOf;pm;wwf/ pOf;pm;wwfaom tod                    Muygonf/ aps;u orm"dcsdef cGifrSm                                   wdkY 'Dtvkyfrvkyfao;bl;}} [kajymavh
           Recycle ypönf;rsm;udk zef? tvl                               aygif}}qdkNyD;aiGig;q,fwpf&may;cJh&wm                w&m;rsm; &&Sd&eftcGifhta&;vnf; olwdkY                 xnfhNyD;csdefaom ig;ydómausmf ajcmuf                                &Sdonf/ wpfcgwpf&H (5)ESpft&G,folUorD;
rDeD,rf? yvwfpwpf oyfoyfpDcGJxm;NyD;                                    rSwfrdonf/ tcsdK&nfykvif;awG acwf                    rSmr&&SdcJh/                                                            h
                                                                                                                                                                                   ydómjynfcgeD;onfh uRef r\Avmpmtkyf                                  av;udk ausmif;pdrf;*g0efav;0wfvsuf
vlwpfzufpmoHjcif;awmif;rsm;xJxnfum                              h       rpm;rD u vnf ; owif ; pmpuú L rsm;?                           ausmif;cef;xJ pmoif&rnfht&G,f                ESifh owif;pmpuúLa[mif;rsm;ukd ]]tpfr                               Recycle ypönf;rsm;ESifhtwl wGef;vSnf;xJ
aygifcsdefpufay: wifNyD;csdefum usoifhaiG                               ausmif;okH; Avmpmtkyfa[mif;rsm;? EdkUqD              q,f E S p f ? q,f h w pf E S p f u av;rsm;ud k        a&mif;wJhypönf;awGu ig;ydómawmif                                    xnfhwGef;vmwmjrif&zl;onf/ ]]rdef;ru
udk a&mif;olvufxJay;vQif Recycle                                        cGufrsm;? yvwfpwpftdwfrsm;udk vrf;xJ                 ]]ausmif;rwwfbl;vm;}}ar;vQif ]]'Dwpf                  rjynfhbl; uRefawmfydkay;vkdufw,faemf                                pd w f q d k ; NyD ; td r f a y:uqif ; oG m ;vd k Y A sm?
ypö n f ; vma&mif ; ol u ol w d k Y a y;aom                             vSnfhNyD;0,faom Recycle aps;onfrsm;&Sd               aEG ydkufqHpkaewm? aemufESpfpmtkyfzkd;eJY             a[m'DrSmawGUvm;}} [kajym&if; uRefr                                  uav;ausmif;ydkYr,fholr&Sdbl;}} [knnf;
pm&Gufuav;rSm aiGvufcH&&SdaMumif;                                       ovdk? rD;&xm;vrf;ab;rSm uyfNyD;qdkif                 ausmif;0wfpkHtwGufav}} [kajzwwfMu                     udkpkd;&drfjcif;ruif;aom t&dyfwpfcsdKUjzifh                         onf/ uav;u vG,ftdwfudkpvG,f
vufrSwfxdk;&onf/ ysrf;rQtm;jzihf bl;                                                              hf
                                                                        cef; usOf;usOf;av;zGixm;aom Recycle                  NyD;? aemuf wpfaEG . . . aemufwpfaEG                      d d d d ®
                                                                                                                                                                                   ydy&&vrmyg;eyfoa,mif ajymqdaeaom                       k            odkif;xm;um qdk;aq;ruif;aom a&cJ
wpfbl;vQif (5)qifhEIef;jzifh? tvlrDeD,rf                                aps;qdkifcef; uav;rsm;onf uRefrwdkY                  awGrSmvnf; olwdkYawG'D Recycle ypönf;                 xdkuav;\rsufvkH;tMunfhrsm;udk uRefr                                 xkwf teD&J&Judkpkyf&if; wGef;vSnf;xJ ikwf
bl;cGHrsm;qdkvQif wpfaygifudk (1.99) a':                                uav;b0xJu &if;ESD;NyD;jzpfcJhonf/                               l                  f
                                                                                                                             0,f,onfh tvkyukd 'Dvrf;ay:rSm vkyNf rJ                'DaeYtxdarhr&cJhyg/ tjypfuif;pifjcif;?                              wkwfxdkifygvmwwfonf/ aX;BudKifu
vm? yvwfpwpf bl;cGHrsm;qdkvQif wpf                                             aEG & moD a usmif ; yd w f & uf q d k v Qif   vkyfaecJhMuonf/                                       ½kd;om;jcif;jzifhwdkYom awmufyoifhaom                               olUppfpdrf;a&mifOD;xkwfudk uav;acgif;
aygifudk (1)a':vm? zefbl;cGHrsm;qkdvQif                                 uRefrwdkYwpfESpfpmokH;NyD; Avmpm tkyfrsm;                     uRef r wd k Y a &mif ; aom owif ; pm         uav;wdkY\ rsufvkH;rsm;udk auGUaumuf                                 ay: aqmif;xm;ay;&m uav;acgif;ESifh
wpfaygifu(1)a':vmcGJ pojzihf aps;tpm;
                   kd                                                           Hk                       f
                                                                        udk pkyxm;NyD; ]]AvmpmtkyawG0,fw,f?                  puúLa[mif;rsm;udk olwdkY\oHacs;wuf                    usOf;ajrmif;aom vlrIa&;pepfESihf pD;yGm;                            rawmfojzifh a&SUodkYikdufusaeonf/
pm;ay;ygonf/                                                            owif;pmpuúLa[mif;awG 0,fw,f}}                        aeaomcsdefcGifa[mif;BuD;\ wpfbuf                      a&;pepfwdkYu ta&mifqdk;ay; vdkufaom                                           ]]uRefawmforD;BuD;vm&ifawmh 'Dvdk
           qdkifcef;[komqdk&aomfvnf; aevkH                              qdkaomtoHawGMum;vQif vSrf;ac:NyD;                    wGifxnfh? wpfbufutav;wkH;rsm;udk                      tcg t&G,frwdkifrD vlvm;ajrmufaom                                    yifyifyef;yef; rvkyfapcsifbl; ynm wwf
rdk;vkHyvwfpwpf&GufzsifwJudk om,m,D                                     a&mif;cJhMuonf/ jcpfjcpfawmufaeylxJ                  vufwpfbufESifh wkd;vdkufavsmhvkdufvkyf                trltusifh? tawG;tac:wdkYonf uRefr                                   NyD; taeacsmifapcsifw,f? acwfBuD;
oabmrsdK;xd;xm;NyD; tvkyorm;ESitwl
                         k                f             fh              wGif ESD;awmif;udk acgif;ay:&Gufumwpf                &if;? tjcm;wpfbufu csdefcGifvQmtay:                   wdkYvlaerIpepfrSm qifhyGm;vmavovm;/                                 jrefjrefaumif;ygapAsm}} wGef;vSnf;xJu
zefykvif;cGH? tvl rDeD,rfbl;cGH? yvwfp                                  vrf;vkH;Mum;atmif atmf[pfNyD;a&mif;&                                      k f            f G f
                                                                                                                             bufukd udixm;NyD; csdecivQmudom pl;pl;    k           aeylxJ rdk;&GmxJaps;vnfa&mif;cJhavorQ                               Recycle ypönf;awGMum;rSm ikwfwkwfxdkif
wpfbl;cGHrsm; oD;jcm;pDcGJxnfhaom vl                                    aom Recycle ypönf;0,f,lolaps;onf                     pk d u f p d k u f M unf h a ewwf a om ol w d k Y \   jref j ref a eY w G u f u d k u f N yD ; td r f u d k j ref j ref   aeaom uav;u ol U tazbmajym
wpfzufpmoHjcif;rsm;? Recycle ypön;vm                       f            rsm;onf ]]vmygOD;}}qdkaom ac:oHMum;                  rsufvkH;rsm;udk tckxdtrSwf&aeqJ jzpf                  jyef a pvd k a om oem;aZmES i h f tajccH                            onfudk aumif;aumif;em;rvnf aomf
a&mif;olwdkY\ pGefYypfypönf;rsm;udk xkwf                                onfESifh vrf;wpfavsmufvkH; aeylcJhorQ                onf/ olwdkY0,foGm;aom Avmpmtkyf                       vlusifh0wfudk roifjyay;cJhbJ ]]at;yg                                vnf; tJ'DvkdajymvQif rsufESmay:idkufus
ydk;vmaom yvwfpwpftdwfrsm;ypf&ef                                        ckrSt&dyfat;udkawGUvdkuf&ovkd rsufESm                                                Ykd D
                                                                                                                             a[mif;rsm;udk olw\ES;awmif;BuD;xJ ypf                 [,f ay;csifoavmufomay;}} [kqdk                                      aeaom OD ; xk w f u av;ud k y if h w if N yD ;
trdIufykH;rsm;? qdkifcef;0,f,l NyD; Recycle                             0if;yoGm;NyD; vrf;xdyfodkYyifa&mufygapOD;            xnfh&if; ]]tpfrpmtkyfawGu ig;ydómr                    wwfaom uRefrudk uRefrvnf; tvG,f                                     wcd c d v d k u f & ,f w wf o nf / NyD ; vQif
ypö n f ; rsm;od r f ; qnf ; &m uG e f w d e f e m                      atmfac:onfh tdrfqDaemufvSnfhNyD; 0rf;                jynfhbl;? uRefawmf ydkay;vkdufw,faemf}}               vk d u f N yD ; ud k , f e J Y r qd k i f o vd k r sm; aecJ h r d   csdefcGifcsdefaeaom olUtazvufxJ odkY
aemufydkif;ESihf cyfqifqifwlaom odk                                     omtm; &ajy;vTm;oGm;Muonf/ wpfcsKd Uu                 tJ'golwdkYawGaps;0,fwdkif; tNrJajymavh                ovm;? jyefawG;rdwi; uRefrud,vyjf ym kd f             k f d          tav;wkH;av;awG wpfckpDurf;ay;wwf
avSmifuef tyGifhBuD;rsm;? Recycle ypön;                           f     oufvwfydkif;jzpfonf/ touf ajcmuf                     &S d a om pum;jzpf o nf / ol w d k Y v uf             rvkHacs/                                                            onf/ aX;Munfu ]][Jh orD; taz
rsm;rS <uif;usefaom tcsdK&nf? bD,mrsm;                                  q,f? ckESpfq,ft&G,ftzkd;BuD;? tbGm;                  rnf;rnf;npfnpfav;awGESifh pGyfus,frSm                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                           Recycle ypön;0,foaps;onf awG         l                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tvkyf çvkyaew,f vmr½Iye}} [kaigu      f YJ
ajrBuD ; ay:pD ; usum tcsOf a yguf a om                                 BuD ; rsm;vnf ; 'D t vk y f ç vk y f M uonf /        pvG,fodkif;xm;aom vG,ftdwfa[mif;                      xJrSm uRefrtckcsdefxdrSwfrdae olrsm;xJ                              fwwfonf/
teYHqdk;wdkYjzifh oufawmifhoufom &SdvS                                  ausmif ; ae&r,f h t &G , f touf q ,f h               av;xJ r S om;a&yif E S i h f p nf ; xm;aom            wGif aX;BudKifvnf;yg0ifonf/ uRefrwdkY                                         t&if;tESD;r&Sdojzifh tjcm;enf;jzifh
aom ae&mvnf;r[kwfjyefyg/                                                ESpfESpfuav;rsm;vnf; 'Dtvkyf vkyfMu                  wpfq,fwef? ig;usyfwef? wpfusyfwef                     u tdrfuvlBuD;awG ac:ovdk aX;BudKif                                  Recycle ypönf;&Smaomtvkyf vkyfMu
           tJ ' D v k d crf ; crf ; em;em;vnf ; r&S d /                 onf/ aeylusJwJxJ aps;awmif;acgif;&Guf                aiGpuúLawGudk xkwfum vufndK;udk                       [kom vG,fvifhwulvdkufac:aomfvnf;                                    ol r sm;rS m vrf ; ab;trd I u f y k H r sm;xJ r S m
om,m½IarmzG,fvnf; raumif;vSaom                                          NyD ; vrf ; avsmuf v m&aomf v nf ;                   wH a wG ; pG w f N yD ; yg;pyf u wwG w f w G w f      xdkpOfuolonf touf (30)aumif;pGm                                     xd y f z sm;oH c Ref y gaom wk w f a csmif ;
Recycle qd k i f a wG u d k uRef r pd w f 0 if p m;                     ]]vmygOD;}}vdkYomac:vdkuf/ BudK;qGJjcif;             a&umay;NyD ; ta<upG e f ; cg;yk d u xJ r S            ausmfESihfNyD;jzpfonf/ aX;BudKifonf t&yf                                    f                       k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       &Snwpfacsmif;jzifh xd;qGNyD;yvwfpwpfc?HG
rdjcif; t"dutaMumif; t&if;rsm;onf                                       r&Sdaom ckESpfxyf? &Spfxyfwdkufcef;rsm;              ta<uaphrsm;? wpfcgwpfav ]]t&Guf                       &Snf&Snf? ydefydefrnf;rnf;? qHyifaumuf                              a&oef Y b l ; cG H ? ig;aowå m cG H ? Ed k U qD c G u f
ywf 0 ef ; usif x d e f ; od r f ; a&;aMumif h a omf                    tay:vnf ; armjcif ; ? anmif ; jcif ;                 ao;r&Sdawmhbl; tpfr&m oMum;vkH;om                     aumuf E S i h f uk v m;aoG ; wpf 0 uf a usmf                             hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ESitjcm; Recycle ypönf;aumufMuaom
vnf;aumif;? uRefr\ rdcifEdkifiHjrefrm                                   *½krpdkufbJ okwfokwf okwfokwfwufNyD;                 ,lawmh}}qdkNyD; oMum;vkH;awGjyeftrf;                  ausmfaESmolwpfOD;jzpfNyD;? tjcm;aom                                 touf (6)ESpf (7)ESpfrS (16)ESpfavmufxd
jynfESifh qufpyf&íaomfvnf;aumif;?                                       Recycle ypönf;0,fMuonf/ rdk;&Gmaom                   wwfonf/ EdkYqDbl;cGHawG&SNyD;aoG;xGuf                 Recycle ypönf;0,f,lolaps; onfrsm;ESihf                              vl i ,f r sm;jzpf o nf / ol w d k Y y ck H ; ay:rS m
Recycle vkyv&aom bl;cGygonfh ypön;
                           f Ydk        H                           f   tcgrsm;rSmvnf; yvwfpwpfrdk;umudk                     vQif vQmESifhtomvsufNyD; bmrSr jzpf                   rwlonfhxl;jcm;csufrSm acgif;ay:&Guf                                                         H D d f dk d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       qmvmtdw?f *ketwvtwBf uD;rsm; xrf;
wpfckck0,fvQif taygifoabmrsdK; pwdk;                                    NcKH u macgif ; ay:&G u f o nf h a wmif ; yck H ;    ovk d aiG p uú L awG quf a &aeavh & S d               aom? yk c k H ; rS m xrf ; yd k ; jzif h q d k i f ; &aom           xm;NyD;? trIdufykHrS &SmazGpkaqmif; &aom
qd k i f a wG a y;aomcJ h & aom CRV aMu;                                ay:wHydk;ESifhqkdif;xm;aom ESD;awmif;rsm;            onf/ wpfaeYvkH;0,fvmaom Recycle                       ESD;awmif;rsdK;udkrokH;bJ oludk,fwdkifwyf                           Recycle ypö n f ; rsm;ud k tJ ' D t d w f x J y pf
(1)a':vmausmfausmfudk aps;0,fpm&if;                                     udk yvwfpwpftMunfpjzifh umNyD; olwYkd                ypönf;rsm;udk nOD;ydkif;rSm 'dkifodkYjyefoGif;        qifxm;aom opfom;wGe;vSn;uav;                   f         f          xnfhNyD;pkaqmif;Muonf/ olwdkYudk reuf
jzwfydkif;rSm owdxm;rdjcif;aMumifh vnf;                                 tvkyfudkrysufap&ay/ rdk;oHESihf tNydKif              aomtcg wpfaeYokH;&mtxd jrwfwwf                        udk wGef;wGef;NyD; wpfvrf;0ifwpfvrf;                                                      G f I f Hk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       apmapm&yfuutrduyawGem;ESihf aemuf
aumif ; jzpf y gonf / Recycle trS w f                                   olwdkY\ aps;ac:oH? aps;atmfoHrsm;udk                 onf/ aiGvnfywfzdkYt&if;tESD;udk aeYjyef               xG u f vrf ; avQmuf a ps;0,f x G u f j cif ;                        az;vrf ; Mum;awG r S m tawG U rsm;onf /
         d
wHqyf oauFwjzpfaom tpdr;a&mifjr§m;               f                      Mum;NrJMum;&qJjzpfonf/ aEG&moDqdkvQif                wdk;acs;,lonf[kqdkonf/                                jzpfonf/ olUaps;ac:oHrSmvnf; qGJqGJ                                 ol w d k U vmvQif aemuf a z;vrf ; Mum;rS
uav;okH;ckBwd*HykHo@mefvnfywf ae                                        vrf;ab; aomufa&tdk;pifrsm;rS aomuf                            pmoifausmif;xJwGif *Pef;ocsFm                iifiif toHaetoHxm;ESihfem;pGJvG,fNyD;                               acG;av acG;vGifhrsm;u w0kwf0kwfESihf
aom'DZdkif;uav;udkvnf; uRefrcspfyg                                      a&udk tarmajyaomufMuonf/ a&vJ                        aygif;EIwfajr§mufpm; pepfwus roif,lcJh                'DtoHMum;wmESihf tdra&SUajy; rMunf&bJ     f                h        qlnHpGma[mifMuonf/ aEG&moDrSm wpf
onf/                                                                    rnfholr&Sdvsif a&tdk;atmufuyfaeaom                   &aom Recycle ypönf;0,f,lol uav;                       aX;BudKifvmNyDqdkwm wef;od&onf/                                     csdKUuav;rsm;acG;½I;udkufcH&onf/ yvwf
           uRefrwdkY jrefrmjynfrSmvnf; [dk;                             tenf r sm;ygaeaoma&ud k tenf x d k i f               rsm;onf csdefcGifvQmudk b,fnmb,f                              ]]'eftdk;'efcGufawG 0,fw,f                                  pwpfaumufaom tcsdKUu av;rsm;onf
t&ifumvawGxu Recycle pepfqwm       J                           kd       onftxd Nidrfatmifxm;NyD;rS tay:,HrS                  avmuf twd k i f ; twmxd a pmif ; &rnf /                           EdkUqDcGufawG 0,fw,f                                    td r f a &S U ewf p if r S m ewf w if x m;aom

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
    4
                                                                                                                                   V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 41)

aumufn§if;xkwf? iSufaysmoD; paom                          puú L td w f ? tcsd K &nf b l ; cG H r sm;tjzpf
pm;p&mrsm;udk tdrf&Sifvpf&ifvpf ovkd                      wpf z ef j yef v nf y wf N yD ; aps;uG u f u d k
,lpm;wwf Muonf/ aemufaz;vrf;Mum;                          a&muf v mjyef o nf / pm;ok H ; ol r sm;
rS m vS r f ; xm;aom xbD r sm;ud k v nf ;                 tEå & m,f u if ; atmif aocsmpd p pf N yD ; rS
tajctaeMunfhNyD; tvpfokwfwwfMu                            ypönf; topfrsm;tjzpf jyefvnfxkwf
onf/ tdrf&SifrdvQiftdrf&Sif\ qloHyloH                     vkyfonf/ uRefrwdkYEdkifiHrSmawmh taMumf
usdefqJoHESifhtvpfokwfoluav;\]]r&Sd                       0,fvQif taMumfxnfhay;aom puúL
    Yk                d Ykd kd
vdygAsm? r&Svc;rdygw,fAsm}}qdaom &Sc;       k      d dk   tdwfrSm cJwHESifhpmrsm;a&;xm;aom Avm
rwwfawmif;yefoHwdkYudk a&míMum;&NyD;?                     pmtkyfta[mif;rS puúLrsm;ESihf xkwfay;
tdrf&Sifu uav;vufqGJum &yfuGuf                            wwf w mud k z suf u eJ o wd &vd k u f j yef
aumifpD½kH;odkY ac:oGm;wmjrif&onf/                                                       f
                                                          onf/ cJom;jziha&;xm;aompmvk;rsm;rSm              H
           xdkuJhodkY aiG&if;r&Sdojzifh trdIufykHrSm      taMumfqDrsm;pGJ? vlpm;aomtaMumfrsm;
Recycle ypö n f ; rsm;vk d u f aumuf N yD ;               rSm cJqdyfawGoifh . . ./ jyefvnf
jyefa&mif;aomuav;rsm;\ wpfaeY0ifaiG                       oefYpifvnfywfNyD; pm;okH;olrsm;vufxJ
rSm wpf&mausmf0ef;usif&SdNyD;? olwdkYonf                  jyef a &muf v maomtcg tcsd K &nf z ef
         k f
nydi;rSmvnf; pHy,fyef;rsm;vrf;ay:xGuf                     ykvif;rsm;\ EIwfcrf;tem;owfrsm;rSm
a&mif;Mujyefonf/ olwdkUonf vIdifjrpf                      vnf; oHacs;rsm;t&pfvdkufudk rjrifcsifyg
wpfbufurf;ESihf NrdKUpGefNrdKUzsm;? NrdKUopf              bJ jrifaeygojzihf rjrifcsifa,mifaqmif
rSmaexdkifMuonf/ uRefrjynfyxGufvm                         NyD; ydkufESifhjrefjrefpkyfaomuf ypfcJhzl;onf/
                          G f J S k
cgeD;wGif &yfuuxrm xdaps;onfuav;                                   ,ckolwdkYEdkifiHrSmawmh tpdk;&udk,f
rsm; wjznf;jznf;tawGU&enf;oGm;ojzifh                      wdkifu ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&; pepfudk
ar;Munfh&m wpfcsdKUuwyfxJvdkufoGm;                        t"duxm;&m ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;
onfqdkonf/ wpfcsdKUu udk&if0wfoGm;                        twG u f r&S d r jzpf a e&mu yg0if a om                                   ,ciftywfrStquf                                                                                                                 k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      onf;cHaewmudyJ eifem;vnfxm; OD;i,fo&ifvnf;raumif;bl;   d
onfqdkonf/ wpfcsdKUu xdkif;? Arm                          Recycle ypönf;qdkifrsm;udk yHhydk;tm;ay;                                 'DvdkeJY uRefrwdkYtm;vkH;pum;wajymajymeJY udk&efaum                                                igwkdYu&GmudkwpfcgvmvnfwmeJYjyóemwpfcg&Smw,fqdkNyD;
e,fpyfodkU tvkyfoGm;vkyfMuonf qdk                         onf/ vlawGudk,fwdkif uvnf; tajc                              vrf;jywJhaemuf vkdufvmcJhMuwm odyfrMumcifrSmyJ vrf;oG,f                                                        OD ; i,f x if o G m ;&if r aumif ; bl ; [ eif t J h ' D a vmuf t xd a wmh
onf/                                                                            f hJ          h
                                                          taerJ?h tdrr,mrJrsm;rSpNyD; ausmif;om;?                      ES p f c k u d k vS r f ; jrif a e&w,f / tJ h ' D v rf ; oG , f E S p f v rf ; uvnf ;                          em;vnfoifhygw,f udk;aZmf&,f}} ]][ eifwdkYuyg ighudk0dkif;NyD;
           vlvwfydkif;? vlBuD;ydkif;rsm;vnf;              ausmif;ol rsm;tqk; pdw0ifwpm;yl;aygif;H   f                  ta0;u vSrf;jrifvdkuf½kHeJY0w¬KpmtkyfawGxJuvdkaygh wu,f                                                         tjypfwifaeMuwmvm;}} ]]eifh[meif xifcsifovdkxif ig*½kr
uav;rsm;vd k Recycle ypö n f ; rsm;                       aqmif&GufMu&m Recycle ypönf;qdkifrsm;                        ukdpdwfMunfEl;p&mykHpHrsKd;ygyJ/ tJ'DjrifuGif;ukd jrifvkdufwJhuRefrwkYd                                        pdkufbl;}} udk;aZmfu ]]atmifr,f eifueifeJYbmqkdifvdkY 0ifemae
vkdufaumufwm awGU&jyefonf/ armif                                                           kd
                                                          onf wpfywfu(7)&uf? reuf (10)em&DrS                           oli,fcsif;wpfpk yef;0gcif;oGm;r,ftm½kawGajymif;vJom;cJw,f/   h       H                     G h                 wmvJ}} tJh'DrSmyJ udk&efaumu ]]uJuJ awmfusygawmh tpfudk
axmf a v;vrf ; u trd I u f y k H r S m eH e uf            nae (5)em&DxdolwdkY\ qlqlnHnHtoH                             tJ'DrSm udk&efaumeJY uRefrwkdYtzGJUawG jyóemupwmyJ/ 'DvkdeJY                                                   aMumifhawmh &efrjzpfMuygeJYawmh? tckvrf;rSmjzpfwJhudpöawGudk
apmapm yvwf p wpf a umuf o l w pf                         rsm;ES i f h t wl pnf p nf u m;um;&S d v S a y               yef;0gcif;oGm;r,fh vrf;aMumif;udkpjzwfwhJoluawmh wjcm;ol                                                                    d G              kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      OD;i,foom;&if rif;wYaemufaeYawG tckvkd vGwvwvyfvyfeYJ        f G f
a,muf trI d u f y k H r S Ak H ; ayguf u G J o jzif h     onf/                                                         awmhr[kwfygbl; OD;av;i,f&JUwl iNzdK;ygyJ                                                                                 Yk l                          f     l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      rif;wdvi,fawG aysmf&rSmr[kwawmhb;aemf OD;i,fu rif;wkukd                  dY
aoqk H ; oG m ;onf h o wif ; ud k xd k p Of u                      wpfaeYuRefrtdrfESihf zkef;ajymjzpf&if;                          ]]udk&efaum [dkav uRefawmfpum;enf;enf;avmuf                                                        aysmfygapawmhqdkawmh pdwfeJYighudk ae&mpkHvkdufydkYay;zdkY ajymxm;
owif;pmrSm zwfvdkuf&onf/ Recycle                          pum;pyfrdojzifh ]]aX;BudKif}} taMumif;                       ajymvdkY&rvm;}}                                                                                                NyD;om;? tckvdkom wpfa,mufwpfaygufeJY avQmufajymNyD;
                                                                                                                                   ]] ajymav ighnDajymyguG rif;uvJ ajymrSmomajymprf;yg                                                &efjzpfaeMur,fqdk&ifawmh tpfudkvnf;raumif;bl; rif;wdkY
ypönf;rsm;ESifh vlUtoufwpfacsmif; b,f                     ar;aomtcg uRefrta':u ]][Jh . .
                                                                                                                       uGm bmrStm;emraeeJY bmckdif;rvdkYvJ}}                                                                          twGufvnf; aysmf&Tifp&mc&D;wpfckjzpfrSm r[kwfawmhbl;aemf/
t&muwef zdk;ydkBuD;NyD; b,ft&mudk                         . aX;Bud K if u bmjzpf & rwk e f ; ol ' D v d k y J
                                                                                                                                   ]][m tpfudkuvnf; ckdif;zdkYr[kwfygbl;As [dkav tpfudk                                                   h D                kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tJ'awmh tpfuuyJ Mum;xJuawmif;yefygw,fum? wpfa,muf             G
tcsdKUcsdKUaomvlawGu ydkNyD;wefzdk;xm;Mu                  wGef;vSnf;eJYvrf;xJvmaewmyJ? vlawmh                          uRefawmfwdkYudk [dk;a&SUrSm vSrf;jrifae&wJh vrf;ESpfvrf;qDudk                                                                                             Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      eJY wpfa,mufpum;rsm;raeMuygeJawmh? tpfuvnf; rSm;ygw,f     kd
ygovJ/ rawG;paumif; awG;paumif;                           enf;enf;tdkoGm;wmaygh[,f? olUorD;                            vdkufydkYygvm; tpfukd}}                                                                                        uGm tJh'DtwGuf ighnD udk;aZmfudkvnf; tpfudkawmif;yefygw,f
uRefrawG;cJhzl;ygonf/                                     av;u 'D E S p f ( 9)wef ; ajzr,f q d k v m;}}                            ]]atmf rif;wdkYu tJh'DudkoGm;csifusvdkYvm;pdwfawmh r&SdeJY                                         aemf pdwfrqkd;ygeJYuGm tpfudkurif;wdkYudk rjzpfoifhwmrjzpf&
           'DEdkifiHa&mufvmawmh uRefrjrifawGU             [kajzygonf/ EdkifiHjcm;rSm taetxdkif                         ighnD&m tJh'DudkoGm;zdkYuodyftqifrajybl;uG rif;wkdYu &GmeJY                                                    atmif wm;wJhoabmeJYajymwmyg rif;wdkYu OD;i,f&JUwlawGwlr
&aom Recycle ypönf;0,f,l onfhqkdif                        Mumawmh uRefrwdkYjrefrmEdkifiHrS xGufvm                          f                                             f S f
                                                                                                                       pdr;ao;w,fuG 'Dvrf;oG,Epvrf;udk oGm;zkqwmu rif;wkypH                        Yd kd                      Yd Hk   awGqdkawmh tpfudknDav;awG nDrav;awGyJaygh tpfukd
rsm;rSm tjriftm;jzifhrcrf;em;yg/ odkYaomf                 olwpfcsdKU ajymqdkaqG;aEG;aeMuwm Mum;                        eJYrjzpfbl;uG/ tjyifydkif;u jrifawmhom oGm;csifuswm wu,f                                                       twGufeJYawmh oli,fcsif;awGtcsif;csif; pum;rrsm;MuygeYJ}}
olwdkYonf pnf;pepfESifh vlom;t&if;                                                   Y d f Hk k f H
                                                          zl;onf/ urÇmxyq;EdiieYJ urÇmUatmuf                           wrf;oGm;qdk&if rif;wdkYoGm;EkdifusrSmr[kwfbl;uG vrf;&JUtwGif;                                                  udk;aZmfu ]]&ygw,f tpfudkawmif;yefp&mrvdkygbl; uRefawmf
tjrpfwefzdk;udk tjynfht0&&SdMuonf/                        qkH; EdkifiHwpfckckudkoGm;r,SOfeJYav/ b,f                    ydkif;u enf;enf;Murf;w,fuG tJh'Dvrf;ESpfvrf;u wpfvrf;u                                                         vnf;pum;ajymwmenf;enf;½dkif;ovdkjzpfoGm;wm awmif;yefyg
qdkifwpfqkdifwGif 0efxrf;av;ig;OD; t                      wl E d k i f r S m vJ q d k w mrsd K ;/ a&S U avsmuf r S m   awmh wpfzufrSmprf;acsmif;&Sdawmh awmfawmfrsm;rsm;awmh                                                          w,f/}} ]]uJyg &ygw,fuGm tpfukdudk,fvnf; awmif;yefp&m
enf;qk;&SNd yD;? olwUkd onfpm;0wfaea&; ryl
                H                                         wnfhwnfhravsmufbJ bmvdkYaemufjyef                            oGm;Muygw,f/ aemufwpfvrf;uawmh vltoGm;tvmr&Sdbl;                                                               rvd k y gbl ; uJ u J 'gqd k & if yef ; 0gcif ; ud k quf o G m ;Mur,f
yif&aom tajccH0ifaiGudk aeylxJrdk;&GmxJ                   vSnfhMunfhaewmvJ qdkwmrsdK;/ vlwpfOD;                        'gayrJh vrf;ESpfvrf;udk b,fvrf;utaumif; b,fvrf;u                                                               [kwfNyDvm;}}
ajcwdkatmifvrf;ravsmuf&bJ avmufi                          ESihf wpfOD;cH,lcsufwpfrsdK;pD uGJvGJydkifcGifh                         k k            k                 l
                                                                                                                       tqd;qdwmudb,fourS twdtusrodMubl;uG rrSwrMd uwm                                               f                          'DvdkeJY uRefrwdkY udk&efaumvrf;jyonhfaemufodYk quf
pGm&&Sdonf/ Recycle ypönf;rsm;udk udkif                   &Sdonf qdkaomfvnf; urÇmYxdyfqkH; wdkif;                      vJygwmayhg/ uJyg vdr®mygw,f rif;wdkY'DrSm&ufMumMum aeMuOD;                                                     avQmufcJhMuw,f/ odyfrMumcifrSmyJ yef;0gcif;udka&mufoGm;cJh
aomtcg vufEihf wdu½urxdawGU&bJ?S   k f dk f               jynfrSm aexdkifonfjzpfap atmufqkH;                           rSmyJ aemufrS tpfudkvdkufykYdyghr,fuGm NyD;awmh tpfudkwdkYOD;i,fqD                                                                                                l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ygw,f/ jrifjrifcsif;rSmyJ wu,fuMkd unfE;p&mygyJ yef;cif;BuD;u
&mbmvuftdwfrsm;0wf&rnfudk aumif;                          wdkif;jynfrSm aexkdifonfjzpfap uRefrwdkY                     udkvnf; apmapmjyef&OD;r,fav}}                                                                                  rod&if tvSpdkufxm;ovdkyJ 'gayrJh olu tavhusayguf
pGmem;vnf oabmaygufNyD; tNrJvkdvdk                        onf vlom;pHcsdef ÚmPf&nfjynfh0aom                                        ]]tpfudkuvnf; &ygw,fAsm OD;i,fudk tdrfa&mufrS Munfh                                                wJhyef;ysKd;cif;jzpfaeygw,f/ 'gudk pyfpkwufwJhuRefrwdkY wpfawG?
                                                                                                                       usufNyD;ajymvkdufr,favAsm}}                                                                                         k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ud&efaumudk wpfa,mufNyD;wpfa,muf 0di;ar;Muawmhwmaygh/k f
0wfqifMuonf/ olwdkY tvkyfvkyf vdkY                                                    Hk
                                                          OD;aESmufwpfv;? ajcESpzuf? vufEpzuf     f          S f
                                                                                                                                             dYk               D
                                                                                                                                   ]]rjzpfvyg ighn&m NyD;awmh 'Dvrf;udtpfuu,wiawmif           k          kd kd f dk f                 udk&efaumudk yxrOD;qkH; pyfpkvkdufoluawmh uRefraygh
aysmf a tmif ab;rS m uuf q uf u av;                       &Sdaom cE¨mudk,fudkydkifqdkifaom vlom;
                                                                                                                       uRrf;uRrf;usifusifroGm;wufao;bl;uG? tJh'Dawmh b,foGm;vdkY                                                               ]]tpfudk&efaum 'Dyef;cif;BuD;uav t&rf;vSwmyJaemf
             Hk
wpfv;ESihf jrL;<uaomrufqD uefaw;oH                        rsm;jzpf M uwmcsif ; awmh wl n D M uonf                      jzpfrvJuG}} 'gudk udk;aZmfu]]udk&efaumuvnf; ajymae&if                                                          yef;cif;BuD;ukd jrifvdkuf&wm pdwfxJrSmMunfEl;NyD; vlvnf;
rsm;udk zGifhxm;ay;onf/                                   r[kwfygvm;/ urÇmYtaumif;qkH; EdkifiH                         awmifMumw,ftckoGm;vdkuf &ifawmif a&mufaeavmufNyD                                                               vef;qef;oGm;wmyJ/ wu,fudkMunfEl;zdkY aumif;wJhae&mwpfckyJ
           aeY v ,f p mpm;csd e f oyf o yf & S d N yD ;   BuD ; \ taumif ; qk H ; tcG i f h t a&;rsm;                  tpfudkuvnf;}} udk&efaumu ]]r[kwfao;bl; ighnDwdkY&,f                                                            aemf NyD ; awmh [ d k ; rS m Munf h y gOD ; awmif w ef ; awG NyD ; awmh
topfpufpufa&oefYbl;rsm;udkom wpf                          tm;vkH;udk uRefrwkdYurÇmYaemufqkH; EdkifiH                   OD;i,fu ighudk,kHMunfvdkY rif;wdkYudkxnhfvkdufwmav NyD;awmh                                                    pdrf;pdkaewJhopf&dyf0g;&dyf NyD;awmhobm0 tavsmufaygufaewJh
                        l
a,mufwpfb;pD azmufaomufMu onf/                            i,fav;rSm aexdkifolawG&udk &&Sd&yg                           OD;i,furif;wkdYudk rSmvkdufwm arhaeMuNyDvm; tpfudkpum;em;                                                      'Dopfyifyef;refawGudkjrifvkduf&wm pdwfxJrSmtvdkvdk MunfEl;
tvk y f o rm;trsm;pk r S m aX;Munf v k d                  rnf[k uRefrb,fwkef;urS avmbr                                                             Ydk               k
                                                                                                                       axmif&r,fvav}} ud;aZmfu]]'gu tpfupum;em;raxmifwm                         kd                                                   k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      oGm;ovdy?J 'Dyef;cif;BuD;u yef;t0gawGBuD;yJaemftpfukd xl;awmh
t*Fvdyfpmrwwf½kHru t*Fvdyfpum;yif                         wufrdcJhyg/ odkYaomfvnf; vlom;csif;                                           f              f
                                                                                                                       rSr[kwwm uReawmfwYkd oGm;csiwae&mudk tpfuvuyvu&if         f hJ                       kd kd f Ykd kd f          vnf;xl;qef;om; bmvdkYyef;0gcif;vdkY ac:uswmvJtpfudk}}
rajymwwfMuyg/ olwdkUbmom Spanish                          twl w l touf & S i f & yf w nf a e&onf h                                    h                     kd
                                                                                                                       NyD;aewJ[mudk tpfuu oufoufrhJ &pfaewmygAsm}} ud&efaum                                            k                      ]]bm&,fqkdNyD;awmhvnf; r&Sdygbl;? tcknDrav;jrifwJh
ac:rufqDuefpum;bmom tcsif;csif;                           tajccHrsOf;aMumif;wpf aMumif;uawmh                           u]]rif;wdYkrawmfvdkY 'Dvrf;c&D;rSmwpfckckjzpfcJh&if OD;i,fu ighudk                                                     d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      twki;yJav yef;cif;BuD;u tavhusaygufw,f NyD;awmhyef;t0g
ajymMuNyD ; tjcm; Recycle ypö n f ; vm                    wpfajy;xJr[kwf&ifawmif rsOf;aMumif;                          b,fvkdxifrvJ ,kHMunfvdkYighudkrif;wdkYtm;vkH;udk tyfvkdufwm                                                    yJyGifhw,f tJh'gaMumifh &GmuvlawGtm;vkH;u yef;0gcif; vdkYac:
a&mif;olrsm;ESihf ajc[efvuf[efajymNyD;                    wpfaMumif; xJay:&yfwnfaewmrsdK;awmh                          avuG wpfckckrsm; jzpfcJh&if tm;vkH;ighacgif;ay:yJ usvmrSmuG?                                                   uswmaygh odyfawmhvnf;axGaxGxl;xl;r&Sdygbl;? nDrav;
qufqHMuonf/                                               jzpfoifhonf[k awG;rdygonf/ tJ'Dvdk                                              Yk                     J
                                                                                                                       igrif;wdukd jywfjywfyajymr,f igvk;0vkurydEib;}} ud&efaum           H d f Yk dk f l             k               tckjrifovdkyJaygh}}
           ol w d k Y 0 ,f , l x m;aom Recycle            awG;rdwdkif;vnf; ]]acwfBuD;rsm; aumif;                       eJY udk;aZmfwdkY wpfa,mufwpfcGef;eJY &efjzpfMuawmhr,fh t&dyf                                                                ]]atmf 'Dvdkvm;}} uRefr&JUpum;tqkH;rSm iNzdK;u
ypönf;rsm;udk wpfrsdK;pDcGJumxnfh xm;                     vdkYuawmhAsm? aX;BudKifwkdY 'D tvkyf                         ta,mifudk uRefrwdkYjrifae&ygNyD 'DawmhuRefrvnf; ]]uJuJ                                                                      ]]uRefawmfenf;enf;awmh rSwfrdw,fAs uRefawmf(7)ESpf
aom uG e f w d e f e maemuf w G J E S i h f w l a om      rvk y f a o;bl ; }} [k n nf ; nLovd k v k d                                                    D kd
                                                                                                                       awmfusygawmh tJ'uroGm;&vkvbmrSrjzpfygbl;[m? ud&efaum    Yd J                                       k           om;avmufwkef;u tarwdkYtazwkdYeJY&Gmudktvnfvmzl;ao;
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3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
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3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
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                                                                                                                                                V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 41)

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ESmacgif;0 jym;\/ rsufpd0kdif;í cgif;ESifhaygif&if;BuD;\/ a'gopdwfjyif;í                                             wwf a omrd e f ; r/ 3/ umr*k P f u d p ö wG i f vif h t vk d t wk d i f ;                                         H                          d
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t&G,fBuD;íyG\/ rkdYarmuf\/ tapmuf 16opf? t0kdif;vufopf                                                                     jrwf a omrd e f ; rwk d Y \ tusif h - 1/ oDv0wDqkdaom tusifhoDv                     vwftrdefYay;xm;NyD;ESifhBuHKBudKufcJhonf/
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3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
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                                                                                        V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 41)



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                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
  10
                                                                                                        V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 41)
                                                                                                                                                                               D           J                  d f J S hf
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                                                                                                                                                             NyD; (9)em&D uifr&ma&SUü ½kyf&Sif½dkuf&onf/
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odrf;onf/
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                                                                                                                                                                                                         ukvmzl;aom VICTOR FLEM-
0 k ' f r S p l y g p w m ; (ELARK
                                                                                                                                                                                                         MUVE jzpfonf/
GABLE) jzpfonf/
                                                                                 there) /     xkdpmtkyfrSm urÇmü tqkd;qHk;aomvl(103)a,muf taMumif;                 olUukd rif;om;u olUpmcsKyft& olBudKufrif;om;u olBudKuf
         rif;orD;rSm [mo&oawmfaom CLOUOET GOLBERT jzpf
                                                                                 pmtkyfjzpfonf/                                                              'g½dkufwmukd iSm;vmjcif;jzpfonf/ xkdrif;om;ESifhtopf'g½dkufwmrSm
onf/
                                                                                         4/ (1939) GONE WITH THE WIND                                        oli,fcsif; t&ufaomufawmfoljzpfonf/
         ZmwfñTef;rSm ROBERT RISKIH ? 'g½dkufwmrSm urÇmausmf
                                                                                         aq;a&mifpHkZmwfum;(atmfpum&Spf)pk&aom ½kyf&Sifum;BuD;/                    olaX;u ZmwfñTef;topfa&;&ef um;½kdufem;u (10)&uftwGif;
atmfpumESpfck&aom FRARIK CAPRA jzpfonf/
                                                                                         ,aeYxd ESpfpOfrS(10)ESpfwpfBudrf urÇmU½kyf&Sif(10)um;a&G;wkdif;     wpfaeY (3000)EIef;ESifha&;Muonf/
                           d             G f
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                                                                                 tEkynmt&omru 0ifaiGt& xkd(10)um;xJü tNrJ,SOfumaeaom                               'gu aeYpm;ZmwfñTef;a&;olu 'D0w¬K usKyfrzwfEkdifbl;/ ----
oljzpfí (ol&)bGJU&aom AkdvfrSL;BuD;a[mif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                 urÇmUtausmftarmf *EÅ0if½kyf&Sifum;BuD;jzpfrnf/                              olaX;ESifh 'g½dkufwmwkdY----ajymjyonf/
         (tjzLtrnf;um;)jycsdef (105)rdepf&Sdonf/ a[mvD;0k'fü ---
                                                                                         urÇmU½kyf&Sif&mZ0if ESpfaygif;(100)rjynfhao;aomfvnf; xkd(1939)            okdYjzifh wpfcef;csif; wpfaeYEIef;ESifha&;&m olaX;u b,folUukdrS
Zmwfvrf;ukd ESpfBudrfjyef½dkufzl;onf/
                                                                                 ½dkufaom þum;onf tvGefBuD;us,fcrf;em;ovkd tEkynmt&                          xrif;pm;cGifhray;bJ a&;Mu? ajymMuESifh (10)&ufa&mufaomf olaX;
         usefZmwfum; ykdpwm pmrsufESm(10-11)üygonf/
                                                                                 xdywef;wGi(10)ESpausmf(DWIW) í pm(4)vH;a&;--- 'Dum; taMumif;
                                                                                       f          f        f                       k                         armum arhum q&m0efac:&onf/ rl;umvJoGm;onf/
         2/ (1935) TRIUMPH OF THE WILL
                                                                                 ukd vlrsm;odMuonf/                                                                'g½dkufwmvJ rsufpda,mifvmonf/ ZmwfñTef;a&;olurl tdyfNyD;
                                          G f     f
         þum;rSm Zmwfvrf;qkwir[kwacs/ *smreDtmPm&Si([pfwvm)           f
                                                                                         xkdYaMumifh þum;taMumif;ukd tusOf;csKyfíwifjyvkdonf/                                                          k
                                                                                                                                                             em;axmifum xNyD;a&;oljzpfí aq;½Hrwuf&acs/ aeYpOf eHeuf (9)em&D?
onf (1934)ckESpfwGif olwnfaxmifaom (emZD)ygwDukdtajcjyKum
                                                                                         a[mvD;0k'f½kyf&Sifavmuonf ½kyfoH(wDAD)rsm;wkdYu ---tcgü                          kd                                      k f
                                                                                                                                                             n(9)em&D½uMf u&m rif;orD;---í rif;orD;½du&uf (22)ywfMumonf/
urÇmU('kwd,)ppfBuD;ukdpwifcJhonf/ ol (NAZI) ygwDukd (El&ifbpf)
                                                                                 um;rsKd;pHk½dkufNyD; NydKif&onf/                                                                         k f
                                                                                                                                                                   (1939) ---um;p½du&m um;NyD;umeD;---wGif 'g½duwm tdy,m           k f     f
                      f
tm;upm;uGi;BuD;ü vltiftm; ppfwyfygwDrS vlrsm;ode;csDum tiftm;       f
                                                                                         okdYaomf þ (GWTW) onf b,ftcsdefjzpfjzpf b,f½kyf&Sifum;ukd           xJvJawmhonf/
jyaomrSwfwrf;wifum;/ rdepf(110)om&Sdonf/                                                                                                                           usef&ufukd 'g½dkufwm SAN WOOD u *sLvkdif--½dkufonf/
         okdYaomf þum;onf urÇmU½kyf&Sif&mZ0ifü aMumufp&mtaumif;                  rS raMuufaomum;jzpfonf/
                                                                                         þ½kyf&Sifum; tajccH½dkufaom 0w¬KrSm ,aeYqkdvQif (75)ESpf                  aq;a&mifpHkzvifayaygif;(450ç000)½dkufNyD; ayaygif;(225ç000)/
qHk;tiftm; ppfwyfvlxkjyaom uifr&maygif;pHk? axmifaygif;pHkrS pHkvif
                                                                                 pdef&wkboifokdYyif ausmfvGefcJhonf/                                                                         f S f
                                                                                                                                                                   um;qufNyD;aemuf ½ky&ium; ay(250ç000)jzwfí (4)em&DMumum
atmifjyaom urÇmUtaumif;qHk;(rSwfwrf;wifum;)jzpfonf/
                                                                                                       k f H
                                                                                         þum;ukd ½yoütar&duefwpfjynfv;wpfBudrjf ycGi&vQif a':vm
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                                                                                                                                                             wpfaeY (2)yGyjJ y&onf/ (pma&;ol þ(GWTW) ukd (5)BudrMf unfz;onf/           h l
         þum;ukd½dkufolrSm urÇmausmf emZD0g'ukdBudKufaom trsKd;orD;
                                                                                 (5) oef;ay;rnf[k wDAZmwfum;(3)um;tm;jy&ef BudK;pm;cJonf/ xkum;
                                                                                                              D                                    h   d     þpma&;aepOf þum; ab;bD½dkxJü DVD ESifh&Sdonf/
'g½dkufwm LENI RIEFENSTAHL jzpfonf/ olu ([pfwvm)ukd
                                                                                 ykdif&SifuriSm;cJhacs/                                                            (1939)avmufü þum; a':vm(5)oef;ukefonf/
tvGefav;pm;ol ½kyf&Sif'g½dkufwm uifr&m trsKd;orD;jzpfonf/
                                                                                         þum;onf (1981)wGif wpfESpf(12)um;a&G;&mwGif eHygwf(1)                     'g½dkufwm tu,f'rD&aomfvnf; wufr,lí tdrfukdykdYay;&onf/
         rdrd emZDygwDukd urÇmuaMumufatmif½dkufjyEkdifí [pfwvmu
                                                                                 a&muf\/ xkdum; (1981)txd 0ifaiGonf a':vm(9'or283) oef;                            tu,f'rD (GWTW)um; 'g½dkufwm? rif;orD;? ZmwfñTef;?
ol-ü olrukdxm;um urÇmukdodaponf/
                                                                                 jzpfonf/                                                                    "mwfyHkq&m? t&efo½kyfaqmif? qufwif tm;vHk;(&Spf)qk&onf/
         þum;onf ½kyf&Sif&mZ0ifü tNrJwrf;½kyf&Sifynmajrmufaom
                                                                                         usefatmfpum(&Spf)qk& ½kyf&Sifum;onf 0w¬K(xkdtrnftwkdif;)ukd               (1939) 'DZifbmv(15)&ufpmwifxm;Mu&m e,l;a&muf ASTOR
rSwfwrf;½kyf&Sifum;tjzpf wnf&Sdaernfjzpfonf/
                                                                                 a&;onfrm trsKd;orD;(t0&wfrpfcs,f)jzpfonf/ olru xk0w¬Ka&;cJpOf
                                                                                               S                                                     d   h   ESifh CAPITAL (2)½Hküjyonf/
         3/ (1939) THE OLYMPIA - rd e pf j yocsd e f ES p f y k d i f ; wG J -
                                                                                 (1926)umvu touf(26)ESpf? t&yf(4)ay(11)vufr&Sdonf/ xkd                             þum;½dkufaom NrdKUawmf ATLANTA ü (5)&uf *kPfjyKyGJvkyf
(220)&Snfonf
                                                                                 (av½l; okefokef)[k jrefrmtrnf&Sdaom0w¬Kukd olronf (10)ESpfMum               onf/
         þZmwfum;onfvnf; [pfwvmu 0g'jzefYaomoabmESifh
                                                                                 a&;cJhonf/ 0w¬KwpfcgrSa&;zl;olr[kwf/ olUb0ü þ0w¬Kwpfckom                          þ GWTW onf R172 ½kyf&Sif½HkBuD;ü (4)ESpfjy&onf/
*smreDjynf? qmvif NrdKUüusif;yaomurÇmUtkdvHypf(1939)taMumif;
                                                                                 a&;zl;onf/                                                                        (1947)vlxk oef;(100)ausmfMunfhNyD;cJhcsdef trsKd;orD;wpfOD; (33)
ESpfykdif;wGJjzpfonf/
                                                                                         olronf xkwfa0olwpfOD;wdkufwGef;csuft& tar&duefajrmuf                BudrfMunfhonf/
         xkdtkdvHypfü tar&duefrS vlrnf;---(*sufpD)(tkdrif;) a&TwHqdyf
                                                                                 ykdif; olaX;orD;wpfOD;taMumif;? jynfwGif;ppftaMumif;? olrb0t                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                   (1949)? Mo*kwv(11)&uf pma&;q&mr um;wduc&um wpf&uf           k f H
qGwfcl;cJhí tmPm&Sif([pfwvm)tvGeft&Suf&cJhaom Zmwfum;BuD;
                                                                                 aMumif; 0w¬Kjzpfonf/ xkd0w¬K (1936)xGufaomESpfwGif þ0w¬Konf                 tMumü aoqHk;onf/
jzpfonf/ tvGef--ygaomuifr&mrif;rsm;ESifh'g ½dkufwmrsm;--½dkufaom
                                                                                 aeYcsif;ncsif; vlBudKufrsm;um ptkyf(1)oef;cGJa&mif;&onf/                          aeYpOf t&ufaomufaom 'g½dkufwm zvif;0if;onf touf(65)
(LENIH)yifjzpfonf/
                                                                                         (1939)½ky&ixuum ½ky&iatmfpum(&Sp)qk&í (1961)ü þ0w¬K
                                                                                                    f S f G f      f S f             f                       ESpfwGif aoqHk;onf/
                             f S f   l dk f     h   h
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                                                                                 ukd bmomaygif;(26)jyefqkd&m oef;csDuma&mif;&onf/                                  þ GWTW um;rif ; orD ; onf þum;wG i f tu,f ' rD & NyD ;
ygonf/ okdYaomf urÇmü -----emZD0g'om taumif; qHk;jyqkdaom
                                                                                         qkdAD,ufacgif;aqmifBuD; u½k&Sufonf wpfOD;ESifhtwl tar&duef          STREET CAR NAMED DESIRE ü 'kwd,tBudrfqk&onf/
([pfwvm)rl0g'½kyf&Sifum; jzpfonf/
                                                                                 vmvnfpOfu xk0w¬Kaqmufwnf&ma'oü ½ky&i½--aum taqmuf
                                                                                                         d                             f S f kH                    olra,mufsm;rSm t*FvefrS (qm)bGJU& atmfpumqk& rif;om;?
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ukdurÇmUvlqkd;[pfwvmESifhaygif;pyfí touf(90)ausmfxd aeoGm;
                                                                                 ygonf[kqdkonf/                                                                    þav;um;onf (1930)rS (1939) um;rsm;xJrS xl;jcm;aom
onf/ olru wu,fh½kyf&Sifynm&Sifjzpfonf/
                                                                                         wu,fawmh 0w¬KwpfcgrS ra&;bl;aompma&;q&mronf (3)ESpf                 um;(4)um;jzpfonf/ þaqmif;yg;onf pma&;oluJhokdY ½kyf&Sifcspfol
         tmPm&Sifaygif;rdí 'ku©a&muf&NyD; [pfwvmonfvnf; rdrd
                                                                                 csKdif;axmufESifhoGm;&oljzpfí xkdtcsdeftwGif; tar&duefjynfajrmuf            rsm;twGuf a&;jcif;jzpfygonf/
ukd,fukd owfaooGm;cJhonf/ (rSwfcsuf)/ ,aeY tar&duef USIS
                                                                                 ykdif; jynfwGif;ppfukd tajccHuma&;qGJonf/                                                                                  tu,f'rD'g½kdufwmxGef;vIdif
pmMunfhwdkufü pmtkyfwpftkyf &Sdonf/
         xkpmtkytrnfrm (oifonf wpfaeY edAmefoa&mufvQif þyk*Kd¾ vf
             d          f          S                  Á   Ydk                            0w¬KxGufNyD; (16)&uftwGif; MGM ukrÜPD? xkwfvkyfol(a';Apf
rsm;ESifhawGUrnfr[kwf) (If You go to Heaven You don't meet them                  aevfepf)onf a':vmig;aomif;ESifh 0w¬Kukd0,fonf/

3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
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                                                                                                      V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 41)

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3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
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                                                                                                                                3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
16
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3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
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3-2-2013,Sunday                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              19
                                                                        V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 41)


            HITACHI ASIA                              ukrÜPD&efukef½Hk;cGJ pwifzGifUvSpf




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3-2-2013,Sunday                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              21
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3-2-2013,Sunday
 22
                                                                                                                 V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 41 )


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3-2-2013,Sunday                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              25
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3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      29
                       V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 41)


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                                                                                                                                        3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
30
                                                                                                                                           V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 41)

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            3, 2 , 2013, Sunday
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