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					                                             Flood

Flood is an overflow of water that soaks or covers land. Floods are the most frequent type of
natural disaster worldwide. It can be caused by several things, naturally and form the effect of
human behavior. The most common cause is because of the over capacity of the body of
water, e.g. river or lake. As a result some of the water flows outside of the body of water. It
can also occur in rivers, when the strength of the river is so high that it flows right out of the
river channel. A flood from sea may be caused by a heavy storm, a high tide, a tsunami, or a
combination the three.

Soil and vegetation absorbs most of the surface water, floods happen when there are lack of
trees and the soil alone cannot absorb all the water. The water then runs off the land in
quantities that cannot be carried in stream channels or kept in natural ponds or man-made
reservoirs. A flood can also be caused by blocked sewage pipes and waterways, such as the
Jakarta flood.

There are several types of flood. Periodic floods occur naturally on many rivers, forming an
area known as the flood plain. These river floods usually result from heavy rain, sometimes
combined with melting snow, which causes the rivers to overflow their banks. A flood that
rises and falls rapidly with little or no advance warning is called a flash flood.



                                          Earthquake

Earthquake is a sudden shaking of the earth’s surface that often causes a lot of damage. It is
the result of a sudden release of stored energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves.
Earthquakes may happen naturally or as a result of human activities. Smaller earthquakes can
also be caused by volcanic activity, landslides, mine blasts, and nuclear experiments.

At the Earth’s surface, earthquakes can be seen from the shaking or displacement of the
ground. Sometimes, they cause tsunamis, which may lead to loss of life and damage of
property. There are two types of earthquake that occurs naturally, they are tectonic and
volcanic earthquakes. Tectonic earthquakes are earthquakes that are caused by tectonic plates
getting stuck and putting a strain on the ground. The strain becomes so great that rocks give
way by breaking and sliding along fault planes.

Volcanic earthquakes are earthquakes which are caused by themovement of magma in
volcanoes. In volcanic regions earthquakes may be caused both by tectonic faults and by the
movement of magma in volcanoes. Such earthquakes can be an early warning of volcanic
eruptions

The size of an earthquake is usually reported using the Richter scale or a related Moment
scale. Earthquakes which are 3 on the Richter scale or lower are hard to notice. Whereas,
those which are 7 on the Richter scale causes serious damage over large areas.
                                               Tornado

A tornado is a violently rotating column of air which is in contact with both a cumulonimbus
cloud or, in rare cases, a cumulus cloud base and the surface of the earth. Tornadoes come in
many sizes but are typically in the form of a visible condensation funnel, whose narrow end
touches the earth and is often encircled by a cloud of debris.

Most tornadoes have wind speeds of 110 mph (177 km/h) or less, are about 250 feet (75 m)
across, and travel a few miles (several kilometers) before disappears. Some reach wind
speeds of more than 300 mph (480 km/h), stretch more than a mile (1.6 km) across, and stay
on the ground for dozens of miles (more than 100 km).

Although tornadoes have been observed on every continent except Antarctica, most occur in
the United States. They also commonly occur in southern Canada, southcentral and eastern
Asia, east-central South America, Southern Africa, north-western and central Europe, Italy,
western and south-eastern Australia, and New Zealand.




PENGUINS
Penguins are birds that cannot fly. There are eighteen different species. They are all splendid
swimmers and can propel themselves through the water at rate of 30 kilometers per hour. They live
only in the southern seas of the world, on the island of Australia, in New Zealand, South Africa and
southern South America. Those that live in the snow and ice cannot build nests.
The biggest are the Emperor penguins which stand about 1.2 meters and weigh about 75 kilograms.
When a female lays an egg, it is the male that keeps it off the ice by resting it on top of his feet.
When the chick hatches, the male, which will not have eaten for two months, then goes off to feed
while the female stays with the chick to-feed and protect it.
Adelle penguins gather in huge colonies, sometimes as many as half a million in one group.
Rock hopper penguins are so called because of the way they hop from rock to rock. They have long
crests on their heads. Their chicks are covered with soft down when hathced. They are helpless at
first and needed to be looked for several weeks.
As far back as 1499 it was noted that the jackass penguin brayed like an ass. It is also known as the
black-footed penguin. Gentoo penguins live on many of the Antartic islands. They are very friendly
and do not fear man. King penguins also live in the Antartic. They toboggan on their stomachs at the
great speed on the ice to escape their enemies.
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Plants
Plants are living beings. They need food, water and air for survival.
Plants derive their food from the earth and the air. If you look at their roots, you will find that ends
of these roots are like fine fibers. We call them root-hairs. They absorb water and minerals, then
transport them upwards to the leaves through the trunk and the branches. It is the leaves which
prepare the food.
The green material, chlorophyll, prepares the food like a machine. It converts the carbon dioxide
taken from the air and water from the ground into sugar with the help of sunlight. This chemical
reaction is called photosynthes. In fact, the chlorophyll takes energy from the sunlight and uses it to
synthesize the hydrogen from water and carbon from carbon dioxide for making sugar. This reaction
also gives out oxygen and water which are excreted by the leaves.
————————————————————————————————————
RADIO
The radio is one of the most popular mass media in the world. Almost all people are familiar with it
and most of them own one.
The radio is effective for distance communication. People get information about the world as soon
as possible just by listening to the radio at home. They also find entertainment like drama, music,
etc. on the radio. They can also use radio to send their family messages. Radio is also good for saying
hello to a friend orn sends other kinds of messages just as a social interaction. The radio is very
important to the police, too. During emergencies where telephones do not work and transportation
is impossible, using radio will be very useful.
The history of the radio begins with Guglielmo Marconi, an Italian expert at telegraph. In 1901 he
succeeded in transmitting the Morse code signal for the letter S from Cornwall, England to
Newfoundland across the Atlantic.
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Contoh Report tentang hewan
GOANNAS
Goannas are large Australian lizards which belong to the reptile family.Goannas are yellowish-brown
in colour and grow to about a metre in length.They live in burrows and eat insects, lizards, mice,
eggs, and flesh of dead animals. To breed, the female goanna lays about six eggs in a termite mound.
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Contoh Report tentang tekhnologi
Fax Machine
Fax, the short term for facsimile is a telecommunications technology used to transfer copies
(facsimiles) of documents, especially using affordable devices operating over the telephone network.
The word telefax, short for telefacsimile, for “make a copy at a distance”, is also used as a synonym.
The device is also known as a telecopier in certain industries. When sending documents to people at
large distances, faxes have a distinct advantage over postal mail in that the delivery is nearly
instantenous, yet its disadvantages in quality and its proprietary format have relegated it to a
position beneath email as the prevailing form of electronic document tranferral.
————————————————————————————————————

Whales are sea-living mammals. They therefore breathe air but cannot survive on land. Some
species are very large indeed and blue whale, which can exceed 30 cm in length, is the largest animal
to have lived on earth Superficially, the whale looks rather like a fish, but there are important
differences in its external structure: its tail consists of a pair of broad, flat, horizontal paddles (the
tail of a fish is vertical) and it has a single nostril on top of its large, broad head. The skin is smooth
and shiny and beneath it lays a layer of fat (blubber). This is up to 30 cm in thickness and serves to
conserve heat and body fluids.
                                      Kangaroo

A kangaroo is an animal found only in Australia, although it has a smaller relative,
called a wallaby, which lives on the Australian island of Tasmania and also in New
Guinea.




Kangaroos eat grass and plants. They have short front legs, but very long, and very
strong back legs and a tail. These are used for sitting up and for jumping. Kangaroos
have been known to make forward jumps of over eight metres, and leap across fences
more than three metres high. They can also run at speeds of over 45 kilometres per
hour.

The largest kangaroos are the Great Grey Kangaroo and the Red Kangaroo. Adult
grow to a length of 1.60 metres and weigh over 90 kilos.

Kangaroos are marsupials. This means that the female kangaroo has an external
pouch on the front of her body. A baby kangaroo is very tiny when it is born, and it
crawls at once into this pouch where it spends its first five months of life


                              What Is Thunder and Lightning?
Lightning is a sudden, violent flash of electricity between a cloud and the ground, or from
cloud to cloud. A lightning fl ash, or bolt, can be several miles long. It is so hot, with an
average temperature of 34,000° Centigrade, that the air around it suddenly expands with a
loud blast. This is the thunder we hear.

Lightning occurs in hot, wet storms. Moist air is driven up to a great height. It forms a type of
cloud called cumulonimbus. When the cloud rises high enough, the moisture freezes and ice
crystals and snowfl akes are formed. These begin to fall, turning to rain on the way down.
This rain meets more moist air rising, and it is the friction between them which produces
static electricity. When a cloud is fully charged with this electricity, it discharges it as a
lightning flash.



                                 Platypus; a report text




Many people call platypus duckbill because this animal has a bill like duckbill.
Platypus is a native Tasmania and southern and eastern Australia.

Platypus has a flat tail and webbed feet. Its body length is 30 to 45cm and covered
with a thick, and woolly layer of fur. Its bill is detecting prey and stirring up mud.
Platypus' eyes and head are small. It has no ears but has ability to sense sound and
light.

Platypus lives in streams, rivers, and lakes. Female platypus usually dig burrows in
the streams or river banks. The burrows are blocked with soil to protect it from
intruders and flooding. In the other hand, male platypus does not need any burrow
to stay.
                                        The Camel




The camel is a large, strong desert animal. Camels can travel great distances across hot, dry
deserts with little food or water. They walk easily on soft sand and carry people and heavy
hump. The hump is a large lump of fat providing energy if food is hard to find.


There are two chief kinds of camels: (1) the Arabian camel also loads to places that have no
roads. Camels also serve the people of the desert in many other ways. The camel carries its
own built-in food supply on its back in the form of a called dromedary, which has one hump,
and (2) Bactrian camel, which has two humps.




                                The Red Bird Of Paradise




An Indonesian endemic, the Red Bird of Paradise is distributed to lowland rainforests of
Waigeo and Batanta islands of West Papua. This species shares its home with another bird of
paradise, the Wilson's Bird of Paradise. Hybridisation between these two species are expected
but not recorded yet.

The Red Bird of Paradise, Paradisaea rubra is a large, up to 33cm long, brown and yellow
bird of paradise with a dark brown iris, grey legs and yellow bill. The male has an emerald
green face, a pair of elongated black corkscrew-shaped tail wires, dark green feather
pompoms above each eye and a train of glossy crimson red plumes with whitish tips at either
side of the breast.

The male measures up to 72 cm long, including the ornamental red plumes that require at
least six years to fully attain. The female resembles the male but is smaller in size, with a
dark brown face and has no ornamental red plumes. The diet consists mainly of fruits, berries
and arthropods.




TORNADO

A tornado is a violent, dangerous, rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of
the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. They are often
referred to as a twister or a cyclone, although the word cyclone is used in meteorology in a wider
sense, to name any closed low pressure circulation. Tornadoes come in many shapes and sizes, but
are typically in the form of a visible condensation funnel, whose narrow end touches the earth and is
often encircled by a cloud of debris and dust. Most tornadoes have wind speeds less than 110 miles
per hour (177 km/h), are approximately 250 feet (76 m) across, and travel a few miles (several
kilometers) before dissipating. The most extreme tornadoes can attain wind speeds of more than
300 mph (480 km/h), stretch more than two miles (3.2 km) across, and stay on the ground for
dozens of miles (more than 100 km).



Various types of tornadoes include the landspout, multiple vortex tornado, and waterspout.
Waterspouts are characterized by a spiraling funnel-shaped wind current, connecting to a large
cumulus or cumulonimbus cloud. They are generally classified as non-supercellular tornadoes that
develop over bodies of water. These spiraling columns of air frequently develop in tropical areas
close to the equator, and are less common at high latitudes. Other tornado-like phenomena that
exist in nature include the gustnado, dust devil, fire whirls, and steam devil.

Tornadoes have been observed on every continent except Antarctica. However, the vast majority of
tornadoes in the world occur in the Tornado Alley region of the United States, although they can
occur nearly anywhere in North America. They also occasionally occur in south-central and eastern
Asia, the Philippines, south east Asia, like Malaysia, northern and east-central South America,
Southern Africa, northwestern and southeast Europe, western and southeastern Australia, and New
Zealand. Tornadoes can be detected before or as they occur through the use of Pulse-Doppler radar
by recognizing patterns in velocity and reflectivity data, such as hook echoes, as well as by the
efforts of storm spotters.

There are several different scales for rating the strength of tornadoes. The Fujita scale rates
tornadoes by damage caused, and has been replaced in some countries by the updated Enhanced
Fujita Scale. An F0 or EF0 tornado, the weakest category, damages trees, but not substantial
structures. An F5 or EF5 tornado, the strongest category, rips buildings off their foundations and can
deform large skyscrapers. The similar TORRO scale ranges from a T0 for extremely weak tornadoes
to T11 for the most powerful known tornadoes. Doppler radar data, photogrammetry, and ground
swirl patterns (cycloidal marks) may also be analyzed to determine intensity and assign a rating.



BOROBUDUR TEMPLE

Borobudur Temple is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist monument near Magelang, Central
Java, Indonesia. The monument comprises six square platforms topped by three circular
platforms, and is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. A main dome,
located at the center of the top platform, is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues seated inside
perforated stupa.'

The monument is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage. The
journey for pilgrims begins at the base of the monument and follows a path circumambulating
the monument while ascending to the top through the three levels of Buddhist cosmology,
namely Kāmadhātu (the world of desire), Rupadhatu (the world of forms) and Arupadhatu
(the world of formlessness). During the journey the monument guides the pilgrims through a
system of stairways and corridors with 1,460 narrative relief panels on the wall and the
balustrades.

Evidence suggests Borobudur was abandoned following the 14th-century decline of Buddhist
and Hindu kingdoms in Java, and the Javanese conversion to Islam. Worldwide knowledge of
its existence was sparked in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, then the British ruler of
Java, who was advised of its location by native Indonesians.

Borobudur has since been preserved through several restorations. The largest restoration
project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and
UNESCO, following which the monument was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Borobudur is still used for pilgrimage; once a year Buddhists in Indonesia celebrate Vesak at
the monument, and Borobudur is Indonesia's single most visited tourist attraction.




GIRAFFE

The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest living
terrestrial animal and the largest ruminant. Its specific name refers to its camel-like face and patches
of color on a light background, which bear a vague resemblance to a leopard's spots. The giraffe is
also noted for its extremely long neck and legs and prominent horns. It stands 5–6 m (16–20 ft) tall
and has an average weight of 1,200 kg (2,600 lb) for males and 830 kg (1,800 lb) for females. It is
classified under the family Giraffidae, along with its closest extant relative, the okapi. There are nine
subspecies, which differ in size, coloration, pattern, and range.

The giraffe's scattered range extends from Chad in the north to South Africa in the south and from
Niger in the west to Somalia in the east. Giraffes usually inhabit savannas, grasslands, and open
woodlands. They prefer areas with plenty of acacia trees, which are important food sources, and can
browse at heights that most other herbivores cannot reach. While adults are nearly invulnerable to
predation, lions, leopards, spotted hyenas and wild dogs prey on calves. Giraffes commonly gather in
aggregations that usually disband every few hours. Males establish social hierarchies through
"neckings", which are combat bouts where the neck is used as a weapon. Dominant males gain
mating access to females, who bear the sole responsibility for raising the young.

The giraffe has intrigued various cultures, both ancient and modern, for its peculiar appearance, and
has often been featured in paintings, novels and cartoons. It is classified by the IUCN as Least
Concern, but has been extirpated from many parts of its former range, and some subspecies are
classified as Endangered. Nevertheless, giraffes are found in numerous game reserves.




Chinese culture played a truly significant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia; although,
not as strong as the Hindu, Buddhist or Moslem influences. Many Chinese culture forms of artistic
expressions were adapted and assimilated into indigenous forms. The Chinese influence was
restricted to an adapted form.
The architectural elements in some temples, for example, reveal Chinese influence. It is identical to
the original models found in mainland China. In Gianyar Bali, strong links between the Chinese and
local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roofing on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of
the last century. In Cirebon, Chinese designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. Chine
influence also occurs in textile, furniture and household objects.
1. What is the text about?
a. The adaptation of Chinese culture
b. The Chinese culture in architects
c. The development of visual art in Indonesia
d. The Chinese influence in Indonesian visual art

2. Where can you find a palace with the Chinese-style roofing?
a. In Gianyar
b. In Denpasar
c. In Cirebon
d. In Central Java

3. Where can you find the Chinese influence in Cirebon’s culture?
a. Chinese design in local ceramics and paintings
b. The architectural elements in some temples
c. The Chinese-style roofing on the palace
d. Chinese culture in visual art

4. “Chinese culture played a truly significant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia, ….”
The underlined word can be best replaced by ….
a. Official
b. Important
c. Artificial
d. Additional




                                        The Blue Whale
The Blue Whale is largest whale and the largest living creature on Earth. Blue Whales were
hunted a lot for oil,ballen,meat, and other products from the 1930s to 1960s. This hunting
almost caused the extinction of the species. They are now protected and may gradually be
returning in several areas. (Definition/General classification)
Blue Whales are mainly found in very could waters, like the Arctis and Antartic Waters.They
migrate to the tropics in the Winter and to the Arctic and Antartic in the Summer. (Habitat)
Blue Whales car reach over 24 m (80ft) long; mature fermales are usually a bit longer than
matur males. They weight between 87.500-142.500 kg. They skin has light grey and white
spotty pattern. (Anatomy)
Blue Whales feed by opening its mouth into dense group off small sea creatures like
plankton, krill or fish (Diet)
Blue Whale are mammals. They give birth once every two or three years. Matiing occurs
during the summer season, and they give birth after about 11 month. The calf nurse for seven
or eight months and gain weight about 90 kg (200 lb) per day. (Reproduction)




MAKASSAR

Makassar is the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and the largest city on
Sulawesi Island. From 1971 to 1999, the city was named Ujung Pandang, after a pre-colonial
fort in the city, and the two names are often used interchangeably. The port city is located at
5°8′S 119°25′E, on the southwest coast of the island of Sulawesi, facing the Makassar Strait.
Its area is 175.77 km2 and has population of around 1.4 million.

Makassar is home to several prominent landmarks including the 16th century Dutch fort Fort
Rotterdam, Trans Studio Makassar—the third largest indoor theme park in the world and the
Karebosi Link—the first underground shopping center in Indonesia.

Makassar has several famous traditional foods. The most famous is Coto Makassar. It is a
stew made from the mixture of nuts and spices with beef parts which include beef brain,
tongue and intestine. Konro rib dish is also popular traditional food in Makassar. Both Coto
Makassar and Konro are usually eaten with Burasa, glutinous rice with coconut milk and
sauted coconut granule.
In addition, Makassar is the home of pisang epe, or pressed bananas. These are bananas
which are pressed, grilled, and covered with palm sugar sauce and sometimes eaten with
Durian. Many street vendors sell pisang epe, especially around the area of Losari beach.
                                                             (Adapted from en.wikipedia.org)




Text 1:
                                     KOMODO DRAGON

         This animal is the world's heaviest lizard, weighing 150 pounds or more. The largest
one ever measured was more than 10 feet (3 meters) long and weighed 366 pounds (166
kg) but the average size of this animal in the wild is about 8 feet (2.5 meters) long and 200
pounds (91 kg).
         This animal has gray scaly skin, a pointed snout, powerful limbs and a muscular tail.
They use their keen sense of smell to locate decaying animal remains from several miles
away. They also hunt other lizards as well as large mammals and are sometimes
cannibalistic. This animal's teeth are almost completely covered by its gums. When it feeds,
the gums bleed, creating an ideal culture for virulent bacteria. The bacterias that live in this
animal's saliva causes septicemia, or blood poisoning, in its victims. It will bite its prey then
follow it until the animal is too weak to carry on.
         This lizard species is threatened by hunting, loss of prey species and habitat loss.
Text 2:
                                        ORANGUTANS

        These animals belong to the Primate order. It spends most of the time in trees. Each
evening it builds a new treetop nest. They are endangered because of habitat lost and
poachers keep on killing, owning, and exporting. They only live on the island of Borneo and
in the northern corner of the island of Sumatra.
        These animals are characterized by rough, long, reddish-brown fur. The Male ones
are about 95 cm (37 in) in length and about 77 kg (170 lb) in weight. Females are smaller,
reaching about 78 cm (31 in) in height and weighing only about 37 kg (81 lb). The male has
puffy cheeks and a hanging throat-pouch. This pouch contains air sacks that help produce a
groaning, bubbling call, which can be heard at least 1 km (0.6 mi) away. Half of this animal’s
diet consists of fruit, but they also eat young leaves, soft inner bark, termites, eggs, and
occasionally monkeys. When a female is ready to mate, she will seek out an adult male.
These animals are mammals; females give birth to a single infant about once every four to
eight years. The gestational period for this animal is just under nine months, nearly the same
as in human beings. Infants stay very close to their mothers for the first three years until they
don’t consume their mother’s milk.
Text 3:
                            KANGAROO (MACROPUS RUFUS)
    This animal is a common Marsupial from the islands of Australia and New Guinea.
Marsupials are animals with pouch. They carry their babies in a pouch in the mother’s
abdomen.
    These animals have two strong legs with two long feet; they have a muscular long tail,
large ears and a small head. They have short arms with clawed hands. The soft, wooly fur
can be blue, grey, red, black, yellow or brown, depending on the species females have a
pouch in which the young live and drink milk.
    These herbivores (plant-eaters) eat grass, leaves, and roots. They swallow their food
without chewing it. These animals need little water; they can go for months without drinking,
and they dig their own water.
    These shy animals live about 6 years in the wild and up to 20 in captivity. Most of them
are nocturnal (active at night). These animals can hop up to 74 kilometers per hour and go
over 9 meters in one hop.
Text 4:
                                         COCONUT TREE
     This plant is a tree of the palm family. It is one of tree which lives in tropical countries. It
is tall palm tree. Cocos nucifera is binomial name of its.
     It can grow up to 30 m high. They have a single cylindrical trunk. At the top of the trunk
there are pinnate leaves. They are about 3 to 4 m long and the pinnate 60 to 90 cm long.
The fruit is oval and the diameter is about 30 cm long. It has thick husk and a hard shell.
Inside the shell there is white meat and sweet liquid.
     They usually grow in the lowland. It is easy to grow because it is not need special care. It
can survive until few years. It is different with other tree because it is multifunction.
     It is very useful plants. We can use every part of the tree in our lives. The white meat can
make in to copra by dry it. Then the people can get oil from it and use in daily cooking.
Beside copra the meat also can make soap, candles and use it in culinary. The trunk is use
to built houses. Sometimes there are people who use the leaves as roof and the people in
Indonesia usually use it to make “ketupat”. People also can make rope, doormats, and from
its husk, because it is very useful so it use as scout symbol.
Text 5:
                                     THE DURIAN FRUIT

        It is the name of the tree and the fruit. It is an expensive and exotic fruit from Asia
and is referred to as "The king of all fruits". The name is derived from the Malay word "duri"
meaning thorn - due to its thick, tough and thorny husk. It is either loved by its aficionados
with an almost cult like fervor or hated by those repelled by its smell. The rich, buttery
smooth and luscious flesh of it is delicious and is comparable to no other fruit. However, the
disagreeable odor of it gave birth to this often repeated phrase: "it is a fruit that smells like
hell but taste like heaven". While almost everyone who has tasted it agrees the taste is
heavenly, no two ever describes the taste the same.
        This fruit belongs to the Bombacaceae family and is native of south and East Asia
and is grown in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Papua New
Guinea, southern Philippines and other Asian countries. It is believed to have originated in
Borneo and Sumatra. This plant grows up to 50 meters high with oblong evergreen leaves
10 to 20 centimeters long and bears fruits after 4 to 5 years. This plant can live for centuries
if not damaged by lightning, disease, soil erosion or other factors.
       Text 6:
                                                RABBIT

        These animals are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha,
found in several parts of the world. In general, they divided into two types. First is the free
one and second is pet animal. Included in the category of free animal are hares (Lepus
curpaeums) and the wild animal (Oryctolagus cuniculus).Viewed from the type of fur, it is
composed of type short and long haired with a slightly yellowish color. When winter, this
yellow color turned to gray.
        Its long ears, which can be more than 10 cm long, are probably an adaptation for
detecting predators. They have large, powerful hind legs. Each foot has five toes, with one
greatly reduced in size. They are digitigrades animals; they move around on the tips of their
toes. Wild animals do not differ much in their body proportions or stance, with full, egg-
shaped bodies. Their size can range anywhere from 20 cm in length and 0.4 kg in weight to
50 cm and more than 2 kg.
        The fur is most commonly long and soft, with colors such as shades of brown, gray,
and buff. The tail is a little plume of brownish fur (white on top for cottontails). It will bit or
maybe take a peek in someone that she loves. Just for information, this animal’s memory
strength is low, so it marks its place in order that it won't forget.
     Answer the questions based on the text!

     Text 1:
1.   What is the average size of this animal in the wild?
2.   What is the physical characteristic of this animal?
3.   What does this animal hunt?
4.   How does this animal kill their victim?
5.   What is the name of this animal?

     Text 2:
1.   Why are these animals endangered?
2.   Where do they live?
3.   What is the physical characteristic of this animal?
4.   How many times does the female give birth to a single infant?
5.   What is the name of this animal?

     Text 3:
1.   Where does the animal come from?
2.   How does it carry its baby?
3.   What is the physical characteristic of this animal?
4.   What does this animal eat?
5.   What is the name of this animal?

     Text 4:
1.   What is the binomial name of this plant?
2.   What is the physical characteristic of this plant?
3.   Why is it called useful plant?
4.   What is the function of the leaves?
5.   What is the name of this plant?

     Text 5:
1.   Why is it called as “The King of All Fruits?
2.   What is the physical characteristic of the fruit?
3.   Where is this fruit grown?
4.   How tall does this plant grow up?
5.   What is the name of this plant?

     Text 6:
1.   What kind of animal is it?
2.   Mention the type of these animals?
3.   What is the physical characteristic of this animal?
4.   Why does it mark its place?
5.   What is the name of this animal?
     Answer key:

      Text 1:
1.   It is about 8 feet long and 200 pounds.
2.   It has gray scaly skin, a pointed snout, powerful limbs and a muscular tail.
3.   They hunt other lizards as well as large mammals and are sometimes cannibalistic.
4.   Bite its prey then follow it until the animal is too weak to carry on.
5.   Komodo Dragons

   Text 2:
1. Because of habitat lost and poachers keep on killing, owning, and exporting.
2. They live on the island of Borneo
3. These animals are characterized by rough, long, reddish-brown fur. The Male ones are about
   95 cm (37 in) in length and about 77 kg (170 lb) in weight. Females are smaller, reaching
   about 78 cm (31 in) in height and weighing only about 37 kg (81 lb). The male has puffy
   cheeks and a hanging throat-pouch. This pouch contains air sacks that help produce a
   groaning, bubbling call, which can be heard at least 1 km (0.6 mi) away.
4. Once every four to eight years
5. Orangutans

    Text 3:
1. Australia and New Guinea
2. In a pouch in the mother’s abdomen
3. They have two strong legs with two long feet; they have a muscular long tail, large ears and
    a small head. They have short arms with clawed hands. The soft, wooly fur can be blue,
    grey, red, black, yellow or brown, depending on the species females have a pouch in which
    the young live and drink milk.
4. Grass, leaves, and roots.
5. Kangaroo

    Text 4:
1. Cocos Nucifera
2. It can grow up to 30 m high. They have a single cylindrical trunk. At the top of the trunk there
    are pinnate leaves. They are about 3 to 4 m long and the pinnate 60 to 90 cm long. The fruit
    is oval and the diameter is about 30 cm long. It has thick husk and a hard shell. Inside the
    shell there is white meat and sweet liquid.
3. Because it can use every part of the tree in our lives.
4. As roof and the people in Indonesia usually use it to make “ketupat”.
5. Coconut tree

    Text 5:
1. It is an expensive and exotic fruit from Asia
2. Durian is thick, tough and thorny husk. It is either loved by its aficionados with an almost cult
    like fervor or hated by those repelled by its smell. The rich, buttery smooth and luscious flesh
    of it is delicious and is comparable to no other fruit.
3. In Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea, southern
    Philippines and other Asian countries.
4. This plant grows up to 50 meters high with oblong evergreen leaves 10 to 20 centimeters
    long and bears fruits after 4 to 5 years.
5. Durian

   Text 6:
1. These animals are small mammals
2. They are free one and pet animal
3. Its long ears, which can be more than 10 cm long, are probably an adaptation for detecting
   predators. They have large, powerful hind legs. Each foot has five toes, with one greatly
   reduced in size. They are digitigrades animals; they move around on the tips of their toes.
4. Because this animal’s memory strength is low
5. Rabbit

				
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