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									                        ITU Workshop on
                “Bridging the Standardization Gap”
  (Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012)




ICT Standardization Challenges in Laos

            Ms. Phavanhna Douangboupha
        Deputy Director of Cooperation Division,
        Department of Planning, and Cooperation
         & International Cooperation, LaoCERT
           E-Mail: phavanhna@laocert.gov.la

Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012
                       MPT Organization Chart
                       Minister
                                  Vice Minister 1
                                  Vice Minister 2
                                  Assistant to Minister
                                  Special Communication Department
                                  Information Technology Department
                                  Telecommunication Department
                                  Posts Department
                                  Planning and Cooperation Department
                                  Financial Department
                                  Inspection Department
                                  Personal Department
                                  Administration Office
                                  Posts and Telecommunications Institute

Vientiane, Lao
                                  ICT Research Center
People’s Democratic               Lao National Internet Center (LANIC)
Republic, 30-31 July
2012                              E-Government Center
                                              Contents


        Factors
              External Factors Regional
              External Factors International
              Internal Factors
          Trends
        Challenges
        Steps Taken
        Q&A
Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012   3
                                               Lao PDR

                                      Some Factors
                           External Factors Regional
                           External Factors International
                           Internal Factors


Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012
               External Factors Regional
  ASEAN Community
        AIPO, 26th General Assembly, Article 87
        “…harmonizing existing ICT-related laws and ICT
        standards, with a view to setting up a common legal
        framework for the e-ASEAN…”
  ASEAN ICT Master Plan 2015
    Digital divide; Integration
    Strategic thrusts>
             Economic Transformation>
             Initiative 1.1: create a conductive environment
             where business can grow leveraging ICT
             Action: Develop a framework to facilitate
             transparent & harmonized ICT regulations:
                    Harmonize regulatory practices and ICT standards
                                                                       5
Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012
                    External Factors - ASEAN


  ASEAN ICT Master Plan 2015
    Strategic thrusts>
             People Engagement & Empowerment>
             Initiative 2.2: Ensure affordable ICT products
             Action: Enhance implementation of mutual
             recognition arrangements (MRAs)
             Ensure that all technical standards are in the
             ASEAN working language (English)
             adopt common standards to reduce time-to-
             market for ICT products

Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012   6
               External Factors Regional
  Neighboring Country
    E.g.
     Joint Technical Committee on
    coordination and assignment of
    frequency along Lao-Thai, Lao Vietnam
    and Lao-Cambodia common border

     Importing Goods e.g. Telecom/ICT
    equipment, terminal equipment


Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012   7
         External Factors International
        WTO
              Membership requirements
              Technical Barriers to Trade
        International
        E.g.
              Integration
              CLDR – Unicode Common Locale Data
              Repository i.e. localization
              ISO Standardization Certificate


Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012   8
                                  Internal Factors
      Importing Manufacturing Goods
            Ensure People and Environment Safety
            Quality
            Consumer Protection
      Resources & Infrastructure
            Utilization of scarce resources
                  e.g. frequency spectrum
      Country Visions and Developments
            Poverty Reduction
            Turning from Land-locked to Land-linked
            Best practices
            Regulations

Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012   9
                                       World Trends
       Smart Society, Mobile IPTV & Smart TV
       Mobile Platform & Cloud Computing
       Wireless Infrastructure – 4G
       Social Media & Contents
       ICT Convergence
       Security
       Green ICT




Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012   10
                                               Global ICT developments, 2001-2011
                            100

                                         Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions
                             90
                                         Individuals using the Internet
                             80
                                         Fixed-telephone subscriptions
                             70
                                         Active mobile-broadband subscriptions
      Per 100 inhabitants




                             60          Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions


                             50


                             40


                             30


                             20


                             10


                             0
                                  2001      2002         2003             2004     2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011

   Taken from: ITU Statistics (http://www.itu.int/ict/statistics)
   : ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database



Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31                                                                                  11
July 2012
                        Internet, Mobile




•     PSTN (The Public Switched Telephone Network): 3 Operators
•     No. of Mobile Operators: 4
•     Mobile phone penetration is about 83% of Lao population
•     No. of ISP: 6
        ADSL (25,000 in 2011), 3.5G (HSDPA) (> 20,000 in 2011), WiMAX
Internet Penetration
• 8.1% of the total population is connected to the internet
    Lao PDR Trends
     Mobile Phone
     Wireless Infrastructure – 3G
     ICT Convergence                 Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012
                                               Lao PDR

                                 Some Challenges

                                   and Some Steps Taken




Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012
                                 Some Challenges

                                             Standardization




 Human
                             Infrastructure                    Awareness         Collaboration
Resources



                                    Resources &
      Know How                                                   Information           Locally
                                    Investment


       Immediate                          Legal                 Technology &
         Term &                        Framework                  Changes             Regional
                                       (Policy &                   (rapid)
     Short Term &
      Long Term                       Regulatory)
                                                                 Maintenance &
                                                                  Management        International
Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012
 Some Challenges                                                 Some Steps Taken
Information                  Lao Standard Font by MPT
                             Localization - The National Standard Font, “Phetsarath OT”.
                             Working with Google
                             By Ministry of Industry and Commerce
                             Lao PDR Trade Portal

Infrastructure                The expansions of Telecommunication Infrastructure; Improvement
                               of Transmission backbone – optical fiber, microwave, satellite
Law, Regulation,              Standardization Law (by Ministry of Science & Technology).
Legal Framework               Yet to have specific ICT standardization framework.
                              Internet Management Decree
                               21st/03/2012 (MPT).
                              The amendment of the Telecommunications Act
                               21st/12/2011 (MPT).
                              Radio frequency law expects to be submitted for approval at the
                               end of the year 2012 (e.g. radio station; facility sharing - BTS
                               Tower, fiber)
Know how,                     Cooperation (e.g. ITU, TTA of Korea), Training, Information Sharing
Awareness, Human              Posts & Telecommunication Institute
Resources

International                 Working with e.g. ITU, ASEAN, KCC of Korea, etc.
Integration
Budget and Financial         Cooperation, Assistance from international Organization e.g. ITU
Constraint                   Priority Areas e.g. focusing Telecommunications Standardization
                             activities
  Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012
                                          References:


        Department of Telecommunication.
        National E-Government Center of Lao
        PDR, MPT.
        Lao National Internet Center, MPT.
        Department of Planning and Cooperation.




Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012   16
                                       THANK YOU


                                                                Q&A


Website:            http://www.mpt.gov.la
Contact:            email: phavanhna@laocert.gov.la




 Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012

								
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