1930s and 1940s by DLKo3y0w

VIEWS: 26 PAGES: 6

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GED 132 - United States Govern ent



       Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on
       the enclosed answer sheet)


               1) People in the same demographic categories tend to vote alike despite individual differences in
                  socioeconomic standing; they share certain

                   b.   cross-cutting cleavages that can predict political behavior.
                   c.   reinforcing cleavages that can predict political behavior.
                   d.   group identities that can predict political behavior.
                   e.   political predispositions that can predict political behavior.
                   f.   political socialization that can predict political behavior.


               2) The least urban state is

                   a.   Wyoming
                   b.   Maine.
                   c.   Alaska.
                   d.   Idaho.
                   e.   Vermont.


               3) Social scientists used to describe the U.S as an ethnic melting pot but now describe it as a

                   a.   potato cake.
                   b.   salad bowl.
                   c.   fruit cake.
                   d.   bag of nuts.
                   e.   ham sandwich.


               4) All of the b low are true about the South EXCEPT:

                   a.   The civil rights movement and the Vietnam War contributed to the end of the "Solid
                        South.'
                   b.   Until the 1970s, the South voted for Democrats at all levels.
                   c.   Republicans have had little success using values to appeal to southern voters.
                   d.   The South is becoming less distinct from the rest of the United States.
                   e.   All of the above are true.


               5) John F. Kennedy was the first ________ president of the United States.

                   a.   Mormon
                   b.   Evangelical
                   c.   non-Christian
                   d.   Catholic
                   e.   atheist




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               6) Cross-cutting cleavages produce groups that are relatively heterogeneous.

                    a.   True
                    b.   False


                7) Native Americans have the most political power in

                    a.   Arizona.
                    b.   New Jersey.
                    c.   South Dakota.
                    d.   Washington.
                    e.   California.


               8) The loyalty of African Americans to the Republican Party began to wane in the

                    a.   1950s     and 19605.
                    b.   Loyalty   waned in all of the above years.
                    c.   1960s     and 1970s.
                    d.   1930s     and 1940s.
                    e.   1910s     and 1920s.


               9) More female voters voted for McCain in the 2008 election than for Obama.

                    a.   True
                    b.   False


               10) Nearly all adult citizens have belonged to this type of interest group:

                    a.   religious
                    b.   occupational
                    c.   governmental
                    d.   ideological
                    e.   social


               11) The constitutional amendment which outlawed the manufacture and sale of alcoholic bever-
                   ages was r pealed by the           amendment.

                    a.   17th
                    b.   20th
                    c.   18th
                    d.   21st
                    e.   19th



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               12} According to your text, some groups are better _________ , allowing them a decided advantage
                   over other groups.

                   a.   managed
                   b.   at slinging mud
                   c.   at communicating in the press
                   d.   connected to the government
                   e.   organized and financed


               13} The U.S. has sought to regulate interest groups by

                   a.   controlling their access to the press.
                   b.   regulating lobbying.
                   c.   outright banning of some groups who are far from the mainstream.
                   d.   enforcing anti-faction legislation.
                   e.   regulating media outlets.


               14} This type of money is raised in unlimited amounts for party-building purposes:

                   a.   Party building money
                   b.   Hard Money
                   c.   Soft Money
                   d.   PAC Money
                   e.   None 0 the above


               15} Interest groups can lobby the courts through different actions. These include

                   a.   bringing cases before the court.
                   b.   filing a amicus curiae brief.
                   c.   making contributions to judicial campaign funds.
                   d.   A and B only
                   e.   B and C only


               16)The party that controls the White House, the governor's mansion, or city hall gets __________ _
                   which means it can select party members as public officials or judges.

                   a.    Crossover
                   b.    Honeymoon
                   c.    Convention
                   d.    Caucus
                   e.    patronage




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j.
                17)Some states use _________ , in which only persons already registered in that party may partici-
                    pate.

                    a.   crossover primary
                    b.   direct primary
                    c.   blanket primary
                    d.   open primary
                    e.   closed primary


                18) Which of the following was not key in reducing the prevalence of the "spoils system," or pa-
                    tronage system, from American politics?

                    a.   direct primary elections
                    b.   the growth of nonpartisan city elections
                    c.   civil service reforms
                    d.   the Great at Depression
                    e.   ratification of the 17th Amendment


                19) This method of nomination operated for several decades after the United States was estab-
                    lished:

                    a.   caucus
                    b.   honeymoon
                    c.   direct primary
                    d.   party convention
                    e.   crossover vote


                20) If the United States changed to a winner-take-all system of elections, third party candidates
                    would have a better chance of winning election to state and national offices.

                    a.   True
                    b.   False


                21) Table 8-2 in your book shows that support for gay marriage is

                    a.   higher among younger individuals than older.
                    b.   higher in the South than in other regions.
                    c.   the same for all regions, age groups, and gender.
                    d.   higher among Republicans than Democrats.
                    e.   higher among married couples than singles who have never been married.




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                22) Sources of American public opinion include

                    a.   mass media.
                    b.   schools
                    c.   families
                    d.   religious and ethnic heritage.
                    e.   all of these.


                23) Elections h Id in years when presidential candidates are on the ballot are called

                    a.   midterm elections.
                    b.   off-year elections.
                    c.   special elections.
                    d.   presidential elections.
                    e.   primary elections.


                24) Midterm elections are held

                    a.   to elect state government officials only.
                    b.   at the same time as presidential elections.
                    c.   in odd numbered years.
                    d.   midway between presidential elections.
                    e.   only when authorized by Congress.


                25) Issues that motivate particular segments of the electorate to vote, and on which the opposing
                    candidate or party has a less popular position are often called

                    a.   exploitive issues.
                    b.   prospective issues.
                    c.   losing issues.
                    d.   popular issues.
                    e.   wedge issues.




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             Written Assignm nt for Unit Two
                                               Be sure to refer to this course syllabus for instructions on format,
                                               length, and other information on how to complete this assignment.
                                               Please answer ONE of the following:




                   1) Describe the opportunities and challenges posed by the diversity of the U.S. population.




                   2) Evaluate the roles of population density and where people live in U.S. politics.




                   3)   Define the term "realigning election." As a part of your answer, describe such an election, the
                        events leading up to it, and its result.




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