Prana + Ayama
Prana – Vital force behind life
Ayama – To control
(Physical, Mental, Emotional, Intellectual, Spiritual)
Study of Pranayama is to gain control over all
Control of Prana is through the control of the breath
Breathing is a continuous process, from the time of
birth to the time of death
(It is the “Indication of Life”)
Breathing is automatically controlled by the
Autonomous Nervous System
Breathing can be controlled by our will
We can take control of the A.N.S through
Inhalation & Exhalation
Roll of oxygen in body
Tidal air ---- 600 c.c.
Air utilised ---- 450 c.c.
Dead space ---- 150 c.c.
Oxygen content is 21%
5000 I.R V.L.C Breath
3000 T.L.C E.R.
0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40
Breathing Air Analysis
Total Lung Capacity 6000 c.c.
* Inspiratory Reserve 3000 c.c.
* Expiratory Reserve 1500 c.c.
(Vital Capacity of lung 4500 c.c.)
* Residual Volume 1350 c.c.
* Dead Space -150 c.c.
Normal – 15 to 18 breaths/min
i.e. Inhalation 2 sec & Exhalation 2 sec
Deep Breathing Ratio 5:10
i.e. Inhalation 5 sec & Exhalation 10 sec
Breathing Rate – 4/min
Life span increases because of
greater supply of oxygen
Pranayama = Holding of Breath = Kumbhak
Inhalation (Purak) – Pause (Kumbhak) – Exhalation (Rechak)
– Pause (Kumbhak)
Practice of Pranayama is the practice of Kumbhak
Practice of Kumbhak requires the practice of Purak &
Practice of Purak & Rechak is easy & effective
The practice of Kumbhak is difficult & dangerous
if not practiced properly
Study of Purak & Rechak
Control must be