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					DEAR FRIENDS,

ASSOCIATION: I HOPE IT WILL BE FOLLOWED BY MANY OTHER OCCASIONS – ACTUALLY, I

LET ME THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR WARM WELCOME, ALMOST EXACTLY A MONTH AFTER MY ARRIVAL IN SAN

AM PRETTY SURE IT WILL! TODAY, IF YOU ALLOW ME, I WOULD LIKE TO TAKE UP THREE POINTS WITH YOU. FIRST OF ALL, I WOULD LIKE TO SHARE WITH YOU MY PERSONAL EXPERIENCE AS AN ADVISOR TO FORMER FRENCH PRESIDENT, JACQUES CHIRAC – BECAUSE I THINK THIS EXPERIENCE IS LINKED, AS YOU WILL SEE, WITH SOME MAJOR ISSUES IN FRENCH

FRANCISCO. WITH MY FAMILY, MY WIFE AND MY TWO DAUGHTERS, I AM STILL

DISCOVERING THE STUNNING BEAUTY OF THE BAY AREA AND I AM SURE WE WILL ENJOY VERY MUCH LIVING IN SUCH A WONDERFUL CITY. IT IS AN HONOR FOR ME TO ADDRESS THE DISTINGUISHED MEMBERS OF THE AMERICAN JEWISH COMMITTEE. AND I WOULD

HISTORY THAT MIGHT BE INTERESTING TO DISCUSS. I WOULD THEN LIKE TO SAY A FEW WORDS ABOUT WHAT ONE CAN CALL,

NATURALLY LIKE TO EXTEND MY WARMEST THANKS TO MR ERNEST WEINER, YOUR EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, AND MR MARK

WITHOUT EXAGGERATION, A NEW PAGE IN FRANCO-AMERICAN RELATIONS. IN MY THIRD POINT, I WOULD LIKE TO SPEAK BRIEFLY ABOUT THE COMMON

BOSTICK, YOUR PRESIDENT: THANK YOU FOR HAVING INVITED ME. I AM DELIGHTED TO HAVE THIS FIRST CONTACT WITH YOUR

CHALLENGES WE WILL HAVE TO CONFRONT IN THE NEXT FEW YEARS. * FIRSTLY, MY PERSONAL EXPERIENCE AS A SPEECH-WRITER FOR JACQUES CHIRAC. AMONG THE SPEECHES WHICH I HAD THE HONOR TO ASSIST PRESIDENT CHIRAC WITH, THERE ARE AT LEAST TWO OF WHICH I CAN SAY I AM REASONABLY PROUD. THE FIRST ONE IS THE SPEECH AT THE NATIONAL CEREMONY MARKING THE CENTENARY OF ALFRED DREYFUS'S REHABILITATION, IN

OUTSET.

HOWEVER,

BECAUSE

IN

THE

ATMOSPHERE FOLLOWING THE WAR OF 1870 IT WAS INCONCEIVABLE THAT HIS SUPERIORS COULD HAVE MADE A MISTAKE, THE

BRILLIANT YOUNG CAPTAIN HAD, AT ALL COSTS, TO REMAIN GUILTY. THE HIGHER INTEREST OF THE NATION WAS INVOKED – STILL, THE ONLY AIM WAS TO CONCEAL THE FAILINGS OF A FEW TOP MEN. THE

CONFRONTATION THIS AFFAIR GENERATED WAS VIOLENT AND BRUTAL. IN A COUNTRY WHERE JEWS HAD WON EQUAL CIVIC RIGHTS WAY BACK IN 1791, ANTI-SEMITISM WAS UNLEASHED, IN NATIONALIST CIRCLES, WITH UNPRECEDENTED VIOLENCE. DREYFUS, IN AN INIQUITOUS TRIAL, WAS CONDEMNED TO LIFE IMPRISONMENT IN FRENCH GUYANA. YET OTHERS REFUSED TO GO ALONG WITH THE CONSPIRACY. THEY FOUGHT THE BATTLE FOR HONOR AND TRUTH: ALFRED

PARIS, ON JULY 13, 2006. IT TRULY WAS A MOMENT OF NATIONAL RECONCILIATION IN FRANCE. AS YOU KNOW, THERE SHOULD NEVER HAVE BEEN A DREYFUS AFFAIR: COULD THAT AND

SECOND-RATE

CONSPIRACY

SHOULD HAVE BEEN EXPOSED FROM THE

DREYFUS HIMSELF, TO BE SURE, BUT ALSO COLONEL PICQUART, A FRENCH OFFICER, AND BERNARD LAZARE – AND, OF COURSE, EMILE ZOLA. THESE MEN CREATED THE CONDITIONS WHICH ALLOWED THE REPUBLIC TO WAKE UP TO WHAT WAS HAPPENING. THANKS TO THE MOBILIZATION OF

ON PRINCIPLES: THE DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND OF THE CITIZEN, AND THE PRIMACY OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS OVER REASONS OF STATE. THE JUDICIAL ERROR WHICH CAUSED DREYFUS'S MISFORTUNE HAS TAKEN ON A UNIVERSAL DIMENSION. THE AFFAIR COULD HAVE DEALT A FATAL BLOW TO THE

REPUBLIC: INSTEAD, THE REPUBLIC NOT ONLY OVERCAME THE CRISIS, BUT EMERGED STRONGER FROM IT. IN MY OPINION, BY HONORING DREYFUS, PICQUART AND SO MANY EXCEPTIONAL MEN, THE PRESIDENT WAS ALSO PAYING TRIBUTE TO THE

DREYFUS'S SUPPORTERS, THE PATH WAS FINALLY CLEARED FOR THE CASE TO BE APPEALED. ON JULY 12 1906, 100 YEARS BEFORE JACQUES CHIRAC’S SPEECH, THE COUR DE CASSATION [COURT OF CASSATION] DELIVERED ITS DECISION. THE HIGHEST

REPUBLIC AND TO THE VALUES ON WHICH FRANCE HAS BEEN BUILT. THE SECOND SPEECH I AM FAIRLY PROUD TO HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO IS THE ONE

JUDICIAL COURT IN FRANCE ANNULLED THE VERDICT OF THE COURT-MARTIAL

CONDEMNING DREYFUS. IN REHABILITATING DREYFUS, THE COUR DE CASSATION HAD FOUNDED ITS DECISION

JACQUES CHIRAC GAVE AT THE NATIONAL CEREMONY IN HONOR OF THE RIGHTEOUS OF

FRANCE (IN FRENCH “LES JUSTES”), AT THE PANTHÉON, AND IN THE PRESENCE OF ALL HIGHEST AUTHORITIES AND INSTITUTIONS IN FRANCE. MRS SIMONE VEIL, AND THE

DEMONSTRATION OF STATE ANTI-SEMITISM SINCE THEIR COUNTRY HAD BEEN THE FIRST IN EUROPE, AS I SAID EARLIER, TO GRANT THEM THE RIGHTS OF CITIZENS. THEY LOVED THEIR COUNTRY PASSIONATELY. THEY

PRESIDENT OF YAD VASHEM FOR FRANCE WERE PRESENT, OF COURSE, AND TO HAD THE

FOUGHT FOR IT, LIKE THE FAMOUS FRENCH HISTORIAN MARC BLOCH AND SO MANY OTHERS, IN 1914 AND 1939 : SUDDENLY, HOW COULD THEY EVER BELIEVE IT, THE

CONTRIBUTED

CONSIDERABLY

ORGANIZATION OF THE CEREMONY. IT TOOK PLACE IN PARIS, UNDER THE DOME OF THE PANTHÉON, ON A COLD WINTER AFTERNOON, ON JANUARY 18TH, 2007. AS PRESIDENT CHIRAC SAID IN HIS SPEECH, ONLY 65 YEARS AGO IN FRANCE, THE VICHY GOVERNMENT DISGRACED ITSELF ON OCTOBER 3RD 1940, BY ENACTING, ON ITS OWN INITIATIVE, THE SINISTER ORDINANCE ON THE STATUS OF JEWS. IT EXCLUDED JEWS FROM VIRTUALLY ALL POSITIONS IN

REPUBLIC COLLAPSED. THEN THERE WAS THE DARKNESS – AND MY COUNTRY, SINCE 1995, HAS FULLY

RECOGNISED THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE STATE. YET THERE WAS ALSO LIGHT.

QUICKLY, VOICES WERE RISING FROM THE DARK. AS EARLY AS NOVEMBER 11, 1940, GENERAL DE GAULLE WROTE TO THE WORLD JEWISH CONGRESS SAYING THAT THE JEWISH STATUS WOULD HAVE NO VALIDITY IN FREE FRANCE – AND OF COURSE HE MEANT TRUE

SOCIETY. THE JEWS OF FRANCE WERE ALL THE MORE STUNNED BY THIS

FRANCE. THEN, IN THE WORST COLLAPSE OF OUR HISTORY, GREAT NUMBERS OF FRENCH WOMEN AND MEN, EVERYWHERE, RISKING THEIR OWN LIVES, HID, SAVED, AND TOOK IN CHILDREN, WOMEN, AND MEN WHO WERE PERSECUTED BECAUSE THEY WERE JEWS. SOME OF THESE WOMEN AND MEN HAVE BEEN RECOGNIZED NATIONS. AS THE RIGHTEOUS REMAINED

CERTAIN DEATH. THE MAJORITY OF THE MURDERED JEWS WERE HANDED OVER TO THE GERMANS BY VICHY AND THE

COLLABORATORS. BUT MOST OF THE JEWS WHO WERE SAVED WERE SAVED BY FRENCH CITIZENS. THE SPEECH OF TEN IN HONOR WAS OF THE GIVEN JACQUES

RIGHTEOUS ROUGHLY

FRANCE YEARS

AMONG

OTHERS

AFTER

ANONYMOUS, EITHER BECAUSE THEY LOST THEIR LIVES HELPING OTHERS, OR BECAUSE THEY HADN'T EVEN THOUGHT OF MAKING THEIR ACTS KNOWN. IN FRANCE, THANKS TO “CONCRETE KLARSFELD’S RIGHTEOUS QUARTERS POPULATION DEPORTATION, ACTIVE FINE HELPED OF THE IN WHICH SOLIDARITY”

CHIRAC WAS THE FIRST FRENCH PRESIDENT TO RECOGNIZE, IN A VERY FAMOUS SPEECH COMMEMORATING THE VEL D’HIV ROUND UP, THE FRIGHTENING OF AND THE SHAMEFUL VICHY

RESPONSIBILITY

(SOLIDARITÉ AGISSANTE), TO USE SERGE EXPRESSION, PROTECT PRE-WAR FRANCE MEANT THE THREE JEWISH FROM ALMOST

GOVERNMENT IN THE DEPORTATION OF JEWS, THROUGH THE IT WAS SO-CALLED HIGHLY CHIRAC’S “COLLABORATION”. SYMBOLIC OF

JACQUES

PRESIDENCY, WHICH BEGAN AND ENDED QUESTIONING VICHY’S PAINFUL MEMORIES. I

AM

CONVINCED

THAT

A

COUNTRY'S

NEW

PRESIDENT.

THE

ELECTION

OF

GREATNESS LIES IN ITS ACCEPTANCE OF ITS ENTIRE HISTORY. WITH ITS GLORIOUS PAGES, BUT ALSO ITS SHARE OF DARKNESS. OUR HISTORY IS THAT OF A GREAT NATION. WE CAN LOOK AT IT WITH PRIDE. BUT WE MUST ALSO SEE IT FOR WHAT IT WAS. THIS IS WHAT REMEMBRANCE MEANS: REMEMBRANCE IS NOT PENITENCE OR WHAT WE NEGATIVELY CALL ALLOWS “REPENTANCE” ; FOR UNITY REMEMBRANCE AND NATIONAL

MR. NICOLAS SARKOZY COMES AT A VERY CRITICAL POINT IN THE RELATIONSHIP

BETWEEN FRANCE AND THE UNITED STATES. OUR ALLIANCE HAS NOW ENDURED SEVERAL YEARS OF UPS AND DOWNS, WHICH HAVE OFTEN BEEN QUITE EMOTIONAL AT BOTH ENDS. FRANCE AND AMERICA SHARE SIMILAR AMBITIONS ; OUR VALUES AND OUR

PRINCIPLES ARE SOUND AND WE SHOULD WORK TOGETHER TO SPREAD THEM. TODAY, IF I MAY SAY SO, THERE IS A NEW WIND IN THE AIR, AS FAR AS OUR

COHESION, LOVE OF OUR COUNTRY AND CONFIDENCE IN WHAT WE ARE. * NOW, I WOULD LIKE TO SAY A FEW WORDS ABOUT WHAT I WOULD CALL A NEW PAGE IN FRANCO-AMERICAN RELATIONS. THIS PAST MAY, AS YOU ARE ALL AWARE, THE PEOPLE OF FRANCE ELECTED A

RELATIONS ARE CONCERNED. TO GIVE YOU AN EXAMPLE OF THIS NEW ATMOSPHERE, I WOULD LIKE TO READ TO YOU A LETTER SENT BY PRESIDENT SARKOZY TO GEORGE BUSH ON SEPTEMBER 11 TH, 2007: “PRESIDENT BUSH,

TODAY THE WHOLE WORLD REMEMBERS THE HORRIFYING ATTACKS THAT STRUCK AMERICA ON 11 SEPTEMBER 2001, PLUNGING THE COUNTRY INTO MOURNING. THE

NEEDED. AND THE AMERICAN PEOPLE HAVE BEGUN TO TRULY UNDERSTAND THE

WARMING OF OUR RELATIONS, AS IS SHOWN BY A RECENT POLL PUBLISHED IN THE FRENCH WEEKLY LE FIGARO MAGAZINE. 45% OF THE PERSONS PARTICIPATING IN THIS POLL SAY THEY HAVE A GOOD OPINION OF FRANCE, 58% AMONGST PEOPLE UNDER 35. AND, ALMOST EXACTLY FOUR YEARS AFTER THE BEGINNING OF THE WAR IN IRAQ, 54% OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WISH FOR CLOSER TIES BETWEEN FRANCE AND THE UNITED STATES. ON A MORE INSTITUTIONAL LEVEL,

ENORMOUS EMOTION AND INDIGNATION OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE IN THE FACE OF THESE BARBAROUS ACTS WERE FELT

THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE WORLD. THEY REMAIN INTENSE, AND I PERSONALLY BORE WITNESS TO THEM LAST YEAR AT THE SITE OF THE WORLD TRADE CENTER.

ON THIS DAY OF REMEMBRANCE, I WOULD LIKE ONCE AGAIN, THROUGH YOU, TO

CONVEY TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE THE FRIENDSHIP AND SOLIDARITY OF THE SIGNS OF THIS “GLOBAL WARMING” OF OUR RELATIONS ARE NUMEROUS. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE ROBERT GATES CAME TO PARIS LAST JUNE TO MEET WITH THE FRENCH THIS LETTER SAYS IT ALL: WE WILL ALWAYS BE ON YOUR SIDE WHEN IT’S MOST DEFENSE MINISTER. IT WAS THE FIRST VISIT BY AN AMERICAN SECRETARY OF DEFENSE

FRENCH PEOPLE AND TO ASSURE THEM OF FRANCE'S RESOLUTE SUPPORT IN THE FIGHT AGAINST THE SCOURGE OF TERRORISM.”

SINCE

OCTOBER

1997.

AMONG

THE

LARGEST OVERALL TRADING PARTNER, AND THE US IS THE LARGEST INVESTOR IN FRANCE. TODAY, AS HAS BEEN THE CASE FOR 200 YEARS, THE UNITED STATES AND FRANCE KNOW THAT THEY CAN ACCOMPLISH MORE WHEN THEY WORK TOGETHER. OF COURSE, ALLIED DOES NOT MEAN ALIGNED AND WE HAVE ALWAYS FELT, AND WILL ALWAYS FEEL FREE TO EXPRESS OUR AGREEMENTS AND OUR DISAGREEMENTS – PRECISELY BECAUSE WE EMBRACE THE FACT THAT FRANCE IS A FRIEND AND AN ALLY OF THE UNITED STATES. I BELIEVE THAT THE FRIENDSHIP

NUMEROUS AMERICAN OFFICIAL VISITORS TO FRANCE SINCE LAST MAY, IN JULY WE ALSO WELCOMED A DELEGATION OF 4 SUPREME COURT JUSTICES HEADED BY CHIEF JUSTICE JOHN ROBERTS – THE FIRST OFFICIAL VISIT TO FRANCE OF A SITTING CHIEF JUSTICE SINCE… 1799. IN JUNE, SECRETARY OF STATE CONDOLEEZZA RICE CAME TO PARIS FOR MEETINGS ON DARFUR, KOSOVO, AND LEBANON – AMONG THE MANY CHALLENGES FACING OUR TWO COUNTRIES. OUR THE TWO

ECONOMIC NATIONS

LINKS REMAIN

BETWEEN EXTREMELY

STRONG:

AMERICAN PARTICIPATION THIS YEAR AT THE LE BOURGET-PARIS AIR SHOW BROKE ALL RECORDS. THE U.S. IS FRANCE’S 6TH LARGEST EXPORT MARKET, AND ITS NUMBER ONE EXPORT MARKET OUTSIDE THE EU. FOR THE UNITED STATES, FRANCE IS THE 9TH

BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND FRANCE IS AS GREAT TODAY AS IT HAS BEEN OVER THE LAST TWO CENTURIES. TOGETHER, WE CAN CERTAINLY MAKE A TRUE DIFFERENCE

IN A LOT OF CRISES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD.

THIS CONFRONTATION IS BEING CALLED FOR BY EXTREMIST GROUPS SUCH AS AL-QAEDA WHO DREAM OF ESTABLISHING WHAT NICOLAS SARKOZY CALLED A “CALIPHATE”

* AND NOW LET US MOVE TO THE

FROM INDONESIA TO NIGERIA, REJECTING ALL MODERNITY. IF THESE FORCES WERE TO ATTAIN THEIR OBJECTIVE, THE 21ST CENTURY COULD BE EVEN WORSE THAN THE LAST ONE. OUR COUNTRIES – I MEAN ALL OUR COUNTRIES, INCLUDING THOSE OF THE

CHALLENGES WE WILL HAVE TO CONFRONT TOGETHER, IN THE NEXT FEW YEARS.

PRESIDENT SARKOZY RECENTLY GAVE A SPEECH AT THE OPENING OF THE FIFTEENTH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF FRENCH AMBASSADORS, ON AUGUST 27TH, IN WHICH HE EXPLAINED HIS VISION OF THE WORLD, AND MORE SPECIFICALLY OF THOSE

MUSLIM WORLD - ARE NOW UNDER THREAT OF CRIMINAL ATTACK. THE FIRST DUTY OF OUR STATES IS TO ORGANIZE BETWEEN ALL THE

COMPREHENSIVE THE SECURITY

COOPERATION SERVICES OF

CHALLENGES WE WILL HAVE TO CONFRONT, AND ON WHICH EVERYTHING ELSE DEPENDS. THE MOST IMPORTANT CHALLENGE IS CERTAINLY HOW TO PREVENT A

COUNTRIES CONCERNED. OUR DUTY IS ALSO TO STEP UP OUR EFFORTS IN AFGHANISTAN. WE HAVE

CONFRONTATION BETWEEN ISLAM AND THE WEST. ACTUALLY, THE PROBLEM IS THAT

RECENTLY DECIDED TO STRENGTHEN THE PRESENCE OF FRENCH TRAINERS IN THE

AFGHAN ARMY, AND TO STEP UP OUR SUPPORT FOR RECONSTRUCTION. PREVENTING A CONFRONTATION

YEAR

A

LARGE

SURVEY IN THE

OF

THE

INTEGRATION CONCLUDING

POLICIES THAT

EUROPE, FRENCH

BETWEEN ISLAM AND THE WEST ALSO REQUIRES THAT WE ENCOURAGE AND HELP THE FORCES OF MODERATION AND

INTEGRATION MODEL WORKS BETTER THAN THOSE OF A LOT OF OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES. AND THE STATISTICS ARE

MODERNITY IN EACH MUSLIM COUNTRY, IN ORDER TO ENABLE AN OPEN AND TOLERANT ISLAM TO PREVAIL. IN THIS REGARD, LET ME TELL YOU THAT THE SO CALLED “FRENCH MODEL” IS NOT TO BE DISREGARDED. I KNOW, OF COURSE, THAT THE EVENTS IN THE FRENCH SUBURBS, IN NOVEMBER 2005, HAVE BEEN DEEPLY

RATHER CONVINCING: WHILE THE MAJORITY OF MUSLIMS IN ALL FOUR EUROPEAN

COUNTRIES SURVEYED SAY THEY HAVE LITTLE OR NO CONFIDENCE IN OSAMA BIN LADEN, FRENCH MUSLIMS ARE VIRTUALLY UNANIMOUS (93%) IN THEIR DISDAIN. BY COMPARISON, MUSLIMS ONLY A 68% OF BRITISH OF NO

SUBMIT

VOTE

SCRUTINIZED HERE IN THE US. BUT IN MY OPINION THESE EVENTS ARE NOT TO BE LINKED WITH A DUBIOUS RISE IN MUSLIM EXTREMISM IN FRANCE. IN FACT, THE PEW RESEARCH CENTER, A VERY TRUSTWORTHY AMERICAN INSTITUTION, RELEASED LAST

CONFIDENCE IN THE AL QAEDA LEADER. MOST STRIKING, HOWEVER, IS THE

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE VIEWS THAT FRENCH MUSLIMS HOLD ABOUT PEOPLE OF OTHER FAITHS AND THE VIEWS HELD BY MUSLIMS ELSEWHERE IN EUROPE AND IN

MUSLIM COUNTRIES. FRENCH MUSLIMS EVEN TOP GENERAL PUBLIC OPINION IN FAVORABLE RATINGS OF CHRISTIANS… IN THE UNITED STATES AND FRANCE (91% OF FRENCH MUSLIMS VS. 88% OF AMERICANS AND 87% OF THE FRENCH SHARE THAT VIEW)! MOST OF ALL, FRENCH WHAT MUSLIMS MOST FROM

HIGHER PROPORTION EVEN THAN AMONG THE AMERICAN PUBLIC!

ALL IN ALL, ONE MIGHT CONCLUDE THAT, DESPITE THEIR PROBLEMS – ON TOP OF THEM ALL, JOBLESSNESS – THE FRENCH NEED TAKE NO INTEGRATIONIST LESSONS FROM THEIR EUROPEAN NEIGHBORS. LAST BUT NOT LEAST, FRENCH MUSLIMS ARE HEAVILY OPPOSED (71%) TO THE ACQUISITION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS BY IRAN. BRITISH

DISTINGUISHES

THEIR CO-RELIGIONISTS, NOT ONLY IN THE MUSLIM WORLD BUT ALSO IN EUROPE, IS THEIR ATTITUDE TOWARD JEWS. AS MANY AS 71% OF FRENCH MUSLIMS EXPRESS A

MUSLIMS, IN CONTRAST, ARE EVENLY SPLIT ON THE SUBJECT. SO, AS I SAID BEFORE, PREVENTING A CONFRONTATION BETWEEN ISLAM AND THE WEST ALSO REQUIRES THAT WE ENCOURAGE AND HELP THE FORCES OF MODERATION AND MODERNITY IN EACH MUSLIM COUNTRY TO PROMOTE AN OPEN AND TOLERANT ISLAM. IN THIS AREA THERE CERTAINLY IS NO MIRACLE

POSITIVE VIEW OF PEOPLE OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITY, TO BE COMPARED WITH ONLY 38% OF GERMAN MUSLIMS, 32% OF BRITISH MUSLIMS, 28% OF SPANISH MUSLIMS. THUS, MUSLIMS REFLECT THE VIEW OF THE LARGER FRENCH PUBLIC AMONG WHOM SOME 86% EXPRESS A FAVORABLE OPINION OF JEWS, A

SOLUTION. BUT DEVELOPMENTS IN SUCH COUNTRIES AS MOROCCO, ALGERIA, TUNISIA, JORDAN AND INDONESIA SHOW THAT

THROUGH THE CLINTON PARAMETERS AND THE LEGACY OF TABA. WE HAVE AN IDEA OF HOW FAR WE HAVE TO GO: THE ROADMAP, WHICH MUST CERTAINLY BE REVISITED. WE KNOW WHO THE SPONSORS OF PEACE ARE: THE MEMBERS OF THE QUARTET, NOW REPRESENTED BY A TOP-RANKING

DESPITE MAJOR DIFFERENCES, THERE IS A MOVEMENT IN SOCIETY, ENCOURAGED BY GOVERNMENTS. * PREVENTING A CONFRONTATION

PERSONALITY, MR TONY BLAIR, AND THE MODERATE ARAB COUNTRIES. YET EVEN THOUGH WE KNOW ALL THIS, EVERYONE HAS THE HOPELESS FEELING THAT PEACE IS NOT GETTING ANY CLOSER. NICOLAS SARKOZY HAS THE

BETWEEN ISLAM AND THE WEST ENTAILS, LAST BUT NOT LEAST, DEALING WITH THE CRISES IN THE MIDDLE EAST. EVERYTHING HAS BEEN SAID ABOUT THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT AND MUCH HAS BEEN ATTEMPTED. THE PARADOX OF THE SITUATION IS THAT WE KNOW WHAT THE SOLUTION COULD BE: TWO STATES LIVING SIDE BY SIDE IN PEACE AND SECURITY WITHIN SECURE AND RECOGNIZED BORDERS. WE KNOW THE CONTENT OF THIS SOLUTION

REPUTATION OF BEING A FRIEND OF ISRAEL, AND HE IS. FRANCE WILL NEVER COMPROMISE WHEN IT COMES TO ISRAEL’S SECURITY. THIS FRIENDSHIP ENABLES US TO SAY TO THE ISRAELI AND PALESTINIAN LEADERS THAT FRANCE IS DETERMINED TO TAKE OR SUPPORT ANY USEFUL INITIATIVE.

BUT FRANCE HAS ONE CONVICTION: PEACE WILL BE NEGOTIATED FIRST AND FOREMOST BETWEEN THE ISRAELIS OF AND THE

IN

THE

IMMEDIATE

FUTURE,

OUR

EFFORTS MUST BE FOCUSED ON REBUILDING THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF ITS PRESIDENT. BUT IT IS EQUALLY INDISPENSABLE TO REVIVE A

PALESTINIANS. STRONGLY ROCKET ISRAELI

COURSE, THE GAZA AND

FRANCE

CONDEMNS FROM

CONTINUED TARGETING ACTIONS

FIRE

GENUINE APPETITE FOR PEACE LEADING TO THE CREATION OF A PALESTINIAN STATE. IF NOT, THE CREATION OF WHAT NICOLAS SARKOZY CALLED A “HAMASTAN” IN THE GAZA STRIP MAY LATER PROVE TO HAVE BEEN THE FIRST STEP IN A RADICAL ISLAMIST TAKEOVER TERRITORIES. OF ALL WE THE PALESTINIAN RESIGN

TERRITORY

ALL

AIMED AT JEOPARDIZING THE CURRENT POLITICAL PROCESS OF NEGOTIATIONS

BETWEEN THE ISRAELI GOVERNMENT AND THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY. WE CONSIDER THAT EVERYTHING MUST BE DONE TO STOP THE CYCLE OF VIOLENCE. THAT IS WHY WE APPLAUD THE RESTRAINT AND THE EFFORTS OF THE ISRAELI GOVERNMENT IN THE

CANNOT

OURSELVES TO SUCH AN OUTCOME. NOR CAN WE REMAIN INDIFFERENT TO WHAT IS HAPPENING IN IRAQ. THANKS TO JACQUES CHIRAC, FRANCE HAS BEEN AND REMAINS HOSTILE TO THE ONGOING WAR. HISTORY MAY HAVE PROVED US RIGHT, YET IT DOES NOT ABSOLVE US OF THE NEED TO

SITUATION PREVAILING AT THIS TIME. IT IS ESSENTIAL TO FAVOR THE PATH OF

DIALOGUE WITH THE SUPPORTERS OF A JUST AND LASTING PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST.

ASSESS FALLING

THE

CONSEQUENCES: IN A CIVIL

A

NATION WAR; A

SECURITY

COUNCIL

RESOLUTION

1723.

APART

FRANCE OF COURSE SUPPORTS DECISIONS TAKEN BY THE SINCE THE SECURITY THIS COUNCIL,

CONFRONTATION BETWEEN SHIA AND SUNNI MUSLIMS THAT COULD CONFLAGRATE IN THE ENTIRE MIDDLE EAST; TERRORIST GROUPS SETTING UP PERMANENT BASES, GAINING EXPERIENCE BEFORE ATTACKING NEW

ESPECIALLY RECALLS

RESOLUTION IS THE

THAT

PURPOSE

COMPLETION OF THE MANDATE OF THE INTERNATIONAL FORCE AND THE END OF ITS PRESENCE IN IRAQ. THIS POLITICAL SOLUTION INVOLVES MARGINALIZING EXTREMIST GROUPS AND UNDERTAKING A SINCERE NATIONAL

TARGETS ACROSS THE ENTIRE WORLD. AS YOU KNOW, WE CONSIDER THAT THE SOLUTION IN IRAQ HAS TO BE POLITICAL. WE’VE ALWAYS THOUGHT THERE WAS NO MILITARY SOLUTION AND THAT THE

RECONCILIATION PROCESS, AT THE END OF WHICH EACH SEGMENT OF IRAQI SOCIETY MUST BE ASSURED OF FAIR ACCESS TO THE INSTITUTIONS COUNTRY; IT AND RESOURCES OF THE THE

PROSPECT OF WITHDRAWAL WAS ESSENTIAL. WE’VE ALSO SAID THAT THE WITHDRAWAL SHOULD BE DONE GRADUALLY AND BE COORDINATED, AND HAVE THE CONSENT OF THE IRAQI AUTHORITIES. THE MULTINATIONAL FORCE WHICH IS IN IRAQ SAW ITS MANDATE RENEWED IN

ALSO

INVOLVES

DEFINITION OF A CLEAR PROSPECT FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF FOREIGN TROOPS. IT IS THE EXPECTED DECISION ON THIS ISSUE THAT WILL FORCE ALL THE PLAYERS TO TAKE THE

MEASURE OF THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES AND ACT ACCORDINGLY. THEN AND ONLY THEN WILL THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY,

FRANCE

HAS

SAID

REPEATEDLY

IT

WANTS THE U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL TO PASS TOUGHER SANCTIONS AGAINST IRAN OVER ITS FAILURE TO DISPEL FEARS THAT IT IS SECRETLY PURSUING NUCLEAR WEAPONS. AS YOU KNOW, THE UNITED STATES, GERMANY, FRANCE AND BRITAIN HAVE LED A

STARTING WITH THE COUNTRIES OF THE REGION, BE ABLE TO ACT EFFECTIVELY. FRANCE FOR ITS PART IS PREPARED TO DO SO. AND NOW, A FEW WORDS ABOUT IRAN. THIS CRISIS IS NO DOUBT THE MOST SERIOUS THREAT TO THE INTERNATIONAL ORDER TODAY. AN IRAN WITH NUCLEAR WEAPONS IS UNACCEPTABLE TO FRANCE, AND WE ARE FULLY DETERMINED WHICH IN THE CURRENT ONLY ALSO

DIPLOMATIC DRIVE TO PUNISH IRAN FOR REFUSING TO HALT ITS URANIUM

ENRICHMENT PROGRAM. WE SUCCEEDED IN PERSUADING RELUCTANT RUSSIA AND CHINA TO BACK TWO U.N. SANCTIONS

PROCESS,

COMBINES

NOT BUT

RESOLUTIONS. YESTERDAY, BERNARD KOUCHNER,

INCREASING

SANCTIONS

OPENNESS IF IRAN CHOOSES TO HONOR ITS OBLIGATIONS. THIS APPROACH IS THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN KEEP US FROM FACING A DISASTROUS ALTERNATIVE, SUMMED UP BY PRESIDENT SARKOZY: AN IRANIAN BOMB OR THE BOMBING OF IRAN.

FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTER, SAID THAT FRANCE WANTS THE IRANIANS TO

UNDERSTAND THAT PEACE IS IN THEIR INTEREST, ADDING THAT THE DOOR SHOULD BE LEFT OPEN TO NEGOTIATIONS WITH TEHRAN. A SUSPENSION OF NUCLEAR WORK

IS A CONDITION FOR TALKS, BUT FRANCE AIMS TO MAINTAIN THE DIALOGUE. MR KOUCHNER ALSO SAID THAT OUR COUNTRY “MUST PREPARE FOR THE WORST," THE WORST MEANING WAR, EVEN IF WE DO NOT BELIEVE SUCH ACTION IS IMMINENT. IN FACT TODAY, FRENCH PRIME MINISTER

WASHINGTON WILL BE A VERY IMPORTANT ONE, WITH THE WITH PERSPECTIVE, SECURITY IN

CONFORMITY

COUNCIL

RESOLUTION 1747, OF DISCUSSING A THIRD SANCTIONS RESOLUTION TO SUBMIT TO THE U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL. FRANCE HAS ALSO DECIDED TO PREPARE FOR POSSIBLE SANCTIONS OUTSIDE THE U.N. SANCTIONS, THAT IS EUROPEAN SANCTIONS. AND, LAST BUT NOT LEAST, WE HAVE ASKED OUR BIGGEST COMPANIES, INCLUDING OIL GIANT TOTAL AND GAS FIRM GAZ DE FRANCE, NOT TO BID FOR PROJECTS IN IRAN. * WELL, MY FRIENDS, IT’S TIME FOR ME TO CONCLUDE – AND I APOLOGIZE FOR HAVING BEEN SO LONG, BUT, YOU KNOW: IT WAS OUR FIRST MEETING! AS YOU SEE, WE HAVE A LOT OF WORK TO DO. BUT IT IS MY CONVICTION

FRANÇOIS FILLON SAID THAT EVERYTHING MUST BE DONE TO AVOID THE PROSPECT OF WAR WITH IRAN. HE ALSO SAID THAT FRANCE’S ROLE IS TO LEAD TOWARDS A PEACEFUL SOLUTION OF A SITUATION THAT WOULD BE EXTREMELY DANGEROUS FOR THE REST OF THE WORLD, ADDING THAT MR KOUCHNER WAS RIGHT TO SAY THE

SITUATION WAS DANGEROUS AND SHOULD BE TAKEN EXTREMELY SERIOUSLY. IN ANY EVENT, THE SEPTEMBER 21 MEETING OF THE SIX POWERS IN

THAT

WE

WILL

WORK

MUCH THAN

BETTER APART.

TOGETHER

RATHER

CONCERNING OUR FUTURE RELATIONS WITH THE AMERICAN JEWISH COMMITTEE, AGAIN, I WOULD LIKE TO SAY THAT WE ARE ALWAYS PLEASED TO DEBATE WITH YOU: OUR

RELATIONS HAVE ALWAYS BEEN FRIENDLY AND WARM – AND I KNOW, FOR EXAMPLE, THAT THE CEREMONY RECENTLY HELD IN HONOR OF MR WEINER WAS AN

EXCEPTIONAL MOMENT OF FRIENDSHIP. AS YOU ALSO KNOW, AMBASSADOR JEAN-DAVID LEVITTE USED TO DISCUSS ON A REGULAR BASIS WITH THE JEWISH COMMUNITY IN THE UNITED STATES, AND VERY OFTEN IT PROVED EXTREMELY USEFUL. I AM SURE OUR NEW AMBASSADOR, HIS EXCELLENCY MR PIERRE VIMONT, WILL CONTINUE THIS EXCELLENT TRADITION. THANK YOU VERY MUCH.


				
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