Participation of by GwjLe7n


									December 2011

       UNEP Guidelines for the Participation of
       Major Groups and Stakeholders of Civil


                                                            Table of contents

INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................................5

CHAPTER 1: BACKGROUND .............................................................................................................6

Chapter 2: Creating a balanced and actively facilitated framework for managing Major
Group and Stakeholders input to the UNEP governance process..................................7

2.1.          The Global Major Groups and Stakeholders Forum (GMGSF): Engaging with the
              Governing Council .................................................................................................................7
2.2.          The Regional Consultative Meetings (RCM’s) ....................................................................7
2.3 The UNEP Major Groups Facilitating Committee (MGFC)........................................................8
       2.3.1.          Background .....................................................................................................8
       2.3.2.          Composition ....................................................................................................9
       2.3.3           Major Groups Facilitation Committee (MGFC): Terms of Reference...............9
       2.3.4.          Development of Policy Statements ................................................................11

2.3.          Sponsorship to the GMGSF and GC/GMEF.....................................................................11
2.4.          Modalities of Engagement in the GC/GMEF ....................................................................11

IMPLEMENTATION ............................................................................................................................11

3.1.          Policy and programme design.............................................................................................11
3.2.          Programme Implementation ...............................................................................................12

Abbreviations/ Acronyms

CSOs – Civil Society Organizations

ECOSOC – Economic and Social Council

GC – Governing Council

GCSF – Global Civil Society Forum

GEF – Global Environment Facility

GMEF – Global Ministerial Environment Forum

GMGSF – Global Major Groups and Stakeholders Forum

MGs – Major Groups

MGFC – Major Groups Facilitatingon Committee

MGFUs – Major Groups Facilitating Units

MTS – Medium Term Strategy

RCMs – Regional Consultative Meetings

SAICM – Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management

UN – United Nations

UNCED – United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNDP – United Nations Development Programme

UNEP – United Naions Environment Programme

Cooperation between the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Major Groups and
Stakeholders spans more than three decades on a wide variety of levels, from technical cooperation
through to policy development and governance. UNEP has consistently welcomed an ongoing
dialogue and frank exchange of views with Major Groups and Stakeholders – as it has long been
recognized that Major Groups and Stakeholders can be substantive contributors to improving our
understanding of the environment, and to developing innovative solutions to environmental
challenges. These organizations, in turn, have become increasingly mobilized to both influence and
collaborate with the UNEP decision-making process.

This document specifically addresses cooperation between UNEP and Major Groups and Stakeholders
in governance functions and policy formulation during UNEP policy processes. Interaction between
Major Groups and Stakeholders and UNEP became more formalized in 2000, in light of the Malmoe
Declaration which emphasized the inherent challenges to UNEP and “the private sector and Civil
Society”, and has evolved into an annual process, including 6 rRegional Consultation Major Groups
and Stakeholders Meetings (RCM) and a gGlobal Major Groups and Stakeholders Forum. These
meetings are designed to air views related to key issues on the UNEP Governing Council agenda – and
more importantly to develop coherent Major Groups and Stakeholders responses to these issues. To
date, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) representatives accredited to ECOSOC or UNEP through
their organizations are invited to participate in Governing Council discussions as well as similar

Agenda 21, adopted by the U.N. Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), or “Earth
Summit” in 1992, established the concept of the nine “Major Groups”: farmers, women, the scientific
and technological community, children and youth, indigenous peoples and their communities, workers
and trade unions, business and industry, non-governmental organizations, and local authorities.
Several of these constituencies are well organized through representational membership organizations
spanning national and global levels. Some Major Groups focus on well-defined issues, while others
address a much broader array of concerns. The challenge for both Major Groups and Stakeholder
organizations and for UNEP is to develop a process that respects and gives voice to the diverse views
of Major Group representatives while at the same time structuring Major Group input in such a way
that it can effectively inform the inter-governmental process.

The Guidelines described in this document aim to create a balanced and actively facilitated framework
for managing Major Groups and Stakeholders’ input to the UNEP governance processes. It is foreseen
that the Major Groups Facilitating Committee (MGFC) be gender balanced composed of 15 members,
one representative from each Major Group and one representative from each of the Regions.
Organizations formally accredited with UNEP will be requested to tender their interest in facilitating
dialogue within their Major Group on substantive Governing Council issues. UNEP staff will work
closely with each of the Regional and Major Groups representatives to ensure an equitable process of
election with gender balance taken into consideration. Each organisation is expected to commit to this
process for a period of 2 years.

Facilitating the development of coherent position papers on substantive Governing Council issues as
well as helping “coordinating” or “facilitating” the MGFC input and work during the Governing
Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum (GC/GMEF) will be primary tasks for each of the
members of the MGFC. It will also be incumbent upon each Major Group and Regional
representative to the MGFC to ensure clear linkages between Major Groups and regional

1. “Engagement between UNEP and civil society is necessary, both for UNEP and for the protection
   of the planet’s fragile web of life. In this engagement lies the potential for resurgence of
   democracy and ecological awareness…”1 There is indeed an opportunity for Major Groups and
   Stakeholders to continuously reassess and provide guidance on how to further civil society’s
   effective participation.

2. With the goal of providing a vision for how all nine Major Groups can collaborate in an effective
   Major Groups and Stakeholders process with common reference points, this document, “UNEP
   Guidelines for the Participation of Major Groups and Stakeholders of Civil Society” is
   contributing to this collaborative process.

3. Recalling Governing Council Decision 21/19, adopted in 2001 and Governing Council Decision
   SSVII.5, adopted in 2002, the vision of the following Guidelines should be to work for an
   integrated approach between UNEP and Major Groups and Stakeholders where both can play
   significant roles in shaping modern environmental policy. This approach should be regionally and
   gender balanced, and based on an interactive democracy. It should work to get the best-qualified
   organisations to participate actively in the policy processes at UNEP; bring the goals and visions
   of UNEP out to the general public’s awareness and understanding; enhance proficiency, the
   scientific base and promote capacity building, and solicit a wider public participation in the
   development and adoption of appropriate strategies for Major Groups and Stakeholders in the
   work for the environment in all its aspects. This paper is also aimed at securing a more balanced
   participation of the nine Major Groups and the regions.

4. Major Groups and Stakeholders are also implementers and opportunities exist in UNEP for
   partnerships that can increase the impact or profile of projects that meet shared goals. More
   specifically, Business as well as other Major Groups has important resources and expertise that
   can contribute to a wide range of programme, policy and implementation activities across UNEP.
   These implementation aspects are not addressed in the present document which focuses on Major
   Groups’ participation at the Governance Level. However, there are important synergies between
   civil society participation at the governance level and in project implementation, with each having
   the potential to strengthen the other.

5. This document begins by recalling the existing framework of decisions within which the major
   groups and stakeholders operate. This discussion is followed by a summary of the expectations for
   civil society and UNEP on moving forward with enhancing their engagement. The Guidelines
   outline the role, representation, and regional engagement of the Major Group Facilitating Units
   (the MGFUs), and the Major Groups Facilitating Committee (the MGFC).

6. The first edition of the Guidelines adopted in February 2008 and approved by UNEP in March
   2008, was to be revised after one year. This second edition has been presented to civil society for
   adoption by email consultation. After approval by the Executive Director of UNEP, the 2009
   Guidelines were subject to review every two years. This version represents the outcomes of the
   revision process that was carried out in 2011.

 Dr. Vandana Shiva, Founder of the Research Foundation for Science, Technology and Ecology of India, in Natural Allies:
UNEP and Civil Society, 2004, available on the web at:

Chapter 1: Background
7. Recalling that after nearly twenty years of encouraging UNEP’s collaboration with Major Groups
   and Stakeholders through outreach and liaison services, the 1992 “Earth Summit” declared that the
   involvement of nine Major Groups was necessary to achieve sustainable development. The nine
   Major Groups recognized by the Earth Summit agreements are: farmers, women, the scientific and
   technological community, children and youth, indigenous peoples and their communities, workers
   and trade unions, business and industry, non-governmental organizations, and local authorities.
   For the purposes of this paper, the term “Major Groups and Stakeholders” is used as an umbrella
   term covering all nine Major Groups and other Stakeholders of the Civil Society.

       For the purpose of this Guidelines the term “Major Group and Stakeholders”
       includes all Major Groups as identified in Agenda 21, other stakeholders not
       specifically mentioned in Agenda 21 (like elderly people, disabled etc) and
       Regional Representatives.

8. Recalling both Governing Council Decision 21/19, adopted in 2001, calling on UNEP to submit a
   “draft strategy for the active engagement of the civil society, private sector and other major groups
   in the work of UNEP”; and Governing Council Decision SSVII.5, adopted in 2002, where
   Governments requested that the “Executive Director continue the current practice of convening a
   civil society forum that is regionally balanced and representative in conjunction with the meetings
   of the GC/GMEF in close consultation with civil society.” It is the latter portion of this statement
   that this document seeks to implement by providing the Executive Director with recommendations
   on how to encourage greater regional balance and representation among the nine Major Groups
   through their membership to the UNEP Major Groups Facilitating Committee (MGFC),
   previously called the Global Civil Society Steering Committee.

9. The UNEP strategy paper resulting from the initial call for action in 2001 established three
   principal pillars for engaging with Major Groups and Stakeholders: governance and policy
   formulation; programme implementation; and an institutional framework. A Draft Implementation
   Plan to enhance Major Groups’ engagement in the work of UNEP was furthermore presented to
   participants at the 8th Global Civil Society Forum (GCSF). By capitalizing on all three of these
   pillars, this document seeks to create a common reference document and a set of recommendations
   for how civil society will continue to strengthen its role within UNEP, at the GC/GMEF, through
   the Global Major Groups and Stakeholder’s Forum (GMGSF) cycle. This document also goes one
   step further, and provides a vision for seeking greater participation among the nine Major Groups
   and the six regions, recognizing that each Major Group has that their special interests that should
   be strengthened in a collaborative manner without sacrificing the ose unique interests of each.
   within and among the Major Groups.
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                                                                                                       Formatted: Font: 11 pt, English (United
   In order to fulfill its role as the lead UN organisation to the global environmental
                                                                                                       Formatted: English (United Kingdom)
   challenges and opportunities, UNEP developed a Medium-Term-Strategy (MTS) which
   was adopted in early 2008 and will reorient UNEP’s Programme of Work in the years
   2010-2013 around six thematic issue priorities: Climate Change, Disasters and Conflict,
   Ecosystems Management, Environmental Governance, Harmful Substances and
   Hazardous Waste, and Resource Efficiency and Sustainable Consumption and Production.
   The MTS defines the following roles as central to UNEP’s mandate, namely to keep the
   world environmental situation under review; to catalyze and promote international
   cooperation and action; to provide policy advice and early warning information based
   upon sound science and assessments; to facilitate the development, implementation and
   evolution of norms and standards and to develop coherent interlinkages among
   international environmental conventions. Equally important is the role of capacity
   building and technology transfer which was already founded in 2005 through the adoption
   of the Bali Strategic Plan for Technology Support and Capacity-building (the Bali
   Strategic Plan). The objective of the Bali Strategic Plan is to strengthen technology
   support and capacity building, or human capital, in both developing countries and
   countries in economic transition. It provides a framework for cooperation between UNEP,
   multilateral environmental agreements, and other bodies engaged in environmental
   capacity building, including the UN Development Programme (UNDP), the Global
   Environment Facility (GEF), Major Groups, and other relevant stakeholders. The MTS
   also points out that there is renewed focus on the future evolution of international
   environmental governance within the United Nations system itself, including calls for
   greater coherence within the United Nations system and an increased focus on the role of
   major groups and stakeholders, on being responsive to country level priorities, and on
   results-based management.

Chapter 2: Creating a balanced and actively facilitated
framework for managing Major Groups and Stakeholders
input to the UNEP governance process
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                                                                                                       Formatted: Heading 1
2.1.   The Global Major Groups and Stakeholders Forum (GMGSF): Engaging with the
       Governing Council                                                                               Formatted: Font: 11 pt

10. The purpose of the Global Major Groups and Stakeholders Forum which previously was called the
    “Global Civil Society Forum”, is to increase major groups and stakeholders, including regional     Formatted: Superscript
    representatives, influence and inputs into decisions adopted by the GC/GMEF by:
             informing the Major Groups (MGs) and relevant stakeholders about UNEP’s                  Formatted
                procedures and arrangements of the upcoming GC,
             providing information about the latest developments on substance,
            10.         allowing the different Major Groups and Stakeholders including and Regional
                Representatives the opportunity to have a platform ton exchange of views, and to
                facilitate the development of possible common positions of the Major GroupsMGS
                related to the topics discussed at on the GC/GMEF agenda.
                                                                                                       Formatted: Font: 11 pt, English (United
2.2.   The Regional Consultative Meetings (RCM’s)                                                      Kingdom)

                                                                                                       Formatted: English (United Kingdom)
11. The Regional Consultation Meetings constitute the main platform for the regional Major Groups
    and Stakeholders to engage with the UNEP Regional Offices of UNEP on an annual basis. Their

    purpose is to serve as opportunities for capacity building and networking for the Major Groups
    and Stakeholders in the regions, as well as for the Regional Offices.

12. To address this problemmeet that purpose, the following will be implementedconsidered:

        a) The RCMs would be under the responsibility of the Regional Offices and held prior to or
            in conjunction with relevant major regional meetings, events or fora. They would be
            dedicated to discussing relevant programme issues and possible cooperative actions,
            and/or preparing of the Major Groups and Stakeholders’ inputs into the relevant major
            regional meetings/events/fora.
        b) They would also serve as capacity building and networking exercises for the Major Groups
            and Stakeholders in the regions, and constitute platforms for Regional Offices to engage
            with major groups and stakeholders on an annual basis. More flexibility would be given to
            the Regional Offices to organize workshops/meeting with a stronger regional focus in
            coherence with identified needs. This would in particular respond to the need for
            increasing and making more visible UNEP’s presence at regional level.
        c) The choice of the date, the setting of the agenda and the election of the organizations to be
            invited to the RCM’s is the responsibility of the Regional Offices. The Major Groups and
            Stakeholders Branch of the Division of Regional Cooperation will assist the Regional
            Offices on these issues, and will consult the UNEP MGFC to do so. At least all the
            organizations that are accredited to UNEP’s Governing Council will be invited to the
            RCM of their respective region.
        d) Predicable funds should be made available for sponsoring MGS and civil society from the
            refion to the RCM.
        ed) The participants in each of the six Regional Consultative Meetings, the RCMs, are asked
            to nominate and elect two candidates to attend the GMGSF, paying attention to gender           Comment [K1]: Isn’t there a need to propose an
            balance, as well asand sub-regional balance. Both , who both representatives should have       election guidelines? It is left to a large extent as a
            expert knowledge of the thematic issues to be dealt with ataddressed in the upcoming
            GC/GMEF. These candidates shall serve for two years, and one will serve as full member         Comment [K2]: Does this mean that election will
            of the MGFC, while the other will be his/her alternate. In case these candidates represent     be conducted every other year?!

            organizations not accredited to UNEP, then accreditation will have to be requested, and        Comment [K3]: There is a serious challeneg in
                                                                                                           ensuring a continuity and cpaturing the learnings if
            eventually approved by the UNEP Secretariat of Governing Bodies. Whenever possible it          both representatives have to be replaced bi-
            is encourage to allow submissions from individuals not present at the meeting by putting       annually!!
            in place a broader election system (eg electronic submissions),                                It is suggested that election is maintained annually
                                                                                                           for one representative. As such an Ex-representative
                                                                                                           will always be there to ensure the above.
                                                                                                           Comment [K4]: This proposal requires
2.3 The UNEP Major Groups Facilitating Committee (MGFC)                                                    clarification with regard to the means and rationale.
                                                                                                           Does it relate to running online meetings as part of
                                                                                                           the RCMs to ensure wider participation and reduce
13. This section addresses the functions of the MGFC. As described in more details in sections 2.3.3       cost!! Still, the means need to be better thought of.
    below, the role of the MGFC is to provide guidance and to coordinate the engagement of Major           Formatted: English (United States)
    Groups and Stakeholders in the GCSF cycle. The MGFC is “not a decision- making body”, but is
    set up “to facilitate Major Groups and Stakeholders engagement with UNEP”.

14. The MGFC consists of fifteen members, one appointed by each of the nine Major Groups and one
    representing each of the six Regions.

15. Each of these members will have an alternate that will represent their constituency should they not
    be able to do so..

2.3.1. Background

16. Effective preparation for and management of the Global Major Groups and Stakeholder Forum
    (GMGSF) cycle requires the dedicated work of the MGFC and their alternates. A number of

    fundamental principles of engagement shared between major groups and stakeholders
    organizations and UNEP must be at the basis of the work of this committee. These are:

    a) Democratic values – the election of major groups and stakeholders representatives will be
       founded on shared democratic values as expressed by the United Nations Charter;

    b) Freedom of expression – while the MGFC will strive for consensus, individual Major Groups
       and Regional Representatives reserve the right to express their own positions and issue their
       own statements;

    c) Freedom of engagement – while the MGFC and UNEP will strive for collaborative approaches
       for Major Groups and Stakeholders engagement, individual Major Group organizations,
       Regional Representatives and UNEP reserve the right of bilateral engagement; in addition,
       web based platforms for the engagement of MGS should be strengthened and enhanced.

    d) Balance – to the extent feasible, all efforts will be made to ensure regional, gender, and Major
       Groups balance in the composition of the MGFC; and

    e) Transparency of work and methodology –UNEP will seek to provide translation of documents
       in UN languages. UNEP should publish and make data bases of the MGS organizations,
       MGFC memberships, processes and reports available and accessible.

    f) Accountability – Representatives Major Groups and Stakeholders, including Regional                  Comment [K5]: Accountability is very much
       Representatives must be accountable to those they have been chosen to represent as well as to       linked to evaluation. A mechanism needs to be
                                                                                                           establish to assess the contribution, role, interaction
       the broader community of civil society organizations participating in the Global Forum.             of the representatives (regional and MGS)- MGFC
       Representatives are expected to inform and communicate with their members.                          members- toward their constituents (based on what is
                                                                                                           expected from them according to this guidelines).

2.3.2. Composition

17. In accordance with the principles expressed in this document, such as democratic values, freedom
    of expression, freedom of engagement as well as geographical and gender balance, each of the
    Major Group is responsible for organizing an internal transparent and accountable consultation
    process among the members of that group in order to establish an appropriate election process
    based on a system appropriate to that Major Group, in order to nominate two individuals (one
    MGFC member and one alternate), taking into account gender balance. MGFC members are in
    charge to organise such a selection process towards the end of their mandate. Besides, Regional
    Representatives will be elected at the RCM. These nominations will then be endorsed by the
    UNEP Secretariat.

18. In case no agreement can be reached in a particular Major Group related to the nomination of
    these individuals, the UNEP Secretariat will then directly ask the accredited organisations of this
    Major Group to nominate one or two representatives and will elect the representatives based on
    these nominations.

19. These members should function for a two-year period to represent that Major Group on the MGFC
    (for a total of fifteen representatives). Taking into account the particular circumstances of the
    different Major Groups and Regions; the maximum number of consecutive terms will normally be

20. 20. New elections of members of the MGFC take place every odd year.

2.3.3 Major Groups Facilitation Committee (MGFC): Terms of Reference.

21. Having established the MGFC, commitment to the process by its members must be made at a
    minimum over a two-year period to ensure consistency and continuity, along with development of
    a detailed plan of action on how to work to integrate each Major Group into the UNEP
    GC/GMEF. Besides their attempts toThis entails secure ing the necessary resources for this
    person, and reasonable operating costs (along with the necessary fundraising for this). UNEP
    should make available predicable funds to ensure their engagement in GMGSF and GC/GMEF.                Comment [K6]: Specially for MGS and civil
                                                                                                           society representatives from the South
22. Pending the available human and financial resources the work of the MGFC will fall under the
    following main categories:
        a) Provide and develop logistics and process understanding so the Major Groups will be able
            to maximise their presence under the aegis of the rules of engagement and procedure that
            the UN and UNEP have set up.
        b) Provide guidance and find expertise to develop policy positions representing the best from
            the Major Group constituencies relevant to the agenda points of the UNEP GC/GMEF.
        c) As the UNEP GC and GMEF are policy meetings, and the work of the Major Groups in
            this context is of that nature, the agendas of all the meetings, regional and centralglobal,
            will be that of the UNEP GC or GMEF.
        d) The agenda of the GMGSF including the choice of the keynote speakers, and the names of
            the sponsored participants to the GMGSF will be decided by consensus between UNEP
            Secretariat and the MGFC.

23. More specifically, and while this might be a challenge for the Major Groups and Regions with a
    very large number of participating organizations, each of the Major Groups representatives, as
    well as the Regional Representatives, must work to:

    a) Maximise participation of representatives of its Major Group worldwide or its region in the
       UNEP GC/GMEF and its related meetings;
    b) Promote a good representation of the Major Group at the regional meeting, and ensure that the
       participants have received the necessary information relating to the agenda beforehand;
    c) Facilitate the involvement of Major Groups members with specific issue knowledge in UNEP
       related work, both in the local, national and regional contexts as well as at UNEP GC and the
       UNEP GMEF;
    d) Foster balanced representation on the basis of gender, focus and region;
    e) Mobilise knowledgeable representatives of the Major Groups to participate in the UNEP GC
       and/or UNEP GMEF;
    f) Assist participating Major Group members in having access to information related to the
       agenda for the UNEP meetings and in participating fully in the GC/GMEF and its related
       meetings, and in having free and unfettered access to delegates;
    g) Provide general information, training and capacity building on UNEP process in line with the
       expressed visions, goals and targets as found in the Bali Plan of Action;
    h) Generate broad media-interest, as well as on-going educational programmes around the world;
    i) Maintain a web-based information hub, issue based list-serves, as well as general
       informational sites;
    j) Disseminate issue-based information from the Major Groups and Stakeholders focussing on
       these issues, to others not directly involved in those issue-networks; and
    k) Coordinate the work of the Major Groups policy papers.

24. The MGFC shall also be responsible for coordinating their activities with at the regional level in     Comment [K7]: There should be some focus on
    cooperation with their regional networks and with UNEP’s Secretariat and Regional Offices. In          the MGFC role in establishing advisory teams (there
                                                                                                           is a precedence (IEG AG). In this case, proper
    particular, each of the Major Groups’ representatives will help the UNEP Secretariat to:               governance and communication process and protocol
                                                                                                           need to be identified in order to clear any potential
                                                                                                           ambiguity as is the case of the said AG.
    a) Foster the participation of organisations of their Major Group at the six regional meetings;
    b) In regions where their Major Groups are under-represented, help to identify and involve
       emerging or newly-established Major Groups in the regional meetings;

    c) Promote inter-regional exchange and coordination of inputs within their Major Group;
    d) Facilitate the integration of regional concerns into the Major Groups policy statements; and
    e) Actively participate in identification of skilled or specialised presenters or facilitators at
    f) (what about establishing advisory teams???)-- Engage and bring in key expertise to support in
       addressing high priority areas. This can be done through establishing advisory teams.              Formatted: English (United States)

2.3.4. Development of Policy Statements

25. Developing an understanding of agenda points and key policy positions are of paramount interest
    and importance to the various Major Groups and relevant stakeholders. Producing position papers
    on the agenda points is therefore a primary task for the Major Groups representatives. In line with
    decisions taken throughout the UN system, and depending on the subject, national, sub-regional
    and regional concerns often constitute a key element of policy statements. These concerns must be
    brought to the GC or GMEF in a succinct and representative form.

26. Statements or position papers are initiated from Major Groups and Regions as part of the official
    information documents to the GC. The documents must reflect the major concerns of each of the
    Major Groups and Regions relating to the agenda themes of the GC/GMEF. The documents must
    be written according to UNEP format, meet deadlines set by UNEP and, subsequently, sent as UN
    documents to all delegates as part of the official documents.

2.3. Sponsorship to the GMGSF and GC/GMEF

27. Sponsorship of GC/GMEF will be in line with funds available.                                          Comment [K8]: Predicable funds should be made
                                                                                                          available for the participation in GMGSF and
                                                                                                          GC/GMEF. Atleast a minimum number of
                                                                                                          sponsorship should be mentioned here
2.4. Modalities of Engagement in the GC/GMEF

28. The Rules of Procedures of the Governing Council provide for “international non-governmental
    organisations having an interest in the field of the environment” to attend “as observers at public
    meetings of the Governing Council and its subsidiary organs, if any.”

29. Taking this into account, UNEP Secretariat has devised the modalities for the engagement of
    accredited organisations in the proceedings of the GC/GMEF as listed here below.

30. Subject to approval of the President of the Governing Council, the accredited organisations are
    allowed, facilitated by the MGFC:
    a) To participate in the Ministerial Round Tables of the GMEF;
    b) To have 9 seats in each of the plenary sessions of the meeting (opening, closing, GMEF,            Comment [K9]: Additional 6 seats reserved for
        Committee of the Whole);                                                                          the regions should be secured together with the 9
                                                                                                          major groups. A total of 15 seats for all MGFC (9
    c) To have the opportunity to submit their written input to the President;                            MGS and 6 RRs).
    d) To participate in the open-ended subsidiary organs and bodies of the meeting

Chapter 3: The Way Forward: Policy and Programme
Design and Implementation

3.1. Policy and programme design

31. Further involvement of various Major Groups when UNEP develops internal policies, strategies,
    guidelines or standards would be beneficial to both UNEP and major groups and stakeholders.

32. Although UNEP regularly involve Major Groups in this type of work, the engagement tends to
    focus mainly on one or a few Major Groups at a time and the exchange among them seems
    limited. Greater use of multi-stakeholder dialogues and consultations could thus be useful. The
    Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) represents a best practice in
    this regard in terms of environmental policy development. Indeed, for the purpose of the rules of
    procedures of SAICM (SAICM/ICCM.1/6), a "participant" means any governmental,
    intergovernmental or non-governmental participant. All participants have the same rights
    concerning the participation in the sessions of the Preparatory Committee and any open-ended
    subsidiary body, the inclusion of specific items in the provisional agenda, the right to speak, the
    raising of a point of order and the introduction of proposals and amendments. The regional
    meetings of the Marrakesh Process and the annual UNEP Business and Industry Global Dialogue
    are also good examples of stakeholders’ engagement. Building on similar experiences, UNEP
    should consider engaging further in multi-stakeholder dialogues, capitalizing on its unique            Comment [K10]: multi-stakeholders dialogue
    position in the environmental arena and its relations with various Major Groups. In particular,        sessions should be institutionalized and should be
                                                                                                           held alongside the GC/GMEF
    there may be opportunities to convene multi-stakeholder dialogues sessions alongside the

33. Involving various Major Groups in a more systematic way on specific issues would bring a
    number of advantages to both UNEP and Major Groups and Stakeholders. It would allow UNEP
    to integrate Major Groups’ views and expertise, on specific thematic areas (e.g. water, energy,
    etc.) from the beginning, hence improving the quality of the policies, strategies, guidelines or
    standards developed, and eventually facilitating their implementation. Based on specific issues, the
    approach would improve the quality of UNEP’s interaction with Major Groups, and make the
    results of the consultations more tangible both for UNEP and for major groups and stakeholders.

3.2. Programme Implementation

34. Major Groups and Stakeholders are also implementers and opportunities exist in UNEP for
    partnerships that can increase the impact or profile of projects that meet shared goals. These
    implementation aspects are not addressed in the Guidelines which focus on enhancing the
    engagement of Major Group with UNEP at the governance level. However, it is our expectation
    that greater involvement of Major Groups in UNEP’s policy process will also help to facilitate
    fuller involvement with programme implementation. A separate process is ongoing to that effect.


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