Governance by chenboying


									Summary of ‘Partnership Strategies’ and ‘Change in Outcome Indicators’
Governance Outcome: Increased participation in the regional and global economy to promote sustainable development. The partnership will start with a needs assessment that will be conducted by the Government and donors. UNDP will then work with selected donors regarding cost-sharing arrangements. UNDP and the National Committee for International Economic Cooperation (NCIEC), which is a neutral national agency, will play a key role in coordinating bilateral technical assistance for global integration. Main contributors include the Ministry of Trade, General Departments of Custom, SDC-Switzerland, NZ-New Zealand, AusAID-Australia, CIDA-Canada, and USA. A comprehensive trade liberalization program was approved by the Government in 2001. As a concrete step toward reducing trade barriers, the Government removed all quota restrictions in July 2001 on rice imports and fertilizer imports. In addition, the Custom Law has been simplified. In November 2001, the Party Politburo released a resolution emphasizing the importance of establishing an overall global integration strategy. Outcome: Increased consideration of Government’s development directions that reflect successful international and human development experiences. This outcome will be realized through a series of technical workshops and high-level round table consultations. A broad-based policy dialogue between the donor community and the Government will develop a common understanding of the development issues facing Vietnam. This will also involve research on human development, workshops to raise awareness, debates, and the publication and dissemination of human development papers. UNDP will work with the entire donor community by providing organizational capacity and neutrality, human development expertise, and a small amount of seed money in partnership with major donors. Direct counterparts UNDP will work with include the Development Strategy Institute (DSI) of the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI), the National Center for Social Sciences and Humanities, a cross-institutional Steering Committee of Vice Ministers and Senior Policy Advisors, an NHDR research and drafting team, and the Government Statistical Office (GSO). In 2001, the new Ten Year Socio-economic Development Strategy was approved. In addition, a resolution was approved by Party Congress to be more active in supporting the development of a competitive private sector. The US-Vietnam Trade Agreement was also ratified on both sides, and preparations for WTO accession have been accelerated. The Government also published the National Human Development Report in November 2001, organized workshops and human development-related events, and initiated the initial stages to develop a Research Institute for Human Studies.

Source: 2001 SRF/ROAR Outcomes and Outcome Indicators/Partnerships


Outcome: Dynamic, strong and competitive private sector as a critical contribution to growth and poverty alleviation. The most crucial element to realizing this outcome is the partnership between the public and private sectors. This will be promoted through joint public and private dialogues during workshops, reviews, studies, and the annual Vietnam Business Forum. UNDP continues to support this outcome by providing financial and technical inputs through a project that will improve the business environment. Main partners include Center Institute for Economic Management (research and high-level policy advice), the World Bank (organizer of annual business forum), Asian Development Bank (financial resources), JICA-Japan (financial resources), GTZ-Germany (external advisory), USAID (external advisory), and the private sector (dialogue partner). The share of the private sector was 40% of GDP in 2000. During the first 10 months of 2001, 14,583 new enterprises were established and 120 SOEs was equitized. The implementation of the Enterprise Law continues successfully in 2001 but not as fast as expected. Lastly, computerized business registration was set up in 7 pilot provinces, which significantly improved the efficiency of business licensing.

Outcome: Improved access to justice for all. A legal needs assessment will be produced after which a Government-led framework and mechanism will be worked out in partnership with the development community. UNDP has been the leader and coordinator of this process. It has been leading the Public Administration Reforms (PAR). Major partners include the Ministry of Justice (human resources and key expertise), the National Assembly (Ibid), the Supreme People’s Court (Ibid), the Supreme People’s Procuracy (Ibid), Vietnam Lawyers Association (Ibid), the World Bank (technical assistance and financial resources), Asian Development Bank (technical assistance and financial resources), SIDA-Sweden (technical assistance and financial resources), DANIDADenmark (technical assistance and financial resources), AusAID-Australia (technical assistance and financial resources), CIDA-Canada (technical assistance and financial resources), JICAJapan (technical assistance and financial resources), and France (technical assistance and financial resources). The National Assembly has revised the 1992 Constitution with a special focus on rule of law and State building. The Party Politbureau has issued a special resolution on judicial reforms. In addition, it is now accepted for citizens to sue State agencies.

Outcome: Efficient, cost-effective public services for society. This outcome will be realized through Public Administration Reforms (PAR), which is led by UNDP. In addition, a PAR Support Facility will be established as well as a comprehensive proposal for a PAR Trust Fund for long-term support. Consultations with stakeholders will also be conducted in order to understand the real impacts PAR have on its beneficiaries.

Source: 2001 SRF/ROAR Outcomes and Outcome Indicators/Partnerships


UNDP will be the leader in supporting the implementation of the PAR strategy. UNDP’s main partners include GCOP (in-kind contribution), Government PAR Steering Committees (advisory role), SIDA-Sweden (technical assistance and financial support), SDC (technical assistance and financial support), NORAD (technical assistance and financial support), CIDA-Canada (technical assistance and financial support0, and The Netherlands (financial support). The first PAR strategy was approved by the Prime Minister in September 2001.

Outcome: Public Expenditure Management (PEM) to ensure equitable, effective, transparent and sustainable allocation and use of public resources. The Public Expenditure Reform (PER) working group, which was established by the Government of Vietnam, meets every three months at the Vietnam Development Information Center to review progress made towards goals set forth in the PER Action Plan 2000-2003 and discuss future steps. A debt management project will also be formulated to compliment PER. In addition, strengthening institutional capacity for budget oversight of the Economics and Budget Committee of the National Assembly and related institutions are needed as part of the PER. UNDP has been actively working with the donor community by providing substantive inputs through facilitation, technical assistance, and financial support. Major State partners include the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Planning and Investment, the State Bank of Vietnam, Office of Government, MOET, MOH, MOT, MOJ and three local governments (HCMC, Quan Binh and Bac Ninh). Donor partners include Sweden, Denmark, Australia, Switzerland, DFID, JICA, the World Bank, IMF, and ADB, with contributions in technical assistance and financial support. For the first time, the Master PAR Program included public finance reforms as an integral element of PAR. The Government has also decided to carry out MTEF in some selected sectors, starting with education. The Government has prepared a first draft on external debt strategy in 2000-2003. In March 2001, as a follow-up on the Public Expenditure Review 2000, the Government and involved donors have agreed on a detailed matrix of actions for 2000-2003 including efforts to make budgetary data and information more comprehensive and consistent.

Poverty Outcome: An incorporated comprehensive approach to policy and planning that involves specific targets to reduce human and income poverty. To achieve this outcome, the Government will set up a draft of Vietnams’ Development Goals (VDG) and a monitoring and evaluation mechanism. In 2002, the work on the VDGs will be finalized and a costing exercise related to reaching the goals/target will be conducted. UNDP will play a key role as part of this process by providing technical assistance and working closely with partners. Main partners include the Poverty Task Force, the Poverty Working Group, Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, the Ministry for Planning and Investment, General Statistics Office, the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, and DFID. The Poverty Reduction Strategy (HEPR) has been drafted and is more comprehensive than its earlier drafts. The I-PRSP has been approved by the Government, the World Bank and the IMF. The 5-year National Target Program on HEPRJC was approved by the Government. VLSS

Source: 2001 SRF/ROAR Outcomes and Outcome Indicators/Partnerships


results were widely distributed and used as analytical basis for policy recommendations. The Gender analysis of VLSS has been completed and the national capacity of the VLSS data has been improved.

Environment Outcome: Comprehensive policy frameworks and measures that are integrated into the national development process to promote sustainable development and address global environmental issues. This will be based on a participatory approach and linked to poverty reduction. This will involve revising the National Environment Strategy and Action Plan, integrating environmental concerns into decision making, developing a rural environment, and promoting environmental education. UNDP will act as the focal point for workshops, meetings and consultation with the donor and NGO communities to review the draft strategy and action plan. UNDP will also pilot integrated conservation & development activities in protected areas and provide high quality, timely support to developing new GEF and MP projects. The UNDP/Denmark-assisted Agenda 21 Initiative is also expected to contribute to the formulation of a comprehensive strategy. Major partners include the International Support Group on Environment (ISGE), SDC (financial support), DANIDA (financial support), SIDA (financial support), CIDA (financial support), the Netherlands (financial support), the World Bank (technical support), NGOs (technical support), NEA (project implementation), MPI (project implementation), MOET (project implementation), VNAT (project implementation), WTO (project implementation), FAO (project implementation), and MARD (project implementation). A model for linking conservation and development activities is being tested. In addition, development of a comprehensive GEF project pipeline has been initiated.

Gender Outcome: A National Strategy and Plan of Action for the advancement of women and gender equality to be formulated and implemented. Main partnership mechanism will remain the Joint Government Donor Gender Framework. Through this partnership, the National Committee for the Advancement of Women, Women’s Union, Youth Union and donors will work closely together towards a successful implementation of PoA2. UNDP will play a role in facilitating partnership with other donors and serve as a source of policy advice and technical assistance. Major partners include the National Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women (NCFAW), Vietnam Women Union (VWU), and the General Statistics Office (GSO). An evaluation of PoA1 for 1996-2000 was carried out by the Government in 2001. The new PoA2 for 2001-2005 based on extensive research was formulated and submitted to the Prime Minister for approval. In addition a situation analysis of women and gender relations in Vietnam

Source: 2001 SRF/ROAR Outcomes and Outcome Indicators/Partnerships


was completed and disseminated to policy makers and program managers. Lastly, a gender analysis of the VLSS was also completed and will be disseminated to policy makers.

Special Development Situations Outcome: Developed national capacity for comprehensive disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation. The Government-Donor-NGO Partnership for disaster mitigation will play an important role in achieving this outcome. UNDP, through its Disaster Management Unit (DMU) Project and the new disaster mitigation project (expected to be approved in early 2002) will play a coordination/facilitation role in this Partnership. UNDP will provide support to set up the partnership’s institutional framework, facilitate donor participation in the Partnership through Trust Fund mechanisms, and provide policy advice and information regarding disaster situation with all partners involved. Main partners include the Central Committee for Flood and Storm control (CCFSC), MARD, NDMPartnership Steering Committee, the Ministry of Construction, the Ministry of Planning and Investment, Vietnam Television, National and International Red Cross, United Nations Disaster Management Team (UNDMT), UNOCHA, the Netherlands, USA, the World Bank and other International Financial Institutions. The final draft of the Strategy and Action Plan for Disaster Mitigation was reviewed by MARD and international inputs will be sought in 2002. A strong partnership for Disaster Mitigation was established for Central Vietnam. New technologies have been explored for more effective disaster warning, with particular attention on vulnerable sections of society. In addition, initial discussions have been held among UNDP CO in Mekong sub-region for more effective flood management and mitigation.

UNDP Support for the UN Outcome: Collaborative UN system support for monitoring and supporting progress towards achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Vietnam Development Targets (VDCs). The UNRC Office organized and coordinated initial inputs from UNCT to produce MDG report for Vietnam. UNDP with the UNRC office support, convened and chaired UNCT meetings on the MDGs localization exercise. UNDP represented UNCT in the Government-donor-NGO Poverty Working Group and its Poverty Task Force and actively participates in PWG/PTF meetings. Concerning the incorporation of MDGs and UNCT views in the PRSP, specific meeting on PRSP are convened and chaired by UNDP with UNRC support. Key partners are UNCT, the Government of Vietnam, donors, NGOs, UNAIDS, and PTF members (World Bank, Asian Development Bank, JBIC, Oxfam GB, MOISA, GSO and other). Focus and awareness of MDGs has been increased in Vietnam. In addition, work on advancing support to Government in reaching MDGs has been initiated and become more coordinated.

Source: 2001 SRF/ROAR Outcomes and Outcome Indicators/Partnerships


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