History 230 Due February 23, 2009
Reading Guide: Edmund Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom (92-211)
What was behind the failure of the Virginia Company’s stewardship of the colony? What
derailed the “good intentions”?
How did the massacre of March 22, 1622 change the English-Indian relationship?
Discuss the impact of tobacco. Why does Morgan call it a “Boom”? How did it affect
land distribution? How did it affect labor, its acquisition and relations? What were some
of the different arrangements under which people labored? How did tobacco cultivation
shape the settlement patterns? What role did it have in the economy of Virginia?
How did a servant’s life in Virginia compare to a servant’s life in England?
What did ordinary farms produce besides tobacco?
What did “English freedom” mean in Virginia? How was the notion expressed in
How did government work in 1640s-1660s Virginia? Who had power, how did they use
it? What sorts of behavior was regulated, what accepted? What was the status of “Negro
servants” during this time?
What were the factors that contributed to the horrendous death rate in Virginia up until
the 1650s? How did a high death rate shape Virginia social development?
How were women’s lives different in Virginia? Children’s?
What were the challenges to accumulating wealth?
What factors may have changed over time to improve mortality rates and promote
What was the financial impact on colonial business of having more people live longer?
What was Berkeley’s response? What complicated the efforts to limit tobacco
How did the “navigation act” affect tobacco planters? How did it work and why does
Morgan call it “A Golden Fleecing”? What else contributed to the “fleecing”?