Korea Japan Vietnam Jumbo by HU30t88


									                                  Korea, Japan, and Vietnam

 Korea: Ruled by tang in 3rd century. Believed in shamanism (individuals could contact ancestors in the
  spirit world), absorbed Buddhism, wealthy landholding families made status inherited – “bone ranks”;
 taken over by the Koryo after tang control didn’t work out, invented first moveable printing press. The
 Mongols attacked Korea because it was the perfect naval base. After a 20 years long war, the land was
 ravaged. The king of Korea surrendered, and became related to the great khan through marriage. Korea
  adopted Mongol culture, and was no longer culturally isolated, which led to new land and an educated
class. Emperor Yi rose to power when the Mongols fell, and rejected the Mongol ways. In this period the
    printing press was improved, which led to a higher literacy rate. The Koreans also made strides in
       scientific instruments and calendars, and they learned how to produce cotton and gunpowder.

    Japan: Originally hundreds of mini countries, eventually unified under unknown pretenses. Yamato
    regime was the first unified regime, had elements of tang government such as the same legal code, &
  Confucianism. Buddhism was also integrated. Some women could take the throne if their husbands died
(i.e. Sukio).Japan was similar to China in the sense that they had similar architecture but different because
 there was no mandate of heaven and less warfare. The prime minister in Japan was called the Shinto, and
     the emperor was called the tenno. As the government became decentralized, the Fujiwara (family of
  priests, bearcats, and warriors) controlled power, and favored Confucianism. They trusted warriors to go
   tax the people and control the local government, and some became wealthy and powerful which led to
   civil war. Japanese believed that women shouldn’t be educated, but some learned about a few subjects
    and wrote books (The tale of Genji). Later, the Mongols attacked, but the first time they were chased
  away by a storm. The Kamakura Shogunate, distributed land to their followers in return for soldiers and
  tribute, which they used to prepare for the next Mongol attack. Fear of the Mongols unified the country,
  and when the Mongols attacked again, they were blown away in a typhoon which would later be known
      as the Kamikaze, or the divine wind. The Japanese prepared for a 3rd attack, but the Mongols never
returned. After a financial strain, the Kamakura shogunate fell, and the Ashikaga Shogunate took over and
 increased agricultural productivity and built schools and markets. But competitions between warlords led
      to the Onin war, which left the country without a central government. Zen Buddhism, with elegant
                                    gardens and architecture, also appeared.

  Vietnam: The economy of Vietnam was centered around the 2 fertile river valleys, and had rice based
agriculture. The early state in Vietnam, Annam, adopted Confucianism and Buddhism. Champa, southern
Vietnam, was often involved in conflict with Annam. The Champa gave rice to china as a tribute. Women
 in Vietnam were better off than Chinese women before Confucianism was adopted, and two women, the
Trung sisters, even led a rebellion. Annam and Champa continued fighting, and were both tribute states to
  the Mongols. Annam related more to china, and was ruled by a Ming puppet government at one point.
 The Champa related to Indian Ocean civilizations more. Annam eventually won the fights with Champa
                                     and became dominant in Vietnam.

To top