Evidence Based Reviews in Surgery

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					                            Evidence Based Reviews in Surgery
                                   a joint program of
                       Canadian Association of General Surgeons
                   L’Association Canadienne des Chirurgiens Généraux                               Division of Education

                                            &
                              American College of Surgeons

                                              EBRS Packages
                                                2012-2013

                                              Instructions
     The format will be as follows: a brief summary of the paper (2-3 slides at most).
     Then resident should focus on answering the questions provided in the EBRS
     package. Discussion will follow. No need for a literature review or other research
     on the topic. The only references needed are those provided in the package.

   DATE                             ARTICLES FOR REVIEW                                         PRESENTERS
Package #1      Topics
                   1. Clinical: Antibiotics vs. surgery acute appendicitis
                   2. Methodological: Meta-analysis                                           Ahmad Elnahas
Oct 30, 2012                                                                                  Erika Lee
                Articles
7:30pm          1. Liu K, Fogg L. Use of antibiotics alone for treatment of
                    uncomplicated acute appendicitis: a systematic review and meta-
                    analysis. Surgery 2011;150:673-83
                2. Ansaloni L, Catena F, Coccolini F et al. Surgery versus conservative
                    antibiotic treatment in acute appendicitis: a systematic review and
                    meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
                3. Bhandari M, Devereaux, PJ, Montaori V, et al; for the Evidence-
                    Based Surgery Working Group. Users’ guide to the surgical
                    literature: how to use a systematic literature review and meta-analysis

                Reviewers
                Clinical: Darrell Boone – Memorial University
                Clinical: Rodney Mason – USC Medical Centre
                Methodological: Lillian Kao – University of Texas – Health Science
                Centre
Package #2      Topics
                1. Clinical: Medical team building and surgical mortality
Nov. 12, 2012   2. Methodological: Quality Improvement                                        Craig Durant
                                                                                              Kyle Hunt
                Articles
                1. Neily J, Mills PD, Young-Xu Y, et al. Association between
                                                                                              Dr. Simunovic
                    implementation of a medical team training program and surgical            (Content Expert)
                    mortality. JAMA 2010;304(15):1693-1700
                2. Rubin DB. Estimating causal effects from large data sets using
                    propensity scores. Ann Intern Med 1997;127:757-63
                3. Propensity Score Matching Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
                    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propensity_score_matching
                4. Introduction to Propensity Score Matching: A New Device for
                    Program Evaluation. Lecture notes 2004


                                                    -1-
             Reviewers
             Clinical: David Urbach – University of Toronto
             Clinical: Amy Halverson – Northwestern University
             Methodological: Tim Pawlik – Johns Hopkins

Package #3   Topics                                                                     Karina Roth-Albin
             1. Clinical: US breast screening guidelines
January 8,   2. Methodological: Guidelines                                              Jennifer Li
2013                                                                                    Dr. Hodgson(content
             Articles
             1. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for breast cancer:
                                                                                        expert)
                 U.S. Preventive Task Force recommendation statement Ann Int Med
                 2009;151:716-26
             2. Hayward RSA, Wilson MC, Tunis SR, Bass EB, Guyatt G, for the
                 Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group. Users’ Guides to the
                 Medical Literature. How to Use Clinical Practice Guidelines (A).
                 JAMA 1995;274(7):570-74
             3. Hayward RSA, Wilson MC, Tunis SR, Bass EB, Guyatt G, for the
                 Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group. Users’ Guides to the
                 Medical Literature. How to Use Clinical Practice Guidelines (B).
                 JAMA 1995;274(20):1630-32

             Reviewers
             Clinical: Carman Ciacomantonio – Dalhousie University
             Clinical: Chip Cody – Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
             Methodological: Steve Latosinsky – University of Western Ontario
Package #4   Topics                                                                     Kerry Graybiel
             1. Clinical: Effect of stitch length on wound complications
Jan 2013     2. Methodological: Treatment Effectiveness                                 Tabitha Tse
             Articles
             1. Millbourn D, Cengiz Y, Israelsson LA. Effect of stitch length on
                 wound complications after closure of midline incisions: a randomized
                 controlled trial. Arch Surg 2009;144(11):1056-59
             2. Urshel JD, Goldsmith GH, Tandan VR et al; Users’ Guide to
                 Evidence-Based Surgery: How to Use an Article Evaluating Surgical
                 Interventions. Can J Surg. 2001;44(2):95-100

             Reviewers
             Clinical: Ori Rotstein – University of Toronto
             Clinical: Parag Bhanot – Georgetown University
             Methodological: Robin McLeod – University of Toronto
Package #5   Topics                                                                     Sara Kalechstein
             1. Clinical: Use of MRI in Stage I, II, III rectal cancer
Feb 2013     2. Methodological: Prognosis                                               Ari Doumouras
             Articles
             1. Taylor FGM, Quirke P, Heald RJ, et al. Preoperative high –resolution
                 magnetic resoncance imaging can identify good prognosis stage I, II
                 and III rectal cancer best managed by surgery alone. Ann Surg
                 2011;253:711-719
             2. Hansebout RR, Cornacchi SD, Haines T, et al; for the Evidence-Based
                 Surgery Working Group. Users’ guide to the surgical literature. How
                 to use an article about prognosis. Can J Surg 2009;52(4):328-36

             Reviewers
             Clinical: Erin Kennedy – University of Toronto
             Clinical: Blair MacDonald (radiologist) – University of Ottawa
             Clinical: Heidi Nelson – Mayo Clinic
             Methodological: Arden Morris – University of Michigan
                                                -2-
Package #6   Topics                                                                       Filgen Fung
             1. Clinical: Bariatric Surgery for Obese Diabetics
March 2013   2. Methodological: Cost-Effectiveness                                        PGY4-TBD
             Articles
             1. Horerger TJ, Zhang P, Segel JE, et al. Cost-effectiveness of bariatric
                 surgery for severely obese adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care
                 2010;33:1933-39
             2. Thoma A, Sprague S, Tandan V; for the Evidence-Based Surgery
                 Working Group. Users’ guide to the surgical literature: how to use an
                 article on economic analysis. Can J Surg 2001;44(5):347-54

             Reviewers
             Clinical: Dan Birch – University of Alberta
             Clinical: Peter Hallowell – University of Virginia
             Methodological: Harry Henteleff – Dalhousie University
Package #7   Topics
             1. Clinical: 80-hour work week
Apr 2013     2. Methodological: Administrative Data                                       Miriam Tsao
                                                                                          PGY4-TBD
             Articles
             1. Morrison AC, Wyatt MM, Carrick MM. Impact of the 80-hour work
                 week on mortality and morbidity in trauma patients: an analysis of the
                 national trauma data bank. J Surg Res 2009;154:157-62
             2. Rochon PA, Gurwitz JH, Sykora K et al. Reader’s guide to critical
                 appraisal of cohort studies: 1. Role and design. BMJ 2005;330:895-
                 897
             3. Mamdani M, Sykora K, Li P et al. Reader’s guide to critical appraisal
                 of cohort studies: 2. Assessing potential for confounding. BMJ
                 2005;330:960-2

             Reviewers
             Clinical: Paola Fata – McGill University
             Clinical: Tim Flynn – University of Florida
             Methodological: Karen Brasel – Medical College of Wisconsin
Package #8   Topics                                                                       Yaameen Chanda
             1. Clinical: WHO check list and hospital mortality
May 2013     2. Methodological: Quality Improvement                                       PGY4-TBD
             Articles
             1. van Klei WA, Hoff RG, van Aarnhem EEHL, et al. Effects of the
                 introduction of the WHO “surgical safety checklist” on in-hospital
                 mortality. Ann Surg 2012;255(1):44-49
             2. Normand SLT, Sykora K, Li P, et al. Reader’s guide to critical
                 appraisal of cohort studies: 3. Analytical strategies to reduce
                 confounding. BMJ 2005;330:1021-3

             Reviewers
             Clinical: John Kortbeek – University of Calgary
             Clinical: Caprice Greenberg - University of Wisconsin Madison
             Methodological: Tara Mastracci – Cleveland Clinic




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