PowerPoint Presentation by V5Lr043u

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									Axis Powers:

incl. Japan
      Germany
      Italy
                Allied Powers:

                incl. U.S.A.
                      Soviet Union
                      Britain
                      China
                      Free French
    Impact of World War II - Turkey

Maintains neutrality until declares war
    on Germany in 1945, hence becoming
    charter member of United Nations

Budget deficits due to military
    spending cause inflation,
    boosted by pre-emptive
    buying by U.S.A. and
    Britain. Crisis eventually
    simply ridden out
    Impact of World War II - Iran
Declares neutrality, but invaded by British
    and Americans to safeguard oil fields
    and supply Russia

Inflation pushes prices so high
     that are bread riots and
     economic crises

Political and social fragmentation of country,
     with German agents trying to foment
     unrest
    Impact of World War II - Iran

1942 Treaty of alliance with Britain and
    Soviet Union promises withdrawal of
    foreign troops within 6 months of end
    of war

1943 Iran declares war
    on Germany

After end of war foreign troops leave Iranian
     soil, except the Russians...
   Impact of World War II - Egypt
Theoretically independent since signing of
    Anglo-Egyptian treaty in 1936

Becomes staging post for Allied operations

Shortages, inflation and import/export
    problems despite British
    purchase of cotton crop in
    1941-42 and employment
    of Egyptians by British
    to support troops
   Impact of World War II - Egypt


Malaria outbreak kills c. 100,000 people

British impose friendly government, which
     lasts until no longer expedient for them

Egyptians declare war on
    Germany and Japan
    in 1945
    Impact of World War II - Iraq

Breaks off relations with Germany in 1939,
    but in 1940, when new leadership more
    friendly to Italy/Germany takes power,
    British intervene to have it replaced

Coup in 1941 leads British to send
    troops to Basra to protect
    interests. Conflict between British
    and Iraqis leads British to invade
    and install more friendly government
     Impact of World War II - Iraq

British control economy, military, bureaucracy
     and education. Prime minister Nuri al-Said
     plans Arab League

Iraq declares war on Axis powers in Jan 1943

Some inflation, nationalist
   and socialist discontent
      Impact of World War II - Lebanon/
                                 Syria
Still mandates. Outbreak of war leads to
      tightening of French control

France falls to Germany in 1940. German agents
    come to Lebanon and Syria to prepare them
    for German takeover. French puppet
    government installs new governments

Economic crises and food shortages, leading to
    demonstrations and unrest
      Impact of World War II - Lebanon/
                                 Syria
Allied forces invade in spring 1941, install new,
     friendly governments, but power remains
     in hands of Free French and British

Popular opposition forces Allies to re-establish
    constitutions and allow elections in 1943

Both countries are recognised as
    independent and declare war
    on Axis powers in 1944
      Impact of World War II - Palestine

Major tensions and at times civil conflict
    between Arabs and Jews in
    inter-war period. Increased
    immigration of Jews and
    purchase of land from
    Arabs by Jewish community

By 1939 British have enacted legislation limiting
    Jewish immigration and land transfers
     Impact of World War II - Palestine
Both Jews and Arab states seek to curry favour
    with British by aiding war effort. Jews
    and Arabs are also profiting from
    increased demand for food and services

Increased Jewish immigration due to Holocaust

British continue attempts to limit
     immigration to keep Arabs
     happy. Tension in region
     mounts...
        Middle East Supply Center

Based in Cairo. Set up in April 1941 to
    co-ordinate movement of goods in region

Run by British, later aided by Americans. No
    local involvement

By 1944 is apparent is tool of British economic
    colonialism. Americans withdraw support
    and centre closes in 1945
                  And…

1945 sees establishment of Arab League

War sees growth of nationalism in many
    countries of Middle East

New superpowers, U.S.A. and Soviet Union,
   becoming most influential forces in region

								
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