Aim: Review for test on
Bring a #2 pencil and a pen.
Essay Topic: Waves of
Immigration (colonial, old and
new). U.S. government policy
Mostly English, some Scotch-Irish,
German, Swedish and Dutch.
Came seeking political and religious
freedom. Africans came as slaves.
Difficulties: conflicts with Native
Americans. Building homes and farms.
Contributions: successful government
Northern and Western Europe (Ireland,
Germany and Scandinavia)- English
Came because of potato famine in
Ireland. Revolution in Germany.
Difficulties: Know Nothings wanted to
Contributions: transcontinental railroad.
Southern and Eastern Europe (Italy, Poland
and Russia). Catholics. Did not speak
Came seeking economic opportunities-
“streets were paved with gold.”
Difficulties: faced discrimination in jobs and
Contribution: workers for
-cultural pluralism- idea that different
cultures can exist side by side in the same
society. Each contributing to the
-ethnocentrism: belief that your culture is
superior to all other cultures.
-Assimilation: made similar to. Becoming
part of another culture.
Melting Pot: cultures blend together.
Lose your cultural identity and become
part of a larger culture.
Americanize: To make or become
American in character. Assimilate to
U.S. customs and traditions.
Increase in immigration because
-Industrialization increased the
demand for workers.
-Different from “Old Immigrants”-
came from southern and eastern
growth in the number of new
immigrants produced fear and hostility
by old immigrants.
-Different backgrounds: language and
-Feared they were taking jobs from
-push to limit immigration.
Needed workers during
Provided a source of cheap labor.
Prohibited Chinese immigration for 10
-1892 extended another 10 years.
-Lasted until WWII was over.
-Men could not send for their wives and
Promise by the Japanese government
to deny passports to Japanese laborers.
- Set up by Teddy Roosevelt.
Set up a quota system
-Great Britain, Germany and Ireland
given the greatest # of immigrants.
-meant to restrict “new immigrants”
Immigration Act of 1965- Every country a
quota of 20,000. Preference to those with
relatives in the U.S. and people with skills.
-Refugee Act of 1980- Allow 300,000 annually.
50,000 refugees. People fleeing persecution.
-Mazzoli Simpson Act- legalized all illegal
immigrants who had been in the country
continuously since 1981.