Your Bike is Your First Vehicle by TPenney

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									Your Bike is Your First Vehicle




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          The Benefits of Bicycling
Why People Bicycle                           Where People Bicycle

•   Recreation                               • On-road
•   Fitness                                  • Trails
•   Transportation                           • Off-road
•   Environment                               Sidewalks
•   Economics                                • Sidepaths
•   Part of the job                          • Anywhere they can!

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                Where do they ride
                   Occasional cyclists

 Residential streets
 Trails
 Bike lanes




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your legal
         responsibility
  • In addition to helmets for youth and
    children, there is legislation
    for the use and placement of the
    following bicycle safety equipment:
                                           –Lights
                                           –Reflective tape
                                           –Bell
                                           –Brakes


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        Other Safety Equipment
• Bicycle Lighting
• Cyclists should be as visible as possible.
     • Wear white or brightly coloured clothing and helmet.
     • Put reflective tape on your clothing or wear a reflective
       vest or jacket.
     • Put reflective tape on the front and rear bike forks.
     • Attach a red reflector or red light at the rear and a white
       front light when you ride between 30 minutes before
       sunset and 30 minutes after sunrise.




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     Other Safety Equipment
• Bicycle “Noise-makers”
• It’s important to warn others that you
  are approaching.This includes
  motorists, other cyclists, pedestrians,
  joggers,etc.
• Make sure you have a working horn or
  bell on your bike. It may also be
  effective to shout something like,
  “passing on the left” when sharing
  trails with others.
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       You must follow a few law
• Traffic laws apply to
  persons riding
  bicycles.

• “Every person riding a
  bicycle upon a
  highway shall be
  granted all the rights
  and shall be subject to
  all of the duties
  applicable to the
  driver of a vehicle.”

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Enforcing Laws
   Bicyclists

                       • Riding against the flow of
                            traffic

                       • Failure to obey traffic
                         signals

                       • Failure to yield at stop or
                         yield signs

                       • Failure to yield when
                         turning left

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You could get a Ticket




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Turn the Right Way Show those Arms




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You must YIELD
                        • You’re a vehicle
                          driver now you too
                          must yield to




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        1. Bicycles are legal.
• Despite the law, some motorists insist that
  bicycles belong only on sidewalks or
• should be restricted to paths. The problem:
  sidewalks and paths don’t go
• everywhere bicyclists need to go. Bicyclists
  are more visible and safer, particularly
• at intersections, if they ride in the road.


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               Wear the Lid
2.Helmets. Helmets should be worn by children
and adults to prevent or reduce injuries and
save lives. Wearing a helmet, though, will not
prevent a crash.




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A cyclist is safer riding with traffic than facing it.
A cyclist who rides facing oncoming traffic increases
his risk of being hit by a motorist by two to four
times. Drivers entering and exiting the roadway at
side streets and driveways do not expect bicycle
traffic to approach from this direction.

Lamps must be used on a bicycle after sunset to alert other drivers.
A rear reflector may not be recognized as attached
to a moving vehicle, and frontward illumination is
needed to alert drivers not approaching from the
rear. Nighttime collisions are much more likely to
result in incapacitating injury or death.

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Does your Bike Match You




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     What Should I Know About…
• Knowing how to safely operate your bike
  includes:

• Getting on and off        • Using emergency handling
• Shifting gears              skills
• Using brakes              • Cycling with children on
                              a child bicycle carrier or in
• Using hand signals for      a child trailer
  stopping and making turns




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Maintain your new Vehicle




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Bicycle Crashes
   Children

                       • Bicyclist merges into
                         motorist path




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Some events have Actions




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           Worst Incidents Involve


 Speed, Speed, Speed
 Failure to yield
• Disregard signs and
  signals
• Turning and backing




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WHERE DID THAT BIKE COME FROM




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Worst Incident with Bikes

                             • Riding against traffic
                             • Traffic light violations
                             • Failure to yield right-of-
                               way
                             • No lights at night




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Should Check: ‘Drive your Bike!’




  A bike is not a toy. It is a child’s first vehicle.
                   Destination Position & Bike Lanes
• Bike Lane type speed positioning doesn’t work at intersections
        – Straight through traveling cyclists should not be at the extreme right
        – Bike Lanes often encourage cyclists to violate destination position rule




            ?
 Lane
 Bike




                                                                                     Lane
                                                                                     Bike
Most Bike Lanes create intersection                    Bike
                                                       Lane


confusion by promoting common
destination positioning mistakes
    Lane positions

Getting squeezed in narrow lane, no
 room for error


Passing situation of less than 3 feet
 allows bicyclist to move farther
 into lane to avoid being squeezed.


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Lane positions

Ride straight, don’t dodge between
  parked cars

Ride 3-4’ from car where door may open

Ride closer and bicyclists may end up
  “getting doored”



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Lane Positions

        Most bike-car crashes occur at
         intersections

        Lane position critical to avoid cut-
          offs by cars

        Pedestrian-style left-turns where
          traffic is too busy


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              Lane positions


Use the right-most lane to
  your destination

Signal, then shift lanes
  before the intersection
  to avoid cut-offs


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              Sidewalk and sidepaths


Many think sidewalks or sidepaths --
 trails along roads -- are safer than
 riding on the road

Not so where many side streets,
  residential/commercial crossings
 exist



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            Sidewalk and sidepaths
Car B crosses sidepath, turning right:

• Rarely stops at stopline, usually in
  crosswalk or at street edge
• May not even stop
• Often will only look left
• Might see Cyclist 2, less likely to
  see Cyclist 1



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           Sidewalks and sidepaths

Car A turning right:

• Might see Cyclist 2, less likely to
  see Cyclist 1

• Many will not yield right-of-way

• Faster turning speeds increase the
  chance of a collision

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            Sidewalks and sidepaths

Car C looks ahead, not where the
  cyclist is on the path, waits for
  gap to turn left, accelerates
  through turn

- Might see Cyclist 4, unlikely to
  see Cyclist 3

- If traffic gap is short, sudden
    stops would be difficult
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           Sidewalk and sidepaths


In each case, motorist
   looks where an on-
   road cyclist would be -
   - on right side of road
   -- and not where the
   cyclist actually is



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       Take Note
Police Bicycle Knowledge
    You need to know
                             •        Make, model, serial number,
                                      and/or registration number

                             •        Type (road, mountain, BMX -
                                      girl’s or boy’s)

                             •        Frame size (wheel size for
                                      children’s bikes)

                             •        Number of gears (gear
                                      position/front and rear)




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                          Take Note

• Headlight, reflector,
  taillight; lights worn by rider
• Mirror on bike or helmet
• Brakes (type and operating
  condition)
• Tires (new or worn; if flat
  from blowout crash)
• Overall bike condition –
  frame, seat, seat post,
  handlebars, stem, pedals,
  crank arms

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Share the Road




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You and your Friends




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Safe Roads for Bicycling

                                 The League of Illinois
                                  Bicyclists thanks you for
                                  your participation, and
                                  as bicyclists say to one
                                  another:


                                    Keep the rubber
                                       side down!
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