Sustainability Issues in Tourism Training _ Education by pptfiles


									 Integrating Sustainability into
    Tourism Education and
  Training in Ireland: Current
  Reality and Future Actions
Jane Stacey, Dr Sheila Flanagan & Dr Kevin Griffin
School of Hospitality Management & Tourism
Tourism Research Centre
Dublin Institute of Technology
Research Initiated and Funded by Fáilte Ireland

 Objectives
 Context & Rationale

 Sustainability

 Research Approach

 Current Irish Reality

 Recommendations & Guidelines
Project Partners
   Dublin Institute of Technology
      School of Hospitality Management & Tourism
      Tourism Research Centre

   Fáilte Ireland – National Tourism Development
      ‘To guide and support the development of a
       sustainable tourism sector in Ireland’
      Human Resource Development Strategy 2005-
       2010 ‘Competing Through People’
      Environment Unit
        • ‘Review of Sustainability Issues in Tourism
          Education & Training’

   Identify and assess Irish validated tourism and
    hospitality related programmes in order to identify
    the shortfalls and strengths in relation to
    sustainability issues within these programmes

   Identify international best practice in relation to
    sustainability content and issues in tourism
    education and training programmes

   Identify and develop suitable content in the area
    of sustainability, for inclusion in education and
    training programmes
Context & Rationale

   Challenge: sustainable future growth & development
    of Irish tourism

   Sustainability needs to be an integral part of the
    education process

   Review coincides with
      National Strategy for Education for Sustainable
       Development (Ireland)
      UN Decade for Education for Sustainable
       Development 2005-2014
What is
Sustainable Tourism -
‘Sustainable tourism provides a high quality product
    based on, and in harmony with, a high quality
  natural heritage. It minimises adverse impacts on
  local communities, our built heritage, landscapes,
   habitats and species while supporting social and
                 economic prosperity’

     (Dept of the Environment, Heritage & Local Govt,
                                       Ireland, 1997)
Sustainable Tourism -
   ‘Sustainable tourism development meets the
 needs of present tourists and host regions, while
  protecting and enhancing opportunities for the
      future. It is envisaged as leading to the
 management of all resources in such a way that
  economic, social and aesthetic needs can be
    fulfilled, while maintaining cultural integrity,
     essential ecological processes, biological
           diversity and life support systems’
Research Approach
Research Elements
Research Approach
Current Irish Reality –
Key Findings
Programmatic Content
   Limited explicit identification of sustainability issues
   Little or no systematic treatment of sustainability
   Dealt with in higher level, elective modules
   Can gain qualification with little/no exposure to
    sustainability issues/concepts
   Relevant issues not explicitly addressed from
    sustainability perspective e.g. waste management
   Sustainability most prominent in ‘tourism’
   Sustainability - minor element in Hospitality &
    Culinary Arts e.g.– from statutory perspective

   Overall: discretionary incorporation
Stakeholder Consultations
   Discretion of individual lecturer to incorporate
   Prevalence of environmental issues
   ‘Business case’ perspective
   Specific modules on ‘sustainability’ in 4 institutions,
    planned in 2 institutions – at higher levels
   Most likely to be addressed in tourism programmes,
    followed by hospitality
   Very limited in Culinary, Bar & other skills

   Overall: greater appreciation of ‘sustainability’ within
    the tourism framework
Programmatic Content
Development: Specific Gaps
   Consumer Behaviour
   Responsible Consumption
   Ethics
   Holistic overview of programmes - not stand-alone
   Staff development/awareness
   Sustainability as a mindset, not just a set of tools
   Practical/direct application, not just theoretical
   Future proofed real skills, not just paying lip service
   Mass tourism & sustainability – not just ‘nice niches’
   Delivery to consider cutting edge & current literature
   Link with best industry codes of practice
& Guidelines
Guidelines & Issues
   Integrated, holistic approach
   Flexible
   Dedicated module or integrated across modules?
   Strategically located
   Theoretical consideration, practical application
   Sustainability: a misunderstood concept
   Sustainability has to be an ongoing debate
   ‘Sustainability’, not ‘Sustainable Tourism’
   Explicit incorporation of sustainability
   Triple Bottom Line– percolating all subject areas
   Train the trainers
Overarching Principles
   All students, regardless of level & discipline, should
    receive grounding in general sustainability
    issues, in addition to subject specific consideration
    of sustainability issues relevant to their
   Progressive approach to teaching & learning,
    incorporating both theoretical & practical elements
    at all levels as appropriate
   Dedicated modules addressing sustainability issues,
    where available, should form part of the core
    programmatic requirements
Overarching Principles
   Linkages across modules and throughout the
    programme should inform the teaching of
    sustainability and ensure its holistic nature is
    effectively communicated to students

   Institutions own practices e.g. kitchen practices,
    inform teaching and learning. Schemes such as the
    Green Fáilte Programme provide practical
Level Appropriate Content

       Theoretically Challenging
        Practically Embedded
           Local to Global
          Practical & Theoretical
           Local & International

            Practical, but
        introduce theoretical

Jane Stacey
t      +353 1 814 6093

Tourism Research Centre
Dublin Institute of Technology
Cathal Brugha St
Dublin 1

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