Grid as a by liuhongmeiyes

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									Grids: A crucial Technology for the
   Knowledge-based Economy
Cracow Grid Workshop ‘04
 13 – 15 December 2004
                                                                     Enabling
                                                                                application
        Dr. Max Lemke
                                                                                     technologies
     Deputy Head of Unit
                                               Architecture,
    DG Information Society                      Design and
     Grid Technologies                           Development
   http://www.cordis.lu/ist/grids                            of the next
                                                                   generation
                                                                       GRID


                                   European Commission
                           Directorate-General Information Society
                               Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                           1
                  Scope


1.   European ICT policy
2.   Grid Vision: Towards the « Invisible Grid »
3.   FP5 results & Lessons Learnt (2000-02)
4.   The EU Grid Initiatives in FP6 (2002-06)
5.   Final Reflections & Conclusions




                         European Commission
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                     Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                 2
          Becoming a leading force in the
              knowledge economy
• European political context is evolving very rapidly
• Renewed interest in putting highest priority on EU
  research
• Achieving world leadership within the globalised
  knowledge-based economy by 2010
• Capitalising on EU strengths to accelerate
  innovation, competitiveness and growth


                            European Commission
                    Directorate-General Information Society
                        Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                    3
                 Building a European ICT policy

The path to sustainable growth:
• Stimulate research, development and innovation of ICT
• Promote the widest and best possible use of ICT
• Create the regulatory environment for ICT
                                                                     ICT
ICT research at EU level to:
                                                                     Grids
• Help tackling high-risk, long-term goals
• Facilitate aggregation of research funds
• Make Europe and attractive place for researchers

 “…and to help Europe becoming the most competitive
 knowledge-based economy by 2010…” (Lisbon 2000)
                                   European Commission
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                               Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                           4
                                            Towards FP7

 Six major objectives 1):
  Creating European centres of excellence through collaboration
   between laboratories
  Launching European technological initiatives
  Stimulating the creativity of basic research through competition
   between teams at European level
  Making Europe more attractive to the best researchers
  Developing research infrastructure of European interest
  Improving the coordination of national research programme

 significant expansion of the European Community
  research budget for the period 2007-2013

1) Commission communication 16 June 2004: ‘Science and technology, the key to Europe’s future -
Guidelines for future European Union policy to support research’
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                                                    5
                                  FP6 – FP7 Timeline

 WP03-04                    WP05-06
      Call1                     Call4
                Call2     Call3               Call5        Call6 (tbc)


FP6          2003        2004           2005                 2006

FP7                                                                            2007 - 2010 …
      Communication: "Preparing                                           WP + Calls
                                                          Adoption
      the future: reinforcing
                                  Proposals on FP,
      European research policy"
                                  SPs
      (12/05/04)
                                                  Communication “Building our common future:
 New Financial Perspectives                       Policy challenges and Budgetary means of the
                                                  Enlarged Union 2007-2013" (10/02/04)
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                                        Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                                    6
                                What is Grid ?
 “A Grid provides an abstraction for resource sharing and
 collaboration across multiple administrative domains…”
                          (Source: NGG Expert Group, 16 June 2003 “European Grid Research 2005-2010)



• Benefits for the entreprise and the citizen
       Any-type, anywhere, anytime services
       Infrastructure for dynamic virtual organizations & teams
       Backbone for the future internet
       Knowledge at the fingertip
• Contributions to the Lisbon Agenda                                  Industry & Business

     Increased productivity                                                  Grids
     Reduce total cost of ownership                                        e-Science
     More flexible and agile businesses

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                                           7
        Exploiting the Economic Potential of Grid



                       Finance               Automotive
        Pharma                                                     Aerospace

                                                                           e-Science
Media                 Grid-enabled Services

                          Grid-aware ICT

                 Grid: a key enabling technology

   Information and Communication Technologies


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                             Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                         8
                       Grid Research - the Challenge
                 Complexity - Interoperability - Ease of Use - ...

                      Knowledge                        Complex         Computing
                     Technologies                      Systems        Architectures
 Evolution of
   HPCN

                                            Next                       Service-
               Current                                                 Oriented
                                     Generation
                Grids                                                 Knowledge
                                           Grids                        Utility



Evolution of
 the Web
                       Software                        Mobile          Global
                     Technologies                     Services        Computing
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                                Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                            9
  Next Generation Grid(s) – Expert Group Report
                  3-fold vision
 “Next Generation Grid(s) - European Grid Research 2005 - 2010”, June 2003
  “Next Generation Grids 2 – Requirements and Options for European Grids
              Research 2005–2010 and beyond”, August 2004


Simplification                                                        Abstraction

                                 Next
                               Generation
                                 Grids



                        Architectural Vision
              • Societal behaviour (millions of self-organising nodes)
              • Computational semantics, ontologies, meta-descriptions
              • Pervasive virtual organisations                Virtualization
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                                           10
              Grid research vision - 2007 and beyond

           Grid empowers Ambient Intelligence:
        Towards a service-oriented knowledge utility
                person-centric
                    local
                                 • Building the Invisible Grid
                                 • Mastering ICT complexity
AmI
                                 • Grids of mobile and embedded systems
                                 • From Ctrl + Alt + Del to self-healing systems
                                 • From plug & play to connect & share
 AmI                             • Network-centric Grid Operating Systems
+Grid
                                 • Knowledge at the fingertips
                     network-centric
                         global
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                                           11
                                   EU FP5 Grid Projects 2000-2004
                                                                                        (EU Funding: 58 M€)
                                                                                                   •Infrastructure
                                                                                                        DataTag
Applications                                                                                       •Computing
                                                                    Mam m oGr id
                                                                                  GEMSS                 EuroGrid, DataGrid,
                                                                                            SeLeNe      Damien
                                                         AVO                              BioGr id
                                                                                      OpenMolGr id •Tools and Middleware
                                                                   EGSO            FlowGr id
                                                          GRIA MOSES                                    GridLab, GRIP
                                                                                  COG
                      Eur oGr id                                                                   •Applications
                                                                   Cr ossGr id     GRACE
Middleware                DAMIEN
                                                                                                        EGSO, CrossGrid,
                                                             Gr idLab                                   BioGrid, FlowGrid,
                                                                                                        Moses, COG, GEMSS,
                                                             GRIP                                       Grace, Mammogrid,
                               DataGr id                                                                OpenMolGrid, Selene,
                                                                                                   •P2P / ASP / Webservices
                                                              DataTAG                                   P2People, ASP-BP,
                                                                                                        GRIA, MMAPS,
                                                                                                        GRASP, GRIP, WEBSI
Infrastructure
                                                                                                   •Clustering
        1/ 10/ 2000                        1/ 10/ 2001                        1/ 10/ 2002
                                                                                                        GridStart

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                                                                    12
             FP5 Grid Project Results - Examples



Grid services and tools for applications
like flood prevention and crisis
management




An industry-oriented Grid environment
for applications like engineering post-
production rendering in media



                   UNICORE: No 2 Grid
                   Middleware Toolkit


                                        European Commission
                                Directorate-General Information Society
                                    Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                               13
                      Strong Polish Participation
                    in FP5 Grid Research Projects
2 Polish-led Projects (out of 12)
     CrossGrid
            CYFRONET Cracow
            ICM Warsaw
            PSNC Poznan
            INP Cracow
            INS Warsaw

     GridLab
            PSNC Poznan                        CROSSGRID Testbed in Action

Significant share of funding to Poland versus EU25
       FP5 IST Grid Research Funding: 9.96 %
       FP5 wider IST Grid Project Funding: 5 %
       GDP: 3.8 %
       Population: 8.8 %
                                       European Commission
                               Directorate-General Information Society
                                   Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                              14
           FP5 EU Grid Research Achievements
• Creation of a strong Grid research community
• Europe’s position strengthened related to
      Grid middleware development
      Contribution to standardisation
• Leading position established for vertical Grid MW
    oriented towards specific application requirements
•   First steps taken towards maturing Grid technologies
    for industrial and business use
•   Grid concept proven in eScience application pilots
    followed by deployment in research infrastructures
•   Identified weaknesses in commercial exploitation
•   Emergent opportunities for service providers
                               European Commission
                       Directorate-General Information Society
                           Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                      15
                               Grid Research in FP6 - IST
Deployment
Research &
Application




                   Industrial / Societal                        Research Infrastructures
                      Applications                            Deployment of high-capacity/speed
                   eBusiness, eGov, eWork,                     communications network – GÉANT
                 eHealth, risks management, …                 Deployment in Research of Grids
    Grid RTD




                                          Grid Technologies                            125 M€
                 Grid-enabled applications and services for business society
                 Technologies and systems for building the invisible Grid
                 Network-centric Grid operating systems
  Research
   Related




                      Software-, Web-, Knowledge Technologies,
               Broadband-, Mobile Communication Technologies, Security

                                               European Commission
                                       Directorate-General Information Society
                                           Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                                      16
                                  New Grid Research Projects in FP6
 EU Funding: 52 MILLION                                                                              Started: SUMMER 2004
                                                                 GRIDCOORD
                                                      Building the ERA in Grid research


             K-WF Grid                                                                                          inteliGRID
           Knowledge based                                                                                  Semantic Grid based
              workflow &                                                                                    virtual organisations
             collaboration                           Grid-based generic enabling
                                                 application technologies to facilitate
                                                   solution of industrial problems
                                                                                                                         OntoGrid
     UniGridS                                                     SIMDAT                                            Knowledge Services
   Extended OGSA                                                                                                    for the semantic Grid
Implementation based                EU-driven Grid services
                                                                             Mobile Grid architecture
     on UNICORE                    architecture for businesS
                                                                             and services for dynamic
                                          and industry                                                              DataminingGrid
                                                                               virtual organisations
                                               NextGRID                                                                Datamining
      HPC4U                                                                           Akogrimo                       tools & services
  Fault tolerance,
   dependability
     for Grid                     European-wide virtual laboratory for longer term Grid
                               research-creating the foundation for next generation Grids                               Provenance
                                                                                                                    Trust and provenance
                                                             CoreGRID                                                      for Grids

                     Specific support action       Integrated project        Network of excellence     Specific targeted research project


                                                                European Commission
                                                        Directorate-General Information Society
                                                            Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                                                        17
               Network of Excellence
Objectives                                         European Research Network on
 Build S&T excellency on Grid -              Foundations, Software Infrastructures and
    EU-wide virtual laboratory                 Applications for Large Scale Distributed,
 Achieve sustainable restructuring and          Grid and Peer-to-Peer Technologies
    integration
 Disseminate EU research on Grid
 Set-up a think-tank to create spin-off




                                                        6 EU Virtual Institutes
    projects
 Create the European “Grid Lighthouse”                                                                     NORDUGRID



Research Focus                                                                        E-SCIENCE

   Knowledge and data management                                                             DAS
                                                                                                                SGIGRID
   Programming models                                                                 BE-GRID
                                                                                                   D-GRID
                                                                                                              METACENTER

   System architecture                                                                                          H-GRID
                                                                                        ACI GRID    SWISSGRID
   Resource management                                                                                                   BG-GRID
                                                                                  IRISGRID
   Scheduling                                                                                      GRID.IT


   Problem solving environments                                                                                    HELLAS-GRID

                                                                                                                            CYGRID
                                                                                  42 Partners
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                                                   18
                  Integrated Project
                                        Conceptualisation
 Main Research and                                                               Main Application
                                                             Analysis
 Development Areas:                                                              Areas:
 Grid architecture                                                Design
                                                                                 Data mining legal sector
 Foundations & core services
                                                                                 Broadcasting and
 Dynamic federation and VO                                                      entertainment
 Grid business models                                                           Financial modelling
 Reference implementations     Feedback for                                     Digital media
 Standards and applications    next iteration
                                                                                 Supply chain management
                                                           Implementation
                                        Evaluation

           Next Generation Grid services architecture for
                      business and industry
Research org.:                                                                          Application
                       Technology providers:               Service providers:
EPCC       IT Innov.                                                                    developers / users:
                       Grid Systems                        Fujitsu       BT
FZJ        USTUTT                                                                         SAP
KTH        NTUA        HP            Intel                 T-Systems
                                                                                          First derivatives
QUB        UvA         Microsoft     Nec                   Datamat
                                                                                          Kino
CNR-ISTI
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                                                     19
                     Integrated Project

 Two testbeds                                                                      Technology Vision
 E-Learning                                                                       NGG based on next
 Hospital                   Domain and Application Specific
                                       Services
                                                                                 generation IPv6 networks
 Generalisation to                                                              and supporting security,
                                                                                 QoS, accounting /billing,
 other applications                                                             user & context awareness.
                                 Complex Grid Services
                                                                      The Next   Use of mobile comm’s
              AKoGriMo                                                           beyond 3G.
              Focus                Core Grid Services
                                                                     Generation
                                                                     ”GRIDNET”  Dynamic Virtual
                                                                                 Organisations based on
                                  Network Middleware
                                                                                 trust management


                                    Mobile Internet

   Mobile Grid architectures and services for dynamic virtual organisations
  Telcom operators        Grid Providers & Industry              Universities           IT Industry (tools &
                          - HLRS (D)                             - Uni BW München (D)   services)
  - Telefonica I&D (SP)
  - Telnor (N)            - CCLRC (UK)                           - CRMPA (I)
                                                                                        - BOC (UK)
  - Tel Inst (P)          - Uni Hohenheim (D)                    - NTUA (Gr)
                                                                                        - SchlumbergerSEMA
                          - Datamat (I)                          UPC(SP)
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                                        Directorate-General Information Society
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                                                        20
             Integrated Project                                   SIMDAT
 Four sectors of                                                        Seven Grid-technology
 international economic                                                 development areas:
 importance:                                                            Grid infrastructure
 Automotive                                                            Distributed Data Access
 Pharmaceutical                                                        VO Administration
 Aerospace                                                             Workflows
 Meteorology                                                           Ontologies
                                                                        Analysis Services
                                                                        Knowledge Services


           The solution of industrially relevant complex problems
                     using data-centric Grid technology
   Grid Technologists          Capability Providers                          End Users




                                     European Commission
                             Directorate-General Information Society
                                 Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                            21
          GridCoord: ERA Pilot on a co-ordinated
          Europe-wide initiative on Grid Research



• Situation in Europe
    With more than 10 Grid Research programmes at MS & EU
     level, Europe is strong on Grid Research but fragmented
    Weaknesses identified related to commercial exploitation
     of Grid research by European industry
• General Objectives
    Overcome fragmentation and dispersion across EU to
     reinforce impact of national and Community research
    Strengthen Europe’s position in Grid Research
     and its exploitation
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                        Directorate-General Information Society
                            Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                       22
                    GridCoord: Support for
               building a ERA on Grid Research

• Major Activities
    Compendium & gap analysis
    Regular forum for funding bodies
    Derive options and a roadmap for a long term EU vision
    Support actions related to standardisation, maturity, …
• Strengths
    Requirements endorsed by 10 Member States in 2003
    GridCoord considered an ERA pioneer in IST
    9 MSs represented in GridCoord
• Next Steps / Opportunities beyond GridCoord
    Broaden industrial involvement along value chain
    Broaden scope - include web, knowledge, SW technologies
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                                        23
                                   Work Programme 2005-2006
                  Advanced Grid Technologies, Systems and Services
  IST Call 5
Open May 2005




                     Application



                                     Application



                                                     Application




                                                                                Application
                                                                                               Applications
Close Sept 2005


                      Sector 1




                                                      Sector 3
                                      Sector 2




                                                                                 Sector n
                                                                                                e-business
Budget ~70M€                                                                                  e-health, e-goy
                                                                                                e-learning
                                                                                               Environment



                     Grid-enabled Applications & Services
Application                          for business and society
   Pull                Research, development, validation and take-up of
                               generic environments and tools
                                                                                               Advanced
                                      Grid Foundations                                           Grid
                   Architecture, design and development of technologies                       Technologies,
                        and systems for building the invisible Grid                             Systems
                                                                                              and Services
Technology     Network-centric Grid Operating Systems
   Push                 Potential new fabric layer for future
                          distributed systems and services

                                              European Commission
                                      Directorate-General Information Society
                                          Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                                      24
                 Grid Deployment and Testbeds in FP6




                           Real time Grid




                                                     solutions for
                           instruments




                                                     infrastruct.
       Digital Libraries



                           for remote
                           control of
       using Grids –
       communities




                                                     Optical




                                                                           Assurance
                                                                           Quality of
                                                     Grid
       New user




                                                                           Flexible

                                                                           Service
                           GRIDCC                    MUPPET

        DILIGENT                                                           EUQoS




 IPv6TF SC                                                                              EUROLABS

  IPv6 Task                                                                         Experimental
Force support                                                        LOBSTER          testbeds
                                         European Commission
       Specific Support Actions  Directorate-General Information Society
                                                             Traffic monitoring
                                     Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                                25
                                                                      Grid deployment
                                                                    in e-infrastructures

•   Goal
       • Create a European-wide Grid production infrastructure on
         top of present and future EU RN infrastructure
                                                                                   Applications
•   Build on
       • EU and EU member states major investments
       • International connections (US and AP)
•   Scope
       • Operations services, networking, pilots
•   Middleware
       • Hardening & re-engineering of existing middleware
         functionality
•   Approach
                                                                                              Grid infrastructure
       • Leverage current and planned national and regional
         Grid programmes
       • Work closely with relevant industrial Grid developers,
         NRENs and US-AP projects




                                                                                       Geant network
                                                     European Commission
                                             Directorate-General Information Society
                                                 Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                                            26
                    Europe’s IT industry: a Snapshot


Strengths                                             Weaknesses
• Markets: Telco (mobile), integration and            • Weak large European IT industry
  value- added service provision, embedded              (HW, package software)
  systems, business software                          • US leadership on Web services and
• Research: Grid, agents, complexity,                   Operating Systems
  knowledge technologies; Open Source
  approaches

Threads                                               Opportunities
• Paradigm shift conquered by US-driven               • Develop commons in partnership
  multinationals                                      • Paradigm change from sales of IT systems
• Off-shore business process outsourcing                and package SW to provision of on-demand
  to continue                                           services
                                                      • Convergence of Grid & Web technologies




                                          European Commission
                                  Directorate-General Information Society
                                      Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                                 27
Grid Strategy towards the Lisbon Objectives




         Developing new methods, tools, systems and services
         Advance excellence and know-how
         Long-term and business-driven R&D
         Integration & structuring
                               European Commission
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                           Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                      28
                           Conclusions (1)

Grid Potential


 Grid as a utility: a new paradigm for service delivery

 Grids: a key building block of the knowledge economy

 Grids: as an enabler for innovation

 Grids: a new service and business model for IT and Telco
         service providers



                                European Commission
                        Directorate-General Information Society
                            Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                       29
                           Conclusions (2)
IST Grid Programme

 EU expects to capitalise on its strengths in Grid research and
  applications through strategic portfolio of new FP6 Grid Research
  projects launched September 2004

 ERA Pilot ‘GridCoord’ and NoE ‘CoreGrid’ are essential
  building blocks for a European Research Area for Grids

 More coherent approaches and joint longer-term strategies
  supported by commitments from all key stakeholders is required
  to secure commercial benefits

 The Grid of the future is a global challenge, thus
  International co-operation and standards are essential
                                European Commission
                        Directorate-General Information Society
                            Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                       30
             References /Background Information
• Brochure: Building Grids for Europe
• Expert Group Reports
   “Next Generation Grid(s) - European Grid Research
    2005 - 2010”, June 2003
   “Next Generation Grids 2 – Requirements and Options for
    European Grids Research 2005–2010 and beyond”, August 2004

• FP5 “IST Grid Projects Inventory and Roadmap”
   GRIDSTART Project, April 2004

• Upcoming Events:
   31 Jan – 1 Feb 2005 Preparatory Workshop for Call 5
    Advanced Grid Technologies, Systems & Services
   25 – 27 April 2005 European Grid Technology Days
                                            and more:www.cordis.lu/ist/grids
                               European Commission
                       Directorate-General Information Society
                           Max Lemke, Grid Technologies

                                      31

								
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