58 Plateau V Western Plateau 2.5 6.0 24.0 33.0 VI South Eastern Plateau 1.3 3.5 31.6 24.0 Jharkhand has 40 percent of the nation's mineral reserves. It ranks first in the production of Coal, Mica, Kyanite and Copper in India. The major industries located in the State are Iron and Steel, Automobile, Nonferrous, Fertilizers, Chemicals and Cement. Large scale investments in both public and private sectors have been made in basic and heavy industries. So far, major industrial activities in large and medium sector have taken place in Chotanagpur region of the State. These industries have had marginal spread effects because of the failure to develop the necessary forward and backward linkages. Industrial pockets prosper in the vicinities of important towns like Ranchi, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Jamshedpur and Hazaribag which are also home to several specialised educational and research institutions like BIT, XLRI, XISS, ISM, BAU, HARP, IINRG etc, all of which promises to power the growth of the nascent State. There are about 63000 units of small scale industries with an investment of about Rs.415 crores which provide employment to two lakh persons. On the other hand, 309 units of large and medium units with an investment of nearly Rs.12000 crores provide employment to about 74,000 persons. It is clear that village and small scale industries have an important role to play in socio-economic development of the state, particularly from the viewpoint of employment generation and balanced regional development. The State of Jharkhand has an installed power generating capacity of 1390 MW as against national capacity of 105000 MW. The Thermal power generating capacity in the state is around 90% i.e. 1260 MW. The Plant Load Factor (PLF) of thermal stations is 18 to 20%, 59 far less than the national average of about 70%. The thermal hydel ratio in Jharkhand is 90:10 as against national level of 76:24. Rural electrification is a major challenge to the state as only 15% of the 32,000 villages of the state have been electrified till date. The Average annual per capita consumption of electrical energy and per capita installed capacity for country are about 400 KWH and 100 watts respectively. As against this, the figures for Jharkhand are 200 KWH and 50-60 Watts respectively. The total length of state road in Jharkhand is 5400 km., of which only 900 km. is double lane road and rest is intermediate and single lane roads whereas the country as a whole has more than 3 million km of road network. The National High Way is 1600 Km and the State High Way is 5400 Km. As per the record only 8484 no. of villages (26 %) have road connectivity out of 32260 no. of villages in Jharkhand. The state has extensive railway network providing vital links to important cities of the country. There is one national airport at Ranchi. Food security situation in the newly formed state of Jharkhand is very serious. Despite availability of huge natural resources more than 40% of the population live below poverty line. The state is one of the lowest in ladder of development indicators. As per the world food program mapping, Bihar and Jharkhand are listed as the most insecure in terms of food and nutritional security. According to National Sample Survey II, about 2 percent of population suffer from acute and chronic hunger and 10 percent from seasonal food insecurity. Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the people of state. About 70% of people are depended on small farmlands less than 1 hectare in size. Stabilising agriculture for small and marginal farmers alongwith looking for livelihood options in the state is one of the greatest challenges. The flow of credit in the State is facilitated through a multi-agency banking mechanism comprising of Commercial Banks, RRBs and 60 Cooperatives. The State has a network of 1,731 branches covered by 22 public sector banks with 1,123 branches, 8 private sector banks with 36 branches, 2 Regional Rural Banks with 388 branches, 8 District Cooperative Banks (DCCBs) with 142 branches and one Land Development Bank with 42 branches as on 31 March 2007. The rural and semi urban branches account for 82% of the total branches in the State. The average population per Bank Branch in the State was 17,340 as on 30 September 2007 as compared to all India level of 16,000. State profile in tabular format is appended below.
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