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Energy Efficiency and Renewable Resources

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					Unit 8 Study Guide: Sustaining Energy                   Name: ____________________
AP Environmental Science                                Date: ______________ Hr: ___
Chapter 15: Nonrenewable Energy Resources
Major Sources of Energy
    1. Describe how we have used energy throughout history until modern times.
    2. Identify the major sources of energy used in the US vs. worldwide.
    3. Describe the concept of net energy.
Oil Resources
    4. Describe the mining methods, refining methods, uses, and environmental impact of
        petroleum resources.
    5. Identify the leading petroleum holding nations and where we find it in the US.
    6. Describe the petroleum alternatives (oil sands, shale oil) to using crude oil.
    7. Describe the pros and cons to opening the ANWR to petroleum and natural gas
        exploration/mining.
Natural Gas Resources
    8. Describe the mining methods, refining methods, uses, and environmental impact of natural
        gas resources.
    9. Identify the leading natural gas holding nations and where we find it in the US.
Coal Resources
    10. Describe the mining methods, refining methods, uses, and environmental impact of coal
        resources.
    11. Identify the leading coal mining nations and where we find it in the US.
    12. Outline the carbon content and energy potential of peat, lignite, bituminous, and
        anthracite coal.
    13. Outline coal use in China and the environmental effects associated with it.
    14. Contrast the energy and emission characteristics of eastern vs. western US coal.
Nuclear Resources
    15. Explain how a nuclear reactor works, including the main components.
    16. Describe the major environmental hazards associated with nuclear power plants.
    17. Outline the causes of the 3 major nuclear disaster case studies (TMI, Chernobyl, Japan).
    18. Describe what nuclear waste actually is, the current method of storing it, and the proposed
        storage location.

Chapter 16: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Resources
Improving Energy Efficiency & Cutting Energy Waste
   1. Define energy efficiency and provide examples of common conventional use efficiencies.
   2. Explain why 100% of the energy going into a system is not returned as 100% useful energy.
   3. Describe net energy efficiency, including examples of low and high net energy efficiency.
   4. List reasons whey we should care about becoming a more efficient society.
   5. Define cogeneration and how it relates to net energy efficiency.
   6. Describe 7 ways to improve energy efficiency for current buildings.
   7. Describe the CAFE standard and its history over the past 35 years.

Solar Energy
   8. Describe how passive solar heating systems work in a home.
   9. Describe how active solar heating systems
   10. Describe how a photovoltaic cell is used to generate electricity.
   11. Outline the major advantages and disadvantages for switching to this alternative.
Unit 8 Study Guide: Sustaining Energy                   Name: ____________________
AP Environmental Science                                Date: ______________ Hr: ___

Moving Water Energy
  12. Describe how energy is harnessed using hydropower plants, tidal power, and wave action.

Wind Energy
   13. Describe how wind energy systems work.
   14. Outline the major advantages and disadvantages for switching to this alternative.

Biomass Energy
   15. Describe how biomass energy systems work.
   16. Outline the major advantages and disadvantages for switching to this alternative.

Geothermal Energy
   17. Describe how geothermal energy systems work.
   18. Outline the major advantages and disadvantages for switching to this alternative.

Hydrogen Energy
   19. Describe how hydrogen energy systems work.
   20. Outline the major advantages and disadvantages for switching to this alternative.

				
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