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       In 1886, John Pemberton, a druggist in Atlanta, Georgia, made a brown syrup by mixing
coca leaves and cola nuts. Pemberton sold the syrup in his drugstore as a panacea, or a cure-all
medicine. Pemberton called his all-purpose medicine, “Coca-Cola.”
        When few people bought Coca-Cola, Pemberton sold it to another druggist, Asa Candler.
Candler decided to sell Coca-Cola as a soda-fountain drink instead of as a medicine. At that
time, soda fountains were a new fad, and Candler wanted to take advantage of this. At his
drug-store soda fountain, Candler mixed the syrup with soda water and made a drink he called
“Coca-Cola.” Candler advertised a lot and sold his syrup to many other drug stores, for use in
their own soda fountains. Soon, everyone was going to soda fountains and asking for Coca-Cola.

       One of the reasons the drink become so popular is because people thought it was
beneficial. When people drank it, they felt better and more awake. The coca leaves in the
syrup contained the drug cocaine, and the cola leaves contained caffeine. It’s no wonder the
drink made people feel so peppy.

         As a druggist and soda-fountain owner, Candler saw no reason to put Coca-Cola into
bottles. However, two businessmen thought this would be a good idea, and persuaded Candler
to sell them the bottling rights to Coca-Cola. Soon, the two businessmen became millionaires,
and the Coca-Cola Company had begun.

        By the very early 1900s, cocaine had become infamous for its addictive qualities, so in
1903, coca leaves were no longer used in the production of Coca-Cola. The exact ingredients
used and their quantities are not known, because the Coca-Cola Company keeps its recipe a

        World War I helped make Coca-Cola popular outside the United States. The Coca-Cola
Company sent free bottles of the drink to U.S. servicemen fighting in Europe. Coca-Cola
became very popular with soldiers, and with the civilians with whom they shared the drink.
The drink became so popular during the war, that the U.S. Army asked the Coca-Cola
Company to start ten factories in Europe as a way to satiate the soldiers’ appetite for the drink.
After the war, these ten factories continued to make Coca-Cola and sold the drink all over
Europe. By the time World War II began, almost everyone in Europe was familiar with the

         Like Europe, Coca-Cola first came to Korea through war. When the U.S. sent soldiers to
fight in the Korean War, it also sent Coca-Cola to the various military camps. It was at this time
that some Korean civilians got their first taste of the drink. However, it would take until the early
1970s before Coca-Cola began producing the drink for the general Korean population, through
a partnership with Doosan Beverage Company.

Today, there are Coca-Cola factories all over the world, and Coca-Cola is the world’s most
popular cola. The company also produces several other famous beverages including, Fanta,
Sprite, Powerade, and Nestea Ice Tea.

Reading Comprehension

1. How was Coca-Cola first used? __________________________________________________
2. What did Asa Candler sell Coca-Cola as? __________________________________________
3. When did Coca-Cola begin to become popular outside the U.S.? _______________________
4. Which Korean company did Coca-Cola first partner with? ____________________________
5. Name at least two products made by Coca-Cola. ____________________________________

Discussion Questions: Food & Drink
   1.  Were you surprised that Coca-Cola once had cocaine in it?
   2.  Is Coca-Cola your favorite cola? If not, what is?
   3.  How often do you drink cola?
   4.  What foods go best with cola?
   5.  Are there any Korean foods that go well with cola?
   6.  How many different color foods did you eat for dinner last night? Do you think about
       color when you are preparing a meal?
   7. Are there any foods that you wouldn’t eat as a child that you eat now?
   8. Are you a good cook?
   9. What is your favorite prepared food?
   10. What is your favorite non-alcoholic drink?
   11. What is your favorite alcoholic drink?
   12. How often do you drink coffee?
   13. How often do you drink ___________?
   14. Do you usually eat a lot of fruits and vegetables each day?
   15. Would you say that your diet is healthy or unhealthy?
   16. What are some reasons that Korean food is healthy?
   17. What are some reasons that Korean food is unhealthy?
   18. What’s the unhealthiest food you eat?
   19. Do you eat three meals per day, or do you often skip meals?
   20. What is different about the average Korean breakfast and the average Western breakfast?
   21. Other than Korean, Chinese, or Japanese, which nation’s food do you like most?
   22. What do you think is the perfect Korean meal?
   23. What do you think is the perfect non-Korean meal?
   24. Name some foods that you hate very much? Why do you hate them?
   25. What are some Korean foods that would be popular with foreigners?
   26. What are some Korean foods that would not be popular with foreigners?
   27. Do you care about the origins of the food you eat?
   28. Have you ever gotten food poisoning? What was is from?
   29. What are some popular restaurants for KU students?
   30. What do you think of the cafeteria food at KU? Which cafeteria has the best food?

                                     Present Perfect

Present Perfect {has/have + past participle}

Use #1: We use Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before
now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use Present Perfect with specific time
expressions such as: “yesterday”, “one year ago”, “last week”, “when I was a child”, “when I
lived in Korea”, “at that moment”, “that day”, “one day”, etc. We CAN use Present Perfect
with unspecific expressions such as: “ever”, “never”, “once”, “many times”, “several times”,
“before”, “so far”, “already”, “yet”, etc.

  a. I have seen that movie twenty times. (Showing a repeated action in the past)
  b. I think I have met him once before. (Showing an experience from the past)
  c. There have been many earthquakes in California. (Showing a repeated action in the past)
  d. People have traveled to the Moon. (Showing a repeated action in the past)
  e. People have not traveled to Mars. (Showing a repeated action {negative} in the past)
  f. Have you read the book yet? (Showing an action at an unspecified time in the past)
  g. Nobody has ever climbed that mountain. (Showing a repeated action {negative} in the

Use #2: Duration From the Past Until Now

We can also use Present Perfect to show that something started in the past and has continued
until now. When using this form of Present Perfect, the word “for” should be used to show
duration, and the word “since” should be used to show a starting point in time.

  a. I have had a cold for two weeks.
  b. She has been in England for six months.
  c. Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl.

Exercise: Ask your partner Present Perfect questions about the following items. For example,
you could ask, “How long has it been since you last rode a bike?”

               saw a good movie                      went to the beach
               had acupuncture                       went to a fortune teller
               won a lot of money                    had a snowball fight
               went camping                          had a blind date
               ate “bundaegee”                       had a fight with a good friend
               cried                                 went out drinking with friends
               went to FM                            went for a hike in the mountains

Work with a partner and answer the following:
1. Where do you live? How long have you lived there?
2. How long have you studied English?
3. Whoʼs your best friend? How long have you known him/her?
4. How do you feel today? How long have you felt that way?
5. Do you keep a diary? How long have you kept it?
6. How long have you had.... that backpack/ that shirt/ that hairstyle?
8. What do you want to do after you graduate? How long have you wanted to do that.

                                 THE FUTURE TENSE
                                    Be Going To vs. Will
Use be going to when making a prediction about the future, when talking about events that
you think will happen very soon, or when talking about a future plan or intention.

Use will when making a prediction about the future, when talking about a future event or
action that will not happen very soon, when expressing a voluntary action, or when
making serious promises.

      a. You are going to take a trip around the world. (Prediction)

      b. Be careful! That chair is going to break. (Happen very soon)

      c. Iʼm going to meet my friends tonight. (Future plan)

      d. You will take a trip around the world. (Prediction)

      e. One day we will look back at this and laugh (Not happen very soon)

      f. (Telephone rings) Iʼll answer it. (Voluntary action)

      g. Thanks for the loan. I promise Iʼll pay you back on Monday. (Serious

With a partner, answer the following questions about the future.

1. When are you going to get married?
2. How many children are you going to have?
3. What are you going to do after this class?
4. What are you going to do this weekend?
5. When are you going to get a new phone?
6. When are you going to go drinking next?
7. What is your family going to do this summer?
8. What grade do you think you are going to get in this class?
9. Will robots do everything for us in the future?
10. Will you graduate from KU in 4 years?
11. What will humans look like in one million years?
12. Will tablets replace regular computers before the end of the decade?
13. Will we easily be able to clone ourselves during your lifetime?
14. Will we ever find evidence of alien life in space?
15. Will we ever colonize the moon or a nearby planet?
16. What will Korea be like when you are a retiree?


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