CHAPTER 1 BACKGROUND AND PROCESS
Rajasthan is situated in the northern part of India. It is the largest State in India
by area constituting 10.4 percent of the total geographical area of India and it
accounts for 5.5 percent of population of India. Topographically, deserts in the
State constitute a large chunk of the land mass, where the settlements are
scattered and the density of population is quite low. It is administratively divided
into 7 divisions, 32 districts and 39,753 inhabited villages as of Census 2001.
Recently, a new district has been carved out in the State namely Pratapgarh in
2008. Currently, there are 33 districts, 244 Tehsils and 249 Panchayat Samities.
The State has a population of 56.5 million according to Census 2001.
According to the population projections by the technical group on population
projections constituted by the National Commission on Population, population
Projections for India and States 2001-2026, the projected population of Rajasthan
as on 1st July, 2010 is 6.71 crore (67.12 million). The decadal growth rate of
population of Rajasthan is 28.41 percent compared to 21.34 percent in case of
India. In Rajasthan, there is a slight decline in the decadal growth rate from 28.44
during 1981-1991 to 28.41 during 1991-2001. In the last century (1901 to 2001),
Rajasthan’s population has grown by more than five times from 1.03 to 5.65 crore
compared to India’s population, which has seen a growth of more than four times,
during the same period. The density of population of the State is quite low at 165
persons per sq. km. with large scale district level variations of 13 persons per sq.
km. in Jaisalmer to 471 persons per sq. km. in Jaipur. The State’s literacy rate
stands at 60.4 percent. The overall sex ratio is of the tune of 921 females per
1,000 males and the sex ratio amongst the 0-6 year population is 909 females per
1,000 males. The sex ratio at birth in the State is masculine in nature at 870
female births per 1,000 male births, which is lower than that of India (904 female
births per 1,000 male births) (SRS, 2006-08).The percentage of Scheduled tribes in
the State is 12.6 percent. It is one of the High Focus States under National Rural
Health Mission (NRHM, 2005-2012).
Though, the State has shown some progress on the human development front
with the human development index showing progress from a rank of 12 in 1981 to
9 in 2001 amongst the 15 major States (National Human Development Report
2001), the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of health are far behind the
desired levels. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), which is considered to be one of
the most sensitive indicators of human development lies at 59 infant deaths per
1,000 live births compared to 50 per 1,000 live births in case of India (SRS, 2009).
The Maternal Mortality Ratio of the State is 388 maternal deaths per 100,000 live
births compared to 254 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in case of India
(SRS, 2004-06). It ranks third highest amongst the major States in India. The
percentage of institutional deliveries is also dismally low. The Total Fertility Rate
(TFR) is also at a high level at 3.3 births per woman compared to 2.6 at the all
India level (SRS, 2008) making the National Population Policy (NPP) 2000 goal of
reaching the replacement level of fertility of 2.1 TFR and population stabilization a
far-fetched dream. According to the projection report of Census 2001 with
projections from 2001-2026, Rajasthan is projected to achieve replacement level
TFR by 2021. The overall life expectancy of the State is 62.0 years with 61.5 years
for males and 62.3 years for females (SRS based abridged life tables, 2002-2006).
It has gained 12.8 years between 1970-75 and 2002-06 compared to 13.8 years
gain in case of India during the same period.
Statistical and political background and context
The origin of the statistical system in Rajasthan dates back to 1944-45, when a
statistical officer under the Directorate of Public Health was set-up in Jaipur
State, one of the princely states for collection of vital statistics. In 1948, after
independence, two posts of statistical nature were created in the United States of
Rajasthan - one in the Census Department and the other in the Planning
Department. In the next year, in 1949, after the formation of the State of
Rajasthan as it stands today, Office of the Special Statistical Officer was set up to
provide statistics for industrial development of the State. Subsequently, in June
1950, the statistical units existing earlier were integrated to form the Bureau of
Statistics, with the Chief Statistical Officer as its Head, assisted by 3 Statistical
Officers and a few non-gazetted and non-technical personnel. In 1956, the Bureau
was re-organized into the Directorate of Economics & Statistics (DES). This was
done to extend the scope and coverage of data collection in response to the needs
of development and planning.
In 1960-61, for the first time, tabulation work was started using mechanical
devices in the Directorate. In 1963, the work of Annual Survey of Industries (ASI),
which was with the ASI unit of the Industry Department in 1958, was merged with
the Directorate of Economics and Statistics. In 1969, Govt. of India promulgated
the Births and Deaths Registration Act, 1969 and under this act, Births and
Deaths Registration was made compulsory in all the States and Union Territories.
DES, Rajasthan was appointed as the Chief Registrar of Births and Deaths under
section 4 (i) of the Act. 1969. On November 24, 1984, a mini computer was
installed in the Directorate to enter, compile, tabulate and analyse data on socio-
economic statistics. On July 20, 1984, the Govt. of Rajasthan declared the
Director, Economics and Statistics as a nodal agency for statistical matters for all
Govt. Departments at the State level. This was revised vide order no. F-3 (17)
DES/ 13192/ dated May 13, 2009 as per the recommendations of 16th COCSSO
meeting, GoI. In addition to the Directorate of Economics and Statistics, data is
collected, collated, compiled and reports are generated by different line
departments like; Health & Family Welfare, Education, Agriculture etc.
Need and Importance of Strengthening the State Statistical System
The need and importance of strengthening the Rajasthan State Statistical System
has been emphasized by the mention of this in the Budget Speech, 2010-11 by
the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Rajasthan.
“In point no. x of para no. 4, the need for preparation of databases in coordination with
different departments and strengthening of the process of implementation and evaluation
ISSP Project Background
of the schemes and programmes was emphasized by the Hon’ble Chief Minister of
In this context as per the recommendations of the National Statistical Commission
for improving the statistical system with primary focus on strengthening of State
Statistical System, is being undertaken with a loan from the World Bank under
the India Statistical Strengthening Project (ISSP) and it will be a Centrally
Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for the State.
The Administrative setup and Organizational Structure of DES
The Directorate of Economics & Statistics Rajasthan functions under the
administrative control of Planning Department of the Government of Rajasthan. A
Director heads the Directorate of Economics & Statistics, and is the ex-Officio
Deputy Secretary to the Government. The Director is the Nodal Authority for all
statistical work in the State and also functions as:
• The Chief Registrar of Births and Deaths
• The State Agricultural Statistics Authority (SASA)
• The Officer on special duty for Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) National
Sample Survey (NSS) and Survey for Implementation of Agricultural
• The Controlling Authority for Rajasthan Statistical Subordinate Services.