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How are ISO standards developed?

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A description on how ISO standards are developed.

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									How are ISO standards developed?
ISO standards are developed according to the following principles: * Consensus The views of all interests are taken into account: manufacturers, vendors and users, consumer groups, testing laboratories, governments, engineering professions and research organizations.

* Industry-wide Global solutions to satisfy industries and customers worldwide.

* Voluntary International standardization is market-driven and therefore based on voluntary involvement of all interests in the market-place. There are three main phases in the ISO standards development process. The need for a standard is usually expressed by an industry sector, which communicates this need to a national member body. The latter proposes the new work item to ISO as a whole. Once the need for an International Standard has been recognized and formally agreed, the first phase involves definition of the technical scope of the future standard. This phase is usually carried out in working groups which comprise technical experts from countries interested in the subject matter. Once agreement has been reached on which technical aspects are to be covered in the standard, a second phase is entered during which countries negotiate the detailed specifications within the standard. This is the consensus-building phase. The final phase comprises the formal approval of the resulting draft International Standard (the acceptance criteria stipulate approval by two-thirds of the ISO members that have participated actively in the standards development process, and approval by 75 % of all members that vote), following which the agreed text is published as an ISO International Standard. It is now also possible to publish interim documents at different stages in the standardization process. Most standards require periodic revision. Several factors combine to render a standard out of date: technological evolution, new methods and materials, new quality and safety requirements. To take account of these factors, ISO has established the general rule that all ISO standards should be reviewed at intervals of not more than five years. On occasion, it is necessary to revise a standard earlier.

To date, ISO's work has resulted in some 12 000 International Standards, representing more than 300 000 pages in English and French (terminology is often provided in other languages as well). A list of all ISO standards appears in the ISO Catalogue.

IWA 1:2005 Quality management systems -- Guidelines for process improvements in health service organizations IWA 2:2003 Quality management systems - Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2000 in education IWA 4:2005 Quality management systems -- Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2000 in local government ISO Guide 34:2000 General requirements for the competence of reference material producers ISO Guide 34:2000/Cor 1:2003 ISO 9000:2005 Quality management systems -- Fundamentals and vocabulary ISO 9001:2000 Quality management systems – Requirements ISO 9004:2000 Quality management systems -- Guidelines for performance improvements ISO 10002:2004 Quality management -- Customer satisfaction -- Guidelines for complaints handling in organizations ISO 10005:2005 Quality management systems -- Guidelines for quality plans ISO 10006:2003 Quality management systems -- Guidelines for quality management in projects ISO 10007:2003 Quality management systems -- Guidelines for configuration management ISO 10012:2003 Measurement management systems -- Requirements for measurement processes and measuring equipment ISO/TR 10013:2001 Guidelines for quality management system documentation

ISO/TR 10014:1998 Guidelines for managing the economics of quality ISO 10015:1999 Quality management -- Guidelines for training ISO/TR 10017:2003 Guidance on statistical techniques for ISO 9001:2000 ISO 10019:2005 Guidelines for the selection of quality management system consultants and use of their services ISO/TR 13352:1997 Guidelines for interpretation of ISO 9000 series for application within the iron ore industry ISO 13485:1996 Quality systems -- Medical devices -- Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001 ISO 13485:2003 Medical devices -- Quality management systems -- Requirements for regulatory purposes ISO 13488:1996 Quality systems -- Medical devices -- Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9002 ISO 14964:2000 Mechanical vibration and shock -- Vibration of stationary structures -Specific requirements for quality management in measurement and evaluation of vibration ISO/TR 14969:2004 Medical devices -- Quality management systems -- Guidance on the application of ISO 13485: 2003 ISO 15161:2001 Guidelines on the application of ISO 9001:2000 for the food and drink industry . ISO 15189:2003 Medical laboratories -- Particular requirements for quality and competence ISO/TS 16949:2002 Quality management systems -- Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2000 for automotive production and relevant service part organizations ISO 19011:2002 Guidelines for quality and/or environmental management systems auditing ISO/TS 19218:2005 Medical devices -- Coding structure for adverse event type and cause ISO 22870:2006 Point-of-care testing (POCT) -- Requirements for quality and competence

ISO/TS 29001:2003 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries -- Sectorspecific quality management systems -- Requirements for product and service supply organizations ISO/IEC 90003:2004 Software engineering -- Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2000 to computer software

ISO/IEC Guide 66:1999 General requirements for bodies operating assessment and certification/registration of environmental management systems (EMS) ISO 14001:1996 Environmental management systems -- Specification with guidance for use ISO 14001:2004 Environmental management systems -- Requirements with guidance for use ISO 14004:2004 Environmental management systems -- General guidelines on principles, systems and support techniques ISO 14015:2001 Environmental management -- Environmental assessment of sites and organizations (EASO) ISO 14031:1999 Environmental management -- Environmental performance evaluation – Guidelines ISO/TR 14032:1999 Environmental management -- Examples of environmental performance evaluation (EPE) ISO 14040:1997 Environmental management -- Life cycle assessment -- Principles and framework ISO 14041:1998 Environmental management -- Life cycle assessment -- Goal and scope definition and inventory analysis ISO 14042:2000 Environmental management -- Life cycle assessment -- Life cycle impact assessment ISO 14043:2000 Environmental management -- Life cycle assessment -- Life cycle interpretation ISO/TR 14047:2003 Environmental management -- Life cycle impact assessment -Examples of application of ISO 14042 ISO/TR 14049:2000 Environmental management -- Life cycle assessment -- Examples of application of ISO 14041 to goal and scope definition and inventory analysis

ISO 14050:2002 Environmental management – Vocabulary ISO/TR 14062:2002 Environmental management -- Integrating environmental aspects into product design and development ISO 19011:2002 Guidelines for quality and/or environmental management systems auditing Source: 1. http://www.iso.org/iso/en/iso9000-14000/index.html 2. http://webstore.ansi.org/ansidocstor...sp?dept_id=190


								
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