Westward Expansion – Louisiana Purchase, Louis and Clark, Oregon Trail SWBAT: Analyze the most significant events during the era of the westward expansion and explain the importance of each. GLE: 2.3aE DOK: 2 Issues with Territory Late 1700’s (pages 319-323) Northwest Territory: Battle of Fallen Timbers/French Rebellion Jay’s Treaty-Britain out of NW Territory Pinckney’s Treaty-US could store goods at New Orleans, US citizens could travel the Mississippi, and Spain accepts the 31st parallel as northern border of Florida Appalachians: Whiskey Rebellion Jefferson Era 1800 (page 349) Ideas of Jefferson: Common way of life (small farmers would uphold strong morals and democratic ideas) Small Government – less power Government should not incur debt (money should come from tax on imports and exports) Mississippi very important to economy France originally settled the New Orleans area. It was given to Spain after the French And Indian War (The King of France was cousins with the King of Spain, and France was concerned about the cost of colonizing the territory and made a buffer zone between Britain and Spanish territories.) Then in 1802 – Spain gives the area back to France. Before this happens, Spain closes New Orleans to US shipping. Angry Americans call for war against both Spain and France. Thomas Jefferson wants to avoid conflict. He offers to purchase New Orleans from France…….To his surprise France asks him if he would like to purchase the Entire Louisiana Territory. (page 345-346) Louisiana Purchase of 1803 $15 Million Dollars - $0.03 per acre – America doubles it’s size Louisiana Territory Needs Explored Corps of Discovery – Lewis and Clark Expedition Captain Meriwether Lewis Lt. William Clark Goals: 1. Find a River Route across the continent 2. Establish good relations with Native Americans 3. Detailed description of the landscape, plants, & animals Details of Journey Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804 They began their expedition near St. Louis, Missouri, and traveled west along the Missouri River. They crossed the Rocky Mountains and then traveled along the Columbia River until they reached the Pacific Ocean in 1805. They were helped by Sacajawea, a member of the Shoshone tribe. They returned to St. Louis in 1806. No all water route to the end of the continent, but information provided knowledge for pioneers to begin their expansion west. Zebulon Pike Southern Exploration of the Louisiana Territory Inaccurate description: Described treeless plain as a desert. Americans first believed the Great Plains was no good for farming. Manifest Destiny - - 1821-1835 Citizens believed that had a “God Given” right to take over the Western Territories ----------------------------------------------------------- Jedediah Smith: Mountain man hunted for furs, lived with Natives at time Jim Beckwourth: Fur trader Mountain men would hunt for furs and the meet at specific sites and specific times of the year – rendezvous system Mountain men found better routes to the West – Others began to follow Land Speculators Bought up huge tracks of land – then divided it into smaller plots and sold it off for a profit Others braved the trail to new territories into what is now New Mexico, Oregon, and Utah….once there they claimed their land as their own. Santa Fe Trail 1821 Mexico Gained Independence from Spain and opened its boarders to Americans. Fur traders thought they could become rich. Becknell finds Shortcut to Santa Fe – Avoiding the Mountains. Covered Wagons can Take this route Oregon Territory First to the area (besides the mountain men) were missionaries. Missionaries made reports of how wonderful, and beautiful the land was. The sun always shone and the wheat grew feet tall. Pioneers became interested……. Problem: This territory was jointly occupied by US and by Britain Questions 1. Explain (in your own words) the Battle of Fallen Timbers. Be sure to answer questions like who was involved, why did it happen, and what was the outcome. (3 pts.) 2. Explain (in your own words) the Whiskey Rebellion. Be sure to answer questions like who was involved, why did it happen, and what was the outcome (3pts.) 3. Why did Washington consider it important to put down the Whiskey Rebellion? (2 pts.) 4. How did the French Revolution create problems for the US? (2pts.) 5. Explain the importance of Pickney’s Treaty? (2 pts.) 6. Why did the French sell the Louisiana Territory to the US? (3pts.) 7. What was the controversy around the purchase of the Louisiana Territory? (2pts.) 8. What 3 things did the Expedition of Louis and Clark hope to accomplish (3pts.) 9. How did the Zebulon Pike’s trail differ from that of Louis and Clark? (2pts.) 10. Explain who men like Jeb Smith helped to open the frontier to settlers. (2pts.) 11. Explain Manifest Destiny. (2pts.) 12. 12. What was the main problem settlers faced when dealing with the Oregon country? (2pts.) Next Day Lesson http://lewisandclarkjournals.unl.edu/index.html Assignment: Students will look at and discuss the importance of Lewis and Clarks expedition. They review samples of L & C’s material and then design journals of their own. Students will be given a destination to explore and design their own journal depicting the landscape, route, plants, animals, and events that transpire as they map their trip. See Scoring Guide..
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