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How to Set up a Healthy Goldfish Aquarium

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					How to Set up a Healthy Goldfish Aquarium
Goldfish are easy to take care of, so long as you have a good environment
for them to live in. Here is how to create and sustain a healthy goldfish
aquarium.
<Steps
1Select your tank. Many people choose to put their fish in bowls, but
these simply don't have the capacity to let a goldfishthrive. If you can
afford it, try to get at least a 10-gallon tank for your first goldfish,
plus another 10 gallons for every new fish. The more space your fish
have, the healthier they will be.<
2Install a filtration system. Goldfish produce a lot of waste, so a good
filter is necessary to keep them healthy. There are many types of
filtration, but the most effective one is the bio-wheel filter that hangs
on the side of the tank. Undergravel filters are only recommended if
you're on a budget or if you're keeping sharpness-sensitive goldfish
(such as the Bubble Eye). Canister filters are best for large tanks, as
they are a more powerful version of the bio-wheel filters.You want to
providedoublefiltration for the tank in order to keep it as clean as
possible. For example, if you have a 20-gallon tank, get a filter rated
for 40 gallons or two filters rated for 20 gallons.

3Decide on a heating system if necessary. Most goldfish can function
perfectly well in unheated water, but tropical fish may need it a little
warmer. For all non-exotic goldfish, the tank temperature should be
between 60¡ãF and 72¡ãF.
4Put in your gravel and decorations. These are somewhat superficial
additions compared to the filtration and heating system, but even the
smallest piece of scenery can brighten up the whole tank.
5Now fill your tank with water treated with water conditioner. Start up
the filter and heater according to their directions. At this stage you
can also add any live plants you have, but do NOT add your fish before
running the system for a few days to make sure it works.
6Cycle your tank. This step is crucial to the health of your fish. If you
want to be really thorough, you can add fish food and let it decompose in
your aquarium, which will bring ammonia into the water and cause
beneficial bacteria to grow.
7Test the water. Once your water tests 0 for ammonia and nitrite, but
still has some amount of nitrate, you can add your goldfish.
8Add your fish to the tank slowly. Don't dump a bunch of goldfish into
your tank all at once, as this might cause stress to the biological
system of the tank. Only add one or two fish at a time, preferably with
several weeks between each group.
9Do weekly water changes and check on your filter occasionally. So long
as you preserve the tank's hygiene, you should have no problem keeping
your fish healthy.<

Tips
If you are going to use plants, make sure you choose hardy plants such as
Java moss and Anacharis. Goldfish tend to nibble plants' leaves. Hardy
plants are a very good idea, since they provide oxygen and small amounts
of food for the goldfish.
Some types of goldfish are incompatible with other types. You should
separate different species into four categories. Pond-hardy goldfish
(common goldfish, shubunkin, comets), fancy goldfish (Orandas, black
moors), extremely fancy goldfish (ranchu, egg fish, dorsal-less fish),
etc. Pond hardy cannot be mixed with rare, fancy cannot be mixed with
extremely fancy, etc. Find out the different types and only mix goldfish
from their corresponding group.
When adding your fish into a new tank, hold the bag in the tank for about
20 minutes before releasing them into the water. This helps their
temperatures stabilize.
Make sure to clean the tank regularly to prevent bacterial blossom.
Never put gravel in your tank which can stuck in your fish's throat. Pick
gravel that is smaller or larger than your fish's throat.

<Warnings
Donotdump water from the fish store into your tank. This water could
contain harmful organisms. Gently scoop the goldfish out, and the net
into the water quickly. Let it swim out on its own.
Only use decorations meant for aquariums, and remember to boil rocks
before adding them to the tank.
Goldfish arecold waterfish. Don't mix them with tropical fish! If your
tank is set up properly for tropical fish, your goldfish will suffer (and
vice-versa).
Water and electricity don't mix! Make drip loops with nearby cords so
that no water from your tank gets into the socket.

Things You'll Need
Fish tank
Filter
Heater
Bubbler
Thermometer (only use thermometers meant for fish tanks)
Gravel
Water treated with water conditioner
Food, fish net and decorations
Algae scrubber
Gravel vacuum or siphon

Related wikiHows
How to Make a Goldfish Live for Decades
How to Care for a Fantail Goldfish
How to Take Care of Goldfish
How to Fix Swimbladder Disease in Goldfish
How to Set up a Fish Tank (for Goldfish)

Sources and Citations
http://www.aquariumfish.net/catalog_pages/goldfish_and_koi/goldfish_three
_groups.htm#top2
http://www.aquariumfish.net/catalog_pages/goldfish_and_koi/goldfish_fancy
.htm#top2
http://www.aquariumfish.net/information/cool_water_aquariums.htm#top2

				
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