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The Dirty War in Argentina

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					   Unit: Genocide
Grade 11: World Affairs

     By Natalie Noble
     and Jackie Ellis
         ED 648
   Objectives and Standards
Students will be able to   Grade 9: Benchmark B:
identify genocide after    Analyze the
looking at two case        consequences of
studies:                   oppression,
– Argentina and Rwanda.    discrimination and conflict
                           between cultures.
                           – Analyze the results of
                             political, economic, and
                             social oppression and the
                             violation of human rights
                             including the Holocaust
                             and other acts of genocide,
                             including those that have
                             occurred in Armenia,
                             Rwanda, Bosnia and Iraq.
         Materials Needed
PowerPoint              Television
Presentation            Hotel Rwanda DVD
Internet Access
LCD Projector
Smart Board
Excerpt from selected
book
Imagining Argentina
DVD
DVD Player
       References / Websites
Picture of Juan Peron:
http://www.dictatorofthemonth.com/Peron/juan-peron.jpeg
Picture of Fidel Castro:
http://galizacig.org/imxact/2004/08/fidel_castro_ruz590.jpg
Picture of Green Ford Falcon:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/76106835@N00/258393535/
Picture of Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without
a Number:
http://chpbooks.com.ru/img/502f303239393138323434342e30312e
5f53434d5a5a5a5a5a5a5a5f.jpg
Picture of Imagining Argentina:
http://www.dvdzap.ca/dvd-imgs/4221d0/imagining-argentina.jpg
Picture of Hotel Rwanda:
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0395169/maindetails
      References / Websites
Student reference sites for pictures:
– http://www.travellerspoint.com/photos/stream/photoID/80753/use
  rs/Winkekatze/
– http://www.nytimes.com/library/world/africa/index-rwanda-
  children.html
Teacher Resources
– http://www.infoplease.com/search?q=rwanda&in=all&fr=iptn&js=t
  rue
                  Activities
Read an excerpt:            Watch:
– Prisoner without a        – The film Imagining
  Name, Cell without a        Argentina starring
  Number by Jacobo            Antonio Banderas
  Timerman                  – The tale of a man
– It is one man’s story       whose family
  about his arrest during     disappears during the
  the Dirty War because       Dirty War and his
  he was a politically        search to find them
  active Jew
      Activities (continued)
Watch:                     Defining Genocide
– The film Hotel Rwanda    – Students must define
  starring Don Cheadle       genocide in their own
– A true story of a man      terms and then think of
  who fought impossible      examples other than
  odds to save everyone      the two examined.
  he could and created a   – Students must then
  place where hope           develop ways to
  survived.                  prevent and/or combat
                             genocide
      Activities (continued)
Photo Assignment
– At school
    Students will research and print two photos that
    reflect a child’s life in Rwanda prior to the
    genocide. There must be at least one child in each
    picture.
– At home
    Students must find two family photos that relate in
    some way to the pictures researched in class.
– Students must then identify evidence that
  suggests that life was “normal” prior to the
  genocide.
The Dirty War in Argentina

   The Little Known Political
  Genocide of 1970s Argentina
          Time of Turmoil
Argentina was in a time of turmoil
Juan Peron has risen to power for a
second time                          Juan Peron

However there were two groups which did
not like how the government was run:
– The Ejercito Revolucionario del Peublo (ERP)
  Revolutionary Army of the People
– The Montoneros
               The ERP
Were a rural
insurgency
Received funding
from Fidel Castro
Apathetic toward
Peron
Mostly students
participate
Only number in the
100s of members
                         Fidel Castro
        The Montoneros
Like the Perons
Led by students and workers
More based in cities such as Buenos Aires
Number in the 1000s of members
The ERP and the Montoneros
These groups were a result of the counterculture
of the 1970s
– They were similar to hippies in the United States,
  except violent
Women often fulfilled positions of leadership in
these groups
They kidnapped many people
However they were not unpopular as the
Montoneros had a 50% approval rating
Eventually the ERP were outlawed but the
Montoneros were made legal
  The Exterminations Begin
Juan Peron dies and his wife Isabelita
takes over the government
She is manipulated by her advisors and
the killings and kidnappings of the ERP
and the Montoneros begin
She is overthrown in 1976 and the Guerra
Sucia (the Dirty War) continues with more
fervor
        They Disappeared
People disappear in the middle of the night, or
while walking home from school or work
The main place of torture was the Naval
Mechanics School
Any politically active or poor person is at risk
Green Ford Falcons become the car to watch
out for because its what the government uses to
take people away in
The Mothers of the Disappeared
 The Mothers were the only people to speak out
 against the government during this time
 Starting in 1977, once a week, they walked
 around the Plaza de Mayo (a famous
 intersection) with pictures of their disappeared
 loved ones
 However they were often beaten or tear gassed
 They began to receive media attention in 1978
 because the World Cup for Soccer took place in
 Argentina
      The Dirty War Ends
The Mothers of the Disappeared do not
bring the Dirty War to an end
It ends because the people in charge ruin
the economy and start a war which they
cannot win, so they have bigger problems
The Rwandan Genocide
               Rwanda
Hutus: Majority, 90% of the population
Tutsi: Minority of the population
– Aristocracy of Rwanda
– Dominated over Hutu majority
When Belgian Colonists arrive at the turn
of the century, they make a distinction
between dark Africans (who they called
Hutu) and lighter skinned Africans (which
they called Tutsi).
       Rwanda Continued
Independence from Belgium leads to Hutu
take-over
– Oppress Tutsi minority
– Hutu extremists refuse to share power with
  Tutsi
On April 6th 1994 the Presidents of
Rwanda and Burundi are killed when their
plane is shot out of the sky by Hutu rebels
extremists.
        Rwandan Civil War
“Cut the tall trees”
– This sets off a terrible campaign by the
  Power-Hutus to commit genocide to destroy
  all non-Rwandans
– Hutus at first target Hutu moderates and Tutsi
  political figures and leaders
    Killing spreads to the countryside
    No Tutsi is safe
– Weapons of choice: machetes, clubs, guns,
  and grenades
       Rwandan Civil War
U.N. protectors arrive too late and in too
small a number to do much good.
– Did not help evacuate the Tutsi civilians
U.N. Security Council voted to abandon
Rwanda and pulled out leaving only a
small number of forces behind.
The slaughter ends:
– Tutsi rebels manage to overthrow the Hutu
  extremists
    After It’s Said and Done
In only 3 months over 800,000 people are
killed.
Most of the world argued and minimized
their role to delay any action.
The United States, recently out of Somalia
is not ready to commit troops again in
Africa.
        Life as a Refugee
Over 1.5 million refugees are forced to flee
their homes, many seeking refuge in
neighboring Burundi and Zaire
Problems:
– Disease
– Homeless
– Starving

				
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