Chapter 6 Section 1 1. Describe the Steps Washington’s administration took to build the federal government. • I: Electing a President - George Washington – 1st President - John Adams – 1st Vice President - 1st Administration – George Washington & John Adams, 12 Clerks - George Washington set precedents (traditions) Setting Up Judiciary • James Madison helped pass Judiciary Act of 1789 • Established a judiciary/system of courts • Established Attorney General (prosecute cases on behalf of federal govt) • Judiciary had 13 federal district courts (1 per state) • 3 circuit courts would hear appeals from state courts. • Supreme Court would deicide contested cases • John Jay appointed 1st Chief Justice Setting up the Cabinet • Washington’s most important precedent • Established first 4 executive departments • A) Dept of State • B) Dept of War • C) Dept of Treasury (Alexander Hamilton 1st Treasure) • D) Attorney General Hamilton’s Plan • Hamilton Was for a STRONG Central Govt! • Anti Federalist believed this would limit individual state’s rights! • Issue: Nation’s $52 Million Debt • Hamilton’s Solution – Propose Bonds, and Tariffs to raise revenue for Federal Govt! Hamilton’s Plan for Reconstructing Debt Hamilton’s Strategy 1. Establish National Credit System 2. Buy political support from the wealthiest Americans 3. Would enrich investors, who could then build new ships, wharves, storehouses, and factories. ** THIS IS ESSESNTIAL IN ORDER TO CREATE A STRONG FEDERAL GOVT BY CREATING AN INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL GROWTH** Question to Answer • Why did Hamilton want to add to the national debt? Interpreting the Constitution • In order for Hamilton to justify his plan, he interpreted the Constitution broadly! (Loose Construction) • Critics were furious because they believed the Constitution should be interpreted Strictly! (Strict Construction) America Must Now Choose A Side! Federalist VS Anti-Federalist! • Thomas Jefferson and James Madison argued that Hamilton was creating a Kingly Government and pointed out that all the factory owners were rich and the workers poor - JUST LIKE BRITAIN! Whiskey Rebellion • Rural Farmers hates taxes – reminded them of Britain’s taxes • SO – They attacked the Tax Collectors! • Hamilton sent in 12,000 armed militiamen – rebellion was put down! Question to Answer • On What grounds did some people oppose Hamilton’s plans? Two Party System Emerges • Whiskey Rebellion Scared People! • Jefferson & Madison (Anti-Federalist) were alarmed that Hamilton & Washington sent in so many Federalists to crush a rebellion! • Small Political Societies formed to oppose the government! (Anti-Federalist supported these societies) • Claimed that if societies didn’t exist then aristocracy would always triumph and leaders would be immune to criticism & scrutiny! Political Parties Compete for Power • Federalist VS Democratic Republicans • (Hamilton & Washington VS Madison & Jefferson) • Americans believed: 1. Federalist represented the few and elite 2. Democratic Republicans offered more social mobility! Question to Answer! • Who were the Leaders of the two emerging political parties?
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