Federalist VS Anti-Federalist_ by shitingting

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									Chapter 6
 Section 1
1. Describe the Steps Washington’s administration
took to build the federal government.

• I: Electing a President
- George Washington – 1st President
- John Adams – 1st Vice President
- 1st Administration – George Washington &
  John Adams, 12 Clerks
- George Washington set precedents
  (traditions)
         Setting Up Judiciary
• James Madison helped pass Judiciary Act of
  1789
• Established a judiciary/system of courts
• Established Attorney General (prosecute cases
  on behalf of federal govt)
• Judiciary had 13 federal district courts (1 per
  state)
• 3 circuit courts would hear appeals from state
  courts.
• Supreme Court would deicide contested cases
• John Jay appointed 1st Chief Justice
      Setting up the Cabinet
• Washington’s most important precedent
• Established first 4 executive departments
• A) Dept of State
• B) Dept of War
• C) Dept of Treasury (Alexander Hamilton
  1st Treasure)
• D) Attorney General
           Hamilton’s Plan
• Hamilton Was for a STRONG Central
  Govt!
• Anti Federalist believed this would limit
  individual state’s rights!
• Issue: Nation’s $52 Million Debt
• Hamilton’s Solution – Propose Bonds, and
  Tariffs to raise revenue for Federal Govt!
Hamilton’s Plan for Reconstructing
              Debt
         Hamilton’s Strategy
1. Establish National Credit System
2. Buy political support from the wealthiest
   Americans
3. Would enrich investors, who could then build
   new ships, wharves, storehouses, and
   factories.

** THIS IS ESSESNTIAL IN ORDER TO CREATE
    A STRONG FEDERAL GOVT BY CREATING
       AN INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL
                  GROWTH**
        Question to Answer
• Why did Hamilton want to add to the
  national debt?
   Interpreting the Constitution
• In order for Hamilton to justify his plan, he
  interpreted the Constitution broadly!
  (Loose Construction)
• Critics were furious because they believed
  the Constitution should be interpreted
  Strictly! (Strict Construction)

     America Must Now Choose A Side!
       Federalist VS Anti-Federalist!
• Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
  argued that Hamilton was creating a
  Kingly Government and pointed out that all
  the factory owners were rich and the
  workers poor - JUST LIKE BRITAIN!
         Whiskey Rebellion
• Rural Farmers hates taxes – reminded
  them of Britain’s taxes
• SO – They attacked the Tax Collectors!
• Hamilton sent in 12,000 armed militiamen
  – rebellion was put down!
       Question to Answer
• On What grounds did some people
  oppose Hamilton’s plans?
   Two Party System Emerges
• Whiskey Rebellion Scared People!
• Jefferson & Madison (Anti-Federalist) were
  alarmed that Hamilton & Washington sent in so
  many Federalists to crush a rebellion!
• Small Political Societies formed to oppose the
  government! (Anti-Federalist supported these
  societies)
• Claimed that if societies didn’t exist then
  aristocracy would always triumph and leaders
  would be immune to criticism & scrutiny!
Political Parties Compete for Power
•  Federalist VS Democratic Republicans
•  (Hamilton & Washington VS Madison &
   Jefferson)
• Americans believed:
1. Federalist represented the few and elite
2. Democratic Republicans offered more
   social mobility!
       Question to Answer!
• Who were the Leaders of the two
  emerging political parties?

								
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