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					     Unit 4

       Text 1
A View of Mountains
          Pre-reading Question

   What do you think is the greatest threat to the
    existence of mankind?
            Structural Analysis
   Part I (paragraph 1):
    The writer puts forward his thesis: a view of
    mountains in the background suggests the
    real extent to which the city was destroyed
    by the atomic bombing.
   Part II (paragraphs 2-3):
    The author argues that the bombing of
    Nagasaki is more representative of the
    nuclear peril threatening the world than that
    of Hiroshima and that we need to take
    actions to dispel nuclear threat from the
    Earth.
   Part III (paragraph 4):
    The author restates his main idea, i.e. we
    should not just worry about the nuclear peril
    but take actions to eliminate it to create a
    safer world.
               Paraphrase 1
   It was therefore left to Yamahata to record,
    methodically –and, as it happens, with a
    great and simple artistry –the effects …
    The responsibility was therefore placed on
    Yamahata’s shoulders to record the effects
    systematically and incidentally with a great
    and simple artistry.
               Paraphrase 2
   That absence, even more than wreckage,
    contains the heart of the matter.
    That vanished city rather than its remains
    represents the true measure of the event.
               Paraphrase 3
   In the photographs, Nagasaki comes into its
    own.
    In the photographs Nagasaki regains its own
    status.
                Paraphrase 4
   … the human imagination had stumbled to
    exhaustion in the wreckage of the first
    ruined city without reaching even the
    outskirts of the second.
    … the human imagination had been
    exhausted and stopped at the wreckage of
    the first ruined city and failed to reach even
    the outskirts of Nagasaki.
               Paraphrase 5
   … we seem to need, in addition, some other
    picture to counterpoise against ruined
    Nagasaki…
    …apart from the pictures of Nagasaki we
    seem to need some other picture to inspire
    in us a hope of life to counterbalance the
    sense of doom suggested by the ruined
    Hagasaki…
              More Exercises
 Parcels of food were                to him by
  American friends.
 It is up to the teacher to decide
  what               satisfactory work.
 Only one person               the accident.
 The countryside is           with beautiful ancient
  churches.
 Having drunk half a bottle of whiskey,
   I           upstairs and into bed.
              More Exercises
 Parcels of food were dispatched to him by
  American friends.
 It is up to the teacher to decide
  what            satisfactory work.
 Only one person                the accident.
 The countryside is            with beautiful ancient
  churches.
 Having drunk half a bottle of whiskey,
   I           upstairs and into bed.
                More Exercises
   Parcels of food were dispatched to him by
    American friends.
   It is up to the teacher to decide
     what constitutes satisfactory work.
   Only one person                the accident.
   The countryside is           with beautiful ancient
    churches.
   Having drunk half a bottle of whiskey,
     I           upstairs and into bed.
                More Exercises
   Parcels of food were dispatched to him by
    American friends.
   It is up to the teacher to decide what constitutes
    satisfactory work.
   Only one person witnessed the accident.
   The countryside is           with beautiful ancient
    churches.
   Having drunk half a bottle of whiskey,
     I           upstairs and into bed.
               More Exercises
   Parcels of food were dispatched to him by
    American friends.
   It is up to the teacher to decide what constitutes
    satisfactory work.
   Only one person witnessed the accident.
   The countryside is dotted with beautiful ancient
    churches.
   Having drunk half a bottle of whiskey,
     I           upstairs and into bed.
               More Exercises
   Parcels of food were dispatched to him by
    American friends.
   It is up to the teacher to decide what constitutes
    satisfactory work.
   Only one person witnessed the accident.
   The countryside is dotted with beautiful ancient
    churches.
   Having drunk half a bottle of whiskey, I stumbled
    upstairs and into bed.
               More Exercises
   With the court case             us, we couldn’t
    enjoy our vacation.
   It will       him embarrassment if you speak to
    him about it in private.
   I’d like to start the speech by          a few
    rumors that have been spreading recently.
   The role of the police is to       that the law is
    obeyed.
               More Exercises
   With the court case hanging over us, we couldn’t
    enjoy our vacation.
   It will        him embarrassment if you speak to
    him about it in private.
   I’d like to start the speech by          a few
    rumors that have been spreading recently.
   The role of the police is to      that the law is
    obeyed.
               More Exercises
   With the court case hanging over us, we couldn’t
    enjoy our vacation.
   It will spare him embarrassment if you speak to
    him about it in private.
   I’d like to start the speech by         a few
    rumors that have been spreading recently.
   The role of the police is to       that the law is
    obeyed.
               More Exercises
   With the court case hanging over us, we couldn’t
    enjoy our vacation.
   It will spare him embarrassment if you speak to
    him about it in private.
   I’d like to start the speech by dispelling a few
    rumors that have been spreading recently.
   The role of the police is to        that the law is
    obeyed.
               More Exercises
   With the court case hanging over us, we couldn’t
    enjoy our vacation.
   It will spare him embarrassment if you speak to
    him about it in private.
   I’d like to start the speech by dispelling a few
    rumors that have been spreading recently.
   The role of the police is to ensure that the law is
    obeyed.
                   Dictation
      Nagasaki had never been subjected to
    large-scale bombing prior to the explosion of
    the atomic bomb there. On August 1st, 1945,
    however, a number of highly explosive
    bombs were dropped on the city. A few of
    these bombs hit the shipyards and dock
    areas in the southwest portion of the city.
                   Dictation
   Several of the bombs hit the Mitsubishi Steel
    and Arms Works and six bombs landed at
    the Nagasaki and a number of people,
    principally schoolchildren, were evacuated
    to rural areas for safety, thus reducing the
    population in the city at the time of the
    atomic attack.
The end!

				
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posted:2/2/2013
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