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					                 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGG.

CHAPTERE-1: environmental pollution and control
  Q1)   Define environment.
  Q2)   What is meant by ecosystem? State its type.
  Q3)   what is meant by environmental pollution? State its type.
  Q4)   what are the causes of pollution?
  Q5)   Explain in brief effects of pollution.
  Q6)   List any four rule related to environmental pollution.



CHAPTER-2: public water supply

  Q7) What step will you take to control the pollution?
  Q1) State the permissible limits for turbidity, Ph, chloride and total hardness in water.
  Q2) what is meant by coagulation? Name four common used coagulation.
  Q3) List eight types of pipes used for conveyance of water.
  Q4) Draw labeled sketch of an ESR.
  Q5) A water supply is to be proposed from an earthen dam. Suggest a suitable intake structure and
      draw a labeled sketch of the same.
  Q6) State four forms of chlorination. Explain break point chlorination.
  Q7) Draw a labelled sketch of air relief valve provided on water main
  Q8) State four advantages of R.C.C. pipes over other pipes.
  Q9) define the following terms Ph turbidity, MPN Standard colour cum.
  Q10) What do you understand by plain chlorination, post chlorination, super chlorination, and
       dechlorination.
  Q11) Draw labelled sketch of pressure relief valve and flanged pipe joint.
  Q12) Compare dead end system and grid iron system of layout for distribution system.
  Q13) Write the names of various intake works which selecting site for intake structure.
  Q14) what is water conservation? Why it is necessary? State its importance.
  Q15) explain the procedure for determination of total solids, dissolved solids and suspended solids.
  Q16) Draw a neat sketch of hopper bottom sedimentation tank. Explain its working.
  Q17) Differentiate between slow sand filter and rapid sand filter on any four points.
  Q18) Draw a neat sketch of schematic arrangement of water supply shceme.
  Q19) which are the methods of distribution.
  Q20) Explain with neat sketch working of rapid sand filter.
  Q21) Write one function of sluice valve, air relief valve, pressure relief valve and non return
       valve.
  Q22) State gravity and pumping system of distribution of water.
  Q23) What is ground water recharging.
  Q25) Explain the objectives of aeration.
  Q26) Define coagulation. Why it is necessary? Give names of two coagulation.
  Q27) Define – Prechlorination, Dechlorination, break point chlorination and super chlorination.
  Q28) State the necessity of importance of low cost water treatment in rural areas.
  Q29) Compare the R.C.C pipes and PVC pipes used for conveyance of water.
  Q30) Write the function of following component of water supply scheme.
       1. Intake structure
       2. Jack well
       3. Rising main
     4. Treatment plant
Q31) Draw neat sketches of
     1. Spigot and socket joint
     2. Flanged joint
Q32) why the elevated storage reservoirs are preferred than ground storage reservoirs. Discuss in
     Brief.
Q33) which precaution will you take while collecting the sample for bacteriological test of water?
Q34) Enlist the four objects of aeration.
Q35) State the function, use and location of air relief valve. Draw a neat sketch of it.
Q36) State the factors affecting the location of a intake in water supply shceme.
Q37) Give the acceptable limit of the following for porable water.
     1. Hardness             2. BOD        3. Total solids         4. PH
Q38) Explain the principle behind sedimentation with coagulation.
Q39) Enlist the different form of chlorination. Explain ‘break point chlorination’ with help of graph.
Q40) Name the different types of pipes used for conveyance of water. State the advantages of G.I.
     Pipes.
Q41) Write down the advantages of combine gravity and plumbing system.
Q42) State two objectives of water supply shceme.
Q43) State any four factors governing location of intake well.
Q44) State various precaution to be taken and information to be placed while collecting water
     Sample for biological examination.
Q45) Differentiate between rapid sand filter and slow sand filter with reference to
      1. Rate of filtration   2. Quality of wash water
     3. Period of cleaning 4. Depth of bed for gravel and sand
Q46) State any two advantages and disadvantages of dead end type layout of distribution system.
Q47) State advantages and disadvantages of gravitational supply system.
Q48) Define process of filtration of water. State the various filter media used for filtration.
Q49) what is disinfection? Enlist any two disinfection used in water purification.
Q50) Name any four types of pipe joint.
Q51) Draw a schematic arrangement of water supply shceme.
Q52) Enlist the various method of aeration? Explain principle of working and objet of any one of them
     With neat sketch.
Q53) Explain the gravity method of distribution system with neat sketch.
Q54) State various types of pipe joint, explain objects of each.
Q55) List out in tabular form, at neat eight points to differentiate slow and rapid sand filter.
Q56) Explain working of rapid sand filter with neat sketch.
Q57) State function of
     1. Air relief valve       2. Non return valve
Q58) State permissible limits for following
     1. Hardness 2. Zinc 3. Arsenic 4. Turbidity in case of porable water
Q59) Define ‘Intake’. Draw a neat sketch of river intake.
Q60) Draw a flow diagram of water treatment plant.
Q61) State two advantages and disadvantages of dead end type layout of distribution system.
Q62) Draw a neat sketch of spigot and socket joint.
Q63) Name different types of intake.
Q64) Enlist any four treatment units in water supply shceme.
Q65) State advantages of alum as coagulant.
Q66) What is difference between fill and draw type and continuous type sedimentation tanks.
Q67) State the purpose of service reservoir.
Q68) What is meant by variation in the rate of demand of water.
Q69) What factors should be considered while deciding the location of intake structure? Explain in
      brief.
Q70) Define pH value and explain pH scale.
Q71) Explain construction of slow sand filter with a neat sketch.
Q72) Draw sketch of different layout of distribution system.
    Q73) State the quality standards of water for domestic purpose.
    Q74) Draw a neat sketch of flanged joint and sluice valve.
    Q75) List out various types of layout of distribution of water for a city. Explain any one of them in brief
          with neat labelled sketch.
    Q76) State different types of intakes provided for withdrawal of water from the source. State any four
          factors governing the location of intake structure.
    Q77) what are the precaution to be taken while sampling of water for analysis purpose.
    Q78) State the importance of residual chlorine in treated water. What are the different forms of
chlorination.
    Q79) State the function of distribution reservoir.
    Q80) Name the different types of pipes used in water supply. Give the criteria for selection of these
pipes




CHAPTER- 3: DOMESTIC SEWAGE
Q1) Define sewage and sullage.
Q2) What is the function of Grit chamber in sewage treatment plant? Draw labelled cross section of grit
chamber.
Q3) What is B.O.D? State its significance in sewage treatment.
Q4) state four merits of separate system of sewage disposal.
Q5) List four types of sewers based on shape. Draw cross-section of Engg. Shape sewer.
Q6) Draw a labelled sketch of drop manhole.
Q7) Draw flow diagram of sewage treatment plant.
Q8) State the process of purification of water by trickling filter.
Q9) Compare one pipe system and two pipe system of plumbing.
Q10) Explain in short the working of septic tank.
Q11) Differentiate between aerobic and anaerobic process.
Q12) Define :
    1) Sewer
    2) Separate system of sewage
    3) Self cleaning velocity
Q13) Explain in short how maintenance of sewer is carried out.
Q14) write the procedure of construction of manholes.
Q15) What is BOD? State its uses.
Q16) Explain any two methods of sludge disposal.
Q17) Draw a general layout of sewage treatment plant.
Q18) Define sullage, garbag.
Q19) Wrire working of activated sludge process.
Q20) State in short the physical characteristics of sewage.
Q21) How the traps are classified compare gully trap hanhi tarp.
Q22) Explain the steps and procedures of laying of sewers in brief.
Q23) what are the various shapes and material used for sewers. Discuss their suitability and selection.
Q24) What are the manholes? State their use, location, spacing and method of construction.
Q25) what is sewage treatment? What are its objects.
Q26) Explain the working of trickling filter. Draw a neat sketch of it.
Q27) Enlist the types of plumbing system. Explain any one system of plumbing.
Q28) Define limiting velocity.
Q29) Enlist the various parameters to be analysed for analysis of sewage.
Q30) Explain activated sludge process with the help of diagram.
Q31) Define nonscouring velocity.
Q32) Define BOD.
Q33) State the objects of sewage treatment.
Q34) Discuss two comparative merits and demerits of separate system and combine system of sewage.
Q35) Draw a neat sketch of intercepting trap and explain its use.
Q36) Draw the sketch of two pipe system of house drainage and state its advantage.
Q37) Explain drop manhole with the help of neat sketch.
Q38) Define aerobic and anaerobic process.
Q39) Explain the function and working of trickling filter with the help of neat sketch.
Q40) Define oxidation pond. Where it is used? What is its principle?
Q42) what is activated sludge process? Explain the advantages and disadvantages of activated sludge
process.
Q43) State different types of sewers used in sewage system.
Q44) State the purpose of the treatment unit “screening”.
Q45) Draw a neat labelled sketch of septic tank.
Q46) Draw a sketch of gully tarp and explain its use.
Q47) Draw a sketch of single-pipe system of house drainage and state its advantages.
Q48) Draw a labelled sketch of single stack system of house drainage and state its advantage.
Q49) Explain P trap and S trap with neat sketch.
Q50) State four merits of separate system of sewage disposal.
Q51) Define the term ‘self cleaning velocity’. State the factors which affect this velocity.
Q52) Exlain the procedure of lowering and laying of sewers.
Q53) Enlist the methods of testing of sewers and explain any one method of them.
Q54) Explain in brief necessity and construction of drop manhole with nest sketch.
Q55) State any four objects of sewage treatment.
Q56) Explain the working of trickling filter with neat sketch.
Q57) State any four merits of separate system of sewage disposal.
Q58) State methods of testing of sewer. Explain any one of them.
Q59) Define BOD and state its significance.
Q60) Draw a sectional view of oxidation pond.
Q61) What is sewage treatment ? What are its objects.



CHAPTER:4- INDUSTRIAL WASTE
Q1) Suggest suitable treatment for Dairy waste.
Q2) Suggest suitable treatment for sugar industry waste.
Q3) Draw a layout plan of Textile effluent treatment plant.
Q4) Draw a layout plan of pulp and paper industry.
Q5) State characteristics of pulp and paper waste and suggest suitable treatment with layout of effluent
treatment plant.
Q6) State characteristics of distillery waste and suggest suitable treatment with layout of effluent
treatment plant.



CHAPTER:5- ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
Q1)   Define air pollution and noise pollution.
Q2)   State the various sources of air pollution.
Q3)   State and explain various effect of air pollution.
Q4)   Explain how the air pollution is controlled?
Q5)   State the various sources of noise pollution.
Q6)   State and explain various effect of noise pollution.
Q7)   Explain how the noise pollution is controlled?
Q8)   What is global warming? State the effects of global warming.
CHAPTER: 6- SOLID WASTE FROM THE SOCIETY
Q1)   Define refuse and garbage.
Q2)   State four advantages of incineration method of disposal of solid waste.
Q3)   Define rubbish.
Q4)   What are common constituents of dry refuse. Explain any one method of collection of dry refuse.
Q5)   what are the constituents of dry refuse. Explain any two methods of disposal of dry refuse in short.
Q6)   Enlist methods of disposal of solid waste and explain any one method.



CHAPTER:7- ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION
Q1) Sate the necessity and importance of rural sanitation.
Q2) Describe the meaning of “Environmental sanitation”.
Q3) State the types of privies.
Q4) Explain the construction of “Aqua privy” with a neat sketch.
Q5) In what situation, the aqua privy is used?
Q6) Explain the construction of “Bore hole privy” with a neat sketch.
Q7) Explain the meaning of vermicomposting.
Q8) Explain the importance of vermiculture.
Q9) Explain the importance of Sant Gadge Baba, Swachhatha Abhiyan.
Q10) Explain in short the importance of low cost latrines in Jalswarajya scheme.
                                 “MANGEMENT”

CHAPTER:1- OVERVIEW OF BUSINESS
Q1) Define business. Explain the concept with suitable example.
Q2) Explain in short types of business. Give examples. Business is an economic activity.
Q3) Explain in brief development of Indian industry.
Q4) How industrial goods are classified? What are the different sectors of Indian industry?
Q5) Exlpain in short introduction and characteristics of different industrial sctors.
Q6) EXlain in short what is GATT. State its characteristics and relevance to India.
Q7) Explain the term WTO. State its aims and importance.
Q8) Explai in brief process of globalization in the context of Indian scenario. State its merits and demerits.
Q9) Describe the status of Indian industry befors independence.
Q10) state the fetures of policy of industrial liberalization.
Q11) Discuss the steps taken by government of Inadia to encourage Indian industries after independence.
OR When did
     Indian industry get the first stimulus?
Q12) Discuss strength and weakness as well as opportunities and threats in the context of globalization
process for Indian
      Industries.
Q13) What is I.P.R. ? State concept.
Q14) Explain the types of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).
Q15) State advantages of IPR.
Q16) Discuss legislation related to IPR IN Brief.
Q17) Explain in short Administrative organization system for IPR/ Patenting system.
Q18) Describe in brief, patent, industrial design, Trade Marks Geographical Indication and copyright.
Q19) Explain the source fron which the information about patent and patent database, can be obtained.



CHAPTER:2 – MANAGEMENT PROCESS
Q1) What is management? State importance of management.
Q2) Explain the characteristics of management.
Q3) Compare management Administration and organization in brief.
Q4) Explain in brief evolution of management and its development.
Q5) State and explain in brief different levels of management and its function.
Q6) State and explain in short principles of management.
Q7) EXplain in brief concept of scientific management.
Q8) Why scientific management is essential for higher production and less cost per unit product?
Q9) Describe the concept of optimization in scientific management.
Q10) How manager should perform his function in light of scientific management . Give details of each
step. OR How
      scientific management principles helps manger/supervisor in handling complexity of jobs?
Q11) State and explain in brief function of management .
Q12) Define motivation . Sate types of motivation give examples.
Q13) Describe in short motivational techniques to be adopted by manager to motive his workface.
Q14) Explain the meaning of Authority and Responsibility.
Q15) State and explain different objectives of planning.
Q16) What is management of a job?
Q17) Explain the concept of worker’s participation in management. OR What are objectives of worker’s
participation management? Discuss in brief.
Q18) Define co-ordination and state its need in management.
Q19) Planning of work is the most important function of supervisor. Elaborate.
Q20) What are the benefits of better planning and control?
Q21) State and discuss in brief the guideline for effective decision making.



CHAPTER:3- ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT
Q1) Explain the term organization. Discuss its concept and characteristics.
Q2) Why manufacturing organization is viewed as a system. Elaborate.
Q3) Define the element of organization and describe in brief the steps involved in the process of
organization.
Q4) State and discuss in brief various theories of organization.
Q5) What organization chart? Why it is necessary?
Q6) What is organization structure ? What are the types of organization structure? State need and
importance of
       organization structure.
Q7) Explain the consideration in designing organization structure. Discuss in short, environment in which
organization has
      to work.
Q8) State and discuss in brief principles of organization.
Q9) Explain the concept of “Span of control”. State its significance and importance.
Q10) Explain the concept of authority, its characteristics and types of authority.
Q11) Explain the delegation of authority and explain the principle of delegation.
Q12) Explain the difference between centralization and decentralization of authority. Sate its merit and
demrit too.
Q13) Sate the various form of organization and state its merit, demerit and application.
Q14) Briefly discuss the following forms of organizations
     1. Committee organization
     2. Matrix organization
     3. Project type organization
Q15) What is informal organization? State its importance.
Q16) Define industrial ownership. State their types in brief.
Q17) State and explain in brief sole proprietorship and partnership. State its merits and demerits.
Q18) Explain the concept of join-stock company. State types of join stock company and merits and demerits
of same.
Q19) Explain the difference / compare two types of JSC
     1. Private limited company 2. Public limited cpmpany.
Q20) Explain in brief what is “Partnership Deed”.
Q21) Compare in brief salient features of joint stock company with that of partnership and individual
ownership.
Q22) Differentiate between partnership and joint stock companies.
Q23) Give salient features, types, merits, demerits and application of co- operative organization.
Q24) State and explain in brief, different types of co-operative enterprises(Organization).
Q25) Discuss the advantages of co-operative societies over joint stock companies.
Q26) Discuss in brief concept, objectives, merits and demerits of Public Sector Enterprises.
Q27) discuss in brief concept, merits and demerits of private sector.
Q28) “among various types of organization, proprietorship ensures quickest growth”. Comment
Q29) Compare Private Sector and Public Sector enterprises.
Q30) Defferentiate between Govt. deptt and Govt company.
Q31) Explain the role of public sector in developing country. OR What are the theoretical advantages of
public sector. Are
      they really working?
Q32) Explain the industrial organization as a system with an example.
Q33) List eight factors to be considered for selecting type of owner ship.
Q34) Give in brief the importance of cleanliness in manufacturing organization.
Q35) Justify the statement, “An organization chart exhibit human structure in an organizational set-up with
his position and
      power, but fails to express dynamic view”
Q36) How partnership is formed? Give the details contents of partnership deed.
Q37) State and explain in brief various documents to be submitted before registrar of companies, for the
formation of joint
      stock company.



CHAPTER:4- HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Q1) What is personal function? OR Define personal function of management.
Q2) Enumerate importance of personal function of management.
Q3) Define Personal management.
Q4) Explain in brief various function of personal management.
Q5) State in brief procurement and maintenance function.
Q6) State aim and objectives of personal management Deptt.
Q7) State in brief characteristics of Good personal policy.
Q8) Differentiate between Recruitment and selection process.
Q9) State the sources for new employees.
Q10) Explain in brief steps in recruitment procedure.
Q11) Why training is necessary for employees?
Q12) State objectives / aims of training.
Q13) State advantages of training.
Q14) state different methods of training.
Q15) Explain in short training methodology(methods) for worker/operator training.
Q16) Explain in brief instructional methods used in training.
Q17) What is TWI? (training within industry)
Q18) Discuss the contents of supervisor training program.
Q19) What is skill? State different types of skills worker/supervisor should posses for better performance
at the work place.
Q20) Who is supervisor? Explain supervisor’s responsibilities?
Q21) State the qualities of good supervisor.
Q22) Define leadership. State characteristics of good leader.
Q23) Describe in brief maslow theory of motivation and sate its implication for supervisor/manager.
Q24) What is motivation? Why motivation is required? State types of motivation, supervisor used in
industries .
Q25) List out various motivational techniques used by supervisor manager.
Q26) Elaborate importance of safety in industry. State its need also.
Q27) Explain in brief steps in safety management program.
Q28) Define industrial accidents? Why accidents happen? How to reduce it?
Q29) Explain different causes of accidents.
Q30) Give classification of accidents. Why accidents prevention is necessary? State remedies to reduce it.
Q31) Define labour law /act? State objectives and advantages of labour law.
Q32) Why industrial acts are necessary? Discuss.
Q33) Define “Factory” and “manufacturing” process As per Indian act 1948.
Q34) Give in brief provision made under factory act pertaining to the following.
     1. Employment of women.
     2. Employment of Adolescent.
Q35) Explain in brief different health provision mentioned in the factory Act.
Q36) State different safety provision mentioned in the factory Act 1948.
Q37) State the welfare provisions mentioned in the factory act 1948.
Q38) What precautions are specified in factory Act about health, hygiene & safety provisions.
Q39) State the role of inspector of factories under the provision of factory Act.
Q40) Define industrial dispute & state the causes of industrial dispute.
Q41) Define “Strike”, “Lockout”, “ Retrenchment”.
Q42) Distinguish between “Lay-off” and “Lockout”.
Q43) Write in brief about workmen’s Compensation Act.
Q44) Define and explain important features of Workmen’s Compensation Act. How does it helps to
maintain industrial
     relation?
Q45) State the important points of ESI Act.
Q46) Explain adjudication of dispute and claims in ESI Act.
Q47) State the objectives of ESI Act and workmen’s compensation Act?
Q48) What are the Government Agencies provided for the settlement of Industrial Dispute as per industrial
Dispute Act
     1947.
Q49) State the principles of labour legislation.
Q50) State the importance and need of labour legislation (labour Act)
Q51) State or list the various labour laws.
Q52) Enumerate the special provisions recommended by the factories Act, 1948.
Q53) List out different methods of settlement of industrial dispute.
Q54) How safety awareness can be promoted in employee? OR How supervisor can promote safety
awareness amongst the
     workers?
Q55) State eight different losses occurs due to accidents.
Q56) Explain how accident report is made?
Q57) Explain purpose and procedure of accident investigation.
Q58) Justify the statement ‘safety promotes productivity’.



CHAPTER:5- FINACIAL MNAGEMENT
Q1) Explain the term Finance, state its importance in business.
Q2) Define financial management.
Q3) Define scope or objectives of financial management.
Q4) Define function of financial management.
Q5) What is capital? List different types of capital.
Q6) Define working capital. Discuss sources of working capital.
Q7) State the uses of working capital.
Q8) Describe in brief various sources of Finance required for business.
Q9) Explain in brief various types & shares floated by the firm to generate Finance.
Q10) Explain the term “Debenture”. Why company floats debenture?
Q11) Differentiate between Debenture &Share.
Q12) Define Assets &Liabilities. Give suitable example. Explain their types also.
Q13) Define “journal” and “ledger” used in account.
Q14) Define financial statement and discuss its two main types in brief.
Q15) Define term “Budget” and “Budgeting”.
Q16) State the objectives of Budget/Budgeting/Budgetary control.
Q17) Define budgetary control. State its importance.
Q18) Explain in brief types of budget.
Q19) Explain the term “variance”. What are the various types of variances? Describe in brief. Explain how
variances are
     disposed.
Q20) Explain in short Production budget. How production budget is prepared with variance report?
Q21) How Budgeting is done at supervisory level?
Q22) What is tax? Why it is imposed by the government?
Q23) Define direct Taxes & Indirect taxes. Give examples.
Q24) What is Income Tax? Explain its concept.
Q25) Define concept of tax. Discuss in brief Taxation system in India.
Q26) Discuss in brief Excise Duty and Custom Duty.
Q27) What is service Tax? Explain in brief.
Q28) Describe the Sales Tax and VAT.
Q29) Explain the concept of VAT with suitable example.
Q30) What is MODVAT? Explain with suitable example.



CHAPTER:6- MATERIALS MANAGEMNET
Q1) Define inventory. State various types of inventory. Give example.
Q2) Define Inventory Management. Sate its objectives.
Q3) Define or list out functions of inventories.
Q4) What is inventory control? State its objectives and advantages.
Q5) State and discuss various types of inventory control in brief.
Q6) State the objectives of purchasing.
Q7) State the function of purchase deprtment.
Q8) Define purchasing? What are the objectives if purchasing?
Q9) Explain in brief types of purchasing.
Q10) Explain in brief purchase procedure. OR Discuss steps in material ordering procedure.
Q11) Briefly discuss different methods of purchasing. OR State different buying techniques.
Q12) What is vendor development process? Why it is necessary?
Q13) What is EOQ (Economic Order Quantity)? Explain its concept? State its importance.
Q14) What is EOQ Models? State itys significance? OR state various EOQ models?
Q15) Explain in brief deterministic static demand model without shortage of inventory. Explain
analytically EOQ.
Q16) Discuss in short various inventory models and state significance of each.
Q17) What is ERP? Discuss how its need generated?
Q18) State characteristics and goals of ERP. Write down stages in implementation of ERP.
Q19) State and explain brief components of ERP system.
Q20) State explain brief important modules in a typical ERP softwares.
Q21) What is SAP? Explain the concept of SAP.
Q22) state different SAP application for business world.
Q23) State latest development in SAP and its scope.
Q24) What is JIT? Explain its meaning. When company acquire JIT situation?
Q25) State and discuss factors require for successful implementation of JIT.
Q26) Compare JIT and MRP.
Q27) State advantages of JIT.
Q28) Whether JIT concept is applicable in India.



CHAPTER: 7- PROJECT MANAGEMENT
Q1)  Define project.
Q2)  Give characteristics (features) of project.
Q3)  Define “project management”? OR What is project Management?
Q4)  State various phases of project management.
Q5)  Sate benefits/merits of Project Management.
Q6)  State different Network Techniques.
Q7)  Distinguish between CPM & PERT.
Q8)  Define following terms related to PERT/CPM, Event, Activity, Float, EFT.
Q9)  Define following terms with respect to network Analysis.
   1. EST 2. EFT 3. LST 4. LFT 5. Critical activity 6. Non critical activity 7. Dummy activity
   8. Free flat 9. Independent float 10. Total float 11. Network Diagram.
Q10) Explain the rules of network construction( diagram).
Q11) Explain the concept of PERT. State its objectives and application.
Q12) Define following terms related to PERT Technique.
    1. Most Likely Time
    2. Pessimistic Time
    3. Expected Time
    4. Standard Deviation
Q13) Explain what is Break Even point(BEP). State its significance.
Q14) Explain the effect of variation in sales and variation in fixed cost on BEP.
Q15) Define productivity and state its importance.
Q16) Discuss factors affecting productivity in manufacturing services.
Q17) Explain the term quality assurance and its importance.
Q18) Explain the concept of quality circle.
Q19) State and explain in brief objectives and advantages of quality circle.
Q20) Explain stepwise procedure of establishment of quality circle.
Q21) Discuss quality circle movement in Indian perspective.
Q22) Explain 5 ‘S’ in the context of quality.
Q23) What is kaizen? Explain its concept. State its importance also.
Q24) What is 6-σ? State its significance.

				
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