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Publications on Flue Gas Cleaning and Acid Gas - The University of

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Publications on Flue Gas Cleaning and Acid Gas - The University of Powered By Docstoc
					                         Publications on CO2 Capture                              Al-Juaied M, GT Rochelle. Absorption of CO2 in Aqueous Blends of DGA® and           Van Wagener DH, GT Rochelle. Stripper Configurations for CO2 Capture by
           Gary T. Rochelle • gtr@che.utexas.edu • (512) 471-7230                    Morpholine. Chem Eng Sci, 2006:61(12);3830-3837.                                   Aqueous MEA. In press. Chem Eng Res Des.
                   Luminant Carbon Management Program                             Kvamsdal HM, GT Rochelle. Effects of the Temperature Bulge in CO2 Absorption        Frailie PT, Plaza JM, Van Wagener DH, Rochelle GT. Modeling PZ
       • Dept of Chemical Engineering • The University of Texas at Austin            from Flue Gas by Aqueous MEA. Proc. LRGCC. 2007.                                   thermodynamics. Energy Proc. 2011:4;35–42.
                            Austin, TX 78712-0231 •                               Dugas R, GT Rochelle. Absorption and desorption rates of CO2 with MEA and           Plaza JM, GT Rochelle. Modeling pilot plant results for CO2 capture by aqueous
                    http://research.engr.utexas.edu/rochelle/                        PZ,” Energy Proc. 2009:1(1);1163–1169.                                             piperazine. Energy Proc. 2011:4;1593–1600.
                                  September 2011                                  Dugas R, GT Rochelle. CO2 Absorption Rate into Concentrated Aqueous MEA             Van Wagener DH, GT Rochelle. Stripper Configurations for CO2 Capture by
CO2 Capture - Thermodynamics - Equilibrium                                           and PZ. J. Chem Eng Data. 2011:56(5);2187–2195.                                    Aqueous MEA and PZ. Energy Proc. 2011:4;1323–1330.
Bishnoi S. Physical and Chemical Solubility of CO2 in Aqueous MDEA. Fluid         Dugas R. Carbon Dioxide Absorption, Desorption, and Diffusion in Aqueous PZ         Ziaii S, GT Rochelle, TF Edgar. Optimum Design and Control of Amine
  Phase Equilib. 2000:168;241-258.                                                   and MEA. Ph.D. Dissertation. 2009.                                                 Scrubbing in Response to Electricity and CO2 prices. Energy Proc.
Bishnoi S, GT Rochelle. Thermodynamics of PZ/MDEA/H2O/ CO2, IECR.,                Zhou S, X Chen, T Nguyen, AK Voice, GT Rochelle. Aqueous Ethylenediamine              2011:4;1683–1690.
  2002:41(3);604-612.                                                                for CO2 Capture. ChemSusChem. 2010:3(8);913-918.                                 CO2 Capture – Amine Degradation
Hilliard M., Thermodynamics of Aqueous PZ/K2CO3/CO2 Characterized by the E-       Freeman SA, R Dugas, DH Van Wagener, T Nguyen, GT Rochelle. Carbon                  Chi S. Oxidative Degradation of MEA. M.S. Thesis. 2000.
  NRTL Model within Aspen Plus. MS Thesis, May 2005.                                 dioxide capture with concentrated, aqueous PZ. Energy Proc. 2009:1(1);1489–      Chi S, GT Rochelle. Oxidative Degradation of MEA. CCS-1. 2001.
Hilliard M, GT Rochelle. Thermodynamics of Aqueous PZ/K2CO3/CO2                      1496.                                                                            Chi S, GT Rochelle. Oxidative Degradation of MEA. Ind Eng Chem Res. 2002:41;
  Characterized by the E-NRTL Model in Aspen Plus. Proc GHGT-7, V.2, 1975-        Chen X, Closmann FB, Rochelle GT. Accurate screening of amines by the Wetted          4178–4186.
  78.                                                                                Wall Column. Energy Proc. 2011:1;101-108.                                        Rochelle GT, GS Goff. Oxidative Degradation of Aqueous MEA in CO2 Capture.
Cullinane JT, GT Rochelle. Thermodynamics of Aqueous K2CO3, PZ, and CO2.          Chen X, Rochelle GT. Aqueous Piperazine Derivatives for CO2 Capture: Accurate         Proc. GHGT-6, Vol. 1, 115–120.
  Fluid Phase Equilib. 2005:227(2);197-213.                                          Screening by a Wetted Wall Column. In press Chem Eng Res Des.                    Goff GS, GT Rochelle. Oxidative Degradation of MEA in CO2 Capture: O2 Mass
Al-Juaied M, GT Rochelle. “Thermodynamics and Equilibrium Solubility of CO2       CO2 Capture – Modeling                                                                Transfer. Proc GHGT-7, Vol. II. 1831–1834.
  in Diglycolamine®/Morpholine/Water,” J Chem Eng Data, 2006:51(2); 708-          Rochelle GT. Modeling of CO2 Absorption/Stripping with MEA. CO2 Capture Test        Goff GS, GT Rochelle. Oxidative Degradation of MEA: O2 Mass Transfer &
  717.                                                                               Network Workshop, Kyoto, Japan. October 5, 2002.                                   Degradation Inhibitors. Internat’l CO2 Test Capture Network: 7th Workshop.
Hilliard M, I Kim, GT Rochelle, H Svendsen, KA Hoff. “Thermodynamics of CO2       Fisher KS, GT Rochelle. Effect of Mixing on Efficiencies for Reactive Tray            2004.
  in Aqueous PZ/Potassium Carbonate at Stripper Conditions.” GHGT-8.                 Contactors.” AIChE J. 2002:48(11);2537-2542.                                     Goff GS, GT Rochelle. Monoethanolamine Degradation: O2 Mass Transfer Effects
McLees J. “Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium of Monoethanolamine/Piperazine/Water at       Freguia S. Modeling of CO2 Removal from Flue Gas with MEA. M.S. Thesis.               under CO2 Capture Conditions. Ind Eng Chem Res. 2004:43(20);6400–6408.
  35–70 °C,” M.S. Thesis. 2006.                                                      2002.                                                                            Jones TL. Oxidative Degradation of PZ in Aqueous K2CO3. M.S. Thesis. 2003.
Hilliard M. A Predictive Thermodynamic Model for an Aqueous Blend of K2CO3,       Freguia S, GT Rochelle. Modeling of CO2 Capture by Aqueous MEA. AIChE J.            Alawode A. Oxidative Degradation of PZ in the Absorption of CO2. M.S. Thesis
  PZ, and MEA for CO2 Capture from Flue Gas, Ph.D. Dissertation, 2008.               2003:49(7);1676-1686.                                                              2005.
Ziaii S, T Edgar, GT Rochelle. Dynamic Modeling to Minimize Energy Use for        Rochelle GT. Selection of Internals for CO2 Absorption/Stripping. AIChE Nat’l       Goff GS. Oxidative Degradation of Aqueous MEA in CO2 Capture Processes: Iron
  CO2 Capture in Power Plants by Aqueous MEA. IECR. 2009:48(13); 6105-11.            Meeting. 2004.                                                                     and Copper Catalysis, Inhibition, and O2 Mass Transfer. Ph.D. Dissertation.
Nguyen T, M Hilliard, GT Rochelle. Amine Volatility in CO2 Capture. IJGGC.        Wilson I. Gas-Liquid Contact Area of Random and Structured Packing. M.S.              2005.
  2010:4(5);707–715.                                                                 Thesis, 2004.                                                                    Goff, GS, GT Rochelle. Oxidation Inhibitors for Copper & Iron Catalyzed
Nguyen T, M Hilliard, GT Rochelle. Volatility of aqueous amines in CO2 capture.   Seibert AF, I Wilson, C Lewis, GT Rochelle. Effective Gas/Liquid Contact Area of      Degradation of MEA in CO2 Capture Processes. IECR. 2006:45(8);2513–2521.
  Proc. GHGT-10.                                                                     Packing CO2 Absorption/Stripping. Proc. GHGT-7.                                  Sexton A, A Alawode, GT Rochelle. Oxidation Products of Amines in CO2
Xu Q, GT Rochelle. Total Pressure and CO 2 Solubility at High Temperature in      Oyenekan BA, GT Rochelle. Stripper Models for CO2 Capture by Aqueous                  Capture. GHGT-8.
  Aqueous Amines. Proc. GHGT-10.                                                     Solvents. Proc. GHGT-7.                                                          Sexton A, GT Rochelle. Catalysts and Inhibitors for MEA Oxidation. GHGT-9.
CO2 Capture - CO2 Absorption/Desorption Rates                                     Oyenekan BA, GT Rochelle. Modeling of Innovative Stripper Concepts. 8th             Xu Q, GT Rochelle. Solvent reclaiming by crystallization of K2SO4. GHGT-9.
Pacheco MA, S Kaganoi, GT Rochelle. CO2 Absorption into Aqueous Mixtures of          International CO2 Capture Network Meeting, Austin, TX. 2005.                     Closmann FB, T Nguyen, GT Rochelle. MDEA/PZ as a solvent for CO2 Capture.
  Diglycolamine® and MDEA. Chem Eng Sci. 2000:55;5125-5140.                       Jassim M, GT Rochelle. Innovative Absorber/Stripper Configurations for CO2            GHGT-9.
Bishnoi S, GT Rochelle. Absorption of CO2 into Aqueous PZ: Reaction Kinetics,        Capture by Aqueous MEA. Ind Eng Chem Res. 2006:45(8);2465-2472.                  Davis J, GT Rochelle. Thermal degradation of MEA at stripper conditions. GHGT-
  Mass Transfer and Solubility. Chem Eng Sci. 2000:55;5531-5543.                  Oyenekan BA, GT Rochelle. Energy Performance of Stripper Configurations for           9.
Dang H. CO2 Absorption Rate and Solubility in MEA/PZ/H2O. M.S. Thesis. 2000.         CO2 Capture by Aqueous Amines. Ind Eng Chem. Res. 2006:45(8);2457-2464.          Davis J. Thermal Degradation of Aqueous Amines used for CO 2 Capture. Ph.D.
Bishnoi S. CO2 Absorption and Solution Equilibrium in PZ Activated MDEA.          Oyenekan BA, GT Rochelle. Alternative Stripper Configurations to Minimize             Dissertation. 2009.
  Ph.D. Dissertation. 2000.                                                          Energy for CO2 Capture. Proc. GHGT-8.                                            Sexton AJ, GT Rochelle. Catalysts and inhibitors for oxidative degradation of
Bishnoi S, S Kaganoi, GT Rochelle. Absorption of CO2 by PZ Activated MDEA.        Rochelle GT. CO2 Capture by Aqueous Absorption/Stripping. Proc. MIT Carbon            MEA. IJGGC. 2009;3(6);704–711.
  Proc. LRGCC. 2001.                                                                 Sequestration Forum VI. 2006.                                                    Freeman SA, J Davis, GT Rochelle. Degradation of aqueous piperazine in CO2
Dang H. CO2 Absorption Rate and Solubility in MEA/PZ/H2O. CCS-1. 2001.            Oyenekan BA, GT Rochelle. Rate Modeling of CO2 Stripping from Potassium               capture. IJGGC. 2010:4(5);756–761.
Bishnoi S, GT Rochelle. Absorption of CO2 in Aqueous PZ/MDEA. AIChE J.               Carbonate promoted by Piperazine. IJGGC. 2009:3(2);121-132.                      Chen Xi. Freeman SA, Rochelle GT. Foaming of Aqueous PZ and MEA for CO2
  2002:48(12);2788-2799.                                                          Rochelle GT. CO2 Capture by Aqueous Absorption/Stripping. AMBA Mtg. 2007.             Capture.” IJGGC. 2011:5(2);381–386.
Cullinane JT. CO2 Absorption in Aqueous Mixtures of K2CO3 & PZ. M.S. 2002.        Oyenekan BA, GT Rochelle. Alternative Stripper Configuration for CO2 Capture        Closmann FB, GT Rochelle. Degradation of aqueous MDEA by temperature and
Rochelle GT, JT Cullinane. CO2 Absorption with Aqueous K2CO3 Promoted by             by Aqueous Amines. AIChE J. 2007:53(12);3144-3154.                                 oxygen cycling. Energy Proc. 2011:4;23–28.
  PZ. Proc. GHGT-6.                                                               Kvamsdal HM, GT Rochelle. Effects of the Temperature Bulge in CO2 Absorption        Freeman SA, GT Rochelle. Thermal degradation of PZ and its structural analogs.
Rochelle GT. Innovative Stripper Configurations to Reduce the Energy Cost of         from Flue Gas by Aqueous MEA. LRGCC. 2007.                                         Energy Proc. 2011:4;43–50.
  CO2 Capture. Proc. CCS-2. 2003.                                                 Oyenekan BA. Modeling of Strippers for CO2 Capture by Aqueous Amines, Ph.D.         CO2 Capture – Pilot Plant
Cullinane JT, GT Rochelle. Properties of Concentrated Aqueous K2CO3/PZ for           Dissertation, 2007.                                                              Chen E, GT Rochelle. Pilot Plant for Co2 Capture Using Aqueous PZ/K2CO3.
  CO2 Capture. Proc. CCS-2. 2003.                                                 Tsai RE, et al.. Influence of Surface Tension on Effective Packing Area. IECR.        Proc. of the GHGT-7, Vol. II, 1821-1824.
Dang H, GT Rochelle. CO2 Absorption Rate and Solubility in MEA/PZ/H2O. Sep           2008:47;1253-1260.                                                               Chen E, GT Rochelle, AF Seibert. Pilot Plant for CO2 Capture using Aqueous
  Sci Tech. 2003:38(2);337-357.                                                   Fisher KS, Searcy K, Rochelle GT, Ziaii S, Schubert C. Advanced Amine Solvent         PZ/K2CO3. International CO2 Test Capture Network: 7th Workshop. 2004.
Cullinane JT, GT Rochelle. CO2 Absorption with Aqueous K2CO3 promoted by             Formulations and Process Integration for Near-Term CO2 Capture Success.          Chen E, R Dugas. Pilot Plant for CO2 Capture. Proc. 8th Int’l CO2 Capture
  PZ. Chem Eng Sci. 2004:59(17);3619-30.                                             DOE Final Report – #DE-FG02-06ER84625, June 28, 2007.                              Network Meeting, Austin, TX, Oct. 3, 2005.
Al-Juaied M. CO2 Removal from Natural Gas by Membranes in Presence of Heavy       Plaza JM, Van Wagener D, Rochelle GT. Modeling CO2 Capture with Aqueous             Chen E, GT Rochelle, AF Seibert. Pilot Plant for CO2 Capture with Aqueous
  Hydrocarbons and by Aqueous DGA®/Morpholine,” Ph.D. Dissertation. 2004.            MEA. Proc. GHGT-9.                                                                 PZ/K2CO3. Proc. GHGT-8.
Cullinane JT, GT Rochelle. Concentrated K2CO3/PZ Mixtures for an Improved         Tsai RE, Seibert AF, Eldridge RB, Rochelle GT. Influence of viscosity and surface   Dugas R. Pilot Plant Study of CO2Capture by Aqueous MEA. M.S. Thesis. 2006.
  CO2 Capture Process, Proc GHGT-7.                                                  tension on the effective mass transfer area of structured packing. GHGT-9.       Dugas R, GT Rochelle, AF Seibert. CO2 Capture Performance of an MEA Pilot
Cullinane JT. Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Aqueous Piperazine with              Plaza JM, DH Van Wagener, GT Rochelle. Modeling CO2 Capture with Aqueous              Plant. Proc. GHGT-8.
  Potassium Carbonate for CO2 Absorption. Ph.D. Dissertation. 2005.                  Monoethanolamine. IJGGC. 2010:4(2);161-166.                                      Jassim MS, GT Rochelle, D Eimer, C Ramshaw. CO2Absorption and Desorption in
Cullinane JT, GT Rochelle. Kinetics of CO2Absorption into Aqueous Potassium       Plaza JM, E Chen, GT Rochelle. Absorber Intercooling in CO 2 Absorption by            Aqueous MEA Solutions in a Rotating Packed Bed. IECR. 2007:46;2823-2833.
  Carbonate and Piperazine. Ind Eng Chem Res. 2006:45(8);2531-2545.                  Piperazine Promoted Potassium Carbonate. AIChE J. 2010:56(4);905-914.            Chen E. CO2 Absorption into PZ Promoted K2CO3 using Structured Packing, Ph.D.
Al-Juaied M, GT Rochelle. Absorption of CO2 in Aqueous DGA®. Ind Eng Chem         Tsai R, AF Seibert, RB Eldridge, GT Rochelle. A Dimensionless Model for               Dissertation. 2007.
  Res. 2006:45(8);2473-2482.                                                         Predicting the Mass Transfer Area of Structured Packing. AIChE J. On-line        Seibert, AF, et al. UT/SRP CO2 Capture Pilot Plant – Operating Experience and
                                                                                     2010.                                                                              Procedures. Energy Proc. 2011:4;1616–1623.
CO2 Capture - General                                                              Chen E, SA Freeman, DH Van Wagener, Q Xu, AK Voice, GT Rochelle. Aqueous           Glasscock DA, GT Rochelle. Approximate Simulation of CO2 and H2S Absorption
Rochelle GT, S Bishnoi, S Chi, H Dang, J Santos. Research Needs for CO2              PZ as the New Standard for CO2 Capture Technology. Chem Eng J.                     into Aqueous Alkanolamines. AIChE J. 1993:39;1389-1397.
   Capture from Flue Gas by Aqueous Absorption/Stripping. Final report on DOE        2011:171(3);725–733.                                                             Kreutzer S. Absorption of CO2 in Tertiary Diamines. M.S. Thesis. 1993.
   P.O. No. DE-AF26-99FT01029, January 17, 2001.                                   Cohen SM, GT Rochelle, ME Webber. Optimal operation of flexible post-              Mshewa MM, S Chakravarti, GT Rochelle. Absorption of CO2 in Aqueous Blends
Rochelle GT, G Goff, JT Cullinane, S Freguia. “Research Results for CO2 Capture      combustion CO2 capture in response to volatile electricity prices. Proc. GHGT-     of DEA and MDEA. AIChE Spring Meeting, 1993.
   from Flue Gas by Aqueous Absorption/Stripping. Proc LRGCC. 2003:53;131-           10.                                                                              Mshewa MM, GT Rochelle. CO2 Absorption/Desorption Kinetics in Blended
   152.                                                                            Acid Gas Treating - Thermodynamics - Equilibrium                                     Amines. Laurence Reid, Norman, OK. 1994.
Cullinane JT, GT Rochelle. CO2 absorption with aqueous K2CO3 promoted by PZ.       Austgen, DM, GT Rochelle. Evaluation of the Electrode Method for Measuring         Mshewa MM, GT Rochelle. Kinetics of CO2 Absorption/Desorption at Stripper
   AIChE Spr Mtg. 2002.                                                              H2S Vapor Pressure over Alkanolamine Solutions. AIChE Nat’l Mtg. 1987.             Temperature in Mixtures of Aqueous MDEA and DEA. AIChE Spring Mtg.
Rochelle GT et al. Aqueous PZ/K2CO3 for Enhanced CO2 Capture. Proc. GHGT-7.        Rochelle, GT, PC Tseng, WSW Ho, DW Savage. H2S Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium              1994.
Rochelle GT. Regeneration of an Aqueous Solution from an Acid Gas Absorption         Measurement by the Electrode Method. IECR.1988;27(1);195-197.                    Mshewa MM, GT Rochelle. CO2 Absorption/Desorption in Mixtures of Aqueous
   Process by Multistage Flashing and Stripping. International Patent Number       Austgen DM, GT Rochelle, C-C Chen. Modeling the Solubility of H2S and CO2 in         MDEA and DEA at 313-393 K. AIChE Spring Meeting. 1995.
   PCT/US2004/006580 (published as No. WO 2004/080573), September 23,                Aqueous Solutions of MDEA and Mixtures of MDEA with MEA and DEA                  Mshewa MM. CO2 Desorption/Absorption with Aqueous Mixtures of MDEA and
   2004.                                                                             Using the Electrolyte-NRTL Equation. AIChE Spring National Meeting. 1989.          DEA at 40-120 oC. Ph.D. Dissertation, 1995.
Cullinane JT, GT Rochelle. Polyamine/Alkali Salt Blends for CO2 Removal From       Austgen DM, GT Rochelle, X. Peng, CC Chen. A Model of Vapor-Liquid                 Kaganoi S. CO2 Absorption in MDEA with PZ or DEA: Thermo Modeling and
   Gas Streams. Patent pending.                                                      Equilibria for Aqueous Acid Gas-Alkanolamine Systems Using the Electrolyte-        Rate Measurements. M.S. Thesis. 1997.
Altena D. Forecasting Volatile Gas Processing Margins. M.S. Report. 2005.            NRTL Equation. IECR. 1989:28(7);1060-73.                                         Acid Gas Treating – Modeling
Rochelle GT. CO2 Capture/Sequestration at the University of Texas at Austin. 8th   Austgen DM, A Model of Vapor-Liquid Equilibria for Acid Gas-Alkanolamine –         Hermes JE. A Mass Transfer-Based Process Model of Acid Gas
   International CO2 Capture Network Meeting, Austin, TX, October 3, 2005.           H2O Systems. Ph.D. Dissertation. 1989.                                             Absorption/Stripping Using MDEA. M.S. Thesis. 1987.
Fisher KS, C Beitler, C Rueter, K Searcy, M Jassim, GT Rochelle. Integrating       Austgen DM, GT Rochelle, C-C Chen. A Model of Vapor-Liquid Equilibria for          Hermes JE, GT Rochelle, A Mass Transfer-Based Process Model of Acid Gas
   MEA Regeneration with CO2 Compression and Peaking to Reduce CO2 Capture           Aqueous Acid Gas-Alkanolamine Systems. II. Representation of H2S and CO2           Absorption/Stripping Using MDEA. ACS National Meeting. 1987.
   Costs. DOE Final Report #DE-FG02-04ER84111, June 9, 2005.                         Solubility in Aqueous Mixtures of MDEA with MEA and DEA. IECR.                   Carey TR. Rate-Based Modeling of Acid Gas Absorption and Stripping Using
Rochelle GT, Chen E, Dugas R, Oyenekan B, Seibert F. Solvent and Process             1991:30(3);543-55.                                                                 Aqueous Alkanolamine Solutions. M.S. Thesis. 1990.
   Enhancements for CO2 Absorption/Stripping. 5th Annual Conference on Carbon      Chang H-T, GT Rochelle. Thermo Parameters for Predicting Acid Gas Solubility       Carey TR, JE Hermes, GT Rochelle. A Model of Acid Gas Absorption/Stripping
   Capture & Sequestration, Alexandria, VA, May 8-11, 2006.                          in MDEA Solutions. AIChE Spring Meeting. 1992.                                     Using MDEA with Added Acid, Gas Sep & Purif. 1991:5;95-109.
CO2 Capture by Absorption with Potassium Carbonate: DoE Contract 411440R –         Chang H-T. Thermo Parameters for Predicting Acid Gas Solubility in Aqueous         Pacheco M, GT Rochelle. Rate-Based Modeling of Reactive Absorption of CO2
   First Quarterly Progress Report 2006                                              Alkanolamine Solutions. M.S. Thesis, 1992.                                         and H2S into Aqueous MDEA. Ind Eng. Chem Res. 1998:37(10);4107-4117.
   Second Quarterly Progress Report 2006.                                          Chang H-T, M Posey, GT Rochelle. Thermodynamics of Alkanolamine-H2O                Pacheco M. Mass Transfer, Kinetics and Rate-Based Modeling of Reactive
   Third Quarterly Progress Report 2006.                                             Solutions from Freezing Point Measurements. IECR. 1993:32(10);2324 – 2335.         Absorption. Ph.D. Dissertation, 1998.
   Fourth Quarterly Progress Report 2006.                                          Posey M, GT Rochelle. An NRTL Model for Alkanolamine-H2O Systems.                  Acid Gas Treating - General
   First Quarterly Progress Report 2007.                                             Canadian Chem Engineering Conf., Oct. 1994.                                      Dunkley-Timmerman T, Rochelle GT. Transport of CO2 in Nafion Membranes
   Second Quarterly Progress Report 2007.                                          Posey M, KG Tapperson, GT Rochelle. A Simple Model for Prediction of Acid            Enhanced by Relative Humidity and EDA Content,” AIChE Spring Mtg. 1988.
   Final Report 2007.                                                                Gas Solubilities in Alkanolamines. Gas Sep Purif. 1996:10(3);181-186 .           Dunkley-Timmerman T. Transport of CO2 in Perfluorosulfonate Membranes
Luminant Carbon Management Program                                                 Posey M, GT Rochelle. E-NRTL Model for MDEA Solutions. AIChE Spr Mtg.                Enhanced by Relative Humidity and EDA Content. Ph.D. Dissertation. 1988.
   Third Quarterly Progress Report 2007                                              1996.                                                                            Rochelle GT. Research Needs for Acid Gas Kinetics and Equilibria in
   Fourth Quarterly Progress Report 2007                                           Posey M, GT Rochelle. Modeling CO2 and H2S Solubility in MDEA and DEA:               Alkanolamine Systems. 70th Annual GPA Convention. 1991.
   First Quarterly Progress Report 2008                                              Design Implications. 75th Gas Proc Ass’n. 1996.                                  Rochelle GT, H-T Chang, S Chakravarti. Research Needs for Acid Gas Kinetics
   Second Quarterly Progress Report 2008                                           Posey M. Thermodynamic Model for Acid Gas Loaded Aqueous Alkanolamine                and Equilibria in Alkanolamine Systems. Gas Research Institute Report #GRI-
   Third Quarterly Progress Report 2008                                              Solutions. Ph.D. Dissertation. 1996.                                               92/0069, final report for GRI Contract 5090-260-2013, January 1992.
   Fourth Quarterly Progress Report 2008                                           Posey M, GT Rochelle. A Thermodynamic Model of MDEA–CO2–H2S–H2O,                   Kurimura H, GT Rochelle, K Sepehrnoori. An Expert System to Select Acid Gas
   First Quarterly Progress Report 2009                                              IECR.1997:36(9);3944-3953.                                                         Treating Processes for Natural Gas Processing Plants. Gas Sep and Purif.
   Second Quarterly Progress Report 2009                                           Bishnoi S. Physical and Chemical Solubility of CO2 in Aqueous MDEA. M.S.             1993:7(3);151–158.
   Third Quarterly Progress Report 2009                                              Report, 1998.                                                                    Kurimura H, GT Rochelle, K Sepehrnoori. Corrosion in Alkanolamine Systems for
   Fourth Quarterly Progress Report 2009                                           Acid Gas Treating - CO2 Absorption/Desorption Rates                                  Acid Gas Treating. Unpublished.
   First Quarterly Progress Report 2010                                            Critchfield JE, GT Rochelle. CO2 Absorption into Aqueous MDEA and                  Kurimura H. An Expert System to Select Acid Gas Treating Processes in Natural
   Second Quarterly Progress Report 2010                                             MDEA/MEA Solutions. AIChE Spring Meeting, 1987.                                    Gas Processing Plants. M.S. Thesis. 1992.
   Third Quarterly Progress Report 2010                                            Critchfield JE, GT Rochelle. CO2 Desorption from DEA and DEA-Promoted              Rochelle GT, M Mshewa. “CO2 and H2S Thermodynamics and Kinetics in
   Fourth Quarterly Progress Report 2010                                             MDEA Solutions. AIChE Spring Meeting. 1988.                                        Aqueous Alkanolamines. Ann. Rep. for GRI Contract 5092-260-2495, Jan.
   First Quarterly Progress Report 2011                                            Critchfield JE. CO2 Absorption/Desorption in MDEA Solutions Promoted with            1995.
   Second Quarterly Progress Report 2011                                             MEA and DEA: Mass Transfer and Reaction Kinetics.” Ph.D. Dissertation.           Rochelle GT, M Pacheco, M. Posey. CO2 and H2S Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Rochelle GT, Oyenekan B. Regeneration of an Aqueous Solution from an Acid            1988.                                                                              in Aqueous Alkanolamines. Ann. Rep. for GRI Contract 5092-260-2495, May
   Gas Absorption Process by Matrix Stripping. Publication No. US-2008-            Glasscock DA, GT Rochelle. Comparison of Steady- and Unsteady-State Theories         1996.
   0127831-A1. Publication Date: 06/05/2008.                                         for Multicomponent Diffusion/ Reaction in Gas Absorption Processes. AIChE        Rochelle GT, M Posey, M Pacheco, M Mshewa, S Kaganoi. CO2 and H2S
Freeman SA, R Dugas, DH Van Wagener, T Nguyen, GT Rochelle. CO2 capture              Fall Meeting 1988.                                                                 Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Aqueous Alkanolamines. Final report for GRI
   with concentrated, aqueous PZ. GHGT-9.                                          Glasscock DA, GT Rochelle. Numerical Simulation of Theories for Gas                  Contract 5092-260-2495, March 2000.
Ziaii S, SM Cohen, GT Rochelle, TF Edgar, ME Webber. MDEA/Piperazine as a            Absorption with Chemical Reaction. AIChE J. 1989:35;1271-1281.
   solvent for CO2 Capture. GHGT-9.                                                Glasscock DA, GT Rochelle. Numerical Simulation of Diffusion and Reversibility
Freeman SA, R Dugas, DH Van Wagener, T Nguyen, GT Rochelle. CO2 capture              Effects on CO2 Absorption into Aqueous DEA. AIChE Spring Meeting. 1989.
   with concentrated, aqueous PZ. IJGGC. 2010:4;119-124.                           Toman JJ. CO2 Absorption Rates and Physical Solubility in 50% Aqueous MDEA
Rochelle GT. Amine Selection to minimize energy for CO2 capture. Keynote             Partially Neutralized with Sulfuric Acid. AIChE Spring Meeting. 1989.
   TCCS-5, Trondheim. June 2009.                                                   Glasscock DA, GT Rochelle. Modeling of CO2 Absorption/Desorption in Mixtures
Freeman SA. Degradation of concentrated aqueous PZ in CO2 capture. TCCS-5,           of MDEA with MEA or DEA. AIChE Spring Meeting, 1990.
   Trondheim. June 2009.                                                           Toman, JJ, GT Rochelle. CO2 Absorption Rates into Aqueous Solutions of 2-(tert-
Cohen SM, GT Rochelle , ME Webber. Using Process Flexibility to Improve the          Butylamino)ethanol. AIChE Spring Meeting, 1990.
   Economics of Post-Combustion CO2 Capture. Poster pres. at Pittsburgh, 2009.     Glasscock DA. Modeling and Experimental Study of CO2 Absorption into
Cohen SM, GT Rochelle, et al. The Effect of Fossil Fuel Prices on Flexible CO2       Aqueous Alkanolamines. Ph.D. Dissertation. 1990.
   Capture Operation. Proc. ES2009. 2009.                                          Glasscock DA, JE Critchfield, GT Rochelle. CO2 Absorption/Desorption in
Cohen SM, GT Rochelle, ME Webber. Turning CO2 Capture on and off in                  Mixtures of MDEA with MEA or DEA. Chem Eng Sci. 1991:46(11);2829-2845.
   response to Electric Grid Demand: a Baseline Analysis of Emissions and          Chakravarti S. Absorption of CO2 in Aqueous Blends of Diethanolamine and
   Economics. J Energy Res Tech. 2010:132;2.                                         Methyldiethanolamine. M.S. Thesis. 1992.
Buffer Additives/Mass Transfer                                                                                                                                                     Jozewicz, W., and GT Rochelle, “Dry Scrubbing: Flyash Recycle,” draft report for EPA, September 1985.
Cavanaugh, C. M., “Buffer Additives for Flue Gas Desulfurization,” M.S. Thesis (1978).                                                                                             Chu, P., and GT Rochelle, “SO2/NOx Removal by Ca(OH)2,” poster at the Tenth Symposium on Flue Gas Desulfurization, Atlanta, GA, Nov. 18-21 (1986).
Chang, C-S., “Mass Transfer with Equilibrium Chemical Reaction, Sulfur Dioxide Absorption in Aqueous Solutions,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1979).                                        Chu, P., “SO2/NOx Removal by Ca(OH)2,” M.S. Thesis (1986).
Chang, C-S., and GT Rochelle, “Mass Transfer Enhanced by Equilibrium Reactions,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fund., 21, 379-385 (1983).                                                        Chu, P., and GT Rochelle, “Removal of SO2 and NOx from Stack Gas by Reaction with Calcium Hydroxide Solids,” JAPCA, 39, 175-179 (1989).
Chang, C-S., and GT Rochelle, “SO2 Absorption into Aqueous Solutions,” AIChE J., 27, 292-98 (1981).                                                                                Peterson, J. R., “Aqueous Reaction of Fly Ash and Ca(OH)2 to Produce Calcium Silicate Absorbent for Flue Gas Desulfurization,” M.S. Thesis (1987).
Chang, C-S., and GT Rochelle, “Effect of Organic Acid Additives on SO2 Absorption into CaO/CaCO3 Slurries,” AIChE J., 28(2), 261-266 (1982).                                       Peterson, J. R., and GT Rochelle, “Aqueous Reaction of Fly Ash and Ca(OH)2 to Produce Calcium Silicate Absorbent for FGD,” Env. Sci. and Tech., 22 (11), 1299-1304 (1988).
Chang, C-S., and GT Rochelle, “SO2 Absorption into NaOH and Na2SO3 Aqueous Solutions,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fund., 24, 7-11 (1985).                                                     Rochelle, GT, P. Chu, and J. R. Peterson, “SO2 and NOx Removal from Flue Gas by Reaction with Solids Prepared by Slurrying Fly Ash and Ca(OH) 2,” DOE Report No. PC 81006,
Garcia, N. E., “Oxidative Degradation of Carboxylic Acids in the Presence of Sulfite,” M.S. Thesis (1980).                                                                             February 1988.
Hsiang, M. W., “Degradation of Adipic Acid Conjugated with Sulfite Oxidation,” M.S. Thesis (1981).                                                                                 Peterson, J. R., and GT Rochelle, “Production of Lime/Fly Ash reagents for FGD,” First Combined FGD and Dry SO2 Control Symposium, St. Louis, MO, October 25-28, 1988.
Smith, R. J., “Synthesis of Organic Acids for Stack Gas Desulfurization by Aqueous Scrubbing,” M.S. Thesis (1981).                                                                 Rochelle, GT, and W. Jozewicz, “Process for Removing Sulfur from Sulfur-Containing Gases,” U.S. Patent Number 4,804,521, February 14, 1989.
Rochelle, GT, et al., “Buffer Additives for Lime/CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing,” ACS Symp. Ser., 188, 243-66 (1982).                                                                      White, G. W., “Differential Reaction of SO2 in Flue Gas with Lime-Based Sorbents at 66°C for 10 to 7200 Seconds,” M.S. Thesis (1989), also available as DOE Topical Report.
Weems, W.T., “Enhanced Absorption of SO2 by Sulfite and Other Buffers,” M.S. Thesis (1981).                                                                                        Peterson, J. R., and GT Rochelle, “Lime/Fly Ash Materials for FGD: Effects of Aluminum and Recycle Materials,” in Proceedings: 1990 SO2 Control Symposium, EPRI GS-6963,
Rochelle, GT, “Buffer Additives for CaCO3 Scrubbing: A Review of R&D Results,” in EPRI Report No. CS-2897, Vol. l, p. 376-399 (1983).                                                  Vol. 3, P-3 to 24, September 1990.
Rochelle, GT, et al., “Buffer Additives for Lime/CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing,” EPA-600/7-84-052, April 1984.                                                                            Borgwardt, R. H., and GT Rochelle, “Sintering and Sulfation of Calcium Silicate-Calcium Aluminate,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 29, 2118-2123 (1990).
Lee, Y. J., and GT Rochelle, “Oxidative Degradation of Organic Additives for FGD: Products, Kinetics, and Mechanism,” Env. Sci. Tech., 21, 266-272 (1987).                         Rochelle, GT, W. G. White, W. Jozewicz, and J. C. S. Chang, “Reaction of Hydrated Lime with SO2 in Humidified Flue Gas,” in Proceedings: 1990 SO2 Control Symp., EPRI GS-
Lee Y. “Oxidative Degradation of Organic Acids Conjugated with Sulfite Oxidation in Flue Gas Desulfurization,” Ph.D. Dissertation. (1986) [Also: EPA Report 600/2-88-018, 2/88].       6963, Vol. 3, 7A-119 to 138, September 1990.
Ruiz-Alsop, R., and GT Rochelle, “Coprecipitation of Organic Acids with CaSO3 Solids,” final report for Peabody Process Systems, March 1987 [Also Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 27,        Rochelle, GT, and W. Jozewicz, “Process for Removing Sulfur from Sulfur-Containing Gases,” U.S. Patent Number 4,931,264, June 5, 1990.
    2123-2126 (1988)].                                                                                                                                                             Jozewicz, W., J. C. S. Chang, and G. T Rochelle, “Reactivity of Ca(OH) 2 with SO2 Under Duct Injection Conditions,” Sixth Annual Coal Preparation, Utilization, and Environmental
Jarvis, J. B., E. S. Roothaan, GT Rochelle, and R. E. Moser, “Results of a Laboratory Investigation to Characterize Corprecipitation of Wet CaCO 3 FGD System Additives in CaSO3       Control Contractors Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, August 6-9, 1990.
    Crystals,” in Proceedings: 1990 SO2 Control Symposium, EPRI GS-6963, Vol. 2, 5-45 to 5-70 (1990).                                                                              Beaudoin, S. P., “The Effect of Moisture on the Reactivity of Ca(OH)2-Based Sorbents for Flue Gas Desulfurization,” M.S. Thesis (1990) [Also available as DOE Topical Report,
Roothaan, E. S., “Coprecipitation of Formate with CaSO3 Hemihydrate,” M.S. Thesis (1993).                                                                                              September 17, 1991].
Rochelle, GT, “Comments on Absorption of SO2 into Aqueous Systems,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 47, 3169-3171 (1992).                                                                         Peterson, J. R., “Hydrothermal Reaction of Lime with Fly Ash to Produce Calcium Silicates for Dry Flue Gas Desulfurization,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1990).
Sulfite Oxidation                                                                                                                                                                  Jozewicz, W., GT Rochelle, and D. E. Stroud, “Novel Techniques for the Enhanced Utilization of Ca(OH)2 under Duct Injection Conditions,” presented at Seventh Annual Coal
Prada, R., “Oxygen Absorption Enhanced by Sulfite Oxidation Catalyzed with Mn and Fe,” M.S. Thesis (1981).                                                                             Preparation, Utilization and Environmental Control Contractors Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, July 15-18, 1991.
Ulrich, R., R. Prada, and GT Rochelle, “Oxygen Absorption in Bisulfite Solutions: Catalysis by Dissolved Metals,” AIChE Spring National Meeting, Houston, March 27-31, 1983.       Stroud, D. E., “Agglomeration of Damp Calcium Silicate Sorbents for Flue Gas Desulfurization,” M.S. Thesis (1991).
Ulrich, R., “Sulfite Oxidation under Flue Gas Desulfurization Conditions: Enhanced Oxygen Absorption Catalyzed by Transition Metals,” Ph.D. Dissertation (l983) [Also EPA-         Jozewicz, W., J. C. S. Chang, C. B. Sedman, T. G. Brna, and GT Rochelle, “Processes for Removing Sulfur from Sulfur-Containing Gases,” U.S. Patent Number 5,047,221,
    600/7-84-058, April 1984].                                                                                                                                                         September 10, 1991.
Ulrich, R., et al., “Enhanced Oxygen Absorption into Bisulfite Solutions Containing Metal Ion Catalysts,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 41, 2183-2191 (1986).                                   Rochelle, GT, et al., “Process for Removing Sulfur from Sulfur-Containing Gases: High Calcium Fly Ash,” United States Patent 5,047,222, Sept. 10, 1991.
Owens, D. R., “Sulfite Oxidation Inhibited by Thiosulfate,” M.S. Thesis (1984).                                                                                                    Jozewicz, W., GT Rochelle and D. E. Stroud, “Reaction of Moist Calcium Silicate Reagents with SO2 in Humidified Flue Gas,” presented at EPRI 1991 SO2 Control Symp.,
Rochelle, GT, et al., “Thiosulfate as an Oxidation Inhibitor in FGD Processes: A Review of R&D Results,” JAPCA, 32, 1138-1146 (1986).                                                  Washington, D.C., December 2-6, 1991.
Rochelle, GT, and D. R. Owens, “Sulfite Oxidation Inhibited by Thiosulfate,” in Processing and Utilization of High Sulfur Coals, p. 611-624, ed. by Y. A. Attia, Elsevier, NY      Johnson, H. L., “The Effect of Moisture on the Reaction of Sulfur Dioxide with Calcium Silicate Sorbents,” M.S. Thesis (1992).
    (1985).                                                                                                                                                                        Wasserman, P. D., “Effects of Inorganic Salts on Calcium Silicate Sorbents for Flue Gas Desulfurization,” M.S. Thesis (1992).
                                                                                   th
Rochelle GT et al. “Thiosulfate Additives for Lime/CaCO3 Scrubbing,” in Proc 10 Symp Flue Gas Desulfurization, Atlanta, GA, 11/86, EPA-600/9-87-004a, v.1, p. 6-25 - 6-44          Brna, T., C. B. Sedman, J. C. S. Chang, C. Jorgensen, and GT Rochelle, “Process for Removing Acid Components from Gas Streams,” U.S. Patent Number 5,100,643, 3/31/92.
    1987.                                                                                                                                                                          Rochelle, GT, “Acid Rain Reduction,” Discovery, 13(1), 33-37 (1993).
Maller G, Owens DR, Meserole FB, Chin RC, Rochelle GT, Moser RE. “Inhibited Sulfite Oxidation by Thiosulfate in Wet Lime/CaCO3 FGD Processes: Results of Laboratory                Kind, K. K., and GT Rochelle, “Preparation of Advacate Reagent in a Flow Reactor,” presented at 1993 SO2 Control Symposium, Boston, MA, August 25, 1993.
    Studies and Testing at EPRI's High Sulfur Test Center Mini-Pilot,” EPA/EPRI First Combined FGD and Dry SO2 Control Symposium, St. Louis, MO, October 25-28, 1988.              Rochelle, GT, et al., “Apparatus for Removing Sulfur from Sulfur Containing Gases,” U.S. Patent Number 5,270,015, December 14, 1993.
Limestone (CaCO3) Dissolution                                                                                                                                                      Kind, K. K., P. D. Wasserman, and GT Rochelle, “Effects of Salts on Preparation and Use of Calcium Silicates for FGD,” Env. Sci. & Tech., 28(2), 277-283 (1994).
Chan, P. K., “CaCO3 Dissolution in SO2 Scrubbing Solution, Mass Transfer Enhanced by Chemical Reactions,” M.S. Thesis (1981).                                                      Kind, K. K., and GT Rochelle, “Preparation of CaSiO3 Reagent from Fly Ash and Lime in a Flow Reactor,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 44, 869-876 (1994).
Chan, P.K., and GT Rochelle, “CaCO3 Dissolution: Effects of pH, CO2 and Buffers Modeled by Mass Transfer,” ACS Symp. Ser., 188, 75-98 (1982).                                      Kind, K. K., “Hydrothermal Preparation of High Surface Area Calcium Silicate from Lime and Fly Ash in a Flow Reactor,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1994).
Toprac, A. J., and GT Rochelle, “CaCO3 Dissolution in Stack Gas Desulfurization Processes - Effect of Type and Grind,” Env. Prog., 1(l), 52-59 (1982).                             Nelli, C. H., and GT Rochelle, “NO2 Removal by ADVACATE Solids,” Final Report, EPA P.O. No. 3D2754NAEX.
Toprac, A. J., “CaCO3 Dissolution in Stack Gas Desulfurization Processes - Effect of Type and Grind,” M.S. Thesis (1982).                                                          Arthur, L. F., and GT Rochelle, “SO2 Removal by Reagents Prepared from Lime and Recycled Glass,” SO2 Symposium, Miami, FL, March 28-31, 1995.
Rochelle, GT, et al., “CaCO3 Dissolution in Stack Gas Desulfurization Processes,” EPA Report, PB 83-252833, April 1983.                                                            Rochelle, GT, C. Jorgensen, J. C. S. Chang, T.G. Brna, C. B. Sedman, and W. Jozewicz, “Processses for Removing Acid Components From Gas Streams,” U.S. Patent Number
Jarvis, J. B., et al. (Radian), GT Rochelle, and C. L. Gage, “Development of a Predictive Model for CaCO3 Dissolution in Wet FGD Systems,” EPA/EPRI First Combined FGD and             5,401,481, March 28, 1995.
    Dry SO2 Control Symposium, St. Louis, MO, October 25-28, 1988.                                                                                                                 Arthur, L. F., and GT Rochelle, “Preparation of CaSiO3 Absorbent from Recycled Glass,” Envir. Prog., 17(2), 86-91 (1998).
Gage, C. L., and GT Rochelle, “CaCO3 Dissolution in Flue Gas Scrubbing: Effect of Sulfite,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 42, 926-935 (1992).                                       Arthur, L. F., “Silicate Sorbents for Flue Gas Cleaning,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1998).
Calcium Sulfite (CaSO3) Dissolution/Crystallization                                                                                                                                Brodnax, L. F., and GT Rochelle, “Preparation of CaSiO3 Absorbent from Iron Blast Furnace Slag,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 50, 1655-1662 (2000).
Tseng, P. C., “Calcium Sulfite Hemihydrate Dissolution and Crystallization,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1984).                                                                            Other Pollutants (NOx, Hg, HCl)
Tseng, P. C., and GT Rochelle, “CaSO3 Hemihydrate: Crystal Growth Rate and Crystal Habit,” Env. Prog., 5, 5-11 (1986).                                                             Nelli, C. H., and GT Rochelle, “NO2 Removal by Hydrated Lime with SO2 Present,” SO2 Symposium, Miami, FL, March 28-31, 1995.
Tseng, P. C., and GT Rochelle, “Dissolution Rate of CaSO3 Hemihydrate in FGD Processes,” Env. Prog., 5, 34-40 (1986).                                                              Shen, C. H., and GT Rochelle, “NO2 Absorption in CaCO3 Slurry for FGD,” SO2 Symp., Miami, FL, March 28-31, 1995.
Gleason, C. L., “Nucleation and Crystal Growth of Calcium Sulfite Hemihydrate,” Ph.D. Dissertation, 1989                                                                           Nelli, C. H., and GT Rochelle, “NO2 Reaction with Alkaline Solids,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 35, 999-1005 (1996).
Gleason, C. L., and GT Rochelle, “Dissolution and Crystallization of CaSO3 Platelets,” AIChE Spring National Meeting, Houston, TX, March 29-April 2, 1987.                         Zhao, L. B., and GT Rochelle, “Hg Absorption in Aqueous Permanganate,” AIChE J., 42(12), 3559-3562 (1996).
Gleason, C. L., and GT Rochelle, “Nucleation and Crystal Growth of CaSO3 Hemihydrate,” Env. Prog, 10(3), 225-233 (1991).                                                           Nelli, C. H., “NO2 Removal by Calcium Silicate Solids,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1997).
Modeling of CaO/CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing                                                                                                                                             Zhao, L. B., and GT Rochelle, “Hg Absorption in Aqueous Oxidants Catalyzed by Hg (II),” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 37, 380-387 (1998).
Rochelle, GT, “Chemistry of CaCO3 Scrubbing,” Appendix A of “Limestone Flue Gas Desulfurization Scrubbers: Users Handbook,” EPA Contract No. 68-02-3173, Task 13, 1981.            Zhao, L. B., and GT Rochelle, “Hg Absorption in Aqueous Hypochlorite,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 54, 655-662 (1999).
Mehta, R., “Modeling of SO2 Removal and CaCO3 Utilization in Slurry Scrubbing with Forced Oxidation,” M.S. Thesis (1982).                                                          Shen, C. H., “Nitrogen Dioxide Absorption in Aqueous Sodium Sulfite,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1997).
Mehta, R., and GT Rochelle, “Modeling of SO2 Removal in CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing with Forced Oxidation,” AIChE Spring National Meeting, Houston, March 27-31, 1983.                  Shen, C. H., and GT Rochelle, “Nitrogen Dioxide Absorption and Sulfide Oxidation in Aqueous Sulfide,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 49, 332-338 (1999).
Chan, P. K., and GT Rochelle, “Modeling of SO2 Removal by CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing: Effects of Chlorides,” in EPRI Report No. CS-3706, Vol. l, p. 7-57, November 1984.               Shen, C. H., and GT Rochelle, “Nitrogen Dioxide Absorption and Sulfite Oxidation in Aqueous Sulfite,” Env. Sci. & Tech., 32(13), 1994-2003 (1998).
Taylor, C. E., “Activity Coefficients Predicted by the Local Composition Model for Aqueous Solutions Used in Flue Gas Desulfurization,” M.S. Thesis (1984).                        Zhao, L. B., “Hg Absorption in Aqueous Solutions,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1997).
Taylor, C. E., and GT Rochelle, “Activity Coefficients Predicted by LCM for Aqueous Solutions Used in FGD,” ACS Symp. Ser., 319, 223-233 (1986).                                   Nelli, C. H., and GT Rochelle, “Simultaneous SO2 and NO2 Removal by Calcium Hydroxide and Calcium Silicate Solids,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 48, 174-185 (1998).
Gage, C. L., “CaCO3 Dissolution in Modeling of Slurry Scrubbing for Flue Gas Desulfurization,” Ph.D. Dissertation, (1989).                                                         Pauly, N. M., “Mobile Monitoring and Modeling of Ozone and Ozone Precursors in Texas,” M.S. Thesis (1999).
Gage, C. L., and GT Rochelle, “Modeling SO2 Removal in Slurry Scrubbing as a Function of CaCO3 Type and Grind,” in Proceedings: 1990 SO2 Control Symposium, EPRI GS-               Dutchuk, M. J., and GT Rochelle, “Nitrogen Dioxide Absorption in Aqueous Dithionite,” Proceedings of Megasymposium, EPRI-EPA Combined Utility Air Pollutant Symposium,
    6963, Vol. 3, P-143 to 164, September 1990.                                                                                                                                        Atlanta, GA, August 16-20, 1999.
Agarwal, R. S., and GT Rochelle, “Chemistry of CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing,” SO2 Control Symposium, Boston, MA, August 26, 1993.                                                        Chisholm, P. N., and GT Rochelle, “HCL and SO2 Absorption with Calcium Silicate,” Proceedings of Megasymposium, EPRI-EPA Combined Utility Air Pollutant Symposium,
VandeKemp, R. M., “Modeling of CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing in Plug Flow and Well-Mixed Contactors,” M.S. Thesis (1993).                                                                     Atlanta, GA, August 16-20, 1999.
Agarwal, R. S., and GT Rochelle, “CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing for SO2 Emission Control- Modeling and Parameter Estimation,” AIChE National Meeting, Denver, Colorado, August            Chisholm, P. N., “Dry Absorption of HCl and SO2 by Calcium-Based Sorbents from Humidified Flue Gas,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1999).
    14-17, 1994.                                                                                                                                                                   Dutchuk, M. J., “Nitrogen Dioxide Absorption in Aqueous Dithionite,” M.S. Thesis (1999).
Agarwal, R. S., “CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing - Modeling and Parameter Estimation,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1995).                                                                           Chisholm, P. N., and GT Rochelle, “Absorption of HCL and SO2 from Humidified Flue Gas with CaSiO3 Solids,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 39, 1048-1060 (2000).
DeVincentis, J. W., “Modeling of CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing in Spray Towers with Forced Oxidation,” M.S. Thesis (1998).                                                                Chisholm, P. N., and GT Rochelle, “Dry Absorption of HCL and SO2 with Hydrated Lime from Humidified Flue Gas,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 38, 4068-4080 (1999).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      th
DeVincentis, J. W., and GT Rochelle, “Modeling of CaCO3 Slurry Scrubbing in Spray Towers with Forced Oxidation,” Proceedings of Megasymposium, presented at EPRI-DOE-              Roy, S., and GT Rochelle, “Chlorine Absorption in Sulfite/Bisulfite Solutions,” 11 Symposium on Sep. Sci. and Tech. for Energy Applications. Gatlinburg, TN. 10/18-21/99.
    EPA Combined Utility Air Pollutant Symposium, Atlanta, GA, August 16-20, 1999.                                                                                                 Roy, S., and GT Rochelle, “Chlorine Absorption in Sulfite Solutions: A Mechanism in Hg Removal,” EPA/DOE/ERPI Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium:
Yeh, N. K., and GT Rochelle, “Liquid Mass Transfer in Spray Scrubbers,” EPA/DOE/EPRI Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium, Chicago, IL, Aug 20-23, 2001.               The Mega Symposium, Chicago, Illinois, August 20-23, 2001.
Yeh, N. K., “Liquid Phase Mass Transfer in Spray Contactors,” Ph.D. Dissertation (2002).                                                                                           Roy, S., and GT Rochelle, “Chlorine Absorption in S(IV) Solutions,” prepared for United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development,
Yeh, N. K., and GT Rochelle, “Liquid Phase Mass Transfer in Spray Contactors,” AIChE J., 49(9), 2363-2373 (2003).                                                                      Washington, DC, August 2001.
Dry Scrubbing                                                                                                                                                                      Roy, S., “Absorption of Chlorine and Hg in Sulfite Solutions,” Ph.D. Dissertation (2002).
Jozewicz, W., and GT Rochelle, “Modeling of SO2 Removal by Spray Dryers,” presented at Pittsburgh Coal Conference, November (1984).                                                Roy, S., and GT Rochelle, “Chlorine Absorption in Sulfite Solutions,” Sep. Sci. & Tech., 39(13), 3057-3077, 2004.
Ruiz-Alsop, R., and GT Rochelle, “Effect of Deliquescent Salt Additives on the Reaction of SO2 with Dry Lime,” ACS Sym. Ser., 319, 208-222 (1986).                                 Nowlin, A. C., “Ozone Sensitivity to Diurnal NOx Emissions,” M.S. Thesis (2002).
Ruiz-Alsop, R., and GT Rochelle, “Modelling of the Reaction of SO2 with Ca(OH)2,” unpublished manuscript (1986).                                                                   D.T. Hamlin, “Modeling Ozone Formation in a Central Texas Power Plant Plume,” M.S. Thesis, May 2002.
Ruiz-Alsop, R., “Effect of Relative Humidity and Additives on the Reaction of Sulfur Dioxide with Calcium Hydroxide,” Ph.D. Dissertation (1986).                                   Chen, E., and GT Rochelle, “ Hg Removal from Stack Gas by Aqueous Scrubbing with Injection of Chlorine Oxidants,” final report to the Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research
Borgwardt, R. H., and GT Rochelle, “Sulfation of Calcium Silicate-Aluminate and Calcium Oxide Below 800°C,” Internal Report (1988).                                                    Center, Lamar University, Beaumont, Texas, November 2002.
Acurex, “Theoretical Approach for Enhanced Mass Transfer Effects in Duct FGD Processes,” Annual Technical Progress Report, DE-AC22-88PC88874, Aug. 1989.                           Roy, S., and GT Rochelle, “Simultaneous Absorption of Hg and Chlorine in Sulfite Solutions,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 59(6), 1309-23, 2004.
Trempel, D. P., and GT Rochelle, “Reaction of SO2 with Ca(OH)2 and CaO at 100 to 800°C,” AIChE National Meeting, Philadelphia, August 21, 1989.                                    SO2 Absorption/Stripping
McGuire, L. M., “Sulfur Dioxide Absorption Experiments in Calcium Hydroxide Slurries,” M.S. Thesis (1990).                                                                         Rochelle, GT, “Process Alternatives for Stack Gas Desulfurization with Steam Regeneration to Produce SO2,” 2nd Conference on Air Quality Management in the Electric Power
Trempel, D. P., “Reaction of Sulfur Dioxide with Calcium Hydroxide and Calcium Oxide at 100 to 800°C,” M.S. Thesis, (1990).                                                            Industry, Austin, TX, January 1980.
Stromblad, C., and GT Rochelle, “Computer Modeling of SO2 Absorption into Calcium Hydroxide Slurry,” DOE Topical Report for Task 3.1 under Acurex Corp. subcontract                Rochelle, GT, “SO2 Vapor Pressure and pH of Sodium Citrate Buffer Solutions with Dissolved SO2 ,” ACS Symp. Ser., 133, 269-9l (1980).
    #EC59794Z of DOE contract #DE-AC22-88PC88874, December 1990.                                                                                                                   Thorn, R. P., “Diethylenetriamine Solutions for Stack Gas Desulfurization by Absorption/Stripping,” M.S. Thesis (1981)
Jozewicz, W., and GT Rochelle, “Theoretical Approach for Enhanced Mass Transfer Effects In-Duct FGD Processes - Volume I: Dry Sorbent Injection,” final report under               Rochelle, GT, and MM Gibson, “Thermal Degradation of Sodium Citrate Solutions Containing SO2 and Thiosulfate,” IECPDD, 21, 569-574 (1982).
    Department of Energy contract #DE-AC22-88PC88874, January 1992.                                                                                                                Rochelle, GT, “Aqueous Absorbents for Stack Gas Desulfurization by Absorption/Stripping,” EPRI CS-3185 (1983).
Jozewicz, W., and GT Rochelle, “Theoretical Approach for Enhanced Mass Transfer Effects In-Duct FGD Processes - Volume II: Duct Spray Drying,” final report under Department       Thorn, R. P., and GT Rochelle, “Diethylenetriamine Solutions for Stack Gas Desulfurization by Absorption/Stripping,” Env. Prog., l, 160-166 (1982).
    of Energy contract #DE-AC22-88PC88874, January 1992.                                                                                                                           Rochelle, GT, and R. P. Thorn, “Diethylenetriamine Solutions for FStack Gas Desulfurization by Absorption/Stripping,” EPRI CS-3228, October 1983.
Advacate – Calcium Silicate Reagents                                                                                                                                               Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) - General
Jozewicz, W., and GT Rochelle, “Fly Ash Recycle in Dry Scrubbing,” Env. Prog., 5(4), 218-223 (1986).                                                                               Rochelle, GT, “Flue Gas Desulfurization,” Chapter 12 of Coal Processing and Pollution Control, by T.F. Edgar, Gulf Publishing, (1983).

				
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