Chapter 10 Test Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms. a. apportioned b. reapportion c. continuous body d. at-large e. term f. special session ____ 1. An emergency may prompt the President to call a ____ of Congress. ____ 2. Seats in the House of Representatives are ____ among the States according to their populations. ____ 3. States with only one member in the House of Representatives use the ____ system to elect their representative. IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms. a. special session b. continuous body c. gerrymandered d. session e. single-member district f. term ____ 4. With just a fraction of its seats up for election at any one time, the Senate is the sole ____ in Congress. ____ 5. Congress must meet formally at least twice during each ____ to carry out the business of lawmaking. ____ 6. Voters choose among candidates running exclusively in their districts under the ____ system of election. Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. MAIN IDEAS ____ 7. The lawmaking function of Congress is central to democracy because a. it enables elected representatives to do the daily work of government. b. legislative powers are necessary to check the power of the President. c. it frees members of Congress from the pressures of public opinion. d. it is the means by which the public will becomes public policy. ____ 8. Which qualification for House members is NOT in the Constitution? a. must be at least 25 years old b. must have been a citizen for at least seven years c. must live in the district being represented d. must live in the State from which chosen ____ 9. Which statement about the Senate is true? a. It has two members from each State. b. Its members are chosen by State legislatures. c. Each member represents one congressional district. d. Seats are apportioned among the States according to their populations. ____ 10. Which fact disqualifies a person from representing Utah in the Senate? a. The candidate was born in Guatemala. b. The candidate is 43 years old. c. The candidate lives in Utah but works in Idaho. d. The candidate has been a citizen for eight years. ____ 11. The fact that all congressional districts in a State must have about the same number of people so that one person's vote is equal to another's, is due to the a. Reapportionment Act of 1929. c. 17th Amendment. b. Wesberry v. Sanders ruling. d. Census Bureau. ____ 12. Compensation for senators is a. set by the Constitution. c. set by the President. b. higher than for representatives. d. the same as for representatives. ____ 13. In Congress, screening bills for floor consideration is a major duty of a. committee members. c. constituent representatives. b. constituent servants. d. politicians. ____ 14. The regular period of time during which Congress conducts its business is called a a. prorogue. c. special session. b. session. d. term. ____ 15. The House may refuse to seat a member-elect only if he or she a. has engaged in disorderly behavior. b. has violated the code of ethics passed by the House in 1977. c. does not meet constitutional standards of age, citizenship, and residency. d. does not meet informal standards set by two-thirds of the members. ____ 16. The number of Senate seats held by each State is a. set by the Census Bureau. b. based on State populations. c. the same as the number of House seats. d. fixed by the Constitution. ____ 17. Few members of Congress today a. are minorities. c. are white males. b. have college degrees. d. are married. ____ 18. Members of Congress fill all of the following roles EXCEPT that of a. legislator. c. Cabinet member. b. committee member. d. servant to constituents. ____ 19. The Framers of the Constitution favored bicameralism because a. two houses could block the acts of a single President. b. it allowed for fair and equal representation of the States at the national level. c. Great Britain had only one house of Parliament. d. one house would spend more money than two. ____ 20. Which of the following is true of the House of Representatives? a. It currently has 100 members. b. The total number of seats in the House is fixed by the Constitution. c. The number of terms a representative may serve is fixed by the Constitution. d. Every State is represented by at least one member. ____ 21. Which group has generally used its power to gerrymander congressional districts? a. the House of Representatives c. State legislatures b. Congress d. the Census Bureau ____ 22. Which of the following is an informal qualification for the House of Representatives? a. must be at least 25 years old b. must have been a citizen of the United States for at least seven years c. must be an inhabitant of the State from which he or she is elected d. must currently reside in the district he or she represents ____ 23. On the average, which group of people occupy the majority of seats in Congress? a. African Americans c. women b. white, middle-aged men d. Asian Americans ____ 24. When must congressional elections be held? a. the first Tuesday of every November b. the second day of January in odd years c. the Tuesday after the first Monday in November of each even-numbered year d. the Monday after the first Tuesday in November of each odd-numbered year ____ 25. Which statement about congressional districts is true? a. They are apportioned by the Constitution. b. There are three for every seat in the House. c. They function as voting districts within each State. d. Their lines are drawn by State courts. ____ 26. Senators are elected to serve a. two-year terms. c. four-year terms. b. three-year terms. d. six-year terms. ____ 27. Which of the following is a qualification for senators? a. must have been born in the State from which elected b. must have a degree in law c. must have been a citizen for at least nine years d. must be at least 40 years old ____ 28. Before the 17th Amendment was adopted, senators were chosen by a. the people of each State. c. special State conventions. b. the State legislatures. d. select House committees. ____ 29. Why does the Constitution guarantee that the courts may not prosecute members of Congress for what they say in the House or Senate in relation to congressional business? a. Members never criticize one another. b. Freedom of speech is a vital part of legislative debate. c. The courts have no jurisdiction in Washington, D.C. d. Members have the same privileges in their districts. ____ 30. All of the following are differences between the House of Representatives and the Senate EXCEPT a. size of the membership. c. method of election. b. length of term. d. size of constituency. INTERPRETING POLITICAL CARTOONS Use the cartoon to answer the following questions. ____ 31. What attitude toward the senator does the cartoon seem to convey? a. approval c. sympathy b. disapproval d. objectivity ____ 32. Which of the following characteristics does NOT describe this senator? a. He is white, male, and middle-aged. b. He has access to the media. c. He is relatively free from concern about his constituents' interests. d. He considers himself to be the servant of his constituents. ____ 33. Who are the men in the cartoon meant to represent? a. a senator and a reporter c. a senator and a representative b. a senator and a constituent d. a senator and a pollster ____ 34. What point is the cartoonist trying to make? a. Members of Congress feel that most people do not appreciate the difficulties of law-making. b. The press is obligated to expose corruption in Congress. c. Some senators see themselves as privileged and exempt from public opinion. d. Constituents want favors from members of Congress, not just laws. Essay CRITICAL THINKING 35. Drawing Conclusions Why did the Framers of the Constitution establish a bicameral Congress?
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