综合类 B 级
第 1 部分：词汇选项(第 1—15 题，每题 1 分，共 15 分)
下面每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语划有底横线，请为每处划线部分确定 1 个意义最
1. She found me very dull.
A. dirty B sleepy C. lazy D. boring
2. The President made a brief visit to Beijing.
A short B working C formal D secret
3. He was persuaded to give up the idea.
A mention B accept C consider D drop
4. Jack consumes a pound of cheese a day．
A eats B drink C buys D produces
5. Mary just told US a very fascinating story.
A strange B frightening C difficult D interesting
6. It's a gorgeous day anyway.
A lovely B cold C normal D rainy
7. Her life is becoming more diverse.
A generous B humorous C varied D romantic
8. Foreign military aid was prolonging the war.
A broadening B worsening C extending D accelerating
9. She was unwilling to go but she had no choice.
A unable B indecisive C ready D reluctant
l0. She is slender, with delicate wrists and ankles.
A .sick B weak C slim D pale
11. With immense relief, I stopped running.
A .some B enormous C little D extensive
12. The scientists began to accumulate data.
A . collect B handle C analyze D investigate
13. Jack eventually overtook the last truck.
A. hit B passed C reached D led
14. Sometimes it is advisable to book hotels in advance.
A. possible B profitable C easy D wise
15. The reason for their unusual behavior remains a puzzle.
A. fact B mystery C statement D game
第 2 部分：阅读判断(第 16～22 题，每题 1 分，共 7 分)
下面的短文后列出了 7 个句子，请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断：如果该句
提供的是正确信息，请选择 A；如果该句提供的是错误信息，请选择 B；如果该句
Petitions(请愿/书) have long been a part of British political life. Anyone
who wanted to change something would get a list of signatures from people
who agreed to the idea and either send them to the government or deliver
them personally to the Prime Minister’s house in London.
They are always accepted at the door by one of the PM’s officials. What
happens then? Nothing much, usually. But petitions have always been thought
of as a useful way for those who govern to find out what the people really
That’s why the UK government Launched its “e-petition” site in
November 2006. Instead of physically collecting signatures，all anyone with
an idea has to do now is to make a proposal on the government website，and
anyone who supports the idea is free to add his or her signature.
The petitions soon started to flow in. The idea was for the British people
to express their constructive ideas. Many chose instead to express their sense
One petitioner called on Tony Blair to “stop the Deputy Prime Minister
eating SO much”. Another wanted to expel (驱逐) Scotland from the United
Kingdom because Scottish football fast never support England in the World
Other petitioners called on the Prime Minister to abolish the monarchy.
Some wanted to give it more power. Some wanted to oppose the United States.
others wanted to leave the European Union. Some wanted to send more troops
to Iraq and others wanted them all brought home. Some wanted to adopt the
Euro(欧元). Others wanted to keep the pound.
Yet if some petitions are not serious, others present a direct challenge to
government policy. A petition calling on the government to drop plans to
charge drivers for using roads has already drawn around 1.8 million
signatures. 1n response to that，a rival petition has been posted in support of
road pricing. And that is also rapidly growing.
There are about 60 million people in Britain, so it is understandable that
the government wants to find out what people are thinking. But the problem
with the e-petition site seems to be that the British people have about 70
million opinions, and want the Prime Minister to hear all of them. Perhaps he
could start a petition asking everyone to lust shut up for a while.
16. A petition needs to be signed.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
17. The Prime Minister reads petitions every day.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
18. A petition has to be mailed to the Prime Minister's house in London.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
19. Petitions have been taken to be one of the ways for the British people to
express their ideas.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
20. No other governments have launched their e-petition sites.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
21. All petitions are serious.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
22. It is impossible for the Prime Minister to hear all of the opinions.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
第 3 部分：概括大意与完成句子(第 23～30 题，每题 1 分，共 8 分)
下面的短文后有 2 项测试任务：(1)第 23~26 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为第 2---5 段每
段选择 1 个最佳标题；(2)第 27"--30 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为每个句子确定 1 个最
A New Citizenship Test
1 Last week, a sample of the new US citizenship (公民身份) exam was
released by the US Citizenship and Immigration Services(US-cist). It will be
tried out in 10 cities early next year to replace the current test in 2008. Instead
of asking how many stripes the US flag has，as the current test does，the new
one asks why there are 13 stripes. Instead of having to name the branches of
government，an applicant is asked to explain why there are three.
2 “The goal is to make it more meaningful,” explains Emilio Gonzalez，
director of the US-CIS. Immigrants who pass it are expected to have a better
“understanding and respect” for US civic(公民的)values，Gonzalez says.
3 The US isn’t the only country dealing with citizenship)tests that aim to get
a “shared commitment” from immigrants for their adopted country’s “values".
1n recent years，in addition to the usual requirement of language／work skills
and economic status， several European countries have adopted citizenship tests.
Britain introduced a new citizenship test Last November. 1n March, a new
butch law--took effect requiring all would-be immigrants to take a citizenship
test. It involved watching a video showing nude(裸体的)women bathing at
beaches and gay (同性恋的) men kissing in public. The aim was to ensure that
“newcomers will be comfortable with the country’s liberal social mores(风俗)”.
4 Europe has been known for welcoming immigrants for decades. But， today，
the fact is that some immigrants are kept apart from Inca citizens by culture and
they become hostile to each other. Promoting integration has become a major
concern for European countries，after the rioting in Muslim ghettoes(少数民族
聚 居 区 )in France and the killing Of Dutch public figures by religious
5 Officials believe that a person’s attachment to a country can be tested by
his or her knowledge of the country. However, some critics say that the changes
can do little to help people assimilate(同化) themselves. "Immigration is a
culture war today. Is giving a new test the right way to lessen the accusations in
that fight?” says Ali Noonan，of the Massachusetts Immigrant and Refugee
Advocacy Coalition (难民辩护联盟).
23. Paragraph 2_____________ A Preparation for taking a citizenship test
B Citizenship tests in European countries
24. Paragraph 3_____________ C Importance of promoting integration
D Necessity to know the branches of
25. Paragraph 4_____________ E Different views on the new citizenship test
F Goal of the new citizenship test
26. Paragraph 5___________
A to know a lot more about the country
B to watch a video
C to help immigrants accept the new culture
D to marry American citizens
E to do low-skill jobs
F to answer
27. The questions in the new citizenship test are more difficult
28. Would-be immigrants to the US are expected
29. In the Dutch citizenship test, all would-be immigrants are required
30. Some people fear that changes in the citizenship test will do little
第 4 部分：阅读理解(第 31~45 题，每题 3 分，共 45 分)
下面有 3 篇短文，每篇短文后有 5 道题。请根据短文内容，为每题确定 1 个最佳选
Last week， White House spokesman Tony Snow sent journalists digging
for their dictionaries. He called recent criticism by the former President Bill
Clinton “chutzpah” (大胆放肆). With just one sentence, Snow managed to make
headlines，a joke and a defense of President George W．Bush．Interestingly, this
is how battles are fought and won in US politics-with carefully-worded one-liners
(一行字幕新闻)made for TV which often lack substance and clarity(清晰度).
“The amount of information that candidates attempt to communicate to
people is actually getting smaller and smaller,” said Mark Smith，a political
science professor at Cedarville University． This has been accompanied by a
changing media environment， Smith said．In 1 968，the average TV or radio
sound bite (演讲中的句子或短语) was 48 seconds，according to Smith. In 1996,
the average sound bite had shrunk to 8 seconds. Thus，politicians wanting
publicity try to make their public communication as quotable as possible.
Campaigning politicians also use 30-second TV ads and clever campaign
slogans to boost their messages. Republican presidential candidate John McCain
rides to campaign stops in a bus named the “Straight-Talk Express”. Mocking
hopes the name will convince voters he plans to tell people the truth—whether
it’s in fashion or not. Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton, on the
other hand, has chosen the campaign slogan “Let the conversation begin”. She
hopes it will help her appear open—minded and friendly.
But one-liners, TV ads and campaign slogans all have a single key
ingredient: something commonly called political “spin”. Brooks Jackson，a
former journalist and the current director of the non—partisan(无党派的)website
Fact Check. org，calls spin “just a polite word for deception(欺骗).”
“I do believe that very often politicians believe their own spin.” Said Jackson.
“Strong partisans suffer from a universal human tendency：They ignore the
evidence that would force them into the uncomfortable position of having to
change their minds and admit that they were wrong.”
31. Which statement is NOT true of one-liners?
A They are unclear. B. They contain a lot of information
C They lack substance. D They are carefully constructed.
32 What changed from 1968 to 1996?
A. Publicity. B. Information.
C. Communication. D. The average sound bite.
33. The campaign slogan "Straight-Talk Express" aims at convincing voters that
the Presidential candidate is
A. honest. B. friendly. C. open-minded. D. warm-hearted.
34. According to Brooks Jackson, all campaign slogans are
A. attractive. B. impressive. C. deceptive. D. informative.
35. Which statement best describes strong partisans?
A .They are very funny. B .They are very healthy.
C .They are very aggressive. D .They are very stubborn (顽固的).
A Tale of Scottish Rural Life
Lewis Grassic Gibbon’s Sunset Song (1932) was voted “the best
Scottish novel of all time” by Scotland's reading public in 2005. Once
considered shocking for its frank description of aspects of the lives of
Scotland's poor rural farmers, it has been adapted for stage, film, TV and
radio in recent decades.
The novel is set on the fictional estate of Kin Addie, in the farming
country of the Scottish northwest in the years up to and beyond World War I.
At its heart is the story of Chris, who is both part of the community and a
little outside it.
Grassic Gibbon gives us the most detailed and intimate account of the
life of his heroine (女主人公). We watch her grow through a childhood
dominated by her cruel but hard-working father; experience tragedy (her
mother's suicide and murder of her twin children); and learn about her
feelings as she grows into a woman. We see her marry, lose her husband,
then marry again. Chris has seemed so convincing a figure to some female
readers that they cannot believe that she is the creation of a man.
But it would be misleading to suggest that this book is just about Chris.
It is truly a novel of a place and its people. Its opening section tells of Kin
Addie’s long history, in a language that imitates the place's changing,
patterns of speech and writing.
The story itself is amazingly full of characters and incidents. It is told
from Chris’ point of view but also from that of the gossiping community, a
community where everybody knows everybody else’s business and nothing
is ever forgotten.
Sunset Song has a social theme too. It is concerned with what Grassic
Gibbon perceives as the destruction of traditional Scottish rural life first by
modernization and then by World War I. Gibbon tried hard to show how
certain characters resist the war. Despite this, the war takes the young men
away, a number of them to their deaths. In particular, it takes away Chris’
husband, Evan Avondale. The war finally kills Evan, but not in the way his
widow is told. In fact, the Germans aren't responsible for his death, but his
own side. He is shot because he is said to have run away from a battle.
If the novel is about the end of one way of life, it also looks ahead. It
is a "Sunset Song" but is concerned too with the new Kin Addie, indeed of
the new European world. Grassic Gibbon went on to publish two other
novels about the place that continue its story.
36. What is Sunset Song mainly about?
A. The First World War.
B. The beauty of the sunset.
C. The new European world.
D. The lives of rural Scottish farmers.
37. Which statement is NOT true of Chris?
A. She is the heroine of Sunset Song.
B. She had a miserable childhood.
C. She is the creation of a man.
D. She married only once.
38. What is the opening section of the novel mainly concerned with?
A. The climate of Kinraddie.
B. The history of Kinraddie.
C. The geography of Kinraddie.
D. The language spoken in Kinraddie.
39. Who killed Chris' husband, Ewan?
A. His own troops.
B. The French army.
C. The Germans.
D. The Russian soldiers.
40. The word "Sunset" in the title of this novel most probably means
A. the end of the heroine's life.
B. the end of the story.
C. the end of the traditional way of life.
D. the end of the day.
Centers of the Great European Cities
The centers of the great cities of Europe are meeting places by tradition.
People gather there to drink coffee and chat late into the nigh. A mixture of
locals and tourists make for an exciting， metropolitan(大都市的)atmosphere.
Squares，plazas(广场)and arcades(拱廊)form the heart of Europe’s cities.
Venice in Italy has the Piazza San Marco—a beautiful square surrounded
by shops， churches，restaurants and cafes. In Barcelona，Spain，La
Becquerel is a lively market with hundreds of stalls selling all kinds of
goods．London’s Covent Garden is filled with fruit and vegetable stalls by
day and musicians ， acrobats ( 杂 技 演 员 ) and artists by night. The
government buildings at the center of many cities often are architecturally
impressive In London， they serve as a beautiful backdrop(背景)to the coffee
tables that line the streets and the banks of the Thames.
These vibrant(有活力的)hearts are the product of centuries of evolution，
social historian Joel Garreau told US News and World Report recently. “The
reason people think Venice is SO great today is you don’t see all the
mistakes,” said Girardeau. “Those have all been removed.” Most European
cities were laid out before the invention of the car. so bars，restaurants and
cafes were near to people’s homes． the
Today， focus of many Europeans’ life
has moved away from the centers. They live in the suburbs and outskirts.
driving to supermarkets to get their supplies. But on a continent where
people treasure convention，there are still those who hold onto traditional
ways，living and shopping locally. These people，together with tourists，
provide the city centers with their reason for existence.
Coffee culture plays a part in keeping these city centers flourishing.
This is particularly true of Paris whose citizens are famous enthusiastic
conversationalists．This skill is developed over many hours spent chatting
over espressos (浓咖啡) and cigarettes.
Religion also plays a role in developing sociable atmosphere. People in
Roman Catholic countries used to visit the Church on an almost daily basis.
Entire communities would gather in the same building and then move out to
the markets. cafes and bars in the surrounding streets. An enormous example
of this relationship between church and society is the Cuomo. The huge
marble cathedral in Florence，Italy is surrounded by bakeries and coffee
shops，and caters (迎合) not only to the tourist crowds，but also the local
41. It can be inferred from the first paragraph that each big city in Europe
A. has many large squares.
B. has many very magnificent sky-scrapers.
C. draws tourists in large numbers every year.
D. has a center where tourists meet their spouses.
42. Which statement is NOT true of Covent Garden?
A. It is crowded with people.
B. It is located in London.
C. It is filled with stalls.
D. It is surrounded by shops, churches, restaurants and cafes.
43. Why do people think that Venice is so great?
A. Because it is a famous tourist attraction.
B. Because you can reach anywhere by boat.
C. Because it is well-known for its merchants.
D. Because all the mistakes have been removed
44.What are Parisians famous for?
A. Their pursuit of independence.
B. Their enthusiasm for conversation.
C. Their ability to keep the city flourishing.
D. Their devotion to developing a multiple culture.
45.The writer cites the Cuomo in the last paragraph as an example to
A. there is a tight link between church and society.
B. all churches are magnificent.
C. old churches are very popular.
D. high-rise churches are impressive.
第 5 部分：补全短文(第 46～50 题，每题 2 分，共 10 分)
下面的短文有 5 处空白，短文后有 6 个句子，其中 5 个取自短文，请根据短文内容
Rising Tuition in the US
Every Spring, US university administrators gather to discuss the next
academic year’s budget. They consider faculty salaries，utility costs for
dormitories, new building needs and repairs to old ones. They run the
numbers and conclude-it seems， yet the
inevitably-that， again， cost of tuition
must go up.
According to the US’s College Board， price of attending a four-year
private university in the US rose 81 percent between 1993 and 2004.
_______ (46) In 2005 and 2006, the numbers continued to rise.
According to university officials, college cost increases are simply the
result of balancing university checkbooks. “Tuition increases at Cedarville
University are determined by our revenue needs for each year.” said the
university’s president， Bill Brown．
Dr "Student tuition pays for 78 percent of
the university’s operating costs." Brown’s scholiast a private university that
enrolls about 3,100 undergrads and is consistently recognized by annual
college ranking guides like US News and World Report’s and The Princeton
Tuition at private universities is set by administration Follicles and then
sent for approval to the school’s board of trustees (董事). ________(48)This
board oversees (监管)ail of a state’s public institutions.
John Durham，assistant secretary to the board of trustees at East
Carolina University(ECU), explains that state Law says that public
institutions must make their services available whenever possible to the
people of the state for free. Durham said that North Carolina residents only
pay 22 percent of the cost of their education. ________(49) State residents
attending ECU pay about US$10，000 for tuition room and board before
Amid the news about continued increases in college costs，however，there
is some good news. Tuition increases have been accompanied by roughly
equal increases in financial aid at almost every university. To receive
financial aid，US students complete a formal application with the federal
government. The federal government then decides whether an applicant is
eligible(有资格的)for grants or loans_________(50)
A The application is then sent to the student's university, where the school
itself will decide whether free money will be given to the student and how
B At public universities, however, tuition increases must also be approved
by a state education committee, sometimes called the board of governors.
C The school currently charges US$23,410 a year for tuition.
D Many American people are simply unable to pay the growing cost of
E That’s more than double the rate of inflation.
F The state government covers the rest.
第 6 部分：完形填空(第 51～65 题，每题 1 分，共 1 5 分)
下面的短文有 15 处空白，请根据短文内容为每处空白确定 1 个最佳选项。
How Two Great Conflicts Helped to Change Europe
Ninety years ago on a sunny morning in Northern France，something
happened that changed Bretain and Europe for even At half past seven on the
morning of July 1,1916，whistles (哨子) blew and thousands of British
soldiers left their positions to attack their German enemies. By the end of the
day, 20,000 of them were dead，and another 30,000 wounded or missing.
The Battle of the Somme，_________(51) it is called，lasted for six months.
When, it ended, 125,000 British soldiers were dead. They had gained five
kilometers of ground.
This was one of a series of great battles during WWI. The attack on the
Somme was staged to relieve_________(52)on the French ，who were
engaged in a great battle of their own at a place called Verdun. By the time
the battle ended, over a million French and German troops had been killed.
About 17 million people were killed in WWI. There have been wars
with greater numbers of dead. But there has never been one in________(53)
most of the dead were concentrated in such a small area. on the Somme
battlefield，two men died for every meter of space.
Local farmers working in the land sit________(54) the bodies of those
who died in that battle. The dead of all nations were buried in a series of
giant graveyards along the line of the border________(55)France and
Belgium. Relatives and descendants (子孙) of those who died still visit
these graveyards today. What the French call the “tourism of death”
________(56)an important contribution to the Iowa economy.
It took a second great conflict before Europe was to turn_________(57)
war itself. Twenty-eight years after the Somme battle，a liberating amyl of
British, American and Canadian troops took back _________ (58) from
another German invasion. More than 500,000 people were killed.
New________ (59) were built.
Two great conflicts across two generations helped to change the
European mind about war. Germany, once the most warlike country in
Europe，is now probably more in (60)of peace than any other. One major
cause of war in Europe was rivalry (竞争) between France and Germany.
The European Union was specifically formed to end that ________(61).
According to US commentator William Pfaff, “Europeans are interested
in a slow development of civilized and tolerant international relations，
_________(62)on problems while avoiding catastrophes(灾难)along the way.
They have themselves only recently________(63)from the catastrophes of
VVWI and WWII, when tens of millions of people were destroyed. They
The last British veteran of the Somme battle died in 2005, aged 108.
And WWI is passing out of memory and into history. But for anyone who
wants to understand how Europeans _________(65)，it is still important to
know a little about the terrible events of July 1,1916.
51 A since B because C as D for
52 A aggression B anxiety C pressure D resistance
53 A where B which C why D that
54 A find B look for C seek D look at
55 A among B on C in D between
56 A makes B brings C gives D adds
57 A into B to C in D against
58 A America B Britain Canada D France
59 A monuments B graveyards C tablets D gravestones
60 A hatred B suspicion C favor D fear
61 A war B rivalry C battle D revenge
62 A compromising B confronting C attacking D fighting
63 A repeated B recovered C repaired D relaxed
64 A much B many C more D less
65 A behave B assume C know D think
1.D 2.A 3.D 4.A 5.D 6.A 7.C 8. C 9.D 10.C
11.B 12.A 13.B 14.D 15.B 16.A 17.C 18.B 19.A 20.C
21.B 22.A 23.F 24.B 25.C 26.E 27.F 28.A 29.B 30.C
31.B 32.D 33.A 34.C 35.D 36.D 37.D 38.B 39.A 40.C
41.C 42.D 43.D 44.B 45.A 46.E 47.C 48.B 49.F 50.A
51.C 52.C 53.B 54.A 55.D 56.A 57.D 58.D 59.B 60.C
61.B 62.A 63.B 64.C 65.D